The Dachshund, also known as the Dachshund, is a very popular short-legged breed. As with other breeds, dachshunds have certain diseases and health problems that are usually inherited and related to their breed. It is important to familiarise yourself with any potential health problems that may affect your Dachshund if you have or are considering adopting one.

In this article we explain some of the most common health problems in Dachshunds.

Invertebral disc disease

Of course, it is the Dachshund’s elongated appearance that has earned them the nickname dachshund. However, this characteristic that makes the breed so unique is also a problem for them, as many dogs suffer from herniated discs or disc disease. Although the Dachshund is the most notorious breed for this disease, any dog can suffer from it.

This disease causes extremely severe pain in dogs due to their body structure. The elongated spine and short legs put a lot of pressure on the intervertebral discs. The most common symptoms include back pain, partial loss of limb function and, in more severe cases, paralysis and loss of sensation.

As a result, simple actions such as jumping or climbing a ladder can become very painful.

Some experts suggest that this problem is related to the sedentary lifestyle they experience in modern life, where they move and exercise rather little. However, studies are inconclusive. Still, there is no doubt that your Dachshund’s health will benefit from an active lifestyle.

Acanthosis Nigricans

Acanthosis nigricans is a skin disease that causes dark discolouration in the folds of the body. It usually affects the armpits, groin and neck.

Dogs not only develop thickened skin, but also suffer from infections, scaling and pus in addition to this thickening. While there are various treatments for the condition, ranging from cosmetics to medication, once a dog has it, the condition remains for life.

To the best of scientists’ knowledge, only the Dachshund breed suffers from this type of acanthosis, and it is especially prevalent in puppies of this breed.

Eye disorders

Dachshunds are prone to certain vision problems, most of which are hereditary. The following are some of the more common problems:

  • Cataracts: As in humans, cataracts in dogs develop as they age. A thin, clear but cloudy film is deposited on the lens of the eye and prevents light from entering. Cataracts occur when proteins in the dog’s eyes begin to build up, forming a cloud-like substance on the lens of the eye. As a result, a whitish membrane appears, preventing vision.
  • Glaucoma: a painful condition characterised by increased intraocular pressure inside the eye, which is caused by inadequate fluid drainage, the condition can progress rapidly and cause damage to the retina and optic nerve.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy: is a group of degenerative diseases that affect these photoreceptor cells. In this disease, the cells deteriorate over time and can even lead to blindness in the affected dog.


Hypothyroidism is a disease that occurs when the thyroid does not produce and release enough thyroid hormone into the bloodstream, which can lead to heart problems and even diabetes. Dachshunds usually develop the condition from the age of 5 years and older.

In dogs, hypothyroidism manifests itself as uncontrollable weight gain, mood swings, apathy, etc.

If you have a Teckel at home and you want to know and improve their health, do not hesitate to bring them to our veterinary hospital in the heart of Barcelona, we will be happy to help you! Call 932 460 805 and make your appointment today.