Category: Exotic animals

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Rabbits paralytic ileus

Paralytic ileus is a common digestive disease in rabbits. Also known as gastrointestinal stasis, it manifests with a decrease in bowel peristalsis, that is, paralysis of bowel movements.
One of its causes may be due to the presence of a foreign object (cloth, plastic, hair, etc.) that has become stuck. Another, when the animal stops eating due to stress or when it is fed an inadequate diet, which makes it difficult for the digestion process to be carried out correctly.

Symptoms of paralytic ileus

If a rabbit is suffering from paralytic ileus, it can manifest in several ways:

  • Reduction or loss of appetite.
  • Decrease in stool secretion.
  • Decayed behavior.
  • Impossibility to walk.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Grinding teeth or bruxism to express pain.
  • Strong breathing

The veterinarian must be taken to the veterinarian to diagnose accurately, through X-rays and measuring the level of glucose in the blood, if the intestines are clogged or is another cause of the pathology.

Treatment of paralytic ileus in rabbits

To improve the intestinal health of the rabbit, the treatment consists in the ingestion of analgesics to calm the pain, as well as the application of fluid therapy, in order to balance the volumes of internal fluids.
Touch stimulation is a practice that is done to the animal and consists of a series of constant massages to stimulate the stool evacuation process.
In the most severe cases, where the obstruction is persistent after having performed the treatments recommended by the veterinarian, the surgical intervention of the rabbit is the only treatment to end his ailment.
Antibiotics such as enrofloxacin, sulfonamides and metronidazole are the most recommended by specialists. With the supply of them, the propagation of secondary bacteria to the intestinal stasis picture is avoided.
This pathology favors the appearance of gastric ulcers and one way to avoid it is by providing gastric protectors such as ranitidine 3-5 mg / kg, sucralfate 25 mg / kg or cimetidine 5-10 mg / kg.
If an obstruction is ruled out, it is viable to stimulate intestinal mobility with drugs such as prokinetics.

Adequate diet to attack the paralytic ileus at the roots

It is important to keep the rabbit hydrated and with a balanced diet, rich in essential fibers, for the optimal functioning of your body. Hay is essential since it must mean 80% of the diet. The rest is complemented with fresh vegetables and controlled portions of always raw fruits.
This food is very important because its lack is causing diseases such as paralytic ileus or degeneration of the teeth. It constitutes the main source of fibers to maintain the health of rabbits in optimal conditions.
In the case of processed foods, we must take special care that they do not become their usual diet. That is, dog and cat foods are not recommended because they are high in carbohydrates and harmful components, such as preservatives and chemicals, that affect the balance of nutrients.
Keep in mind that nuts, legumes and cereals, iceberg lettuce, cauliflower, meat, dairy, and fruit in syrup are harmful to your health.

Everything you need to know about lovebirds

They are known as inseparable birds or love birds, they belong to a native species of Africa and their beauty has dazzled many; we are referring to agapornis, a very sociable type of bird that is present in many homes in our country. If you want to know in detail the care you must have in their upbringing, here we tell you everything you need to know about lovebirds.

Where they come from and types of agapornis

Agapornis is a bird that belongs to the family of parrots, originally from different parts of the African continent. Its name derives from the Greek words agape, meaning affection and ornis, which means bird, hence its name bird of love. Their sociable and inseparable nature makes them, as a couple, show much love together, cuddling and feathering each other.
In total there are 9 species, among which, the best known is the agapornis roseicollis, which is characterized by the body feathers in green and reddish face. It usually measures between 15 and 17cm and does not present an ocular ring. Another very common species is agapornis personata, which is a little smaller and has as its main feature a dark face and a white eye ring.
Agapornis lilianae is one of the smallest, reaching barely 13cm in height; It has an orange face and shows white eye rings. On the other hand, agapornis fischeri measures around 14cm and its main difference is the red color of its beak. In general, all species of lovebirds show a short tail and a very colorful plumage.

Characteristics of lovebirds

The main characteristic of lovebirds is their ability to socialize with both humans and other birds and their own species. In addition, they usually express their mood easily, being relatively easy to identify when they are calm, upset, happy or sad.
Their life expectancy is around 12 years, although, depending on their diet and the care they have received, they can reach 14 or 15 years of age.
One of the most common questions is how to know if the bird is female or male ?. One way to find out is by its size; Male lovebirds are usually smaller than females, mainly due to the effort involved in laying eggs. In addition, the bones of the pelvis of the female are more separated than those of the male, showing a more rounded appearance.
Also, it is possible to identify differences in the head of the female, which is more rounded than that of the male; likewise, the beak of the female is more prominent. As for the character, the females are more territorial and are much more aggressive with other birds than the males.

¿How should the cage of lovebirds be?

It is very important to know the characteristics that the cage should have where the agapornis will live. The size should be large enough so that the bird has the freedom to fly and move with ease. The ideal dimensions will depend on the number of birds, however, it is necessary to know that, for a couple, a cage measures 100x50x50cm will be sufficient.
A key point is to avoid round cages and give preference to rectangular cages. This is because the lovebirds need to have a point of reference to feel a greater tranquility and confidence. In addition, we must take care that the distance between the bars is not greater than 1.5cm, in order to prevent your head from getting stuck between them.
It is recommended to use a lower rack in the cages, in order to prevent the lovebirds eating food that has fallen and is in contact with their feces. A newspaper or special ground for birds will help facilitate cleaning.
The cleaning of their cages is fundamental for their tranquility, since these animals are very clean. The frequency of cleaning should be weekly, disinfecting the cage in its entirety with the help of a cloth moistened in a limited amount of sodium hypochlorite, being necessary to rinse with water and leave it dry at the end.

Care of lovebirds

Agapornis are birds that need a temperature between 18 ° C and 25 ° C, so it is ideal that the cage is located inside the house. However, this will depend on the area in which it is raised, avoiding runners and air currents. The cornered walls are usually the ideal places to place the cages, since they avoid gusts of wind and give a sense of security to the birds.
As for their diet, they must have a balanced diet, composed mainly of feed, seeds of canary seed, carcass, yellow millet, white millet and flaxseed. Other compounds that include buckwheat, peeled and black oats can complement your diet. Also, strawberries, apples, pears, lettuce leaves and green beans may be included in chopped portions, although less frequently.
Among the most common diseases that occur, we find respiratory acariasis, catarrh, asthma symptoms, or some that attack your digestive system, such as enteritis, colibacillosis or dysentery. The lack of vitamins produces the anomalous moult, in which the feathers begin to fall or look disorganized.
Other less common pathologies are psittacosis or salmonellosis. In all cases, it is necessary to go to the veterinarian’s office specialized in exotic animals to determine the actions that should be followed for their care.
Agapornis are very smart and ideal birds to breed and train, especially from an early age. In addition, they are very affectionate and fun, so they are excellent to have as pets. With proper care, it is an excellent decision to have them at home.