Category: Exotic animals

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What is a tigon? Characteristics and peculiarities

Sure, many animal lovers have heard of the liger (mix of the lion and the tiger), but what about the tigon? The truth is that there are many possible combinations, but they share some common characteristics.

In this article we will tell you all about the tigon, as well as other possible feline mixes. Discover this curious hybrid!

What is a tigon?

The origin of the name seems to go back to the 1920s. A tigon is the offspring that are born from a male tiger and a lioness. Lionesses carry a growth inhibitory gene; Therefore, one of the main differences between ligers and tigons is that tigons do not grow as large as ligers. They can produce lion roars and tiger growls. Tigons are not only smaller than ligers, they are often smaller than their parents. They also display a mix of lion and tiger-like behaviors, and can greatly enjoy swimming and socializing.

Like ligers, tigons have light golden fur and may show faint spots or stripes on their fur. They have a very short mane, like a ruff around the neck.

Since it is not a naturally created race (humans are usually the one involved in the creation of these hybrids) many of these tigons have genetic disorders and die at an abnormally young age. Because of this, scientists think it’s safe to say that lions and tigers are clearly two different species that would not breed in the wild even if given the chance. Therefore, so far only one has been found in natural habitat, and in India, but they are usually found in captivity, such as zoos (most in America).

Can wild cats be crossed with domestic cats?

Yes, wild cats can be crossed with domestic cats; in fact, some of the most popular and exclusive cat breeds today are descended from these mixes. Most of them have been crossed on purpose, but also some of these crosses have occurred naturally.

Popular hybrid cat breeds include the following:

Bengal Cat: The offspring of a leopard cat and a domestic cat.
Bristol Cat: The offspring of a margay and a house cat.
Chausie Cat: The offspring of a jungle cat and a house cat.
Felis Chaus Cat: a second generation hybrid, descendant of a Bengal cat and a Chausie cat.
Kellas’s Cat: The offspring of a Scottish wildcat and a house cat.
Safari Cat: The offspring of the wildcat and a domestic cat.
Savannah Cat: The offspring of a serval and a domestic cat.
Serengeti Cat: a second generation hybrid, descended from a Bengal cat and a domestic shorthair oriental.

Did you know the tigon? And the other feline crosses? Remember that if you have a cat at home it is important to keep its vaccination record up to date and its veterinary check-ups. Call us at 932 460 805 and make your appointment so that our professionals can attend to your feline.

What is a mongoose? Characteristics and types

When we think of a mongoose, we could imagine a ferret-like creature that is known to attack snakes. However, the animal we call a mongoose is actually a term used for all mammals in the Herpestidae family. This is a more diverse group of animals than you might think. It even includes the meerkat, an animal you may not have known was a type of mongoose.

Today we share with you the different types of mongoose species that exist, and also, we show you how to differentiate them by revealing their different characteristics, habitats, diet and more.

What is a mongoose?

Mongooses are carnivorous mammals, characterized in part by their keen agility and ability to hunt. The mongoose is mainly terrestrial. Although they tend to be solitary, they can be grouped together to optimize hunting times, which gives us a clue to their distinctive success as a game animal.

Mongooses are divided into 14 genders with the family as a whole consisting of 33 individual species.
In this sense, the taxonomic classification of the mongoose is as follows:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Edge: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Herpestidae

All species are often called mongooses. However, there is a group in the same family that is known as meerkats. Meerkats correspond to the genus Suricata, constituting its only species.

Mongoose characteristics

In general, mongooses are small animals. The smallest species is about 23 cm long and the largest is about 75 cm. They can vary in weight between 1 and 6 kg. As for color, they are usually gray or brown in different intensities. Some species of mongoose even have dotted markings. Their fur covers their entire body and they are all short-haired, although some have busier tails than others.

Mongooses have small pointed snouts. Its nose and ears are also smaller, the latter are not particularly erect. A characteristic feature of mongooses is that they have anal glands. They are glands that excrete a strong odor. This allows them to mark territory and recognize each other. They also have claws, although they are not retractable.

Types of mongooses

To know the different types of mongoose species, we must look at the different genera that make up the Herpestidae family. These mongoose species are divided into two subfamilies:


  • Herpestes: within this genus we can find examples such as the common slender mongoose (H. sanguineus) and the Cape gray mongoose (Herpestes pulverulentus), all of which can be found in various parts of the African continent and none of which are considered in Danger of extinction.
  • Urva: This genus of mongoose includes the Indian gray mongoose (U. edwardsii) and the Java mongoose (U. javanica). As their names suggest, this genus is native to various parts of Asia.
  • Cynictis: contains only the yellow mongoose (C. penicillata).
    Atilax: This genus contains only the marsh mongoose (A. paludinosus), also known as the water mongoose.
  • Ichneumia: Another genus with a single extant mongoose species, the white-tailed mongoose (I. albicauda), known for its characteristic bushy white tail.
  • Xenogale: only member is the long-nosed mongoose (X. naso).
  • Paracynictis: only contains Selous mongoose (P. selousi).
  • Bdeogale: Larger genus containing several species such as the bushy-tailed mongoose (B. crassicauda) and the black-legged mongoose (B. nigripes). These mongoose species are also native to Africa.
  • Rhynchogale: Contains only Meller’s mongoose (R. melleri).


  • Mungos: includes the ringed mongoose (M. mungo) and the Gambian mongoose (M. gambianus). The former is known for its distinctive stripes along its back.
  • Dologale: Contains only the Pousargues mongoose (D. dybowskii), a species of mongoose that is poorly recorded in nature.
  • Liberiictis: The Liberian mongoose (L. kuhni) is the only mongoose species in this genus and is currently considered vulnerable.
  • Helogale: Includes only two species, the Ethiopian dwarf mongoose (H. hirtula) and the common dwarf mongoose (H. parvula). The common dwarf mongoose is not only the smallest mongoose species in the world, it is the smallest carnivore on the African continent.
  • Crossarchus: members of this genus of mongooses are known as kusimanse, the best known being the common kusimanse (C. obscurus). They are very sociable and live in large groups.
  • Meerkat: Perhaps the most well-known mongoose species in the world, even if many of us didn’t realize they were a type of mongoose. Commonly known as the meerkat (S. suricatta), it is the only member of this genus.

Mongoose behaviors

Some mongooses tend to have solitary habits, but there are also exceptions. Certain species of mongoose are capable of grouping, forming numerous colonies of up to 50. In these cases, it is common for them to form complex excavation systems. Another aspect related to their customs is that some may have arboreal habits. The meerkat is probably the best known of these sociable species of mongoose.

All are mainly diurnal and terrestrial, although when they live near bodies of water they can swim to find food. Some species more susceptible to predation and develop surveillance systems. In these cases, group members keep an eye on the area and warn in case they see a particular hazard.

Where does the mongoose live?

The mongoose is an animal native to Africa, Asia and Europe, which is why it has a great distribution worldwide. Within these regions, there is also a wide distribution of species, but this depends on the genus.

Mongoose habitat can vary. They thrive in various ecosystems, such as tropical forests, savannas, deserts, grasslands, swamps, riverbanks, and lakes.

What does the mongoose eat?

The mongoose is a carnivorous predator, with a varied diet that depends on its native ecosystem. They feed on small mammals, birds, eggs, reptiles, fish, crabs, and others. They also consume a great variety of insects and some species can even consume fruits.

The mongoose is commonly known for its ability to kill and devour certain species of poisonous snakes. Part of the reason they are considered such good snake hunters is that some species are able to easily combat and outshine even poisonous snake species. This is due to immunity to snake venom, something that has two possible explanations.

The first explanation indicates that they can be affected by this toxic substance, but they are so agile and fast moving that they can easily avoid being bitten.

The second explanation is based on studies that indicate the presence of a particular type of molecule in mongoose muscle cells. This molecule prevents certain poisons from reacting with its biochemistry. This means that they can prevent the muscle paralysis that commonly precedes death in this type of injury.

Reproduction of the mongoose

The reproductive aspects of each mongoose species are not precisely known. In general, these animals have a gestation period that can range from approximately 42 to 105 days, showing quite a large variation between species. The litters usually contain two young, but there are cases in which they can be larger, with some litters of up to five being registered.

Some types of mongoose show aggressiveness between males when a female is ready for breeding. On the other hand, members of certain groups also develop a courtship display. When this happens, it is the female who performs the movements and runs in front of the male to attract him.

Sexual maturity varies between mongoose species. In some, it is reached relatively quickly at 9 months, while in others it can take up to two years.

Mongoose conservation

In general, most mongoose species are not considered threatened according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

However, there are currently some species that are important to monitor because they pose certain risks, such as the Jackson mongoose (Bdeogale jacksoni). Some species are not considered threatened, such as the bushy-tailed mongoose (Bdeogale crassicauda), but they still need protection in terms of habitat loss. These are often due to deforestation and hunting for hides or even bushmeat.

Most striking curiosities of meerkats

Adorable, cuddly, chaotic: and many other adjectives come to mind when we think of meerkats. We have an idea of ​​them that reflects life, mischief, sweetness … Right? Well, the funny thing is that this idea is only based on myths. Do you want to know a little more about this mammal? We tell you a lot of curiosities about the meerkat.

Dismantling myths about meerkats: the curiosities you did not know

Meerkats are immune to venom

Meerkats can take a bite from some types of poisonous snakes. Biologists have discovered that meerkats are immune to the venom of some snakes, as they belong to the mongoose family. In some parts of the world, people value mongooses as guardians of the home because they can fight deadly snakes, such as cobras. If they are bitten, they are unwell for a few hours, but they are capable of always making a full recovery.

Meerkats show aggressiveness and a lot of determination when they want to eat

Meerkats may look absolutely adorable, but they lead somewhat more dangerous and aggressive lives. For example: they have developed a technique to manipulate the venom found in scorpions, which they eat. When a scorpion sees a meerkat, it moves quickly to kill it. The scorpion may be aware that a meerkat is nearby, but it catches the arachnid so quickly that it cannot even attack it. First, the meerkat focuses on the tail, bites the scorpion’s stinger, and discards it. Without its tail, the scorpion cannot attack with its venom. However, there will still be poison in his exoskeleton. To combat this, the meerkats have learned to rub scorpions in the sand to remove any remaining venom. And lunch is ready!

Meerkats are very smart

Meerkats are much smarter than they appear. A recent study found that they use complex coordinated behavior, rivaling that of chimpanzees, baboons, dolphins, and even humans. They solve tasks with the help of their group, but also with a touch of independent thinking. The study saw meerkats engaged in a wide variety of social and asocial behaviors to solve tasks. In general, social factors helped attract meerkats to the task, while asocial processes helped them solve it.

Meerkats are omnivorous animals!

You might be surprised to learn that meerkats are omnivores – they eat fruits and vegetables in addition to animals. Unlike humans, they do not have excess stores of body fat and therefore foraging is a constant activity. Their diet consists mainly of insects, which they sniff using their overdeveloped sense of smell. They also eat small rodents, fruits, birds, eggs, lizards, poisonous scorpions as well as snakes.

The desert is dry, but meerkats don’t drink water

Despite living in the desert, meerkats do not need extra water in their diets. They get all the moisture they need from the insects and larvae they eat. A human would die in 3 to 5 days without water under the same conditions.

Meerkats live in all kinds of deserts

Meerkats live throughout the Kalahari Desert in Botswana, throughout much of the Namib Desert in Namibia, and in southwestern Angola and South Africa.

Meerkats have extraordinary eyesight

They can see birds for miles on the horizon! Vision is your most developed sense. They have dark patches around their eyes to reduce glare from the sun and help them see far away. Elongated, horizontal pupils give meerkats a wide range of vision without having to turn their heads. In addition, another curious fact about their eyes is that, as they are burrowing animals, their eye developed an ocular membrane to protect themselves from the earth.

The slow loris: a primate with bulging eyes

The slow loris, slow loris or lazy loris is a relatively little known primate, despite the fact that, unfortunately, its illegal traffic has increased exponentially in recent years. Do you want to meet one of the most curious looking animals on the planet?

Slow loris: characteristics

Slow lorises are primate mammals that live mainly in Southeast Asia. They can usually be found in countries such as India, Bangladesh, the Philippines or the island of Java.

There are several species of slow loris, although eight different species are officially distinguished. They are relatives of other well-known primates, such as pothos, galagos or slender lorises, very similar to them, but very little is known about their evolutionary history.

Slow lorises are, on many occasions, confused with other mammals, such as sloths, since they do not resemble the classic monkeys: their head is rounded and their muzzle is smaller and their eyes large.

In addition, slow lorises are animals that have different color patterns in their fur, depending on the species. They have a long trunk and hands and feet that can grip things with some force, allowing them to hold on firmly to trees.

The behavior of the slow loris

Curiously, the slow loris has a peculiarity that it does not share with other mammals: they are the only mammals that have poisonous glands, specifically in their arms.

In this way, when they feel threatened they begin to lick the gland, causing the toxins to pass into the animal’s mouth. The moment these toxins mix with saliva, they are activated, so they can use the bite against predators or people to protect themselves.

Despite this, the slow loris is generally a very calm animal and only attacks when it feels truly cornered. His defense strategy is to stay very still in the branches of the tree he is in: he is usually only attacked by snakes, eagles and, in some cases, by orangutans.

Little is known about this silent animal about their behavior, and their specific social structure is unknown, but without a doubt, we know that they are solitary animals.

The slow loris communicates through olfactory marking, that is, it marks the territoriality of the males.

As with other primates, the young of the slow loris depend 100% on their parents, creating a strong bond with them from birth. They are omnivorous animals, and therefore they eat anything from fruit, leaves, they can even hunt small animals.

The slow loris is in danger

Unfortunately, the slow loris is in danger of extinction according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

The main threats to these animals is the fragmentation of their habitat due to problems such as palm oil and logging, but also, to a large extent these animals are in danger of extinction or in a vulnerable state due to oriental medicine. On the other hand, animal exploitation continues to be a cause that affects many animals around the world, and the slow loris is also a victim of it.

Most common diseases of lovebirds

As with most birds, lovebirds are true experts in hiding their diseases, and it is that after all, this is their survival mechanism, since the sick and the weak are the first to be noticed by the predators of nature. By the time your lovebird has obvious symptoms of illness, you should see a vet immediately, as your pet will be seriously ill and likely to deteriorate rapidly unless proper treatment is given as soon as possible.

By observing your lovebird daily, you will learn its normal behavior and you will be able to notice anything out of the ordinary. Below we will show you a list of things to consider as possible indicators of disease, as well as some of the most common diseases in them. Keep reading!

The most common health problems in lovebirds

These are the most common diseases that occur in lovebirds:

  • Malnutrition: Vitamin A and calcium deficiencies are the most common health difficulties seen in these cute little birds. Since seeds are higher in fat than many other foods, many of these seed addicts are also often overweight. Vitamin A promotes appetite, digestion, and also increases resistance to infections from some parasites.
  • Overweight birds are more susceptible to: arthritis and fatty liver disease.
  • Other very common diseases are: conjunctivitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, constipation

Many others can develop from these health problems, so it is worth paying attention to the symptoms of disease that we present in the next section.

Some signs of disease in lovebirds

Severe symptoms

  • Breathing problems or abnormal breathing.
  • Tail constantly moving up and down.
  • Discharge from the beak, eyes or nostrils
  • Feathers on face and head covered with mucus and semi-digested seeds.
  • Abnormal droppings
  • Abnormal molts, PBFD, polyomavirus.
  • Bleeding
  • Head, tail or wings drooping.
  • Puffy or dull eyes.
  • Falls.
  • Certain hunched posture.
  • Lumps or swellings in the body.
  • Get away, stay at the bottom of the cage.
  • Vomiting.
  • Considerable weight loss.

Mild symptoms

  • Loss of appetite.
  • Plucked appearance, ruffled feathers.
  • Abnormal droppings.
  • Pecking or excessively plucking their own body feathers.
  • Abnormal sleep pattern (usually lovebirds sleep with one foot bent up, the head tucked under the wing, or the head turned toward the wing and with the eyes only partially closed).
  • Any change in normal activities (talking or whistling, playing with toys, grooming, cessation of interaction with other birds or humans, very different energy levels, discomfort when standing in one place).
  • Disorientation.
  • Drink much more water than usual.
  • Cage too dirty despite having been recently cleaned.
  • Head, tail, or wings drooping

If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is best that you do not hesitate and take your pet to be examined by a veterinary professional as soon as possible.

How to identify male and female parrots?

In most cases the differences between males and females cannot be seen at first glance. The only possible way to distinguish them is through analysis or by consulting an expert.

However, in certain species of parrots and parakeets the differences between males and females are much more obvious. If you continue reading this article we will talk about some species with clear differences between male and female parrots.


In the parakeets that we all know, sexual dimorphism is seen in the waxy, that is, the nose. In parrots, the nose is in a fleshy area from where the beak comes out.

The waxy of the males is dark blue. In case the male is innocent, his waxy is pink or lilac. Female waxy is usually light blue in color, turning brown when they go into heat. When the parakeets are very young, they show a whitish waxy color.

There is an Australian species, the splendid parakeet, that does show a clear sign of sexual dimorphism: females lack the scarlet stripe that males show on their chest.


In ecletus parrots the difference between males and females is very evident. In males there are very intense green tones, and their beaks are orange or yellowish. Instead, the females have a beautiful mix of colors that vary between red and blue, and their beak is dark, almost black.


In the case of nymphs it is also possible to find sexual dimorphism. This is the case of the ancestral, the pearly and the white-faced.

The most notable difference between males and females is that females, under their tails, show dark spots in the form of stripes, while males have this area of ​​a uniform color. More specifically, they show the following characteristics:

In ancestral nymphs, differences in colors are observed between females and males. Females tend to have softer facial colors, in shades of yellow and facial blush. Males show more intensity of color in these areas of the face.

In the case of pearl nymphs, it is known that if after molting they retain the pearls on their wings, they are female. The males, after molting, lose these characteristic patterns of their species.
In white-faced nymphs, males have a kind of white facial mask, while in females it is grayish, or white but smaller than in the case of males.

Other methods of differentiation between male and female parrots

Most species of parrots do not show a clear sexual dimorphism, except those that we have discussed previously. That is why it can be a difficult task to differentiate them, and much less if we are not used to the particular species. That is why many people turn to professionals to find out the sex of their pet.

By palpation and physical examination we can identify the male to develop, since he has a lump in the pelvic area, whereas the females have the smoothest area.

Another of the tests that are usually done to differentiate male from female parrots is DNA, but this type of practice is somewhat expensive.

On the other hand, waiting for the egg laying will clearly reveal if the parrot is female. Finally, many hobbyists make references to sex differences depending on the character, but this is not a very reliable data, since the character of parrots can be very variable.

What reptiles are herbivores?

More and more reptile lovers are looking for a companion in their home that is easy to maintain. However, almost all the reptiles available for this are insectivores. Many people find insects unpleasant. Another factor to consider is incessant trips to the pet store, or to the countryside, to stock up on live food, which can often escape and colonize the home.

If you are interested in caring for a reptile, but don’t want to complicate your life too much, look for herbivorous reptiles. In this article we will talk about the most common ones.

The land turtle

The tortoise is a vertebrate reptile characterized by being herbivorous, since its diet and feeding part of the consumption of plants, leaves and stems.

Being a typically domestic animal, the tortoise also consumes fruits if offered. These are the easiest reptiles to maintain considering that they must be in a garden without the need for it to be very large.

It is true that it must have some space, and have land to make holes and hide, but beyond these requirements, it will be an easy pet to feed, since 100% of its diet can be vegetables, varied herbs and fruits.

The spiny-tailed lizard of the Sahara

The Sahara spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastyx Geyri, belongs to the genus Uromastyx, made up of more than 20 species that inhabit the desert and pre-desert areas of North Africa, India, Central Asia and the Middle East.

It grows to around 35 cm long and 250 grams in weight, and it is one of the smallest species among the Uromastyx lizards. Their habits are diurnal, and they feed on grass, flowers and very occasionally small insects.

It is calm in character but if it gets nervous or feels attacked it usually uses its tail as a whip. Its usual colors can be red, orange or yellow on a dark background. Its natural habitat is found in semi-arid rocky areas of Algeria, Nigeria and Mali.

The Iguana

The iguana is another of the herbivorous reptiles that consume herbs, leaves, flowers and when they have even fruits within their reach.

They have a bright green color, their legs are short and have 5 toes on each, which end in very sharp claws.

Their skin is protected by scales over most of their body, and the skin most visible is the one that hangs from their neck. They are excellent reptiles for climbing, so they love trees and branches to move around in.

Male iguanas can grow up to 2 meters from head to tail.

He loves to spend the day in the sun instead of spending time eating. The reason is because this way you avoid infections and you can also achieve the ideal temperature to improve the digestion of what you have eaten.

The most suitable climate for the growth of this reptile is humid: the more humid the place where it is, the more it will grow.

Tropical fish for your aquarium

Have you bought a fish tank or are you thinking of buying one and are wondering what are the best tropical fish for it? You have reached the right article! All the fish that we name below have been selected for reasons such as their resistance, price, size and eating habits. Is the one you would like to have among them? Check out.

Best tropical fish for aquarium

  • Guppy

The Guppy fish (Poecilia reticulata), also known as the millionth fish or rainbow fish, is known worldwide. Naturally, it originates from South America, but today it is mainly bred in captivity. It is now a common domestic tropical fish that almost all aquarists want to have in their home, due to, among other things, its affordable cost and ease of maintenance.

They are available in a wide variety of colors. This fish is extremely easy to care for as it requires fairly low maintenance and has a calm temperament that suits most beginner aquariums. They are a resistant breed, since they can adapt to a variable water condition that makes them perfect for those starting out in the world of aquariums. These omnivores are not picky eaters, and their diet may include fish flakes, live or frozen brine shrimp, daphnia, and worms.

They are extremely harmonious and mix well with other peaceful fish. Since they reproduce quickly, you should keep the male and female population under control.

  • Molly

Molly fish (Poecilia sphenops) are originally from Malaysia and are popular for their passive temperament and also for their high adaptability. You can easily find them at a low price, and in a great color combination to choose from. Plus, they are playful and energetic.

Since they grow to only 6-15 centimeters, you won’t need too big aquariums.
Being tough and less aggressive, this versatile fish is a particularly suitable choice for beginners.

They’re also great for cleaning the aquarium itself, as they love algae and dig in the substrate and descale dirt trapped in gravel, making it easier for the filter to pick it up.

  • Zebra fish

Danio rerio or the zebrafish are native to the Ganges and the Himalaya region. They have a zebra pattern on their thin skin that makes it easily recognizable. Due to its resistance it is an optimal fish for novice keepers who do not know how to install a fish tank.

They grow to 6-7 centimeters and can survive in most water environments, but perform best in large aquariums with 20-30 more fish. Since it has a tendency to jump, you will need to make sure that your aquarium has a tight lid.

These omnivores will eat almost anything. It can be fed with a varied diet of fish flakes, worms and frozen foods.

  • Fighting fish

The Siam fighting fish (Betta splendens) of Thailand is one of the most popular fish in the freshwater aquarium trade. The reason is due to an aesthetically attractive appearance. They are extremely hardy fish when kept in waters suitable for them, although they are often found in tanks or aquariums too small for them.

These beauties are very easy to care for. As omnivorous fish, they require animal and plant-based foods in the form of fish flakes or worms.

With a growth of up to 6-7 centimeters, they can have a somewhat annoying character and you should be careful with him and the other inhabitants of your aquarium. They are not called fighting fish for nothing. They will fight to the death if two males coexist in the same place.

  • Corydoras

The Corydoras fish is original from Brazil, South America and the Upper Guaporé River. 140 types are available to choose from and at affordable prices, it is a perfect example for your tropical aquarium. They have a cold temperament and can have a long life of up to twenty years.

They are a very sociable species and thrive in community aquariums consisting of mixed species. They’re admirable when it comes to meticulous aquarium cleaning – they’ll pick up food scraps from the bottom gravel whenever they can. Still, your omnivorous appetite needs to be satiated even more with a well-balanced diet consisting of dry, live frozen and flaked foods.

  • Swordtail fish

The swordtail fish (Xiphophorus hellerii) dates back to North and Central America. They are without a doubt the most dominant species to date in most tropical aquariums.

This highly sought after freshwater fish is a treat for aquarium lovers due to its effortless care routine. Friendly in nature, they clearly belong to a community habitat, but can be territorial to other males of the same species.

They usually attract attention because of their sword-shaped tail. They can grow to around 10 centimeters. As for food, it will serve delicacies such as vegetable flakes, tubifex blood worms, brine shrimp or plant-based diets, including algae.

  • Oscar

The Oscar fish (Astronotus ocellatus), also recognized as copaneca or acarahuazú pavón, is from South America.

They are classified as semi-aggressive, therefore, they are kept in their own aquarium (they are non-community oriented species), but they live better in pairs. If kept with other fish, they should be similar in size and aggressive in nature.

Efficient water maintenance and the filtration system will be helpful as they produce a lot of waste. You will need to make regular water changes every week to remove excess residue and food debris.

You can feed them with ocean plankton, small fish, blood worms, flakes, tetracyclic potato chips, and earthworms. You will have to house them in a large aquarium with good filtration.

  • Angel fish

The angelfish (Pterophyllum) comes from the Amazon basin, the tropical region of South America and the Orinoco basin. These elegant fish grow up to 20 centimeters and can be seen in a wide range of tones. They are very resistant and easy to care for, but can be somewhat aggressive from time to time. Taking into account their temperament, they should be kept alone or in a large fish bowl that reduces possible aggressions. Their nutritional requirements include (2-3 times a day) worms, small crustaceans, shrimp pellets, seaweed, frozen live food, etc.

What causes the PBFD virus in lovebirds?

Much to our regret, birds are not exempt from ailments and diseases, in fact, they are as fragile as any human being or other species. If you have a bird like the lovebird as a pet, you should know that they can suffer from some diseases that affect their wings and beaks. Do you know the PBFD virus? In this article we treat the disease, its characteristics, its causes and the way to treat it.

What is the PBFD virus in lovebirds?

Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD) is a contagious and deadly viral condition that affects the beak, feathers, and immune system of birds belonging to the Psittacidae family, such as they are the macaws, the parrots, parrots or lovebirds.

It was a disease first recognized in 1975 by Australian veterinarians, where it affected many exotic birds. Although all birds exposed to the virus usually end up dying, some are known to only develop a mild infection and eventually recover.

What are the birds at risk of PBFD?

More than 40 species of Psittacidae are known to have suffered from this virus, but it is mainly found in parrots, cockatoos, lovebirds, parakeets, African gray parrots and lovebirds. Younger birds are usually more affected, with symptoms of the disease noted in members of some species less than 2 years old.

What is the cause of PBFD?

PBFD is caused by a DNA condition that directly affects cells of the immune system and those found in the bird’s beak and feathers. It is a circovirus, which are some of the smallest microbes known to cause disease. In fact, a very similar virus also attacks pigeons and other birds.

How is the virus that causes PBFD transmitted in lovebirds?

The PBFD virus is very contagious. There are large amounts of this virus, which can be transmitted through the air, in infected feces, crops and feather dust. Specifically, feather dust is very easily dispersed and can contaminate food, making it very easy for a bird such as the lovebird to become infected through the water it drinks, its cage, people’s clothing, etc. Until now, the disease is thought to be contracted through direct inhalation or ingestion of the virus, including that it is transmissible in the uterus, from the bird to the eggs.

Its incubation period, where the bird is exposed and after the virus symptoms develop, can be from 3 to 4 weeks, up to years, depending on the amount of viral load transmitted, the age of the bird and the stage in Let their feathers be found. thus the health of your immune system.

Symptoms of PBFD in lovebirds

The PBFD virus can be found in its acute and conical form. The acute form occurs most frequently in young birds, and may start with symptoms unrelated to the beak or feathers. Usually signs of sadness and depression appear, they regurgitate more than normal, they can develop enteritis or pneumonia, diarrhea, they can even die without showing symptoms in their feathers or beak. But, in cases where the disease does manifest in beaks and feathers, we can find injuries, loose feathers, others bleeding, and general pain in the area.

PBFD in its chronic form, unlike its acute form, usually appears in older birds. The feathers become fragile, they fracture very easily, they suffer hemorrhages, the colors of the feathers fade, deform, curl … As the bird’s follicles are damaged, the bird cannot replace the feathers, losing the primaries, secondary and even those of the tail and the crest. The beak can develop sunken and irregular areas, reaching find necrotic areas inside or deform. Sometimes, nails can also become infected, deformed, or come off.

Mucus may appear in the stool or a green tint. This happens because the liver is sometimes affected. If liver failure occurs it may cause death. Still, birds with chronic PBFD can generally live for years, although their quality of life is seriously impaired.

How to treat PBFD in lovebirds

Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment to cure PBFD. But recovery can be supported with good nutrition, supplemental heat (like an incubator), trimming the spike, and treatment for secondary infections. PBFD disease in lovebirds is progressive, and birds may rarely recover fully.

Do you have a lovebird at home? Do you think I may be suffering from this disease? Do not hesitate any longer and make an appointment at our veterinary hospital; We will carry out the relevant tests on your pet to rule out diseases and take care of their health.

Types of domestic turtles you can have in your home

By offering them proper care, a turtle can be an ideal pet. There are many different types of turtles, and each species needs specific care to live. Are you thinking of choosing a domestic turtle? In this article we will talk about the four most common types of domestic turtles to take care of at home, as long as their needs can be respected.

What types of domestic turtles are there?

It is necessary to be able to differentiate between two classes of turtles: freshwater turtles and land turtles. The former need to live in places where they can find water, which could be fountains, fish tanks, ponds or aquariums. The latter, on the other hand, require a large terrarium to sleep and cover all their needs. In both cases, it will be important that they receive enough sunlight and have an adequate ambient temperature; Turtles are cold-blooded reptiles, so they need to spend many hours catching heat and hibernating in cold weather.

Here we tell you which turtles you can take care of at home as long as you can meet their needs and ensure a good quality of life:

  1. The forest turtle, or “Glyptemys insculpta”, comes from North America, and is recognized for its gray carapace and orange legs, belly and head with black spots. It has strong legs, and generally, males tend to be larger than females. Its size is around 23 centimeters, and its weight reaches a kilo when they reach adulthood. Forest turtles are omnivorous and therefore feed on plants, mushrooms or fruits, as well as carrion and other invertebrate animals. It is a completely terrestrial animal in the hot months, and somewhat more aquatic in the winter.
  2. The Russian tortoise is the most common type of domestic tortoise in houses. It has a dark-colored shell and some lighter, rounder spots. Its legs and head are also light in color, and have highly developed rear toenails. This type of turtle can measure up to approximately 22 centimeters. The Russian tortoise has a long life, being able to reach 40 years in the wild, and 100 in captivity. It is a turtle with a very good sight, capable of recognizing people and sniffing to get its food.
  3. In rivers with low flows, lakes or wells, it is sometimes common to find the painted turtle, another excellent candidate to breed at home. In Spain, it has even been considered an “invasive species”. Its shell, with a striking yellow and red striped design, can reach 25 centimeters. Their skin is normally deep green or dark green, with some orange or yellow lines. They are a long-lived species, capable of living for about 25 years. As for the environmental needs, they need a good pond and a pleasant temperature.
  4. The red-eared turtle is another of the best known in homes. They usually live in the water and it is famous for the two red stripes on each side of its head, which lives up to its name. It can be about 30 centimeters long, and females are generally larger than males. They live for around 40 years and need both moisture and direct sun contact to raise their body temperatures. It is also a turtle recognized for its good ability to swim and they usually hibernate during the winter at the bottom of the water.

If you plan to have the red-eared turtle at home, you should be very attentive to it, since it has a facility to contract infections. As for its food, it is also omnivorous, and eats plants, insects, vegetables or fruits.

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