Category: Exotic animals

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The 5 most common birds in homes

If you’re thinking of having a bird as a companion, there are many popular species to choose from, but all have unique socialization quirks that are worth learning about. Species that provide good company for humans often require a lot of attention. Here we show you 5 of the most popular birds to take care of in your home.

1. Budgie

The budgerigar, or parakeet, is a wonderful bird for those who are new to bird keeping; they are intelligent and playful, requiring less space and maintenance than larger bird species. Parakeets are quite intelligent despite their small size, and while most are content to whistle and sing, many have been known to learn words and phrases. These hardy little birds come in a variety of beautiful colors and their average life expectancy is 12 to 14 years.

2. Cockatoo

These medium sized birds are a delight to keep. From the parrot family, these native Australian birds are known for their amazingly advanced whistling and singing abilities. Although cockatoos are capable of learning to speak, many owners find that their birds prefer to whistle and imitate peculiar sounds, such as a telephone ringing. These birds can be found in increasingly diverse color combinations and have an average life expectancy of between 15 and 20 years.

3. Canaries

Canaries are excellent companion birds and very popular in homes. Since most varieties are only 12cm (or less), canaries require less space than almost any other bird species in the home. Unlike parrots, which are hard-billed, canaries are known as soft-billed birds; and it is that they have somewhat flexible and waxy beaks.

These little birds thrive in small flocks and generally pay little attention to humans, making them the perfect pets for those who love to watch birds, but want a companion bird that requires less interaction. A canary can live up to 10 years if it is well cared for.

4. Lovebirds

Lovebirds are one of the smallest parrot species. These colorful little birds should not be overlooked in favor of the larger and more demanding parrots, as they are capable of possessing all the intelligence and personality of the larger macaw. These birds are fairly quiet companions, making them ideal for apartment dwellers. The lovebird has a life expectancy of up to 20 years.

5. Monk parrot

The monk parrot is actually a small parrot. He is well known for his ability to build a large vocabulary of words and phrases. The more you talk around its cage, the more this bird will pick up the words and be able to imitate them. Monk parrots have a lot of intelligence and are very singing. In addition, they have a life expectancy of 20 to 30 years.


And you? Do you have a bird at home? Remember that at our Glòries Veterinary Hospital in Barcelona we have the right professionals to take care of your birds and other exotic animals. Make an appointment and take care of the health of your winged companion!

Is the lemur in danger of extinction?

The lemur is a wet-nosed primate of the Lemuroidea superfamily that is only found in Madagascar. Its classification has been controversial, which has led to the identification of a wide variety of species and whose number has changed as research progresses. Currently, there are many species of lemurs that are classified as endangered. What is happening to them?

In this article we delve into the subject as a way to inform about its state of conservation, but also to help raise awareness about the need to protect the planet.

Are lemurs in danger of extinction?

Unfortunately, to this question we must answer yes: there are species of lemurs that are in danger of extinction. Let us now list some of these species that are classified as critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

  • Critically Endangered Lemurs:
  • Sibree’s dwarf lemur (Cheirogaleus sibreei)
  • Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur (Microcebus berthae)
  • Bemanasy mouse lemur (Microcebus spreads)
  • Marohita mouse lemur (Microcebus marohita)
  • Grey-headed lemur (Eulemur cinereiceps)
  • Blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons)
  • Lac Alaotra bamboo lemur (Hapalemur alaotrensis)
  • Golden bamboo lemur (Hapalemur aureus)
  • Great bamboo lemur
  • Red ruffed lemur (Varecia rubra)
  • Black and white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata)
  • Ahmanson’s sporting lemur (Lepilemur ahmansonorum)
  • James’s jumping lemur (Lepilemur jamesorum)
  • Mittermeier’s jumping lemur (Lepilemur mittermeieri)
  • Sporting red-tailed lemur (Lepilemur ruficaudatus)
  • Sahamalaza Jumping Lemur (Lepilemur sahamalazensis)
  • Northern sporting lemur (Lepilemur septentrionalis)
  • Hawk-jumping lemur (Lepilemur tymerlachsoni)
  • Bemaraha’s woolly lemur (Avahi cleesei)
  • Endangered Lemurs:
  • Hairy-eared dwarf lemur (Allocebus trichotis)
  • Bongolava mouse lemur (Microcebus bongolavensis)
  • Collared brown lemur (Eulemur collaris)
  • Black lemur (Eulemur macaco)
  • Ankarana sporting lemur (Lepilemur ankaranensis)
  • Lemurs in a vulnerable state:
  • Hairy-eared dwarf lemur (Cheirogaleus crossleyi)
  • Pygmy mouse lemur (Microcebus myoxinus)
  • White-headed lemur (Eulemur albifrons)
  • Red lemur (Eulemur rufus)
  • Playful seal lemur (Lepilemur seali)

Why is the lemur in danger of extinction?

In short, there are many species of lemurs that are in danger of extinction, but they are all interconnected by the fact that humans are responsible for their plight. Next, we will explain the various causes of the current vulnerable state of the lemur:

Habitat destruction

Lemur populations are threatened by massive felling of trees for charcoal production. It should be noted that lemurs are generally arboreal, so removing the plant cover in which they live harms them irreversibly.

In addition, there are other reasons behind the deterioration of Madagascar’s forests:

Forest fires are an annual event in these forests.
Deforestation is also practiced to grow certain agricultural crops or to raise livestock.

In both cases, the result is the same: the loss of vegetation and, therefore, a drastic change in the habitat of the lemurs.


Other threats to lemurs that have led them to be in danger of extinction have to do with hunting, since some species are consumed for food, while others are sold as pets.

Some species have been severely wiped out, either due to lack of food, natural disasters, etc. An example of this is the grey-headed lemur (Eulemur cinereiceps), whose population crashed in 1997 due to a cyclone that exacerbated the human influences mentioned above.

Climate change

Several species of lemurs are affected by climate change, such as the great bamboo lemur (Prolemur simus). Lemurs of this species are not only affected by climatic variations, but also by the availability of food. Climate change prolongs droughts, which harms bamboo (Cathariostachys madagascariensis), which is its main source of food.

Are there conservation plans for lemurs?

Lemurs, which are in danger of extinction, are the subject of some conservation plans. In general, these plans depend on the particular situation of each species, although the problems faced by lemurs are common to all species. Let’s take a look at the current plans:

  • Several species of lemurs have been included in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), whose objective is to protect endangered species through treaties with various countries. For example, all listed lemurs are excluded from hunting or capture and are under special management. Some cases included are: the Sibree dwarf lemur (Cheirogaleus sibreei), Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur (Microcebus berthae), the grey-headed lemur (Eulemur cinereiceps) and the blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons), among others.
  • Other measures for the conservation of lemurs are related to the establishment of protected areas in the places where these animals live. In this sense, certain forest areas are declared reserves, most of which are private.
  • Educational programs have been proposed to sensitize children and young people, such as the Madame Berthe mouse lemur species (Microcebus berthae), which is considered a showcase in some areas of Madagascar.
  • There are also some special conservation programs, such as the one for the great bamboo lemur (Prolemur simus), for which the Saving Prolemur simus project was created. This project was established by private organizations and community members.
  • Research to improve taxonomy should continue in situations where questions remain to be resolved regarding subspecies, such as the black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegate).
    What can be done to prevent the lemur from becoming extinct?

Although action is being taken, the list of endangered lemur species remains long and growing, showing that much remains to be done. In a situation as complex as this, the action of governments is essential to stop the progression of the danger of these animals. Additionally, mass education programs are essential, as engaging the communities that inhabit these areas will undoubtedly produce more supporters who are actively involved in conserving lemur species.

What is brumation in reptiles and amphibians? Differences between brumation and hibernation

Seasonal changes are common in most ecosystems and in some cases can be very extreme. Animals are often affected by these changes, as temperature and precipitation cycles change throughout the year. These changes affect, among other things, the animal’s ability to get food or water. For this reason, cold-blooded animals, such as reptiles and amphibians, have developed strategies to survive repeated adverse conditions, such as brumation.

In this article we will talk about what brumation is, how long it lasts, why it happens and give you some common examples of animals that go through this process.

What is brumation?

Ectothermic animals, also called cold-blooded animals, rely on heat sources in the environment because they cannot generate heat on their own. Most of these animals live in places where the temperature is relatively constant, such as deep ocean regions. However, some ectothermic animals also live in environments where temperatures fluctuate greatly, which affects them directly.

To cope with the drop in temperatures, ectothermic animals have developed behaviors such as brumation to regulate their body temperature and guarantee their survival. Similar to hibernation, they go into a dormant state where their metabolism slows down. They also reduce their activity level, body temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate like other animals do during hibernation. Also, they tend to hide underground, in cracks and burrows, to keep warm and safe. However, on the warmest days of winter, they venture out to fetch water.

Differences between brumation and hibernation

In brumation, both reptiles and amphibians slow down their metabolic processes, but are not completely in a state of deep sleep. They still need to move around to get some water and food to stay alive during this time.

In contrast, hibernation is a controlled, prolonged sleep state in which body temperature and physiological processes are reduced to their lowest level. During hibernation, the animal does not need to consume food or water because it lives on the reserves it has accumulated during the previous months.

Similar to hibernation, brumation allows animals to conserve energy, but not as much as hibernation.

How long does brumation last?

Brumation varies from species to species and depends on factors such as the age and condition of the animal. The duration of brumation also varies from species to species, as it is affected by the duration of low temperatures. This means that brumation can last between three and six months. This state of lethargy is broken as soon as the temperature rise begins.

Some examples of brumation

Having learned that reptiles and amphibians experience brumation when temperatures drop, let us show you some examples of animals that go through this fascinating process:

Common garter snake

Depending on the habitat, brumation of the common garter snake can last up to 6 months. However, the animal seeks out direct sunlight on sunny winter days. This species of snake is usually a solitary animal, but when temperatures drop, it is common for it to curl up with its conspecifics in the burrows of other animals, creating greater heat through contact with other snakes.

Fire salamander

Fire salamanders are another example of animals that suffer from brumation. This amphibian remains relatively inactive in extreme conditions, whether the temperature is high or low, and is therefore most active at night. It resides primarily in burrows, often choosing the same location year after year to reach this dormant state.

Common frog

When ponds and lakes freeze over in winter, you probably wonder what happens to the frogs that live in them. As cold-blooded amphibians, they go into brumation. This process usually takes place underwater and in groups of many of the same species. This dormant state varies by location and the length of the winter months.

Pond turtle

Brumation in turtles is quite common, especially in some species such as aquatic turtles. This tortoise has become a very popular pet and is now widely distributed in various habitats. They live semi-aquatic lives and tend to bask constantly to keep warm. When the water temperature drops between 15°C and 10°C, it is very likely that the turtle enters a state of brumation, since the ideal temperature of the water is 28°C.

The most curious facts about koalas

Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) are the most adorable beings. Its long, stocky, tailless body, large head with round, fluffy ears, and spoon-shaped nose make it impossible to miss. Although they look like bears with their round ears and large black nose, they do not belong to the Ursidae family, but to the Phascolarctidae. Furthermore, koalas belong to the Vombatiformes suborder, which they share only with wombats.

In this article you will learn more about where they live, what they eat and many other curious and unique facts about koalas.

They are marsupials

The koala is a marsupial, which means that the females have a pouch in which they protect their young. The young are born without being fully developed and complete their growth in this bag. The fetus weighs about 0.5 grams at birth and enters the marsupial sac after 35 days. A young koala takes its first step out of the pouch around six to seven months after gestation. After this time, they ride on their mother’s back for another six months, using only the bag to feed and rest.

They are endemic to Australia

Koalas are possibly the most famous animal in Australia. Being endemic to Australia, these peculiar mammals are now mainly confined to north-east, central and south-east Queensland, with a smaller distribution in Western Australia.

Their size and weight vary a lot

Despite their small size, these cute animals are quite stocky. Although subspecies have never been recognized, weight and size vary according to sex and whether the animals are found in the north or south of the region. In the north, the average male weighs 6 kilos; the average female weighs 5 kilos. In the south, the average male weighs 11 kilos pounds and the average female weighs 8.5 kilos.

They have fingers, and fingerprints!

Koalas have five toes on their front feet, but the first two are mobile, an adaptation that helps them climb, hold onto branches and grab food. The toes on the hind limbs are short and flared, while the toes on the second and third limbs are fused. They also have sharp claws.

They have limbs that resemble those of humans. One of the most intriguing features of koalas is that, like us humans, they have fingerprints. These are different from ours, but we share an interesting characteristic: they are all different from each other.

They have a good sense of hearing and smell

Koalas have poor eyesight, but considering their daily lives, this is not as important as their other senses, which are well-developed. They hear very well, which helps them detect predators and other koalas. Thanks to this sense, they are able to interact and socialize, especially for reproductive purposes. The koala’s large black nose is incredibly well-developed, giving it a keen sense of smell that helps it track other koalas and find their favorite food trees.

His name means “without water”

The koala takes its name from the Australian Aboriginal word “gula”, which means “without water”. For a time it was thought that these marsupials did not need water because they were rarely seen drinking. However, this theory has been shown to be incorrect. They take most of the water they need from the plants they consume, but sometimes they do need to drink water, especially during the summer.

Are exotic birds or animals right for your home?

In addition to the dogs, cats, and farm animals we’re all used to caring for, there are a number of birds (and other exotic animals) that can make excellent household companions. Everyone has unique care needs, so before you bring an exotic bird or animal into your home, make sure it’s a good fit for your space and lifestyle. At Hospital Veterinari Glòries we have prepared this guide to help you determine if an avian or exotic companion is the most suitable to care for at home.

Best pets of the avian species

Birds can be messy and loud. Some will demand your attention and can even become aggressive and destructive, while others can also be more affectionate. How can you know which bird will be right for you? According to experts, the most recommended birds to have at home are some that we all know. Consider one of these friendly smaller birds as your next companion:

  • Budgerigars.
  • Cockatoos.
  • Canaries.
  • Darwin’s finches.
  • Lovebirds

Any one of these little birds can live 10 to 15 years or even longer. Like a dog or a cat, these adorable creatures will need your care for a long time.

Larger birds tend to need more attention and care. Many are very appreciative of human affection and interaction, and many need plenty of space to live well. Consider these variants if you can provide the right environment:

  • Cockatoos
  • Pigeons

Parrots, including the smaller Pionus Parrot, Amazon Parrot and African Gray Parrots (Large Parrot), need more attention and lots of activity in the form of new toys and mental stimulation. They can live from 10 to 50 years or more.

What is an exotic pet and which one is right for your family?

An exotic animal can be a legal animal to own and relatively easy and safe to care for. Each exotic animal has special maintenance, feeding, and health considerations unique to its species. Activity needs, longevity, and size are just a few of the characteristics you’ll want to consider before bringing an exotic companion into your home. Some examples of exotic animals include:

  • Amphibians.
  • Chinchillas.
  • Gerbils.
  • Guinea pigs.
  • Mice and rats.
  • Rabbits.
  • Reptiles.
  • Sugar gliders.

The care and safety of birds and exotic animals

Safety (both animals and people) and care are of great importance when creating a home with any new life partner. If your avian or exotic can be aggressive, they may not be suitable for a family with young children. Talk to your vet about ways to prevent biting and fighting from your pets. Some questions to consider are:

  • Does your pet have adequate space inside the house?
  • Does your pet prefer the company of one or more of its kind?
  • Is your pet receiving adequate food?
  • Does your pet require regular grooming, including nail or beak trimming?
  • Does your pet get enough attention, distractions, and exercise/play?

Because our animals can’t talk to us, their behavior often tells us when something isn’t quite right. Understanding the particular needs of exotics and birds will go a long way in keeping them healthy and safe within the home.

Keeping your exotic pets healthy is our job at Hospital Veterinari Glòries. Exotics may have special grooming needs and dietary requirements that keep them in the best possible condition. We encourage our customers to visit us for regular exotic animal health checkups. We are eager to answer all your questions and concerns about exotic pet care. Call us at 932 460 805 or write to us at to schedule an appointment for any matter related to the care and health of your exotic animal.

Are blue macaws an endangered species?

In 2011, the animated film “Rio” was released in theaters and brought to light a problem that many had been ignoring for a long time: the devastating crisis of bird extinction around the world, focusing on a specific bird, the macaw. blue. And it is that in 2018, this species was declared extinct in the wild and its survival seems to hang by a thread.

In this article we will talk about their current conservation status and answer the question of whether Blue Macaws are really in danger of extinction.

Let’s meet the blue macaw

The first thing to clarify when talking about the blue macaw is that its name does not refer to a specific bird species. Contrary to what most people think, the term refers to four different species. The species commonly included in the term belong to the Psittacidae family, and all have a characteristic blue plumage.

The Psittacidae family is one of the three families of parrots and includes more than 160 species of macaws and parakeets. There are four species of Blue Macaws in two different genera: Anodorhynchus and Cyanopsitta.

Despite belonging to different genera, the four species have several things in common, apart from the exotic blue plumage. In terms of size, behavior, and appearance, males and females are very similar. In addition, they all have a strong beak to crush the seeds they feed on. Finally, they all have prehensile legs that allow them to grasp fruits, branches, and other objects.

Members of the Psittacidae family are found in both Africa and South America, but the blue species are only found in Brazil.

Is the blue macaw extinct?

In 2018, the news that the Spix’s Macaw had been declared extinct in the wild was widely discussed on social media. The survival of this species seemed far from promising at the time, with fewer than 100 specimens still alive and in captivity.

Despite all the odds, the bird population has increased more than anticipated. Thanks to the efforts of various organizations around the world, the Spix’s Macaw still has a chance of survival.

The first step before returning this species to the wild was to ensure a sufficiently large and healthy population with genetic diversity. This is not an easy task to accomplish, especially when few specimens remain.

The next step was to find a suitable home for the birds. The site had to offer optimal conditions for birds and had to be protected from human influences.

The last step was to sensitize the local population on this issue. It is the only effective way to ensure a positive coexistence between humans and the Spix’s Macaw.

Currently, several educational actions are being carried out in the vicinity of the planned reintroduction area. Its objective is to make residents aware of the importance of this blue bird for their region and its environment.

The future of the blue macaw is unknown, and there is still a long way to go before it can be declared non-threatened. Meanwhile, his status remains listed as critically endangered.

Why is the blue macaw critically endangered?

The four species that are currently known as blue macaws are in danger of extinction. However, this crisis does not affect only the blue macaw, but the entire Psittacidae family. Nearly half of all parrot species are endangered and nearly 25% of species are critically endangered.

The main reasons for this gradual disappearance of the species are several. These include:

  • Growth of cities.
  • Deforestation of the jungles and forests inhabited by the blue macaw.
  • Pollution.
  • Climate change.
  • Illegal traffic to be sold as pets.
  • Using their feathers to make decorations.
  • Low birth rate of the species.
  • Lack of adequate food sources for birds.
  • Infiltration of other animal species in the habitat.

​​Are raccoons aggressive animals?

Raccoons are native to North America, about the size of a small dog. Although they are carnivorous mammals, they have a truly omnivorous diet. Due to the development of human settlements in their natural habitats, raccoons are coming into contact with human populations more frequently. This is often due to their search for food. However, as raccoons become more accustomed to their human neighbors, interactions between the two are becoming more common.

Are raccoons aggressive animals? We found out if they are prone to attacking not only humans.

Do raccoons attack humans?

Raccoons have a very striking and adorable appearance, with expressive eyes and a mischievous demeanor. Although they do not have opposable thumbs, they have very dexterous feet. This allows them to manipulate their environment and even carry out behaviors that are perceived as human. All this combines to provoke a feeling of tenderness towards them in many people.

However, due to their fearlessness in entering human environments, raccoons have also earned a reputation as an invasive species. They can cause damage trying to enter homes, destroy belongings once inside, or simply make a mess wherever they go.

With this in mind, it is important to know that raccoons are wild animals. While there are many examples of tame individuals, they have not gone through the domestication process. This means that they are not really suitable for coexistence with humans, even if they have been bred in captivity.

In general, raccoons will not attack humans. Humans are too large to be considered prey, so they are likely to run away rather than attack. This does not mean that there have been no recorded cases of raccoon attacks.

When they attack, it is usually in self-defense. When a raccoon attacks a human, it is usually unprovoked. We discuss the situations that can lead to a raccoon being dangerous and aggressive below.

Why can raccoons be aggressive?

Wild animals are adapted to certain ecological conditions, which are linked to their biology. When these conditions change, animals can have aggressive responses or behaviors. Since raccoons are often preyed upon by larger predators, they will view humans as potential threats. Although we may simply want to interact with them, the raccoon may perceive this as a threat. If they cannot flee, they will resort to aggression to maintain their safety.

In recent years, reports of conflicts between raccoons and people have increased. Although some of these refer specifically to attacks, the majority are related to property damage, noise and destruction of homes. Raccoons attacking humans seemingly without provocation are usually completely isolated situations, not common.

Now, there is a case in which raccoons can be aggressive. When a raccoon is infected with the rabies virus, the later stages of the disease involve unprovoked aggression. While rabies in raccoons is relatively rare, it is a possibility, and not only should we avoid rabid raccoons, we should also notify authorities so they can prevent the spread of the virus.

Do turtles have teeth? Find out

Turtles are known for several characteristic traits that are not shared by many others in the animal kingdom. Perhaps most notable is their shell which helps protect them from predators. Although there are some turtles that can hunt smaller animals, most are primarily herbivores. The anatomy of this animal adapts as much to what they eat as to how they do it. This includes your entire gastrointestinal system, the beginning of which is your mouth. Since turtles are known primarily as prey rather than predators, do they need teeth?

Let’s answer this question!

Do sea turtles have teeth?

There is some confusion about the use of the word “turtle”. In some places, especially in North America, the word “tortoise” is used to describe all kinds of animals within the order of reptiles known as Testudines. However, in other English-speaking regions, turtle generally refers only to sea turtles. In these areas, freshwater tortoises are known as galapagos and tortoises are known as tortoises.

For our purposes, we will refer to all of them as turtles, but we will still see them as separate groups. To begin, we analyze whether aquatic turtles have teeth. Some species of sea turtles include:

  • Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas)
  • Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)
  • Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta)
  • Leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
  • Kemp’s olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys kempii)

As for some types of freshwater or semi-aquatic turtles, we find:

  • Pond slider (Trachemys scripta)
  • Pig-nosed Tortoise (Carettochelys insculpta)
  • Spotted turtle (Clemmys guttata)
  • Razorback musk turtle (Sternotherus carinatus)

Although turtles have certain common physical characteristics, each group also has its own unique characteristics. The shape of the head and mouth can vary considerably between species. Some will have a hooked beak structure, reminiscent of various species of birds. Others will have a much more rounded mouth and some, like pig-nosed turtles, have bumps that are different from the others.

As for whether sea turtles have teeth, the answer is no. In fact, no species of turtle has teeth. The reason is that they are not required to eat their food. Unlike many predators that have canines to kill their prey and eat their meat, turtles do not need to attack in the same way.

Not having teeth does not mean that a turtle’s mouth is soft. Turtles have a keratin border that lines their jaws that is very hard and sometimes serrated. These edges can be very sharp and appear like a jagged ridge, making them look a bit like a row of teeth. However, they are not dental structures like real teeth.

Do turtles have teeth?

As stated above, tortoises are a type of tortoise that essentially constitute tortoises. Examples of different species of turtles include:

  • Red-footed tortoise (Chelonoidis carbonaria)
  • Common box turtle (Terrapene carolina)
  • Hermann’s tortoise (Testudo hermanni)
  • Gopher Tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus)
  • Santiago Island Giant Tortoise (Chelonoidis darwini)

Land tortoises also don’t have teeth. Although they can develop serrated keratin edges like many sea turtles, they tend to do so to a lesser extent. The force of a turtle’s bite will vary depending on the individual species. Generally, it correlates with the strength they need for what they eat, something that we will explain later.

How do toothless turtles eat?

The diet of a turtle will depend on the individual species. Some are completely herbivores, while others can be carnivores or omnivores. In fact, some tortoises previously thought to be herbivores have been seen stalking and eating live prey.

What the turtle eats will be reflected in its anatomy, as some will need sharper mouths to consume certain foods. In general, we can see that carnivorous tortoises have the strongest bite, especially durophagus tortoises. Durophagus tortoises are those that feed on hard-shelled animals, requiring stronger bites to break through meat.

Other tortoises can only eat relatively soft foliage, which means they don’t need a very strong bite. Although they do not have teeth, they will use the ridges of their keratinous mouths to chew their food for digestion. This is often a slow process that helps break down food before swallowing and is another reason why many people think that turtles have teeth.

Do snapping turtles have teeth?

As they are a species of turtle, snapping turtles do not have teeth. However, they are particularly known for their bite. There are several species of snapping turtles, but they all belong to the Chelydridae family. The best known is the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina). They are a type of freshwater turtle and are omnivores in their diet.

Common snapping turtles have a very strong bite that can be used to eat a variety of prey and other foods. Although their eggs are vulnerable to scavengers from birds and other animals, adult snapping turtles are often the highest animal in their food chain. They generally own their domain and have little reason to fear. It is for this reason that they are not usually afraid of people.

5 curiosities about the Komodo dragon

The Komodo dragon is the largest lizard living on Earth today, growing up to 3 meters long and weighing about 68 kilos, or more. However, while this huge reptile cannot fly or breathe fire, the term “dragon” is less exaggerated than we think.
They are incredible creatures and need neither flight nor fire to be worthy of our awe and admiration. Here are some interesting and curious facts about Komodo dragons.

1. Komodo dragons are native to Australia

While famous for being from the Indonesian island of Komodo and the surrounding islands, the Komodo dragon was first discovered in the land of Down Under. According to fossil records, Komodo dragons (Varanus komodoensis) moved out of Australia and made their way to the islands of Indonesia, reaching the island of Flores around 900,000 years ago.

Komodo dragons may have disappeared from Australia around 50,000 years ago, a disappearance that would have roughly coincided with the arrival of humans on the continent.

2. They are poisonous

Bryan Fry, a poisons researcher at the University of Melbourne in Australia, discovered that the Komodo dragon is in fact one of the few poisonous lizards on the planet. It wasn’t until 2009 that the decades-long myth of how Komodo dragons kill was finally replaced by the truth, thanks in large part to Fry’s research.

Unlike a snake, which injects venom into a victim through its sharp fangs, the venom of a Komodo dragon seeps into the large wounds it makes on any unfortunate animal it attacks. The animal may escape the dragon’s clutches, but it will not escape the poison that will eventually bring it down.

3. Komodo dragons can kill huge prey

Komodo dragons are large animals. So it’s no wonder they can take down animals as large as wild boar, deer, and buffalo.

To catch their prey, they use an ambush strategy. Camouflaged with their surroundings, they wait for an unsuspecting animal to pass by. They then spring into action and take a poisonous bite before the victim can escape.

4. When it comes to metabolism, they are not like other reptiles.

Most reptiles lack much aerobic capacity, but Komodo dragons are the exception, thanks to a genetic adaptation that researchers discovered when they sequenced the animal’s genome. The researchers’ work showed that these creatures can achieve a metabolism more similar to that of a mammal, which is beneficial when it comes to hunting prey.

The scientists found changes in the mitochondria, which function as the cell’s steam engines. Like a digestive tract, mitochondria absorb nutrients and provide fuel to the cell. This is doubly important for muscle cells, which Komodo dragons have in abundance, and which also explains what’s behind those creatures’ bursts of speed and stamina.

5. Komodo dragons can eat 80% of their weight in one go

When the huge lizards sit down to eat, they are able to swallow up to 80% of their own body weight in food. The big feast and slow digestion mean that after eating, the Komodo dragons will go to rest in the sun, with the heat helping to keep their digestion process going. Once the food is digested, a Komodo dragon will regurgitate what is known as a “gastric ball.” Like owl granules, the gastric granule contains horns, hair, teeth, and other pieces of prey that cannot be digested.
Because their metabolism is quite slow and they can chew so much in one sitting, they can survive on just one meal a month.

Did you know these facts about the Komodo dragon? Without a doubt, a fascinating exotic animal.

What is a tigon? Characteristics and peculiarities

Sure, many animal lovers have heard of the liger (mix of the lion and the tiger), but what about the tigon? The truth is that there are many possible combinations, but they share some common characteristics.

In this article we will tell you all about the tigon, as well as other possible feline mixes. Discover this curious hybrid!

What is a tigon?

The origin of the name seems to go back to the 1920s. A tigon is the offspring that are born from a male tiger and a lioness. Lionesses carry a growth inhibitory gene; Therefore, one of the main differences between ligers and tigons is that tigons do not grow as large as ligers. They can produce lion roars and tiger growls. Tigons are not only smaller than ligers, they are often smaller than their parents. They also display a mix of lion and tiger-like behaviors, and can greatly enjoy swimming and socializing.

Like ligers, tigons have light golden fur and may show faint spots or stripes on their fur. They have a very short mane, like a ruff around the neck.

Since it is not a naturally created race (humans are usually the one involved in the creation of these hybrids) many of these tigons have genetic disorders and die at an abnormally young age. Because of this, scientists think it’s safe to say that lions and tigers are clearly two different species that would not breed in the wild even if given the chance. Therefore, so far only one has been found in natural habitat, and in India, but they are usually found in captivity, such as zoos (most in America).

Can wild cats be crossed with domestic cats?

Yes, wild cats can be crossed with domestic cats; in fact, some of the most popular and exclusive cat breeds today are descended from these mixes. Most of them have been crossed on purpose, but also some of these crosses have occurred naturally.

Popular hybrid cat breeds include the following:

Bengal Cat: The offspring of a leopard cat and a domestic cat.
Bristol Cat: The offspring of a margay and a house cat.
Chausie Cat: The offspring of a jungle cat and a house cat.
Felis Chaus Cat: a second generation hybrid, descendant of a Bengal cat and a Chausie cat.
Kellas’s Cat: The offspring of a Scottish wildcat and a house cat.
Safari Cat: The offspring of the wildcat and a domestic cat.
Savannah Cat: The offspring of a serval and a domestic cat.
Serengeti Cat: a second generation hybrid, descended from a Bengal cat and a domestic shorthair oriental.

Did you know the tigon? And the other feline crosses? Remember that if you have a cat at home it is important to keep its vaccination record up to date and its veterinary check-ups. Call us at 932 460 805 and make your appointment so that our professionals can attend to your feline.

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