Although specialists believe that the danger of a dog is not linked to its breed but to its aggressive behavior, there is a royal decree in our country that lists as potentially dangerous dogs – PPP a series of dogs of certain breeds and that They comply with a series of physical and behavioral characteristics.
What are the breeds of dogs considered potentially dangerous in Spain and what is the regulation that owners must follow for their possession? To answer these and other questions, we have prepared this article for you.
Potentially dangerous dogs in Spain
According to the Law on the Possession of Potentially Dangerous Animals, in Spain there are eight breeds of dogs considered as potentially dangerous: Pitbull terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Rottweiler, Argentine Bulldog, Brazilian Row, Tosa Inu and Akita Inu.
However, the crosses of these races, those that show aggression towards people and those that meet the following physical characteristics are also considered PPP:
- Strong muscles
- Robust powerful appearance.
- Athletic setup.
- Agility, vigor and endurance.
- Marked character and great value.
- Short hair.
- Thoracic perimeter between 60cm and 80cm.
- Height at the cross between 50cm and 70cm.
- Weight greater than 20kg.
- Bulky, cuboid and robust head, with wide and large skull and muscular and bulging cheeks.
- Big and strong jaws.
- Robust mouth wide and deep.
- Wide neck, short and muscled.
- Solid, wide, large and deep chest; arched ribs and loin muscled and short.
- Parallel, straight and robust anterior extremities; Very muscular hind limbs, with relatively long legs, forming a moderate angle.
Also, those who have carried out attacks on people or animals are considered PPP. Thus, all those animals, regardless of whether they are within the indicated breeds, become potentially dangerous if they have carried out an attack on a person or other animal and there is a complaint involved.
The possession of this species of animals is specifically regulated through this state law of potentially dangerous animals, which states that it is necessary to have an administrative license granted by the municipalities where the owner resides and, to request it , must meet a series of requirements.
Requirements to be met by potentially dangerous dog owners
Those who wish to adopt a dog classified as potentially dangerous should go to the town hall to obtain a license for the possession of potentially dangerous animals. Also, they will need a civil liability insurance that covers damages to third parties for a value not less than 120 thousand euros.
Any person of legal age and without a criminal record may have a license, which will be valid for five years; In addition, the dog must wear a muzzle on the public road and a leash not exceeding 2 meters. Also, the owner should never walk two PP dogs at the same time.
In summary, owners of potentially dangerous dogs should:
- Register the animal in the Municipal Registry of Potentially Dangerous Animals.
- Process the license for potentially dangerous dogs and renew it every five years. This license must be requested during the first three months of possession of the animal or from the year of birth.
- Contract civil liability insurance for damages to third parties, with a minimum coverage of 120,000 euros and covering possible bodily injury and / or material damage that the dog could cause.
- Manage a certificate of physical capacity in medical examination centers, as well as a certificate of psychological aptitude that proves that there is no disease or deficiency of a psychological or psychological nature.
According to the law, each time the owner takes his dog for a walk, he must carry the respective license, which is his own and not transferable. The caregiver must also inform the relevant authorities of the death, loss or theft of the animal, within a period not exceeding 48 hours after the event occurred.
Potentially dangerous dogs: A racial issue?
In our country, the way to define dogs as potentially dangerous is based on the breed or crossing of specific breeds. This generality makes people perceive a large and robust dog as dangerous, when it is not necessarily so.
Experts say that it is not possible to identify the aggressiveness of a dog by its breed or morphology, but rather by the aggressiveness it manifests, being aggressiveness a much more complex and multifactorial problem.
Aggressive behaviors manifested by dogs occur as a result of fears and anxieties. Thus, dogs tend to react violently when they feel threatened, acting aggressively in response to punishment or to defend what they consider their territory.
Genetic characteristics and the environment in which they are raised, are fundamental conditions that determine the aggressiveness of an animal, hence the main criticism of the regulations, since it considers as PPP those dogs that belong to certain specific breeds or that have aspects morphological determined.
That way, it would be enough for a dog to be genetically balanced, to be raised in a healthy environment and to be well trained by its owner, so that it is not dangerous. The bond you generate with your caregiver is essential for the animal to have a good character in the future.
That is why veterinarians insist on the period of socialization that dogs should go through when they are puppies, which will allow the animal to have positive experiences with people of all ages, with other animals and with the environment in general.
This period of socialization must take place before the dog’s twelve weeks of life; Thus, the puppy will manage to consider the interaction with its environment as normal. The absence of such positive experiences at an early age generates distrust, fear and aggressiveness in the animal.
In addition to the eight breeds of dogs considered to be potentially dangerous by law, the physical characteristics included in the law mean that other breeds such as burgundy bulldog, boxer or Neapolitan mastiff, among others, are also considered dangerous.