Category: Exotic animals

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¿What care should be taken to raise a hamster?

When we decide to adopt a pet, it is necessary to take into account certain essential measures since we are welcoming a new life and, with it, the responsibility of its correct development and growth. On this occasion, we will share the care to raise a hamster, those small rodents that can become a great company.

Basic care for raising a hamster

First of all, you should take into consideration what type of hamster you want, since its size will be decisive when choosing your type of home. For a small hamster, cages are recommended whose bars are not separated by more than 0.5 millimeters, in order to avoid their escape. For larger ones, the opening should not exceed one centimeter in diameter.
Make sure, when you adopt or buy one, that you are completely healthy. To do this, note that your tail and legs are not wet, as this could be due to the disease of the tail, which is very common in these rodents. Also, check that there are no protuberances or spaces lacking hair, that your teeth are not bent and that your eyes are bright.
The first thing we need to raise a hamster is an adequate space for its habitat. The cage should be placed in a cool place and have good ventilation, away from extreme temperatures, to avoid developing health problems related to moisture. Also, it must be taken into account that the space must be wide enough so that the hamster does not feel locked up and must have toys and accessories necessary for it to be exercised.

The feeding of the hamster

We must give our rodent a balanced diet based on seeds, vegetables, proteins, leaves and fruits; the amount of food could vary according to the size of the hamster, although the approximate average of food they need is 7 grams a day.
To help them have their immune system in optimal conditions, it is advisable to give them fresh fruit and vegetables, especially those with low sugar and water content.
There are some foods that can be harmful to our pet, so we should prevent them from eating them. Among these foods, we can find eggplant, citrus fruits, potatoes, onions, avocado and garlic. Also, high-fat foods, chocolates and fried foods should be avoided.
Remember that to raise a hamster it is very important to provide a dispenser where you can have clean and fresh water constantly.

¿How to clean the hamster?

These small rodents in themselves are very neat and often groom themselves constantly. It is not advisable to give them a bath because a cold could be something deadly for them and if they were submerged in water they could run the risk of drowning.
The best thing we can do for cleaning the hamster is to keep its cage completely clean. The substrate should be changed at least once a week and, with the same regularity, the entire cage should be thoroughly cleaned and left to dry completely before reintroducing our hamster into it.

The process of adaptation of the hamster

When raising a hamster, it is necessary to share time with the rodent in order to know its gestures and its personality. Each hamster is different and has a particular way of behaving, so it will be necessary to interact with it and go closer little by little to get used to our presence. You must respect your space and your time of adaptation, remember that you are reaching a completely unknown place.
You can begin the approach, holding it for brief periods of time until it gets used to you; Another effective way to earn your trust is by giving seeds directly to their hands, they will take this as a gesture of protection.
It is not usually advisable to give a hamster as a gift to small children, as they can give it a rough treatment and overwhelm it.

Recommendations and guidelines for raising a hamster

You can give your pet a space of games away from his cage, that way, he will rest from the confinement in his home and will be able to enjoy new spaces, besides being able to be closer to you. You can make a play pen using materials such as cardboard boxes and plastic tubes, to create tunnels and passageways. This activity can also be used so that children can have fun watching the hamster play; In addition, you can train the hamster to search for objects inside the pen.
As we mentioned earlier, to have the hamster clean, the best thing we can do is keep your home neat; To do this, we should periodically check it and clean excess dirt so that it does not get clogged. However, despite the daily care we can give, it is necessary to do a deep cleaning of the cage at least once a week.
Before starting the deep cleaning, you must take into account the amount of materials needed to clean it to have them all at hand and that the process is less tedious. The main thing to use will be gloves, a cloth and some disinfectant or antibacterial solutions that do not have very strong odors or that are very abrasive, so as not to damage the hamster. In pet stores we can get safe cleaning solutions.
We must be careful when removing the hamster from the cage and place it in a safe place where it will not escape or may suffer an accident.
Then, you must remove all the objects from the cage, accessories, toys, containers and dispensers and place them to soak in a mixture of water with cleaning solution. Even if these objects do not look dirty, it is necessary to clean them properly. Do not forget to remove the substrate or the material you use to deposit your waste, as well as clean the cage completely.
The hamster race will determine how we can treat it; consult your veterinarian to determine the care you need to have in handling the pet and if it is convenient to have company.

Diseases in aquarium fish

When we have a pet, we must take into account the care and proper treatment that should be given to that living being that we adopt as part of our family. The fish, are perhaps, one of the alive beings that more care and dedication need; The poor diet as well as the little or poorly prepared maintenance of your aquarium, can make them suffer from different diseases.
Next, we bring you this article so that you can identify these conditions.

The 4 most frequent diseases in aquarium fish

White Point

The parasite that causes this disease very common in aquarium fish is called the External Protozoan Ichthyophthirius Multifiliis and it is so common that all fish, at least once throughout their lives, have contact with it. However, the only fish that are infected are those that suffer from poor diet, stress, live in an overpopulated aquarium or in poor quality waters. These conditions cause the fish to lower its natural defenses and be more prone to the contagion of this disease.
We can identify that our fish is infected with a white spot when we begin to notice small white spots on its skin, especially on its gills; In addition, we can notice abnormal hyperactivity in our fish as they try to swim aggressively in order to get rid of the discomfort in their skin.
The most common treatment to use is to raise the temperature of the tank to 27ºC to hasten the life of the parasite, then the recommended medications can be applied to eliminate them. The recommended antidotes are Formalin and Malachite Green, which should be applied for about a week. However, it is necessary to remember that, when dealing with drugs, it is best to follow the instructions of the veterinarian to the letter so as not to intoxicate the fish.
Also, it is very important to supplement this treatment with a good diet, in order to raise the fish’s defenses.

Tuberculosis

Yes, as you read, in the aquatic universe there is also this condition and it is very common. The main source of infection are the same fish that carry the germ, those carriers of the bacterium Mycobacterium piscium that is the cause of this disease. On the other hand, the infestation is transmitted by the swallowing of an infected material.
The main symptoms we can observe are: abnormal behavior, movements and slow movement, thinning, loss of appetite, flaking, deformation, loss of color.
Unfortunately, there is no known procedure to treat this condition, so it is necessary to take the necessary precautionary measures to prevent its spread or spread.
One of the main things we must do is to observe in detail that the fish we are going to acquire does not have any of the symptoms mentioned above. We must take special care if we are going to acquire a neon fish, since it is one of the species most prone to the spread of this disease. If we observe in our aquarium some fish with these symptoms, it is necessary to consult with the veterinarian the appropriate form in which we must act to avoid the contagion of the other fish.

Worm Lernaea

Produced by a parasite called Lernaea, which buries its head in the body of the fish remaining attached to it.
The fish carrying this microorganism behave in an unusual way, they can be observed swimming sideways or rubbing their skin against objects or materials found in the aquarium. They usually have inflammations in the epidermis from which threads will appear that will give the impression of being worms, which float upwards and have a light green color.
If this is the case, we should immediately transfer the carrier fish to another fish tank, which should be quarantined. A clamp can be used to remove the worms. In this procedure we must be careful and avoid cutting the worm because, if your head is buried in the fish, we can not eliminate it.
If you see the fish very hurt, you must apply the necessary antiseptics. In your veterinary clinic you can find Metriponate, which must be supplied with the formula of 1.5 mg per 4.5Lts of water.

Argulus or lice

Yes, our fish can also catch these unwanted beings, which have suckers that help them stick to the skin of the fish which they penetrate to feed on their blood and lay their eggs. Later, they will look for other fish to continue feeding.
We will notice the infected fish rubbing their body with the materials that are inside the aquarium to alleviate itching. Also, we can observe small stacked parasites, which have the shape of tiny white dots.
The treatment for this condition is similar to that of Lernaea; Transfer the infected fish to a quarantined fish tank and use a tweezer to eliminate these parasites. Subsequently, we should apply the Metriponate in the dose of 1.5 mg per 4.5 liters of water. Also, we must acquire some chemical to kill the larvae.

Recommendations to avoid diseases of aquarium fish

Remember to connect the filter, therefore, it is convenient to place the fish tank close to a plug. In addition, it is necessary to choose a quality filter, which provides adequate oxygenation and filtration of the water.
Normally, aquariums come equipped with adequate light, however, if you want to install your own lighting, you should check what kind of light is suitable for these spaces, since light for home can generate a lot of heat and cause accidents.
Choose the most natural algae or gravels and avoid choosing those that are very colorful because the fish usually reject it and it is not as healthy for them.
Remember to adapt the aquarium at least 10 days before introducing the first fish, so that the space is in optimal conditions.
It is important to keep the water in the tanks clean, as well as to clean excess substrate. Likewise, it is necessary to keep the filters clean.
Finally, we recommend examining your fish periodically and feeding them with natural and good quality products. If you have any doubt, do not forget to check with the veterinarian.