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Are blue macaws an endangered species?

In 2011, the animated film “Rio” was released in theaters and brought to light a problem that many had been ignoring for a long time: the devastating crisis of bird extinction around the world, focusing on a specific bird, the macaw. blue. And it is that in 2018, this species was declared extinct in the wild and its survival seems to hang by a thread.

In this article we will talk about their current conservation status and answer the question of whether Blue Macaws are really in danger of extinction.

Let’s meet the blue macaw

The first thing to clarify when talking about the blue macaw is that its name does not refer to a specific bird species. Contrary to what most people think, the term refers to four different species. The species commonly included in the term belong to the Psittacidae family, and all have a characteristic blue plumage.

The Psittacidae family is one of the three families of parrots and includes more than 160 species of macaws and parakeets. There are four species of Blue Macaws in two different genera: Anodorhynchus and Cyanopsitta.

Despite belonging to different genera, the four species have several things in common, apart from the exotic blue plumage. In terms of size, behavior, and appearance, males and females are very similar. In addition, they all have a strong beak to crush the seeds they feed on. Finally, they all have prehensile legs that allow them to grasp fruits, branches, and other objects.

Members of the Psittacidae family are found in both Africa and South America, but the blue species are only found in Brazil.

Is the blue macaw extinct?

In 2018, the news that the Spix’s Macaw had been declared extinct in the wild was widely discussed on social media. The survival of this species seemed far from promising at the time, with fewer than 100 specimens still alive and in captivity.

Despite all the odds, the bird population has increased more than anticipated. Thanks to the efforts of various organizations around the world, the Spix’s Macaw still has a chance of survival.

The first step before returning this species to the wild was to ensure a sufficiently large and healthy population with genetic diversity. This is not an easy task to accomplish, especially when few specimens remain.

The next step was to find a suitable home for the birds. The site had to offer optimal conditions for birds and had to be protected from human influences.

The last step was to sensitize the local population on this issue. It is the only effective way to ensure a positive coexistence between humans and the Spix’s Macaw.

Currently, several educational actions are being carried out in the vicinity of the planned reintroduction area. Its objective is to make residents aware of the importance of this blue bird for their region and its environment.

The future of the blue macaw is unknown, and there is still a long way to go before it can be declared non-threatened. Meanwhile, his status remains listed as critically endangered.

Why is the blue macaw critically endangered?

The four species that are currently known as blue macaws are in danger of extinction. However, this crisis does not affect only the blue macaw, but the entire Psittacidae family. Nearly half of all parrot species are endangered and nearly 25% of species are critically endangered.

The main reasons for this gradual disappearance of the species are several. These include:

  • Growth of cities.
  • Deforestation of the jungles and forests inhabited by the blue macaw.
  • Pollution.
  • Climate change.
  • Illegal traffic to be sold as pets.
  • Using their feathers to make decorations.
  • Low birth rate of the species.
  • Lack of adequate food sources for birds.
  • Infiltration of other animal species in the habitat.

Be careful with the Christmas decorations and your pet

Who does not love to decorate the home for Christmas and feel all the spirit of the holidays in every corner? Surely many. However, if you have a pet at home, things can get complicated due to these ornaments. If your pet chews, plays, or tries to catch Christmas decorations, you may need to rethink your Christmas decorations in your home. Are Christmas decorations dangerous for pets?
Stay with us and discover what types of ornaments can represent a danger and what measures you must take to prevent your pet from suffering any mishap.

Pet Proof Christmas Decoration

Before we get into each of the possible dangerous Christmas decorations for pets, it is essential to talk about their location. Of all the Christmas decorations, the Christmas tree is the centerpiece. Since Christmas trees tend to be heavily decorated, with lots of balls and ribbons, they are the biggest safety hazard for your pet.

We all like to have a Christmas tree loaded with decorations, but if our pet is a puppy, or tends to chew on everything he finds, you will have no choice but to choose to look for safer options. What is the best and safest place to put the Christmas tree if you have a pet? It depends on the height of the animal and if it can climb or not. The tree should be placed higher than the pet and should be completely out of reach if the pet in question is a cat.

Christmas lights and cables

Many people decide to install Christmas lights in their garden, windows or around the Christmas tree, and the result is a truly spectacular Christmas decoration. But have you ever thought about the consequences for your pet?

If our little friend is a dog who likes to chew on anything, a fussy kitten who is attracted to all shiny and shiny objects, or a rabbit that you usually drop at home, you should always keep the wires and Christmas lights out of his reach.

At the time of installation, it is important to keep the cables together and in order. Try tying them up, if you leave them hanging, your pet could use the wires as toys and become tangled, even strangled.
The cables should never be left on the ground, as your pet could bite them and receive an electric shock. Whenever you are not using them, and especially if you are not at home, unplug the holiday lights.

Christmas decorations

Cats are drawn to sparkly Christmas decorations. Also, dogs that tend to play with balls can easily succumb to the desire to get that round object and use it as a toy.

We recommend not using glass ornaments, or any other material that will break and cause serious injury to your pet. Consider homemade or craft ornaments made with felt, crochet, and fabric, and in any case keep them out of her reach.

Today there is a wide range of possible Christmas tree decorations in addition to the traditional ones. Apply the same advice to these objects and do not buy any glass, as they can be very dangerous for your pet.

Poinsettia: a toxic Christmas plant

In the list of toxic plants for dogs and cats we can find one of the traditional Christmas plants: Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima). In fact, this plant is particularly dangerous for pets.

Ingesting poinsettia can cause digestive disorders that can trigger diarrhea and vomiting, while direct contact with the animal’s skin or eyes can cause irritation, rash, or itching.

It is no longer just about preventing them from destroying everything. The ingestion of these Christmas decorations and decorations could do a lot of damage to your furry’s stomach, or cause mouth and throat injuries.

As you can see, most Christmas decorations are dangerous for pets. However, just by keeping a few basic safety tips in mind, you can guarantee a happy, accident-free vacation.
If your pet suffers some kind of accident due to the Christmas decorations, do not hesitate to go to our emergency veterinary hospital.

What you should know about veterinary emergencies

None of us want to think about the possibility of our beloved companion animals experiencing a veterinary emergency, but the reality is that most pets can go through it at some point. Understanding what a veterinary emergency is in our pets and how we can respond appropriately will give you a great advantage in this situation.

What should you know to face a veterinary emergency in your pet?

Instilling good education and emergency awareness in animal owners is a great start to keeping pets safer and healthier. These are some of the most important things to know about preparing for a veterinary emergency in your pet.

Learn first aid and cardiopulmonary massage for pets: it is clear that taking your pet to the emergency room is the main focus in any situation of risk to their health, but sometimes first aid is necessary instantly, without time to direct you to a vet. There are first aid manuals for pets that you can buy online or in pet stores. In addition, there are centers that offer first aid classes for pets such as dogs and cats. Ask your vet for more information or even instruct you to do so if necessary.

Know where to go quickly in an emergency: You should have a list of emergency pet hospitals in your area, as well as any destination you travel to with your pet. This important contact information can help get your pet to the hospital more quickly. Be sure to call the hospital while you are on your way, so they can be prepared for your arrival.
Know the signs of an emergency in your pet: Some signs are obvious, like a broken leg, but you would be surprised how many early signs of medical problems go unnoticed. This is because most pets try to mask or hide their pain. Look for the following symptoms of a possible veterinary emergency in your pet:

  • Animal bite or attack.
  • Injury or accident
  • Fall from a certain height.
  • Frequent vomiting and / or diarrhea.
  • Open wounds.
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Abscess.
  • Uncontrolled bleeding
  • Trouble breathing.
  • Difficulties during childbirth.
  • Ingestion of toxic substance.
  • Fever.
  • Wound in the eye.
  • Snake bite.
  • Extreme lethargy
  • Collapse.

This list is not unique, there may be more signs that alert you, but it is a good reference not to hesitate and go to the emergency room.

Transport Your Pet Safely – When animals are in danger, they can be fearful and anxious. Pain can cause behavior changes and a normally well behaved pet can become aggressive when in pain. You should know how to gently manipulate your partner to put him in the carrier if possible or in the vehicle. Be careful when handling him and cover him with some soft towels or blankets to get him up easier.
What to do in an emergency with pets

During any veterinary emergency with our pets, stress increases, making it difficult to know what steps to take and when. Possible pet emergencies need to be planned in advance so that your pet receives the assistance it needs as quickly as possible.

For more information on veterinary emergency preparedness, first aid, or to schedule an appointment, contact us.

What reptiles are herbivores?

More and more reptile lovers are looking for a companion in their home that is easy to maintain. However, almost all the reptiles available for this are insectivores. Many people find insects unpleasant. Another factor to consider is incessant trips to the pet store, or to the countryside, to stock up on live food, which can often escape and colonize the home.

If you are interested in caring for a reptile, but don’t want to complicate your life too much, look for herbivorous reptiles. In this article we will talk about the most common ones.

The land turtle

The tortoise is a vertebrate reptile characterized by being herbivorous, since its diet and feeding part of the consumption of plants, leaves and stems.

Being a typically domestic animal, the tortoise also consumes fruits if offered. These are the easiest reptiles to maintain considering that they must be in a garden without the need for it to be very large.

It is true that it must have some space, and have land to make holes and hide, but beyond these requirements, it will be an easy pet to feed, since 100% of its diet can be vegetables, varied herbs and fruits.

The spiny-tailed lizard of the Sahara

The Sahara spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastyx Geyri, belongs to the genus Uromastyx, made up of more than 20 species that inhabit the desert and pre-desert areas of North Africa, India, Central Asia and the Middle East.

It grows to around 35 cm long and 250 grams in weight, and it is one of the smallest species among the Uromastyx lizards. Their habits are diurnal, and they feed on grass, flowers and very occasionally small insects.

It is calm in character but if it gets nervous or feels attacked it usually uses its tail as a whip. Its usual colors can be red, orange or yellow on a dark background. Its natural habitat is found in semi-arid rocky areas of Algeria, Nigeria and Mali.

The Iguana

The iguana is another of the herbivorous reptiles that consume herbs, leaves, flowers and when they have even fruits within their reach.

They have a bright green color, their legs are short and have 5 toes on each, which end in very sharp claws.

Their skin is protected by scales over most of their body, and the skin most visible is the one that hangs from their neck. They are excellent reptiles for climbing, so they love trees and branches to move around in.

Male iguanas can grow up to 2 meters from head to tail.

He loves to spend the day in the sun instead of spending time eating. The reason is because this way you avoid infections and you can also achieve the ideal temperature to improve the digestion of what you have eaten.

The most suitable climate for the growth of this reptile is humid: the more humid the place where it is, the more it will grow.

¿How to perform the hygiene of a dog in the cold months?

The grooming of animals is a very important factor that affects their quality of life at any time of the year, therefore, low temperatures are not justification for neglecting their hygiene; Although we are in the cold season, the cleaning habits of our pets should not be left out.

The dog’s coat needs to be always clean as this directly influences his health; Neat hair prevents bad odors and skin diseases.

Long-haired dogs, such as Siberian huskies, chow chow or alaskan malamutes, tend to have better resistance to low temperatures than short-haired dogs, such as doberman or chihuahua, small dogs such as yorkshire, Puppies or dogs in adulthood.

Also, dogs shaved in large numbers are negatively affected by the low winter temperatures. Thus, a long and thick coat becomes the best coat and protection element for the dog in winter.

Dog grooming during winter

It is necessary to facilitate brushing the coat by applying a nourishing foam on the hair before brushing; In this way, it can be combed easily and the use of water in the dog’s hair will be avoided.

When cutting your hair, it is advisable to limit it only to the ends, to shape the hairstyle without drastically reducing the amount of hair. It should be cut, especially, around the legs, pads and belly so that it does not get very wet.

In addition, it is important that the hair surrounding the pads is very short, thus preventing snow or any ice ball from entering them.

After walking, it is advisable to check your pads and verify that there are no cuts or scratches. To do this, a protective cream of pads should be placed whose purpose is to condition them to resist salt and any chemical used to melt and remove ice or snow.

When the walks are finished, the dog’s legs should be dried with a towel, in order to avoid licking the remains of salt or any other product. Salt is a stomach irritant and chemicals can trigger poisoning.

If you take the dog for long walks and if you have sensitive pads, the veterinarian recommends applying a pad protector that helps repair and hydrate the base of the legs.

The hygiene of the dog in the cold months should include cleaning the snout and the sensitive and sensitive areas of the animal. This task should be done using special products that do not require the use of water to remove or rinse them.

Taking a bath to the dog in winter can generate a bronchopulmonary health problem in the pet, especially if they are puppies, adult animals or unprotected dogs. Therefore, the best option is to select a dry or powder shampoo to bathe without having to wet them.

Keep in mind that heating, excess moisture or poor brushing can lead to skin problems or excessive molting in the animal; Keeping the fur and skin healthy is essential for the dog to be well protected in the cold months.

What is the brachiocephalic syndrome

Changes in the anatomy of the skulls of some animals of brachiocephalic breeds, such as bulldog, boxer, Pekingese or shih tzu, distort the nasopharynx, generating a pathology known as brachiocephalic syndrome, which obstructs the respiratory tract and requires treatment special since it can generate serious complications. Let’s see, next, what brachiocephalic syndrome is about and how we can identify it in our pet.
The brachiocephalic syndrome, also known as upper respiratory tract syndrome, generates multiple consequences in the animals that suffer from it, since it causes an obstruction of the respiratory tract, making it difficult to breathe. In general, this pathology affects dogs of flat breeds or brachiocephalic, although not necessarily all dogs of these breeds will develop.
This brachycephalic respiratory syndrome produces a considerable increase in the resistance of the airways, basically, by a soft palate extended or lengthened more than normal and that manages to block the airways. Also, it is possible that it is generated by an anomaly in the pharynx that prevents the passage of air to the trachea, or by narrow nostrils that hinder breathing through the nose.
In addition to the need to oxygenate the body, breathing in dogs has a very special additional function: it manages to regulate its body temperature. Hence the seriousness of this pathology, since the animal not only will have difficulty breathing regularly but may also be the victim of a heat stroke, being able to suffer convulsions and irreversible damages in the digestive system and in some vital organs.

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of brachiocephalic syndrome

Some of the most representative symptoms are intolerance to exercise, persistent cough, snoring, agitated breathing, sneezing and dyspnea, among others, being the difficulty to breathe and snoring after physical exertion, the first signs to manifest. As time goes by, the pet develops pharyngitis, laryngitis, or associated pathologies.
If these symptoms occur in the animal, it is necessary to go immediately to the veterinary clinic so that the specialist can perform the rigor tests.
For an adequate diagnosis, the veterinarian will perform an endoscopy of the respiratory tract. In addition, the specialist may require a chest x-ray, electrocardiogram and complementary urine and blood tests. The objective will be to rule out the presence of laryngeal collapse, tracheal hypoplasia or secondary pathologies.
The usual treatment of the brachiocephalic syndrome consists of a veterinary surgical procedure in order to enlarge the animal’s nostrils and remove excess tissues. The operation may also be aimed at shortening the palate.
Depending on the state of the pet, it is likely that the veterinarian will determine the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, bronchodilators and antitussives.
Symptoms of brachiocephalic syndrome usually appear in the adulthood of the dog so it is convenient to pay attention to the breathing of the dog and any manifestation of agitation or snoring. Humid or very hot climates often aggravate the situation, in which case a visit to the veterinarian is necessary to assess their situation.

How is the breeding of Australian parakeets

Thanks to their intelligence, the Australian parakeets are one of the birds preferred by people to have as pets, not only because of their great color but also because of their bright and cheerful nature, which manages to fill any home with energy. Today we dedicate a few lines to these birds, in order to learn a little more about their breeding and care.

General characteristics of Australian parakeets

Hailing from the varied fauna of Australia, the Australian parakeets, also known as common parakeets, are a type of endemic bird that belongs to the family of parrots and that have adapted perfectly to other areas of the world, such as Europe and America. In these places, they are very much required as pets because of their small size and peculiar singing.
The Australian parakeets measure just between 18cm and 20cm from head to tail and their weight is only 30-35gr. In general, they are light green and have a yellow head, although it is possible to find them in multiple color combinations such as brown, light blue, white and gray.
They have a very particular type of character that is characterized by its joy and vivacity. These birds, moreover, are very intelligent and are capable of recognizing their owner and of manifesting their desire to play. That is why Australian parakeets are so required as pets, especially by the little ones.
It is precisely because of their nature that these birds must be in the company of other similar specimens, so it is essential to raise them in a habitat that includes at least one more parakeet of the same species. When they are raised alone, they usually manifest boredom and sadness, especially when the owners are away from home.
These specimens have adapted very much to domestic life, which prevents them from surviving easily in the wild, because they would not be able to provide their own food, they would have difficulties to fly properly and would be in danger when exposed to predators.
Preparing the habitat of the parakeets
A good cage, wide enough to allow them to move easily, is the best habitat for Australian parakeets. Ideally, it should be rectangular and not circular. The basic complements that the cage should have are a feeding trough, a drinking trough and a bathtub, which should be washed every three or four days. In addition, it is important to change the sprue water daily.
It is preferable that the material of the cage is stainless steel, although aluminum can also be used. The important thing is that they are easy to clean and do not represent a danger to the animal. Inside, it is preferable that the floor has a grid that prevents the parakeets from having direct contact with their stools.
The place where the cage is located should be warm, with a temperature that oscillates between 20 ° and 25 ° C. and with enough natural light. The parakeets should be protected from the air currents and with access to the sun, although always taking care that their direct exposure will generate some sunstroke problem.

Feeding the Australian parakeets

In regard to their food, it is based on the consumption of birdseed, millet and various seeds. In veterinarians and specialized centers offer balanced meals or mixtures that are composed of a mixture of seeds enriched with vitamins and minerals, providing the necessary nutrients for the proper development of the bird.
The diet of Australian parakeets should also include moist foods such as fruits and vegetables; Foods such as carrots, spinach and lettuce are ideal to strengthen the health of these birds.
Also, it is necessary to include in your diet oily seeds and prepared with minerals that help them to have an adequate digestion. The consumption of these preparations has double benefit: on the one hand, it provides them with the minerals necessary for their development; on the other hand, it helps them to crush the seeds that are contained in their crop, improving their digestion.
Foods such as chocolate, parsley and avocado are harmful to Australian parakeets and should be avoided at all costs. In addition, the consumption of other products such as bread should be properly dosed in order to avoid any problem of overweight in the animal.

Reproduction and offspring of Australian parakeets

The breeding in pairs of this type of bird allows a better control of the broodstock and their offspring. The success of reproduction is not a complicated issue, it is only a matter of having a cage sufficiently large and special for young and incorporate a nest as it serves as an incentive for procreation.
In general, the nest is made of wood with a small hole that facilitates the entry and exit of the players. In addition, it has a door that serves to check inside if necessary. It is advisable to acquire those that are installed outside the cage, since it allows better handling.
The breeding stock, on average, between two and eight eggs, in an incubation time that ends at two or three weeks. Newborn chicks are defenseless and depend on feeding directly by their parents. After the fourth week they will be able to leave the nest.
With an average lifespan of between 4 and 6 years, the Australian parakeets are ideal as pets since they do not usually give major problems in their care, being an excellent alternative for those who want to start in the breeding of birds. Following the advice given in this mini guide, it is possible to successfully breed these beautiful birds.

Malassezia dermatitis in dogs

Formerly known as Pityrosporum, Malassezia is a type of fungus classified as yeast, which is present in the skin of both humans and animals. Currently, about 10 species are recognized, of which M. pachydermatis is considered a secondary pathogen in the skin disease of dogs.
In general, Malassezia is present in the skin of dogs. In case the animal has a healthy skin, the presence of this type of fungus does not cause major problem; Now, if the skin is damaged or the pet has low defenses, it is possible that a multiplication of the yeasts is generated, giving rise to the appearance of Malassezia dermatitis.
Although all animals are susceptible to developing Malassezia dermatitis, there is a genetic factor that predisposes a certain breed of dogs to suffer from this problem. In addition, some factors may favor the proliferation of the fungus, such as excessive production of fat on the skin, problems of humidity in the environment, allergies or difficulties in the immune system of the animal.

Tests to diagnose Malassezia dermatitis

The diagnosis of Malassezia dermatitis is made with a dermatological test, through the microscopic analysis of a sample taken from the area of ​​the skin that has been affected. Also, the veterinarian is likely to scrape the skin or apply the adhesive tape technique, which is very effective for skin lesions.
Being a habitual resident in the skin of dogs, are often generate doubts among specialists on whether the Malassezia is the real cause of certain symptoms presented by the pet, therefore, it is important that the veterinarian rule out other pathologies that may be generating the problem, such as an allergic reaction to some medication, skin infections or atopy.
Depending on the result obtained, the specialist will be able to determine if it is Malassezia that causes the problem in the skin or turns out to be a secondary disorder to another pathology that needs another treatment. The appropriate diagnosis is usually confirmed according to the response to the treatment indicated by the veterinarian.

Treatment of Malassezia dermatitis

In principle, it is advisable to carry out a topical treatment, with special lotions and shampoos prepared with boric or acetic acid. This, to avoid any possibility of side effects that can be generated with systemic treatment.
According to the severity, the specialized veterinarian will establish the appropriate treatment to cure Malassezia dermatitis. Medications such as Ketoconazole, Itraconazole and Fluconazole are some of the most indicated alternatives. Cortisone may also be necessary as a complement to therapy.
As for care at home, it is necessary to keep the dog clean in order to reduce the amount of fat on the skin. Periodic baths with a degreasing shampoo together with some fungicide product prescribed by the veterinarian can serve as a complement to the treatment. Also, it is advisable to change the diet to rule out any allergy problems.

How to properly care for a land turtle

The turtles form an order in the chain of land reptiles. They are characterized mainly by their long life, being able to pass the 100 years of age, according to the habitat where they are. Land turtles are popularly known for feeding on a herbivorous diet, but the reality is that they are omnivorous. They also eat insects, worms and other proteins.
Of the 250 species of turtles that are known, 5 of them are the most commonly used as pets. Among them we highlight:

  • Haitian or Spanish turtle

    These are found naturally in the Caribbean area and are used to high temperatures. Its carapace is brown and yellow belly, with dark lines around the neck and tail. They do not have large size.

  • False Turtle Map

    It is characterized by having its shell closed at the edges; It is brown, green skin and yellow lines, with a very characteristic brown tone in its mouth. These turtles are found in the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, in the USA.

  • Black turtle

    They are used as pets, although a special permit is needed so that they can be in the homes. They love sunbathing, scratching and bathing. They should be outdoors and with plenty of clean water so they can cool off.

  • Red-legged turtle

These turtles come from Central America and can reach approximately 36 cm in captivity, although it varies according to their habitat. Its carapace is dark brown with the center of a yellow tone. They are red-footed or, in some cases, orange.

The correct feeding of land turtles

Land turtles feed between 2 and 3 times a week. They must have a healthy and balanced diet, without excessive fiber, depending on their habitat and size. Their diet is omnivorous, so they feed on leaves, flowers, fruits, vegetables, worms and crickets, among other insects. It is necessary that they have a space with plenty of water so that they can drink and refresh freely.
Taking into account their diet, it is important to name some of the foods that we should avoid giving to land turtles. Among them, we can find; potatoes, grains, dairy products, corn, bamboo, citrus fruits, asparagus, dates, spinach, bananas, grapes, or other food that generates a negative effect on the turtle when eating it.

Most common diseases that land turtles suffer

Like all living beings, land turtles also often suffer from certain diseases, these are some of the most common and frequent:
Inflammation in your eyes: Can be caused by contaminated water and / or poor hygiene, also due to lack of vitamins; in this case, your eyes are cleansed with physiological solution. If it does not improve, it is most likely that you have an infection so it is recommended to take it to the veterinarian of exotic species.
Piramidism: It is the deformation or bulge of its shell, this happens when the turtles do not receive frequent baths of water or direct sun. Also, it could be due to an inadequate diet. For this there is no treatment, if it is detected from the beginning will have to devote more care regarding the above.
Bite or scratch problems: Many times this usually happens if there are more than two turtles in space, or some other animal that may cause damage. In this case, we often have to supervise and check our pets. If you get any wound, you should wash the area with enough water and clean it with some antiseptic; If necessary, cover the wound with gauze or bandages.
Shell fractures: It is important to clarify that the fractures or wounds of the carapace are different, depending on their severity. The wound is disinfected carefully to observe in more detail the damage caused. The advisable thing in this case, is to take it of urgency to the veterinary clinic.
Sneezing and cough: These are infections of viral, bacterial or fungal origin that produce nasal discharge, state of sickly drowsiness, loss of appetite, excess oral mucus and even panting in turtles. It occurs due to lack of vitamins or as a result of poor hygiene in the space where the animal is.
Herpes-virus: It is the most terrible disease that land turtles suffer. It is spread by sexual contact only between turtles. It is diagnosed by observing whitish mucus, irritated eyes, pus plaques, buccal bleeding. These symptoms resemble acute stomatitis and have no cure.

Suggestions and recommendations for the care of the land turtle

If you have a land turtle as a pet, we suggest keeping it in a large place with enough vegetative terrain, abundant water and where you can sunbathe, simulating its natural habitat, taking into account the hygiene of the space.
For your turtle to have a healthy life, we recommend, among other things, vitamin supplements, calcium, phosphorus, minerals, and take it frequently to be reviewed by the veterinarian specializing in exotic animals.
If we observe that our land turtle is suffering symptoms such as diarrhea or constipation, it is best to change your diet. If you suffer from diarrhea, it can be a cause of poor digestion, so we should reduce fiber foods and excess fruit.
When you have constipation problems we must do the opposite, give a diet rich in fiber, fruits and plenty of water to achieve their improvement.
Calcium is the main element so that the shell of the land turtle grows healthy and strong, for this reason, it is very important that the turtles maintain a diet rich in this and other minerals. Nor can it be overlooked that turtles that live in captivity or as pets in enclosed spaces, should be exposed to the sun at least 15 minutes a day, as sunlight intervenes in the fixation of calcium.
It is important to note that, like all reptiles, the land turtle is a carrier of salmonella, easily transmitted to humans. Therefore, we must maintain a correct hygiene, and thus avoid contagion.
The general health of land turtles is related to the frequency of interaction with their natural environment, that is, if they sunbathe and bathe in water. Turtles are reptiles that have the shell as their best defense, protect it through a good diet and minimum exposure to the sun will guarantee a long and healthy life.

Rabbits paralytic ileus

Paralytic ileus is a common digestive disease in rabbits. Also known as gastrointestinal stasis, it manifests with a decrease in bowel peristalsis, that is, paralysis of bowel movements.
One of its causes may be due to the presence of a foreign object (cloth, plastic, hair, etc.) that has become stuck. Another, when the animal stops eating due to stress or when it is fed an inadequate diet, which makes it difficult for the digestion process to be carried out correctly.

Symptoms of paralytic ileus

If a rabbit is suffering from paralytic ileus, it can manifest in several ways:

  • Reduction or loss of appetite.
  • Decrease in stool secretion.
  • Decayed behavior.
  • Impossibility to walk.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Grinding teeth or bruxism to express pain.
  • Strong breathing

The veterinarian must be taken to the veterinarian to diagnose accurately, through X-rays and measuring the level of glucose in the blood, if the intestines are clogged or is another cause of the pathology.

Treatment of paralytic ileus in rabbits

To improve the intestinal health of the rabbit, the treatment consists in the ingestion of analgesics to calm the pain, as well as the application of fluid therapy, in order to balance the volumes of internal fluids.
Touch stimulation is a practice that is done to the animal and consists of a series of constant massages to stimulate the stool evacuation process.
In the most severe cases, where the obstruction is persistent after having performed the treatments recommended by the veterinarian, the surgical intervention of the rabbit is the only treatment to end his ailment.
Antibiotics such as enrofloxacin, sulfonamides and metronidazole are the most recommended by specialists. With the supply of them, the propagation of secondary bacteria to the intestinal stasis picture is avoided.
This pathology favors the appearance of gastric ulcers and one way to avoid it is by providing gastric protectors such as ranitidine 3-5 mg / kg, sucralfate 25 mg / kg or cimetidine 5-10 mg / kg.
If an obstruction is ruled out, it is viable to stimulate intestinal mobility with drugs such as prokinetics.

Adequate diet to attack the paralytic ileus at the roots

It is important to keep the rabbit hydrated and with a balanced diet, rich in essential fibers, for the optimal functioning of your body. Hay is essential since it must mean 80% of the diet. The rest is complemented with fresh vegetables and controlled portions of always raw fruits.
This food is very important because its lack is causing diseases such as paralytic ileus or degeneration of the teeth. It constitutes the main source of fibers to maintain the health of rabbits in optimal conditions.
In the case of processed foods, we must take special care that they do not become their usual diet. That is, dog and cat foods are not recommended because they are high in carbohydrates and harmful components, such as preservatives and chemicals, that affect the balance of nutrients.
Keep in mind that nuts, legumes and cereals, iceberg lettuce, cauliflower, meat, dairy, and fruit in syrup are harmful to your health.

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