Category: Exotic animals

Signs and treatment of constipation in rabbits

Although constipation in rabbits can be somewhat temporary and relatively easy to cure, sometimes it may require a much more specific and careful treatment. In this post, we will see how to identify the signs of constipation in rabbits and what is the most appropriate treatment for them.

¿What are the causes of constipation in rabbits?

There are several causes that can trigger constipation in rabbits. By their nature, these animals need to evacuate several times a day so a problem of gastrointestinal stasis, as it is known to constipation in rabbits, can lead to serious health problems.

Some of the triggers of constipation in rabbits is the lack of physical activity of the animal, high levels of stress, stressful situations, poor eating or some other related diseases or pathologies.

Signs of intestinal stasis

It is usually easy to detect symptoms of constipation or intestinal stasis in rabbits. In principle, our pet may stop eating food as usual.

The depositions of rabbits are small and round in appearance, with an average length of 1cm in diameter. When these bowel movements are not seen in your sandbox, the rabbit may have stopped evacuating.

Also, it is possible to find in your sandbox very small stools and with a yellowish mucus.

The belly of constipated rabbits is usually inflamed and lacks the characteristic sound of peristaltic bowel movements.

In addition, the rabbit is likely to be lethargic, without energy or lying in its cage. You may also grind your aching teeth.

Treatment of constipation in rabbits

Once the signs of constipation in the rabbit have been detected, it is convenient to take our pet to a consultation with the veterinarian, in order to determine the severity of the pathology.

The specialist, through an x-ray, can analyze the condition of the intestine and determine the best possible treatment alternative.

From the diagnosis of constipation or intestinal stasis, the veterinarian can prescribe medications that decrease gas production, in order to reduce pain in the animal.

The veterinarian can also administer antibiotics to reduce the amount of bacteria that are lodged in the intestine of the rabbit and prevent the normal evacuation of the animal.

Occasionally, treatment may include intravenous fluid injection in order to soften the mass found in the intestines.

Food quality is essential in the treatment of constipation in rabbits. The veterinarian recommends the intake of fresh hay and green vegetables, which help normalize bowel movements.

With a balanced diet and constant physical activity, it is possible to avoid the risk of intestinal stasis or constipation in rabbits. Remember that eating fresh hay is essential to keep your digestive system operational under optimal conditions.

¿How long can a hamster live?

Tiny, adorable and easy to care, the hamster is one of the favorite pets of the smallest and increasingly adopted as a company in Spanish homes. As such, some specifications referring to their upbringing are usually a matter of consultation in the veterinary clinic.

One of the most usual queries is about the time this little animal can live; In this article we will try to answer this question.

The life span of a hamster

Many families are unaware of the average time that a hamster usually reared in adequate conditions. Over the years, children are often surprised at the moment they find their favorite pet lifeless, blaming themselves for an alleged neglect or neglect in their care.

The truth is that these animals have a very short period of life, one of the shortest among domestic animals.

Under appropriate conditions and depending on the breed of the animal, its life expectancy does not exceed three years. Moreover, on average, hamsters do not usually live beyond 30 months.

That is why its development is completed in a very short time, having the ability to reproduce from two and a half months of age and to reach old age at the end of the year.

Life expectancy varies according to race

There are about nineteen current species other than hamsters, grouped into seven genera. According to their species, these animals can live more or less years. In fact, there are some records of species that can live for up to four years.

The Chinese hamster, for example, known to be the only one that has a prehensile tail and usually measures about 4cm, lives, on average, two and a half years.

Meanwhile, Campbell’s dwarf hamsters, like Russian dwarf hamsters, live between 18 and 24 months, while the Roborovski hamster can live up to 42 months.

Hamster care for a full life

Taking into account the life expectancy of the hamster is very important to avoid surprises among children. Being aware of the life span of an average hamster, owners must offer quality of life to their pets and care in their diet is essential to achieve it.

A balanced diet based on the intake of fresh vegetables such as chard, watercress, peppers and carrot leaves is essential in your diet.

In addition, it is necessary to take care of your space, keeping it in proper hygiene conditions.

As we have mentioned, because the life expectancy of a hamster is very short, they begin their old age at 12 months of age. It is from that moment that the risk of suffering various diseases or pathologies is increased; Therefore, it is advisable to visit the veterinarian in order to check your health and rule out any disease or pathology.

What you should know when having a pet rat

Despite being a rodent that dislikes many people, the truth is that more and more people are encouraged to have a rat as a pet. And it is that these little animals, with very bad reputation throughout history, are actually very clean, affectionate, fun and very intelligent.

If you are looking to raise a rat as a pet, you need to consider some very important aspects for its care; Therefore, from this space dedicated to animals, we tell you everything you need to know to take care of this helpless animal.

The raising of rats

Sociable and very active, rats usually live in community when they are in their wild state. Several studies agree that life alone is not going well, so much so that they can feel very lonely and depressed if this happens.

Due to their gregarious nature, the first recommendation for their care is that they be related to others of the same species. Thus, it is ideal that, at least, they are raised in the same sex couple, making sure that it is never a male with a female.

With the right company, the rats will be very cheerful and playful. They are animals that like to live in burrows. They usually climb, run and jump. That is why the ideal for them is to accommodate them in a vertical cage.

It is advisable that the cage is made of bars and not glass and that it is decorated with toys, tunnels and hammocks. The ideal location for the cage is a quiet environment of the house, away from the cold and drafts.

It is usual for the first days to notice some distrust in their behavior; little by little they will be releasing and identifying their owner. To shorten this period, it is convenient to facilitate the process of adaptation gradually.

Hygiene and feeding of rats in the home

Like cats, rats spend much of the day grooming. Therefore, it is not necessary to bathe them very frequently, it will be enough to do it at certain times, when they are very dirty. At the time of bathing, you can use a small container with warm water and neutral soap.

To meet their needs, rats tend to choose areas far from where they play, eat and sleep. It is advisable to use a corner with special substrate in order to facilitate hygiene.

It is necessary to keep the area they inhabit in good hygiene. Therefore, remove the remains of feces and food every day and perform a deep cleaning of your cage at least once a week.

You should know that the digestion of rats is very short, which is why they eat few amounts of food many times a day. In that sense, it is advisable to have small doses of food at your disposal at all times.

Their diet is based on vegetables and fruits. You can prepare homemade portions of chard, cooked artichoke, raw rice, squash, coconut, asparagus, spinach, strawberry, green beans, carrot, apple, melon, papaya, cucumber and pear.

Other fruits such as pineapple, banana, watermelon, tomato and grape are also well assimilated. Occasionally, they can consume nuts, beets, coriander, celery or hazelnut.

You should keep in mind that rats do not tolerate certain foods such as raw artichoke, sugar, sweet potatoes, eggplant, coffee, onions, plums, parsley, radishes, cabbage, figs, mango, kiwi , cassava and citrus fruits.

In the market there are some feed for rodents that could well be used to feed rats. However, it is necessary to consult with the veterinarian about which of them is the most recommended for them.

Although rats love cheese, it is advisable to limit their consumption because it can cause obesity. You should also take care that they do not consume trash remains as they can affect their health.

They should always have clean, fresh water available.

Common health problems in rats

There are some symptoms that can alert you to health problems in rats, so we recommend that you pay attention to their behavior. Some of the most common symptoms are:

Lumps or other bumps on the skin.
Irritation, inflammation, redness or peeling.
Constant itching, do not stop scratching.

In case you notice some of these symptoms in rats, you should take them to the veterinary clinic for a thorough review. Some species of these animals are more likely than others to get lethal diseases, with cancer being one of the most common diseases they suffer.

Issues to consider when raising rats

There are some aspects to consider to get these rodents quality of life at home:

Make sure they have a cage wide enough so that they can circulate freely; at least 50cm long, although this depends on the number of rats to breed.
It is advisable to place special toys for rodents in their cage, in order to keep them active and entertaining.
The wood chip is ideal to place at the bottom of the cage, however, there are some types of wood such as pine or cedar that, when in contact with the animal’s urine, give off toxic substances for rats.

Taking these considerations into account, you can easily raise a rat as a pet, guaranteeing its good health and happiness.

Do not hesitate to take it to the specialized veterinarian when you suspect the presence of a disease or pathology, remember that these small animals are very sensitive and can develop health problems at any time.

5 exotic animals that can be raised at home

Capybaras, axolotls, boas; There are some species of animals that adapt perfectly to home life. Many people decide to adopt unconventional animals as pets and that make a difference, which is why we are going to introduce you to these 5 exotic animals that can be raised at home, so you can meet them and, why not, encourage you To take care of you.

Cobaya: the guinea pig of Andean origin

The domestic guinea pig has its roots in the Peruvian Andes, where it is known as a guinea pig and its meat is highly prized within the cuisine of that country. However, in North America and in Europe it is common to adopt them as pets, due to the ease with which it adapts to life with human beings.

The most common species is the American, whose specimens can reach up to 30 cm and weigh about 1kg. They have different colors ranging from white to black, through red, brown and cream.

His life expectancy is up to 8 years. They are herbivores and their diet is based on the consumption of seeds, vegetables and vegetables. They need vitamin C contributions that can be found in tangerine, orange and red pepper chunks.

Its upbringing is relatively simple since it does not need large spaces to live. They reproduce any month of the year and their litters are usually two to four offspring that are born after a gestation of about two months.

Koi carp: the good luck fish

Originally from the Asian territory, the koi carp is a very popular ornamental fish in China and Japan. Peaceful and sociable, it is an omnivorous fish known for its longevity, since it can live up to 20 years, although there are records of specimens that have survived for several more decades.

They usually measure between 60cm and 90cm and can weigh 9 kg. They have a closed spine and their scales are long and thin. Males have a much longer ventral fin than females.

These animals are considered a symbol of love and virility in Southeast Asia. We can find them in different colors, red, black, white and yellow being the most characteristic of this species.

For their care, these fish must be raised in ponds, swimming pools or outdoor gardens, small aquariums not being recommended because each specimen needs at least 1mt3 of water to live.

Rainbow Boa: one of the most beautiful snakes in the world

Endemic to Central America, the rainbow boa gets its name due to its multicolored glow that can be observed when its body is exposed to sunlight, showing a vibrant red and orange coloration.

The rainbow boa measures 8 to 12 inches at birth. As it reaches adulthood, it reaches an average length of between 1.5 meters to 1.8 meters .; females tend to be slightly larger than males, both in circumference and length.

In captivity, this snake can live up to 20 years, and must be raised at a temperature between 21 ° C and 26 ° C. It is necessary to condition a moisture resistant bed and provide some kind of shelter in your space.

Their food is composed of rodents, birds, bats, lizards and small mammals, as well as live reptiles.

Capybara: the largest rodent in the world

Of great size and weight, the capybara is a rodent that can weigh more than 65kg. Intelligent and friendly, this animal has a very good character and usually gets along very well with other types of pets, such as dogs and cats.

Also called capybaras, ronsocos or chigüiros, capybaras are easy to tame due to their docile temperament and tend to quickly get used to family life.

In their natural habitat, they usually live near lakes and rivers and settle on firm ground to sleep, usually among thick vegetation to protect themselves. Therefore, it is ideal that at home they have a swimming pool and a heated space that protects them from the cold. It should never be kept on a floor since it is an animal of quite considerable dimensions.

Although they have a long coat, their hair is thin in some parts of the body, so it is common for them to suffer from sunstroke. This point is very important because when raising them in captivity it is necessary to prepare a space that protects them from the direct rays of the sun.

Mexican axolotl: a fantastic animal

Endemic to the valley of Mexico, the axolotl looks like a giant tadpole with legs, measuring about 15 cm in length and has small eyes, pale skin and three pairs of gills that leave its head.

They are usually dark brown with black backs, although there are also other colors such as gray, brown green, golden albino or orange.

Its natural habitat is lakes or shallow waters and with a lot of aquatic vegetation. In freedom it feeds on small fish, while in captivity it can feed on tubifex worms, earthworms and small pieces of meat.

Despite being very popular as a pet, the axolotl is in danger of extinction in its natural habitat, so it takes a high degree of responsibility for its upbringing at home. It is recommended to keep it in a water tank of not less than 50 liters of water for each specimen, at warm temperature.

Considerations for the breeding of these exotic animals

Having these animals as a pet implies a great responsibility on the part of their owners. Keep in mind that they are accustomed to their natural habitat, so it is important to replicate at home the ideal setting for their upbringing and consult an expert in exotic animals about their care.

It is up to the owners to guarantee a pleasant and dignified life, be aware of their special care and ensure that their stay in captivity will be full and lasting.

Types, characteristics and care of cockatoos

Affectionate and attractive, cockatoos are very popular exotic birds worldwide. Originating in the Australasia region, which includes Australia, Melanesia and New Zealand, these birds are very dear as pets, despite being notoriously loud and difficult to care for.

That is why in this article we have thought it convenient to give you some important advice about the characteristics of cockatoos and the care that should be taken when raising them.

Types of cockatoos

In the world there are 21 species of cockatoos, with around 15 being the best known and adopted as domestic animals. They are long-lived birds, some of which come to live more than 50 years.

The nymph cockatoo, one of the best known species, usually lives between 10 and 14 years, while the alba cockatoo can reach 10 years of life. In general, the average life of these exotic animals is 20 to 25 years.

The nymph, also known as the quarrion cockatoo, is one of the smallest species that exists, measuring around 30 cm. These animals are recognized by their gray eyes, beaks and legs, yellow on the face and orange on their cheeks.

On the other hand, the Galah cockatoo or pink breast, reaches about 35 cm, weighs between 250 gr. and 340 gr. and it is a very common species throughout Oceania. He is recognized for having a gray back and a pink chest and face, being of unique plumage within his family.

Another highly prized bird among breeders is the yellow-billed cockatoo, also known as galerita. It has its habitat in the tropical and subtropical forests of Australia, Papua, New Guinea and Indonesia, measures around 50 cm and weighs 900 gr. Its feathers are white and has a very characteristic yellow crest.

In addition to those mentioned, other highly valued species are the Alba cockatoo, the Calyptorhynchus banksii or Coliroja cockatoo, the Calyptorhynchus latirostris or the Piquicorta funeral cockatoo, the standard cockatoo and the salmon-crested cockatoo.

Most outstanding characteristics of cockatoos

In terms of characteristics, some types of cockatoos differ markedly from the rest of their species, however, we can find some common peculiarities in all of them.

The size of the most popular species is between 30cm and 60cm and its weight can reach 300gr in the smallest species and 1200gr in the largest.

Another remarkable feature of cockatoos is the plume they have on their heads, which they lift in moments of excitement or when they touch the ground after a flight. In addition, they have a curved beak.

Cockatoos have short legs and use their claws to move and climb branches. The male’s beak is a bit bigger and hunched than the female’s. Another issue that differentiates males from females is the muted hue of the plumage’s color. These animals often use their beaks to help them climb.

The noise generated by a cockatoo is also its hallmark. Although it is a condition that it shares with parrots, the noise of a cockatoo is usually noticeably more excessive, so much so that it can be heard more than a kilometer away. It is important to take this condition into account as it does not make them ideal pets for small spaces.

His relationship with human beings is usually good thanks to his affectionate character. However, the process to tame them and gain their trust can be long and somewhat complicated. Also, although most cockatoos are docile, some can be aggressive and frantic.

Care of cockatoos

Like most pets, caring for cockatoos requires time and patience. At first, you will notice that these birds are kept locked in their cage, showing frightened and / or aggressive. This is absolutely normal and it is advisable to give them time to adapt to the environment.

It is advisable that, little by little, the bird gets used to the voice of its owner. That will make the cockatoo come into trust and establish links with its master. We can recognize that the cockatoo has taken confidence when it approaches the call. If necessary, it is convenient to caress your loin gently without removing it from the cage.

Some people decide to have the cockatoo out of their cage, in total freedom inside the house. Although this does not represent a problem, it is advisable that you get used to using your cage to sleep and eat and that at certain times you can walk around the house, free. That way, it will be easier to transfer it to the veterinarian if necessary.

The cockatoo cage should be rectangular, taller than wide, made of stainless steel and be spacious enough so that it can play without problems. It is important that the bars have no more than 2cm of separation, that way we avoid that you can jam your head between the bars.

Their diet should be composed of seeds, foods of plant origin and feed. Cockatoos love to eat fruits, especially peaches, bananas and apples. Their diet may include pulp of mangoes and papayas, although this can cause stomach problems due to their high fiber content, so the amounts should be controlled.

Green vegetables such as lettuce and chard are also well received by cockatoos. Also, sweet potatoes, carrots and pumpkins can be included. Eggplant, milk and potatoes, as well as sweets and caffeine, should be avoided at all costs.

Among the most common diseases of cockatoos, we find the common cold, the attack of mites and diarrhea. Some much more serious are psittacosis and ovarian occlusion. In all cases, it is advisable to visit the veterinarian to start the appropriate treatment.

Did you dare to have a cockatoo as a pet at home? As you can see, these exotic birds are very intelligent and affectionate, but they require special care and certain conditions that you must take into account before making the final decision.

Hedgehogs: guidelines for having them as pets

More and more households are deciding to have a hedgehog as a pet in different parts of the world, mainly due to the ease in their care. However, it is necessary to take into account some other aspects that are very important for your well-being.

Is it legal to have a hedgehog as a pet in Spain? How many species of hedgehogs exist? What foods to give it? how often? These and other questions regarding the breeding of hedgehogs are answered in this article.

Legal status of hedgehog breeding in Spain

The first thing that must be taken into account is the legal situation of raising hedgehogs in our country. In accordance with current regulations, the distribution of African dwarf hedgehogs Atelerix Albiventris and its hybrids is prohibited, and the generic prohibition of their possession, transport, traffic and trade is also applied.

Thus, the possession of these animals today is not allowed. However, the same regulations establish that those hedgehogs acquired before the standard, which dates from 2013, can be maintained by their owners, who are prohibited from marketing, reproducing or transferring their copies.

However, it should be noted that there is a more domestic species called African Pygmy Hedgehog, which is a hybrid between the African hedgehog and the moruno. This species is the most common in Spanish homes, although, in good terms, it is also reached by the ban.

Therefore, it is best to consult with the competent authorities about the possibility of keeping a hedgehog as a pet in the community in which you reside.

Main characteristics of hedgehogs

Despite being a small, quiet, independent and solitary little animal, the hedgehog can be raised as a pet with other species such as dogs and cats, it is enough to delimit the spaces that inhabit to achieve an adequate coexistence and avoid fights and confrontations.

In the world there are a total of 16 species of hedgehogs, being the African pygmy that is usually adopted as a pet. It has rigid spikes that work as a method of protection, so you need to be careful when touching it.

These animals can measure between 10cm and 15cm maximum and their weight can reach 400gr. By its nature, the hedgehog is a solitary and nocturnal animal; During the day he is usually sleeping in his burrow and during the night he goes out to exercise and look for his food.

It is common to observe that the hedgehog maintains a restless breath and constantly moves the nose, sniffing everything around it. Its sharp nails serve to dig the earth in search of food, feeding on insects and worms.

Caring for these exotic animals

Despite being very lonely, hedgehogs adapt very well to living with humans. However, for your care it is necessary to prepare a cage according to certain important considerations.

The cage should have enough space to be comfortable; between 1.5mts and 2mts is the ideal length. In addition, the base must be protected with a suitable material to absorb its waste. It is advisable to use paper since other material can damage your spikes.

On the inside of the cage a burrow should be installed dark enough to have a good rest. The cage should also have a space with soil for the pet to dig.

This cage must be located in a place protected from direct sun and air currents; Warm climates are perfect for them so we must ensure that they do not go cold in the autumn and winter months.

It is important to keep the cage clean and disinfected. Similarly, it is advisable to clean the pet from time to time with clean water, rubbing its spikes with a soft bristle brush.

Common pathologies that hedgehogs have

In their natural habitat, hedgehogs usually travel many kilometers per day, which is why ample space is recommended for their care, otherwise, they can stress and modify their behavior becoming sullen. Also, the lack of physical activity makes them gain weight and makes them prone to certain diseases or pathologies.

In addition to obesity, the cold is one of the most common problems in hedgehogs, so it is recommended to keep room temperature controlled. If possible, a heater should be placed nearby to keep the space warm in especially cold times.

Another common problem in hedgehogs is the attack of fleas, ticks and mites. These parasites can transmit many diseases to the animal so it is essential to keep your cage clean and disinfected. There are some commercial disinfectant products that can be purchased at specialized veterinary clinics.

Changes or alterations in diet can also cause diarrhea or stomach difficulties. Although it is usually a transitory problem, if it is persistent it will be necessary to take the animal to a review with the vet.

In case of any suspicion of having a health problem, it is essential to go with the specialist to rule out any disease that could endanger the life of the animal.

Hedgehog feeding

The feeding of these animals should be based on insects, fruits and vegetables. Ideally, give him food only once a day in the afternoon, in order to avoid any problems of being overweight.

Maintaining an adequate balance in the feeding of the hedgehog is essential for the good state of your health; Therefore, the veterinarian may recommend another type of food or vitamin supplement for proper care and maintenance.

Keep in mind that hedgehogs are somewhat distrustful animals, so it may take some time to adapt to home life. It’s just a matter of a little patience and care. You will notice that, at the moment of feeling attacked, it protects its soft parts by becoming a ball of spikes; Be careful when touching it as it can be very painful.

Characteristics and peculiarities of the exotic cat

Similar to the Persians both in the physical and in their personality, exotic short-haired cats are a peculiar breed of felines that are characterized by being very calm and friendly, being the perfect animals to adopt as pets.

If you want to know more about this particular and lovely breed of felines, in this article we tell you everything you need to know about the exotic shorthair cat and why it should become the next member of your family.

The exotic cat: a calm and playful pet

Exotic shorthair cats are the result of the mix between Persians, Americans and British shorthair. Their race was obtained from a hybrid between these three races, which is why they are so similar to the Persians, but with the peculiarity of having short hair.

Jane Martinke, a judge of feline breeds, was the first person to make the cross between an American shorthair and a Persian cat and got the CFA to consider a special category for these animals and stop being considered only a variation of the Persians

Although it began to become popular in the 60’s, until 1986 it was not recognized as a race and its particular characteristics were determined. Exotic cats are increasingly requested as pets because they are very easy care, docile and very playful.

Characteristics of the exotic shorthair cat

Physically, the exotic shorthair cat is very similar to Persian. It has a flattened and rounded head, flat snout and wide skull. Its nose is wide and short and has the largest and most open holes.

The traditional exotic cat has a more flat snout compared to the most extreme species, which usually has similar health problems as the Persians. The eyes of the exotic cat are of an intense light color, usually green, although they can also have blue eyes.

Its height is around 30cm and its weight ranges between 3.5 and 6kg. Its fur is short and soft and has the same colors as the Persians, being able to find specimens in black, white, blue, red, cream, chocolate, lilac, gold, silver, tabby, smoked, shaded, bicolor, calico and Himalayas.

It has short, wide and robust legs, and its tail is also short and thick. His body is rounded and his muscles are very marked. The ears are small and rounded tips.

Exotic cat health

The life expectancy of the exotic shorthair cat is between 10 and 15 years. Although it is usually a very healthy animal, due to its flattened face it is very prone to certain pathologies similar to those of Persian, such as dental malocclusions, polycystic kidney disease, oily seborrhea and ringworm, among others.

Another very common health problem in exotic cats is excessive tearing of their eyes, which can cause serious infections in the eye area. That is why it is convenient to observe and clean your eyes frequently.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is another frequent pathology in exotic cats, due to an incorrect development of their heart. Therefore, it is essential to schedule regular visits to the veterinarian and fully comply with your vaccination schedule.

Exotic cat care with short hair

Thanks to the fact that it has a less lush coat than that of Persian, the care of the exotic shorthair cat is not so complicated or thorough, although regular brushing is always necessary to avoid the formation of specks. The care of your fur should be done about three times a week with a special brush; This routine represents a very pleasant moment for the cat.

The feeding of the exotic shorthair cat should consist of a balanced diet, since it has a tendency to gain weight easily. The reason is that it is usually a very calm and calm race, although certain genetic and hereditary factors also influence.

It is advisable to provide a diet rich in animal protein and very low in cereals, in order to ensure its proper growth.

The exotic cat is a very sociable animal both with people and with other animals and pets, and is usually very demanding in terms of attention and pampering. In addition, he is calm and curious and adapts very well to changes and family life.

Particularities of the exotic cat

Exotic cats do not like to be alone at home, so it is advisable to avoid leaving them alone for a long time and provide them with more frequent contact. It is recommended to leave them in the care of an acquaintance in case it is necessary to leave home for a long time.

Due to their particular temperament, if left alone for a long time, the feeling of loneliness they experience can lead to various diseases.

Caring for your eyes is a very important issue, due to excessive tearing. This happens because they can’t hold back the tears, which oxidize when in contact with the air. It is advisable to clean your eyes frequently with a sterile gauze moistened with serum.

They are accustomed to a mild climate, so it is necessary to protect them from excessive cold and heat. Its outgoing, intelligent, affectionate and calm character makes it a very homely animal, so it is easy to educate it.

Providing them with adequate environmental enrichment is essential to improve the quality of life of exotic cats. In the market, there is a wide variety of toys that stimulate your psychic and physical development.

Because of its calm and friendly nature, the exotic shorthair cat is an ideal breed to have as a pet. If you are thinking of adopting a feline for the home, consider having one of these specimens to care for and pamper it with your family.

¿What types of lizards can you have as a pet?

There are many factors to consider when deciding to adopt a pet for the home. The matter becomes even more complicated when we think of having an exotic animal at home, as is the case with lizards. The physical space, the type of lighting and the care in their diet, are just some of the considerations to take into account for a correct decision.

That is why we believe it is convenient to give you some guidelines about what types of lizards you can have as a pet, so that your decision is the best one.

Some considerations about lizards

Lizards, belonging to the group of reptiles, comprise more than 5000 species with particular characteristics. There are different sizes, with and without legs, bright and discreet, insectivorous or omnivorous. Most of them are able to move quickly and skillfully and have a long tongue that allows them to smell around them.

Generally, a lizard can live in its natural habitat for about 25 years, although there have been cases of lizards raised in captivity that have survived until past 30 years. Although scientists have studied in detail various species of lizards, not enough is known about them.

These animals are very intelligent and have particular characteristics to attract their partners and face threats; In addition, they can use body language to communicate with each other.

The most popular types of lizards to have as a pet

The Leopard Gecko is the ideal type of lizard for those who are going to have these types of animals as pets for the first time. Coming from the desert areas of Asia, it is a plump-bodied insectivorous, very popular and easy to care for.

For its part, the green iguana is also one of the most popular lizards among beginners. Its origin is American and is easy to care compared to other animals of its kind, just take special care with the temperature as they are accustomed to tropical climates.

Another one of the very easy-to-care lizards is the bearded dragon, although it demands a large terrarium provided with artificial solar radiation, so the investment necessary to have it as a pet is usually more burdensome.

The green anole, also known as the American chameleon, is a genus of lizard from the Caribbean, Central and South America. Some of them have the peculiarity of changing color and, despite being very common to have them as pets, the investment to condition their environment can be high and they are a bit more delicate than the previous species.

Types of medium care lizards

The horned lizard, coming from the deserts of the border between Mexico and the United States of America, can also be raised as a pet, although due to its special characteristics, its care can lead to many difficulties, especially with regard to its diet .

One of the most appreciated lizards by reptile breeders is the green basilisk, due to its appearance and color. This lizard is medium in size and needs to be raised in an extensive terrarium with a tropical temperature. It feeds on both plants and small lizards and rodents.

The blue-tongued lizard is a lizard native to Australia, New Guinea and Tasmania; It has a wide and triangular head, has a robust body, blue tongue and pink mouth. It is a tame and domesticable species, but it needs an extensive habitat since it is used to long walks.

Originally from Yemen and accustomed to living in forests and desert areas, the veiled chameleon is a type of lizard that requires a type of intermediate care at the domestic level. It feeds mostly on insects, although in its adult life it includes some vegetables in its diet.

The most difficult types of lizards to care for

Basically, certain types of lizards are more difficult to keep in captivity due to their large size or the need for large extensions for their care; Therefore, their upbringing is recommended only for specialists. Let’s see some of them.

Originally from the African desert, the spiny-tailed lizard has the characteristic of using its tail as a defense system against aggressors. It reaches about 50cm and its characteristic color allows it to go unnoticed in its surroundings, protecting itself from danger. It is possible to have it as a pet, although it requires large dimensions.

The Argentine black and white tegus can measure up to a meter and a half, so a large space is required for its care. This species is not climbing and spends most of the day hidden, so you must have a special box to shelter it. It should be kept slightly moist and your diet should include crickets, flour worms and wax worms.

The savanna varano or savanna monitor is a type of large lizard and very popular among experienced breeders. They are usually aggressive in nature and their diet is composed, initially, of insects, spiders and scorpions, and then, in adulthood, rodents, birds and frogs.

Recommendations before having a lizard at home

If this is the first time that you are going to have a lizard as a pet, it is necessary to consult with the exotic veterinarian about the possible risks of raising it. We recommend you start with the smallest and most docile types of lizards.

Lizards tend to grow a lot during their first year of life, so you should provide a terrarium of adequate dimensions for breeding. As a general rule, it is estimated that the size of the terrarium should measure at least three times the size of the lizard in adulthood, both long and tall.

Consult with the specialist about the accessories with which the terrarium should be equipped, as well as the type of food that you should include in your diet.

Ferrets: basic care to have them at home

Energetic, curious and playful, ferrets have managed to adapt to coexistence and the rules of a home, perhaps because of this it is increasingly common to find them in Spanish homes as pets. Domesticated thousands of years ago, these animals require special care that must be known; In the following lines, we tell you the elementary care that you should know to have them at home.
Ferrets are considered exotic animals, for this reason, many people think they are aggressive and can cause damage or require eccentric care. The doubts that arise in this regard are related to certain factors that influence when caring for a ferret. The size of the cage, the type of food and the proper disposition of its waste, form the main questions asked by those who acquire a ferret for the first time.

Behavior of ferrets in their natural habitat

Just as the dog comes from the wolf, the ferrets descend from the polecat. They are carnivores, nocturnal and hunters by nature. To know the elementary care, first we must observe its primitive characteristics.
Ferrets are constantly hiding in holes and dark spaces. They have an excellent sense of smell, the opposite of their visual capacity. The sight is a sense that does not help them, that is why they are guided by the sense of smell.
This ability to sneak through different corners is what makes raising them in the home dangerous for them. Ferrets can get hurt by getting trapped between appliances or electrical cords. It is usually a mortal danger when they are trapped in folding chairs, so it is recommended to keep them away from this type of furniture.

Care in feeding ferrets

The water and food supply must be continuous, he will be in charge of regulating the amounts he ingests. It is very important that you stay hydrated.
In the diet, it is mandatory to include meat, chicken or animal protein. It is not recommended to give them raw food since the meat could contain bacteria and make it sick. In addition, it is necessary to avoid feeding the ferret with excess carbohydrates and fiber.
In the market you can get ferret feed, a food with all the necessary components for its healthy development. In the labeling of the package should reflect between 30% and 35% of animal protein. Meat waste or by-products are not recommended.
To keep them healthy, ferrets must ingest between 15% to 20% fat and a maximum of 4% fiber. Taurine is a major component in the ferret organism, it is an essential amino acid. Vitamins A, E and C are also part of the essential components.
The ferret must avoid some foods harmful to their body:

  • Chocolates or sweets
  • Meat or raw fish, especially pork.
  • Dairy products.
  • Onion derivatives.
  • Condiments
  • The corn, since it is too much fiber and its digestive system does not assimilate it adequately.
  • Remains of food like chicken bones.

The habitat of the ferret

Ferrets, as a pet, measure between 35cm and 40cm in length. When they are in their natural environment or wildlife, they exceed this size. Therefore, the cage should have approximate measurements of 90cm in length, 60cm in width and 70cm in height. Also, you must understand more than two levels so that the ferret can move comfortably.
The cage should be placed in a place without wind and without direct sunlight, since they do not like these climates. They may undergo changes or be subjected to stress if exposed to temperatures above 30 ° C.
It is necessary that between the accessories of the cage there are tunnels, a hammock, bed and safe objects that serve as a toy. They love to play and exercise.
If the cage is large enough, the ferret will be able to fulfill its needs inside the cage as long as the space is far from its place to sleep and eat. In the market there are different types of bed or substrate to absorb odor and moisture.
The products that are available for cats, such as clay sand or Bentonite, are not advisable for ferrets because when they get wet they easily adhere to the ferret’s coat, legs, nose and eyes and it is very difficult to take off. Silica sand and pine shavings are also not advisable since they can have a detrimental effect on the ferret’s respiratory system.
The ones that are recommended are the beds made from recycled paper; They are economical, have a good smell regulation and provide heat. It is comfortable to clean and throw, also has the quality of being biodegradable. It also does not cause damage to the respiratory and liver system of the pet.

Care in the cleaning of ferrets

Ferrets have a characteristic smell that they give off from their characteristic fur oils. For some people it is uncomfortable and they make the mistake of bathing them several times believing that this will be taken away. This is a very common mistake since it is recommended to bathe only once a month.
Because ferrets can not withstand extreme climates or sudden changes in temperature, the water must be clean and warm so that they feel comfortable and can be bathed comfortably.
Ferrets mark the place where they live, therefore, the cage should be thoroughly cleaned once a week. The bed that serves as a bath should be changed preferably every two days.

Castration in ferrets

The endocrine system of ferrets is complex, compared to that of other domestic animals. These animals are prone to suffer from insulinomas, tumors that are created from the acceleration of hormones when the ferret has not been castrated. Another pathology is hyperestrogenism, which occurs when the bone marrow is affected by hormones.
When a ferret is adopted, most of the time the animal is neutered. It is important to be informed about the time of castration, since the intervention must be done after 15 months of life. In some cases, castration is done earlier, which will cause endocrine problems.
These tumors appear because in the adrenal or adrenal glands, located above the kidneys, the hormones are housed and grow until they produce tumors.

Tips for the handling and domestication of the ferret

In the event that the ferret or owner is congested with flu-like symptoms, it is recommended to limit pampering and closeness since the infection is easily transmitted.
The ferret is considered an animal that is easily domesticated. In the market there are prizes that can be used to accustom the ferret to perform their needs in the places provided. Although you can also offer them fruit as a reward, this should be in limited quantities and as the last option, since it contains a lot of fiber.
Those who decide to have a ferret as a pet, should be very aware of the elementary care to have them at home, especially if there are children in the home. Guiding and accompanying the child in the upbringing of this pet is essential.

¿What care should be taken to raise a hamster?

When we decide to adopt a pet, it is necessary to take into account certain essential measures since we are welcoming a new life and, with it, the responsibility of its correct development and growth. On this occasion, we will share the care to raise a hamster, those small rodents that can become a great company.

Basic care for raising a hamster

First of all, you should take into consideration what type of hamster you want, since its size will be decisive when choosing your type of home. For a small hamster, cages are recommended whose bars are not separated by more than 0.5 millimeters, in order to avoid their escape. For larger ones, the opening should not exceed one centimeter in diameter.
Make sure, when you adopt or buy one, that you are completely healthy. To do this, note that your tail and legs are not wet, as this could be due to the disease of the tail, which is very common in these rodents. Also, check that there are no protuberances or spaces lacking hair, that your teeth are not bent and that your eyes are bright.
The first thing we need to raise a hamster is an adequate space for its habitat. The cage should be placed in a cool place and have good ventilation, away from extreme temperatures, to avoid developing health problems related to moisture. Also, it must be taken into account that the space must be wide enough so that the hamster does not feel locked up and must have toys and accessories necessary for it to be exercised.

The feeding of the hamster

We must give our rodent a balanced diet based on seeds, vegetables, proteins, leaves and fruits; the amount of food could vary according to the size of the hamster, although the approximate average of food they need is 7 grams a day.
To help them have their immune system in optimal conditions, it is advisable to give them fresh fruit and vegetables, especially those with low sugar and water content.
There are some foods that can be harmful to our pet, so we should prevent them from eating them. Among these foods, we can find eggplant, citrus fruits, potatoes, onions, avocado and garlic. Also, high-fat foods, chocolates and fried foods should be avoided.
Remember that to raise a hamster it is very important to provide a dispenser where you can have clean and fresh water constantly.

¿How to clean the hamster?

These small rodents in themselves are very neat and often groom themselves constantly. It is not advisable to give them a bath because a cold could be something deadly for them and if they were submerged in water they could run the risk of drowning.
The best thing we can do for cleaning the hamster is to keep its cage completely clean. The substrate should be changed at least once a week and, with the same regularity, the entire cage should be thoroughly cleaned and left to dry completely before reintroducing our hamster into it.

The process of adaptation of the hamster

When raising a hamster, it is necessary to share time with the rodent in order to know its gestures and its personality. Each hamster is different and has a particular way of behaving, so it will be necessary to interact with it and go closer little by little to get used to our presence. You must respect your space and your time of adaptation, remember that you are reaching a completely unknown place.
You can begin the approach, holding it for brief periods of time until it gets used to you; Another effective way to earn your trust is by giving seeds directly to their hands, they will take this as a gesture of protection.
It is not usually advisable to give a hamster as a gift to small children, as they can give it a rough treatment and overwhelm it.

Recommendations and guidelines for raising a hamster

You can give your pet a space of games away from his cage, that way, he will rest from the confinement in his home and will be able to enjoy new spaces, besides being able to be closer to you. You can make a play pen using materials such as cardboard boxes and plastic tubes, to create tunnels and passageways. This activity can also be used so that children can have fun watching the hamster play; In addition, you can train the hamster to search for objects inside the pen.
As we mentioned earlier, to have the hamster clean, the best thing we can do is keep your home neat; To do this, we should periodically check it and clean excess dirt so that it does not get clogged. However, despite the daily care we can give, it is necessary to do a deep cleaning of the cage at least once a week.
Before starting the deep cleaning, you must take into account the amount of materials needed to clean it to have them all at hand and that the process is less tedious. The main thing to use will be gloves, a cloth and some disinfectant or antibacterial solutions that do not have very strong odors or that are very abrasive, so as not to damage the hamster. In pet stores we can get safe cleaning solutions.
We must be careful when removing the hamster from the cage and place it in a safe place where it will not escape or may suffer an accident.
Then, you must remove all the objects from the cage, accessories, toys, containers and dispensers and place them to soak in a mixture of water with cleaning solution. Even if these objects do not look dirty, it is necessary to clean them properly. Do not forget to remove the substrate or the material you use to deposit your waste, as well as clean the cage completely.
The hamster race will determine how we can treat it; consult your veterinarian to determine the care you need to have in handling the pet and if it is convenient to have company.

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