It is not enough to spoil them or pamper them, when it comes to having a puppy as a pet there is an important variety of issues that must be taken into account, in order to ensure their health and care for their growth. Vaccines are a key element, so it is essential to know which ones should be applied and the right time to do so.
In general, from the 12th week after birth, a vaccination schedule will have to be met. In many cases, the vaccination process may start earlier, so it is necessary to consult with the veterinarian about the convenience of doing so. If you bought the pet in a store, at least the first dose of the first vaccine should have already been placed.
However, if you have decided to adopt the animal directly from the mother or in confusing conditions, it is very possible that it is not immunized against the various viruses in the environment.
In the latter case, you should be aware that the puppy is not in frequent contact with other dogs or any environmental element that poses a risk to him.
Also, it will be necessary to consider that both the type of vaccines and the doses, the time between them and other elements of the placement are closely related to the animal’s race, its weight, life time, particular characteristics and other issues that the veterinarian can consider prudent.
Thus, a vaccination process should always begin with a consultation with the veterinary expert.
What is the puppy’s immunization schedule?
In the obligatory book of the dog, stand out the vaccines against the canine distemper, the parvovirus and the rabies, this last one, even, with a character of legal obligatory nature.
Other vaccines that you can choose or not to place are those of leptospirosis, parainfluenza, cough of kennels and that of Lyme disease (tick disease), among others.
However, some that may seem optional are mandatory according to the legislation of a certain country, hence the importance of veterinary consultation.
The vaccination calendar accepted in Spain and much of the world is:
- First vaccine at 6 weeks.
- Polyvalent at 8 weeks.
- Reinforcement of the polyvalent at 12 weeks.
- Vaccine of rabies at 16 weeks.
- Reinforcements of the polyvalent and the rabies every year, according to the race.
Why is it essential to vaccinate the puppies?
At birth, the puppies are protected by the antibodies provided by the mother’s milk. However, as the body grows and weaning approaches, the effect disappears.
The immune system of the puppy is completely devoid of mechanisms to respond against any virus, therefore, exposure to this danger could have lethal effects for them.
Vaccinating them is the only way to prepare them to face the world, to link them with other pets and ensure their lives; consult with the veterinarian about the schedule of vaccines that must be fulfilled to guarantee its development without problems.