Category: Exotic animals

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The slow loris: a primate with bulging eyes

The slow loris, slow loris or lazy loris is a relatively little known primate, despite the fact that, unfortunately, its illegal traffic has increased exponentially in recent years. Do you want to meet one of the most curious looking animals on the planet?

Slow loris: characteristics

Slow lorises are primate mammals that live mainly in Southeast Asia. They can usually be found in countries such as India, Bangladesh, the Philippines or the island of Java.

There are several species of slow loris, although eight different species are officially distinguished. They are relatives of other well-known primates, such as pothos, galagos or slender lorises, very similar to them, but very little is known about their evolutionary history.

Slow lorises are, on many occasions, confused with other mammals, such as sloths, since they do not resemble the classic monkeys: their head is rounded and their muzzle is smaller and their eyes large.

In addition, slow lorises are animals that have different color patterns in their fur, depending on the species. They have a long trunk and hands and feet that can grip things with some force, allowing them to hold on firmly to trees.

The behavior of the slow loris

Curiously, the slow loris has a peculiarity that it does not share with other mammals: they are the only mammals that have poisonous glands, specifically in their arms.

In this way, when they feel threatened they begin to lick the gland, causing the toxins to pass into the animal’s mouth. The moment these toxins mix with saliva, they are activated, so they can use the bite against predators or people to protect themselves.

Despite this, the slow loris is generally a very calm animal and only attacks when it feels truly cornered. His defense strategy is to stay very still in the branches of the tree he is in: he is usually only attacked by snakes, eagles and, in some cases, by orangutans.

Little is known about this silent animal about their behavior, and their specific social structure is unknown, but without a doubt, we know that they are solitary animals.

The slow loris communicates through olfactory marking, that is, it marks the territoriality of the males.

As with other primates, the young of the slow loris depend 100% on their parents, creating a strong bond with them from birth. They are omnivorous animals, and therefore they eat anything from fruit, leaves, they can even hunt small animals.

The slow loris is in danger

Unfortunately, the slow loris is in danger of extinction according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

The main threats to these animals is the fragmentation of their habitat due to problems such as palm oil and logging, but also, to a large extent these animals are in danger of extinction or in a vulnerable state due to oriental medicine. On the other hand, animal exploitation continues to be a cause that affects many animals around the world, and the slow loris is also a victim of it.

Most common diseases of lovebirds

As with most birds, lovebirds are true experts in hiding their diseases, and it is that after all, this is their survival mechanism, since the sick and the weak are the first to be noticed by the predators of nature. By the time your lovebird has obvious symptoms of illness, you should see a vet immediately, as your pet will be seriously ill and likely to deteriorate rapidly unless proper treatment is given as soon as possible.

By observing your lovebird daily, you will learn its normal behavior and you will be able to notice anything out of the ordinary. Below we will show you a list of things to consider as possible indicators of disease, as well as some of the most common diseases in them. Keep reading!

The most common health problems in lovebirds

These are the most common diseases that occur in lovebirds:

  • Malnutrition: Vitamin A and calcium deficiencies are the most common health difficulties seen in these cute little birds. Since seeds are higher in fat than many other foods, many of these seed addicts are also often overweight. Vitamin A promotes appetite, digestion, and also increases resistance to infections from some parasites.
  • Overweight birds are more susceptible to: arthritis and fatty liver disease.
  • Other very common diseases are: conjunctivitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, constipation

Many others can develop from these health problems, so it is worth paying attention to the symptoms of disease that we present in the next section.

Some signs of disease in lovebirds

Severe symptoms

  • Breathing problems or abnormal breathing.
  • Tail constantly moving up and down.
  • Discharge from the beak, eyes or nostrils
  • Feathers on face and head covered with mucus and semi-digested seeds.
  • Abnormal droppings
  • Abnormal molts, PBFD, polyomavirus.
  • Bleeding
  • Head, tail or wings drooping.
  • Puffy or dull eyes.
  • Falls.
  • Certain hunched posture.
  • Lumps or swellings in the body.
  • Get away, stay at the bottom of the cage.
  • Vomiting.
  • Considerable weight loss.

Mild symptoms

  • Loss of appetite.
  • Plucked appearance, ruffled feathers.
  • Abnormal droppings.
  • Pecking or excessively plucking their own body feathers.
  • Abnormal sleep pattern (usually lovebirds sleep with one foot bent up, the head tucked under the wing, or the head turned toward the wing and with the eyes only partially closed).
  • Any change in normal activities (talking or whistling, playing with toys, grooming, cessation of interaction with other birds or humans, very different energy levels, discomfort when standing in one place).
  • Disorientation.
  • Drink much more water than usual.
  • Cage too dirty despite having been recently cleaned.
  • Head, tail, or wings drooping

If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is best that you do not hesitate and take your pet to be examined by a veterinary professional as soon as possible.

How to identify male and female parrots?

In most cases the differences between males and females cannot be seen at first glance. The only possible way to distinguish them is through analysis or by consulting an expert.

However, in certain species of parrots and parakeets the differences between males and females are much more obvious. If you continue reading this article we will talk about some species with clear differences between male and female parrots.

Parakeets

In the parakeets that we all know, sexual dimorphism is seen in the waxy, that is, the nose. In parrots, the nose is in a fleshy area from where the beak comes out.

The waxy of the males is dark blue. In case the male is innocent, his waxy is pink or lilac. Female waxy is usually light blue in color, turning brown when they go into heat. When the parakeets are very young, they show a whitish waxy color.

There is an Australian species, the splendid parakeet, that does show a clear sign of sexual dimorphism: females lack the scarlet stripe that males show on their chest.

Ecletus

In ecletus parrots the difference between males and females is very evident. In males there are very intense green tones, and their beaks are orange or yellowish. Instead, the females have a beautiful mix of colors that vary between red and blue, and their beak is dark, almost black.

Nymphs

In the case of nymphs it is also possible to find sexual dimorphism. This is the case of the ancestral, the pearly and the white-faced.

The most notable difference between males and females is that females, under their tails, show dark spots in the form of stripes, while males have this area of ​​a uniform color. More specifically, they show the following characteristics:

In ancestral nymphs, differences in colors are observed between females and males. Females tend to have softer facial colors, in shades of yellow and facial blush. Males show more intensity of color in these areas of the face.

In the case of pearl nymphs, it is known that if after molting they retain the pearls on their wings, they are female. The males, after molting, lose these characteristic patterns of their species.
In white-faced nymphs, males have a kind of white facial mask, while in females it is grayish, or white but smaller than in the case of males.

Other methods of differentiation between male and female parrots

Most species of parrots do not show a clear sexual dimorphism, except those that we have discussed previously. That is why it can be a difficult task to differentiate them, and much less if we are not used to the particular species. That is why many people turn to professionals to find out the sex of their pet.

By palpation and physical examination we can identify the male to develop, since he has a lump in the pelvic area, whereas the females have the smoothest area.

Another of the tests that are usually done to differentiate male from female parrots is DNA, but this type of practice is somewhat expensive.

On the other hand, waiting for the egg laying will clearly reveal if the parrot is female. Finally, many hobbyists make references to sex differences depending on the character, but this is not a very reliable data, since the character of parrots can be very variable.

What reptiles are herbivores?

More and more reptile lovers are looking for a companion in their home that is easy to maintain. However, almost all the reptiles available for this are insectivores. Many people find insects unpleasant. Another factor to consider is incessant trips to the pet store, or to the countryside, to stock up on live food, which can often escape and colonize the home.

If you are interested in caring for a reptile, but don’t want to complicate your life too much, look for herbivorous reptiles. In this article we will talk about the most common ones.

The land turtle

The tortoise is a vertebrate reptile characterized by being herbivorous, since its diet and feeding part of the consumption of plants, leaves and stems.

Being a typically domestic animal, the tortoise also consumes fruits if offered. These are the easiest reptiles to maintain considering that they must be in a garden without the need for it to be very large.

It is true that it must have some space, and have land to make holes and hide, but beyond these requirements, it will be an easy pet to feed, since 100% of its diet can be vegetables, varied herbs and fruits.

The spiny-tailed lizard of the Sahara

The Sahara spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastyx Geyri, belongs to the genus Uromastyx, made up of more than 20 species that inhabit the desert and pre-desert areas of North Africa, India, Central Asia and the Middle East.

It grows to around 35 cm long and 250 grams in weight, and it is one of the smallest species among the Uromastyx lizards. Their habits are diurnal, and they feed on grass, flowers and very occasionally small insects.

It is calm in character but if it gets nervous or feels attacked it usually uses its tail as a whip. Its usual colors can be red, orange or yellow on a dark background. Its natural habitat is found in semi-arid rocky areas of Algeria, Nigeria and Mali.

The Iguana

The iguana is another of the herbivorous reptiles that consume herbs, leaves, flowers and when they have even fruits within their reach.

They have a bright green color, their legs are short and have 5 toes on each, which end in very sharp claws.

Their skin is protected by scales over most of their body, and the skin most visible is the one that hangs from their neck. They are excellent reptiles for climbing, so they love trees and branches to move around in.

Male iguanas can grow up to 2 meters from head to tail.

He loves to spend the day in the sun instead of spending time eating. The reason is because this way you avoid infections and you can also achieve the ideal temperature to improve the digestion of what you have eaten.

The most suitable climate for the growth of this reptile is humid: the more humid the place where it is, the more it will grow.

Tropical fish for your aquarium

Have you bought a fish tank or are you thinking of buying one and are wondering what are the best tropical fish for it? You have reached the right article! All the fish that we name below have been selected for reasons such as their resistance, price, size and eating habits. Is the one you would like to have among them? Check out.

Best tropical fish for aquarium

  • Guppy

The Guppy fish (Poecilia reticulata), also known as the millionth fish or rainbow fish, is known worldwide. Naturally, it originates from South America, but today it is mainly bred in captivity. It is now a common domestic tropical fish that almost all aquarists want to have in their home, due to, among other things, its affordable cost and ease of maintenance.

They are available in a wide variety of colors. This fish is extremely easy to care for as it requires fairly low maintenance and has a calm temperament that suits most beginner aquariums. They are a resistant breed, since they can adapt to a variable water condition that makes them perfect for those starting out in the world of aquariums. These omnivores are not picky eaters, and their diet may include fish flakes, live or frozen brine shrimp, daphnia, and worms.

They are extremely harmonious and mix well with other peaceful fish. Since they reproduce quickly, you should keep the male and female population under control.

  • Molly

Molly fish (Poecilia sphenops) are originally from Malaysia and are popular for their passive temperament and also for their high adaptability. You can easily find them at a low price, and in a great color combination to choose from. Plus, they are playful and energetic.

Since they grow to only 6-15 centimeters, you won’t need too big aquariums.
Being tough and less aggressive, this versatile fish is a particularly suitable choice for beginners.

They’re also great for cleaning the aquarium itself, as they love algae and dig in the substrate and descale dirt trapped in gravel, making it easier for the filter to pick it up.

  • Zebra fish

Danio rerio or the zebrafish are native to the Ganges and the Himalaya region. They have a zebra pattern on their thin skin that makes it easily recognizable. Due to its resistance it is an optimal fish for novice keepers who do not know how to install a fish tank.

They grow to 6-7 centimeters and can survive in most water environments, but perform best in large aquariums with 20-30 more fish. Since it has a tendency to jump, you will need to make sure that your aquarium has a tight lid.

These omnivores will eat almost anything. It can be fed with a varied diet of fish flakes, worms and frozen foods.

  • Fighting fish

The Siam fighting fish (Betta splendens) of Thailand is one of the most popular fish in the freshwater aquarium trade. The reason is due to an aesthetically attractive appearance. They are extremely hardy fish when kept in waters suitable for them, although they are often found in tanks or aquariums too small for them.

These beauties are very easy to care for. As omnivorous fish, they require animal and plant-based foods in the form of fish flakes or worms.

With a growth of up to 6-7 centimeters, they can have a somewhat annoying character and you should be careful with him and the other inhabitants of your aquarium. They are not called fighting fish for nothing. They will fight to the death if two males coexist in the same place.

  • Corydoras

The Corydoras fish is original from Brazil, South America and the Upper Guaporé River. 140 types are available to choose from and at affordable prices, it is a perfect example for your tropical aquarium. They have a cold temperament and can have a long life of up to twenty years.

They are a very sociable species and thrive in community aquariums consisting of mixed species. They’re admirable when it comes to meticulous aquarium cleaning – they’ll pick up food scraps from the bottom gravel whenever they can. Still, your omnivorous appetite needs to be satiated even more with a well-balanced diet consisting of dry, live frozen and flaked foods.

  • Swordtail fish

The swordtail fish (Xiphophorus hellerii) dates back to North and Central America. They are without a doubt the most dominant species to date in most tropical aquariums.

This highly sought after freshwater fish is a treat for aquarium lovers due to its effortless care routine. Friendly in nature, they clearly belong to a community habitat, but can be territorial to other males of the same species.

They usually attract attention because of their sword-shaped tail. They can grow to around 10 centimeters. As for food, it will serve delicacies such as vegetable flakes, tubifex blood worms, brine shrimp or plant-based diets, including algae.

  • Oscar

The Oscar fish (Astronotus ocellatus), also recognized as copaneca or acarahuazú pavón, is from South America.

They are classified as semi-aggressive, therefore, they are kept in their own aquarium (they are non-community oriented species), but they live better in pairs. If kept with other fish, they should be similar in size and aggressive in nature.

Efficient water maintenance and the filtration system will be helpful as they produce a lot of waste. You will need to make regular water changes every week to remove excess residue and food debris.

You can feed them with ocean plankton, small fish, blood worms, flakes, tetracyclic potato chips, and earthworms. You will have to house them in a large aquarium with good filtration.

  • Angel fish

The angelfish (Pterophyllum) comes from the Amazon basin, the tropical region of South America and the Orinoco basin. These elegant fish grow up to 20 centimeters and can be seen in a wide range of tones. They are very resistant and easy to care for, but can be somewhat aggressive from time to time. Taking into account their temperament, they should be kept alone or in a large fish bowl that reduces possible aggressions. Their nutritional requirements include (2-3 times a day) worms, small crustaceans, shrimp pellets, seaweed, frozen live food, etc.

What causes the PBFD virus in lovebirds?

Much to our regret, birds are not exempt from ailments and diseases, in fact, they are as fragile as any human being or other species. If you have a bird like the lovebird as a pet, you should know that they can suffer from some diseases that affect their wings and beaks. Do you know the PBFD virus? In this article we treat the disease, its characteristics, its causes and the way to treat it.

What is the PBFD virus in lovebirds?

Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD) is a contagious and deadly viral condition that affects the beak, feathers, and immune system of birds belonging to the Psittacidae family, such as they are the macaws, the parrots, parrots or lovebirds.

It was a disease first recognized in 1975 by Australian veterinarians, where it affected many exotic birds. Although all birds exposed to the virus usually end up dying, some are known to only develop a mild infection and eventually recover.

What are the birds at risk of PBFD?

More than 40 species of Psittacidae are known to have suffered from this virus, but it is mainly found in parrots, cockatoos, lovebirds, parakeets, African gray parrots and lovebirds. Younger birds are usually more affected, with symptoms of the disease noted in members of some species less than 2 years old.

What is the cause of PBFD?

PBFD is caused by a DNA condition that directly affects cells of the immune system and those found in the bird’s beak and feathers. It is a circovirus, which are some of the smallest microbes known to cause disease. In fact, a very similar virus also attacks pigeons and other birds.

How is the virus that causes PBFD transmitted in lovebirds?

The PBFD virus is very contagious. There are large amounts of this virus, which can be transmitted through the air, in infected feces, crops and feather dust. Specifically, feather dust is very easily dispersed and can contaminate food, making it very easy for a bird such as the lovebird to become infected through the water it drinks, its cage, people’s clothing, etc. Until now, the disease is thought to be contracted through direct inhalation or ingestion of the virus, including that it is transmissible in the uterus, from the bird to the eggs.

Its incubation period, where the bird is exposed and after the virus symptoms develop, can be from 3 to 4 weeks, up to years, depending on the amount of viral load transmitted, the age of the bird and the stage in Let their feathers be found. thus the health of your immune system.

Symptoms of PBFD in lovebirds

The PBFD virus can be found in its acute and conical form. The acute form occurs most frequently in young birds, and may start with symptoms unrelated to the beak or feathers. Usually signs of sadness and depression appear, they regurgitate more than normal, they can develop enteritis or pneumonia, diarrhea, they can even die without showing symptoms in their feathers or beak. But, in cases where the disease does manifest in beaks and feathers, we can find injuries, loose feathers, others bleeding, and general pain in the area.

PBFD in its chronic form, unlike its acute form, usually appears in older birds. The feathers become fragile, they fracture very easily, they suffer hemorrhages, the colors of the feathers fade, deform, curl … As the bird’s follicles are damaged, the bird cannot replace the feathers, losing the primaries, secondary and even those of the tail and the crest. The beak can develop sunken and irregular areas, reaching find necrotic areas inside or deform. Sometimes, nails can also become infected, deformed, or come off.

Mucus may appear in the stool or a green tint. This happens because the liver is sometimes affected. If liver failure occurs it may cause death. Still, birds with chronic PBFD can generally live for years, although their quality of life is seriously impaired.

How to treat PBFD in lovebirds

Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment to cure PBFD. But recovery can be supported with good nutrition, supplemental heat (like an incubator), trimming the spike, and treatment for secondary infections. PBFD disease in lovebirds is progressive, and birds may rarely recover fully.

Do you have a lovebird at home? Do you think I may be suffering from this disease? Do not hesitate any longer and make an appointment at our veterinary hospital; We will carry out the relevant tests on your pet to rule out diseases and take care of their health.

Types of domestic turtles you can have in your home

By offering them proper care, a turtle can be an ideal pet. There are many different types of turtles, and each species needs specific care to live. Are you thinking of choosing a domestic turtle? In this article we will talk about the four most common types of domestic turtles to take care of at home, as long as their needs can be respected.

What types of domestic turtles are there?

It is necessary to be able to differentiate between two classes of turtles: freshwater turtles and land turtles. The former need to live in places where they can find water, which could be fountains, fish tanks, ponds or aquariums. The latter, on the other hand, require a large terrarium to sleep and cover all their needs. In both cases, it will be important that they receive enough sunlight and have an adequate ambient temperature; Turtles are cold-blooded reptiles, so they need to spend many hours catching heat and hibernating in cold weather.

Here we tell you which turtles you can take care of at home as long as you can meet their needs and ensure a good quality of life:

  1. The forest turtle, or “Glyptemys insculpta”, comes from North America, and is recognized for its gray carapace and orange legs, belly and head with black spots. It has strong legs, and generally, males tend to be larger than females. Its size is around 23 centimeters, and its weight reaches a kilo when they reach adulthood. Forest turtles are omnivorous and therefore feed on plants, mushrooms or fruits, as well as carrion and other invertebrate animals. It is a completely terrestrial animal in the hot months, and somewhat more aquatic in the winter.
  2. The Russian tortoise is the most common type of domestic tortoise in houses. It has a dark-colored shell and some lighter, rounder spots. Its legs and head are also light in color, and have highly developed rear toenails. This type of turtle can measure up to approximately 22 centimeters. The Russian tortoise has a long life, being able to reach 40 years in the wild, and 100 in captivity. It is a turtle with a very good sight, capable of recognizing people and sniffing to get its food.
  3. In rivers with low flows, lakes or wells, it is sometimes common to find the painted turtle, another excellent candidate to breed at home. In Spain, it has even been considered an “invasive species”. Its shell, with a striking yellow and red striped design, can reach 25 centimeters. Their skin is normally deep green or dark green, with some orange or yellow lines. They are a long-lived species, capable of living for about 25 years. As for the environmental needs, they need a good pond and a pleasant temperature.
  4. The red-eared turtle is another of the best known in homes. They usually live in the water and it is famous for the two red stripes on each side of its head, which lives up to its name. It can be about 30 centimeters long, and females are generally larger than males. They live for around 40 years and need both moisture and direct sun contact to raise their body temperatures. It is also a turtle recognized for its good ability to swim and they usually hibernate during the winter at the bottom of the water.

If you plan to have the red-eared turtle at home, you should be very attentive to it, since it has a facility to contract infections. As for its food, it is also omnivorous, and eats plants, insects, vegetables or fruits.

Malinois canary: learn everything about this domestic bird

Of all the singing canaries, few are like the Malinois. The popularity of the Malinois canary has been great throughout its history, and even today, it is one of the most desired domestic birds. This little melodic bird can be an ideal companion if you enjoy listening to birdsong. Thinking of taking care of a little bird at home? Pay attention to the information we provide you: after reading this article you will love him.

The origin of the Malinois canary

The Malinois canary is very popular throughout Europe, where in some places it is known as the “Waterslager canary“. Its origin dates back to around the 17th century, when the wild canary arrived in Belgium, at which time it began to mix with the local fauna. In fact, many say that it could be a descendant of the canary “Bossu”.

He is one of the canaries best known for his songs. In fact, in some countries, they organize singing competitions for the Malinois canary. The term “waterslager” with which it is called in some European cities such as Belgium, means “sound of water”, so it already gives us many clues as to how characteristic its singing is. “Malinois” also refers to a city with a French name located in Belgium, where this breed most often develops.

What is the Malinois Canary like?

The Malinois or Waterslager canary is a bird that can reach 16 cm. It has some distinctive features on its upper body such as a large cone-shaped beak and a sharper bite than that of other canaries, its eyes are shiny black, its head small and when its feathers are altered or excited The upper part of it rises in the form of a ridge. Its feathers are very soft and its colors move in shades between yellow and white, from paler to a very intense yellow.

The wonderful melody of the Malinois canary is different from what you can hear commonly in the birds of its style. He sings with his beak closed, but opens it whenever he wants to make more pronounced sounds. Many times, its song is comparable to that of the nightingale. The famous “sounds of water” that it emits are an imitation of the water that flows through the rivers. And like all the canaries that sing, it can also make bass and treble melodies.

From its birth, the Malinois canary can begin to sing from four weeks in a weak way: the males start their singing earlier, while the females take up to six months to have a strong and lasting melody.

Care and feeding

All canaries like open spaces, so having a cage spacious enough for its size will be a point to consider if you want to breed it as a domestic bird. In addition, the cage must have at least one bar so that it can rest on it properly. They are birds that prefer to be on top, so it is recommended to place the cage a little higher than our head.

As for their food, the Malinois canaries eat mainly common canary seeds and rapeseed. You can also strengthen the health of your canary using vitamin-coated seed mixtures, which you can find at your vet or pet stores.

These canaries also like bathing, so they should be offered a container that allows them to bathe. Apart from all this, it is important that you always maintain the cleanliness of the cage, as well as the sanitation of your nails.

Malinois Canaries Social Behavior

Canaries are generally good-natured, social birds that perform well in cages. However, the case of the Malinois canaries is not quite like this: they are not always so sociable, in fact, they feel very uncomfortable being manipulated and often do not tolerate the company of other canaries, even in the same room. They are shy, and you should never host them with budgies or lovebirds, which tend to be more aggressive by nature.

They don’t need any kind of toy to entertain themselves, but they do like to swing, so perhaps you can get a bar or innkeeper of this type for their cage. With proper training, it is possible to let them out of the cage so that they land on your hands, but you will have to practice with caution so that they do not escape outside.

If you are not looking for reproduction, male Malinois canaries are best kept alone in a cage, as this guarantees good singing, but also avoids moments of tension, as they are very territorial.

Both sexes can be trained to sing, since it is known that they are birds with very good learning, yes, they should never exceed 5-10 minutes, since otherwise you could stress the canary and cause serious problems.

As for their reproduction, they are large breeders and can reproduce easily. You will only have to place the male and the female in the same cage with a nest, give them the necessary food and in a short time they will be able to have young.

Everything you need to know about the african gray parrot or Yaco

The African gray parrot (Psittacus erithacus), known as the gray parrot or “Yaco”, is an exotic species of parrot characterized by gray plumage that distinguishes it from its species. As its name suggests, it is native to Africa, and for many, it is one of the most beautiful birds in the world.

If you want to know more characteristics about this peculiar type of parrot, or you have one at home, read on and know all kinds of details about its species.

Physical aspects of the African gray parrot

The species of psittacus erithacus, is silver gray. As a general rule, its gray shades become darker on the head and wings, while its belly is lighter. The feathers of its head and trunk are edged in white, giving this bird a scaly appearance on its body.

One of the reasons why the African gray parrot attracts the most attention is for its deep red feathers on the back of its body, making it a very special specimen. Her face is covered in white, and her striking eyes are highlighted with a bluish-gray iris.

Its beak is not completely black: its appearance is rather similar to a metallic dark gray. As for its size, it differs according to sex: in general, males tend to be larger, measuring between 30 and 40 centimeters long, and weighing between 400 and 650 grams, according to the specimen.

What is the natural habitat of the African gray parrot?

African gray parrots, or Yacos, prefer the rainforest, including the savanna, mangroves, and surrounding agricultural land to be able to feed more easily. They are generally largely frugivorous: they eat seeds, nuts, and fruits of multiple genera, having a special preference for the fruit of the palm (Elaies guineensis). In addition, they supplement their diet with flowers, some types of bark and invertebrates (insects and snails).

On many occasions they can be seen descending to the ground to ingest clay or soil, where they also find nutrients and antiparasitic compounds for their body.

The African gray parrot is able to gather in flocks of up to 1,000 birds to rest at night: whenever circumstances allow, they opt for coastal islands, close to glades, to avoid predators.

It is a very sociable bird, which communicates through a variety of somewhat strident vocalizations that serve to organize the congregation, warn of dangers or express anger at rivals.

Its species is usually prey for various types of birds of prey, such as vultures. But monkeys are also a danger in their natural habitat: they often steal the young of the birds or the eggs they find in the nests.

It is known that this type of exotic bird can live up to 20 years in its habitat, and up to 50 in captivity.

The African gray parrot in its culture and as a pet

This parrot is closely linked to its culture and place of origin. They are extremely important for the Nigerian Yoruba people, since their feathers are used in the creation of masks that they use during their festivals or religious events. Even the sounds made by the African gray parrot were adopted by Yoruba folklore to warn of dangers for the people.

It is a very popular animal among parrot lovers, so there are many captive breeding programs for those who are interested in keeping and caring for them as pets at home.

The species is intelligent, and due to their social nature, they can be educated and have a good coexistence within the home. In your care, you must also include a balanced diet of seeds and fresh food.

Stress in these birds can lead to plucking episodes, a very damaging type of neurosis that must be treated by a veterinary specialist in exotic birds.

As for the cage, it must be large enough to guarantee the movement that these birds need. You should place it in a quiet place, where there are no drafts and in moderate direct sunlight, and of course, away from other animals. You can put inside some toys with which he will learn to entertain himself, and branches on which he can perch or just use to bite.

Trained African gray parrots can get out of the cage to fly outside – this practice will keep them in good physical and mental health.

In addition, it is a species capable of imitating human words and voices, so you can entertain and stimulate it by teaching it countless expressions.

Frequent diseases of the African gray parrot

The African gray parrot can suffer certain pathologies on a frequent basis, among which the following stand out:

  • Aspergillosis: it is a fungus that usually appears due to the lack of hygiene in the environment of the bird. It is very important that you keep the cage of your african gray parrot always clean to avoid problems of this type.
  • Behavioral disorders: This type of disease includes different self-injurious attitudes, such as pecking at oneself, or plucking feathers. Normally these types of situations are derived from stress, which can appear due to lack of attention or boredom.
  • Cold: the African gray parrot is used to high temperatures, so it is a species sensitive to cold and high humidity. To avoid this pathology you can make sure to provide a warm and dry environment.
  • Ornithosis: it is a bacterial-type infection that directly affects breathing, bringing with it conjunctivitis and sinusitis. These types of infections are transmissible to humans, so it is best to take him to a vet so that he can diagnose and treat it properly.

As you can see, African gray parrots need attention and care so that they can live healthy and happy, so as the owner, you must be responsible and put sufficient resources and means to avoid these and other pathologies, as well as keep the bird happy.

Gramma loreto: why it is ideal to have this specimen in your aquarium

When we refer to the Gramma Loreto, we are talking about one of the most recommended fish for aquariums and community marine facilities. If he were a neighbor in our community, everyone would love him and see him as a good boy who respects and cares for the common space. Would you like to know more about the characteristics of this species and why it should not be missing in your aquarium? Pay attention to the information we offer you.

How is the Gramma loreto?

Gramma loreto is one of the calmest species of character there can be. It is a rather shy and peaceful fish, which does not like to take up more space and prefers to spend most of the time withdrawn in its refuge. Its resistance and ease of care make it a perfect example for any aquarium. Whether you are an amateur or an expert, it is a success to have him.

It is part of the family of Grammatidae (grammatids), and can grow up to 8 centimeters long, having approximately 5 years of life. Two genders can be distinguished in the same family: Gramma and Lipogramma. It is known that the former can measure up to 10 centimeters and that they are original from the west coast of the Atlantic Ocean. As for its colors, they are impressive: they combine an intense purple color with a bright yellow, making it one of the most striking species that exists visually.

Precisely for this color, it is commonly confused with another species: Pseudochromis paccagnellae. Physically they are very similar, but completely opposite in character: aggressive and somewhat more difficult to maintain and care for. To better differentiate them, apart from the attitude of the fish inside the aquarium, you will be able to see how the Gramma loreto has an ocello on top of its dorsal fin, its fins also have color, and behind the gills they show small yellow dots that They blur over the purple color of the front.

Needs and care of the Gramma loreto inside an aquarium

It is truly easy to care for and meet the needs of this species. For the correct maintenance of the Gramma loreto, we should keep them in aquariums with more than 100 liters of water, and whenever possible, adapt the environment so that it is the closest thing to its natural habitat. As we have already told you at the beginning, it is a fish that likes to take shelter and feel sheltered, so try to have enough places to do it. For this same reason, you should also avoid bright lights directly on the aquarium.

Another reason why we encourage you to have a Gramma loreto is for being great cleaners with the residues of other fish: they will remove much of the dead tissue and parasites that form in your aquarium, and that will greatly facilitate cleaning.

Finally, when feeding them, it is recommended to do it between one and two times a day, always with small amounts of food. Like most reef fish, the Gramma loreto will show no problem with food as long as it is small enough to fit in its mouth. They feed on daphnia, brine shrimp, red larvae, flaked food, etc., but from time to time it is advisable to use krill so that its color stays in good color, as well as other live foods to keep it healthy.

 

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