Raising a guinea pig is usually a simple task, although there are some considerations that we cannot ignore. In this article, we are going to give you some essential guidelines for taking care of her as a pet.
Freedom to recognize your space
Guinea pigs, called guinea pigs in some parts of South America where they originate, have increased their popularity as pets in our country. And it is not for less because this small rodent stands out for its level of sensitivity and capacity for socialization.
This gregarious mammal is characterized by its need for company and socialization with others of the same species, so it is convenient to have at least two specimens at home, in order to ensure their well-being.
In the course of the first few weeks of adjusting to your new habitat, it is advised to give you the freedom to recognize your space, away from stress and anxiety. Little by little, the animal will take confidence in its environment.
Conditions for their upbringing
It is essential that the place where we install your cage is warm, with a temperature of around 22 ° on average. Guinea pigs are very sensitive to cold climates, so it is preferable to place their cage in the interior spaces of the home.
The suitable size of the cage for raising the guinea pigs is calculated at the rate of 120x60x45cm for each specimen. It is advisable to prepare it with a small covered space for sleeping, a drinking trough, a food container and wood shavings on the floor.
Some species, such as the guinea pig sheltie, may require special care for their fur. In those cases, a brushing routine will be necessary to remove dead hair and ensure shine.
With other specimens that lack hair, such as the skinny guinea pig, care must be taken to avoid sudden changes in temperature in their body. Thus, simply wiping it with a warm damp cloth when cleaning it.
Guinea pig health and nutrition
This type of rodent has to fight against the problems of obesity, so it needs to exercise frequently. That is why it is advisable to install a wheel inside the cage to help her exercise. Challenge toys are very useful for these purposes.
Being an herbivorous animal, its diet should be made up entirely of fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C. In addition, fiber intake through forage is important. There are on the market feed for guinea pigs with all the nutritional contributions required for their development. Drinking clean, fresh water is also essential for your well-being.
Cystitis, scurvy, pododermatitis, constipation, malocclusion, the cold, the presence of parasites, are some of the most common diseases in these pets. It is advisable to take the guinea pig to the vet at least once a year, in order to carry out routine examinations to guarantee its well-being.