Category: Dog breeds

The Samoyed dog: the ideal breed for active families

The Samoyed is one of the most popular Russian dog breeds in the world. Its white, fluffy and thick fur is very popular and appreciated by all dog lovers. However, this dog also shows a very special and sociable character, perfect for active families and children or adolescents.

Whether you are considering adopting a Samoyed or if you already have one, you will discover much more about the breed in this article.

Origin of the Samoyed dog

Samoyed tribes inhabited the territory between northwestern Siberia and Central Asia. These nomadic peoples relied on their dogs to herd reindeer and protect themselves from predators, as well as to hunt. They also slept alongside their precious dogs to keep warm.

The dogs in the southern regions were black, white, and brown, and had a more independent temperament. However, the dogs of the northern regions had a pure white coat and were more docile.

These dogs captivated the British explorer Ernest Kilburn-Scott during his research in the Arctic in 1889. On his return to England, Kilburn-Scott brought a brown Samoyed puppy with him as a gift for his wife.

Thereafter, other explorers, as well as the Kilburn-Scott family, were commissioned to bring these dogs to Europe. Kilburn-Scott dogs were the foundation of today’s European Samoyeds.

Race was also used to explore the other hemisphere. The dog who led Roald Amundsen’s expedition to the South Pole is said to have been a Samoyed named Etah.

Later the breed spread throughout the world thanks to its beauty and good character. Today, the Samoyed dog is well known and appreciated everywhere, and is used primarily as a family dog.

Samoyed characteristics

The Samoyed is a medium-sized dog with an elegant, strong, resistant and lively appearance. They have a characteristic expression that makes them look like they are smiling all the time! Its head is wedge-shaped and has a very good proportion to the rest of the body.

The nose is black, but it can partially lose its pigment at certain times of the year, in what is known as the “winter nose” or “snow nose.” The eyes are almond shaped, obliquely arranged and dark brown in color. The ears are erect, small, triangular, thick and rounded at the tips.

The body is a bit longer than tall, but compact and flexible. The chest is broad, deep and long, while the belly is moderately retracted. The tail is set high and reaches the hock. At rest it may be hanging, but when the dog is active it bends over on its back or to one side.

Its coat is made up of two layers. The outer coat is straight, dense, rough, and thick. The undercoat is short, smooth and dense. Although the dogs of the ancient nomadic tribes were of different colors, the modern Samoyed is only pure white, cream or white and biscuit in color.

Samoyed dog character

The FCI (International Cynological Federation) defines the Samoyed as a friendly, cheerful and clever dog. Although their origin may make us think that they are predisposed to hunting, the truth is that they do not have a strong hunting instinct. They are very friendly dogs, who tend to get along well with children and other animals, provided they have received adequate socialization.

Caring for the Samoyed breed

A Samoyed’s coat should be brushed at least three times a week to avoid tangles and remove dirt. It is essential if we want them to stay clean and healthy. During shedding periods, they will need daily brushing. On the other hand, we can bathe them every 1 or 2 months when we think they are very dirty or necessary.

Moderate exercise is required and 2-3 daily walks are recommended. Also be prepared to spend 2-3 days a week doing some physical activity.

Dog sports such as herding, canine freestyle, and agility are also good options for a Samoyed. The breed is well adapted to life in the country, but given enough exercise and walks they can adapt very well to life anywhere.

Apart from exercise, it is essential to offer our Samoyed different exercises that will help stimulate his mind. You can buy toys to fill with sweets, in the store of our Glòries Veterinary Hospital.

Food should always match the dog’s lifestyle. If we provide them with regular exercise, it is important that you consider adapting their diet and providing additional calories when necessary. We recommend looking for quality food, according to your needs.

Training a Samoyed

The Samoyed has intelligence, so this is not a breed that has learning difficulties, as long as its development as a puppy has been positive and appropriate, always keeping animal welfare in mind.

To achieve a balanced and sociable dog, we must consider that it will be essential to socialize it from a puppy to learn habits and social relationships. You can use positive reinforcement to achieve better results and develop a strong relationship with your dog.

Gradually, you can begin to teach the basic commands, which are essential for good communication and safety of the animal itself. Finally, keep in mind that when these dogs are isolated in a garden or left alone for a long time, they can develop behavior problems and become destructive dogs.

Samoyed Health

As with virtually all dog breeds, the Samoyed is predisposed to certain pathologies, most of which are believed to be genetic in origin. Here is an ordered list where we mention the most common Samoyed diseases, ordered from highest to lowest frequency:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Subaortic stenosis
  • Atrial septal defects (ASD)
  • waterfalls
  • Ataxia
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Deafness
  • Familial kidney disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Adrenal sex hormone dermatosis
  • Hemophilia
  • Hypomyelogenesis
  • Leukodystrophies
  • Osteochondrodysplasia
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Pulmonary stenosis
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Sebaceous adenitis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Zinc sensitive dermatoses
  • Microphthalmia
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Shaker syndrome
  • Spina bifida

To prevent and detect any health problems early, it is vital to visit the vet at least every 6 to 12 months for a comprehensive review and to follow the dog’s vaccination schedule. Also remember to keep your internal and external deworming up to date. If properly cared for, the life expectancy of a Samoyed is around 12-14 years.

The most common health problems in a bulldog

Such quirky faces are synonymous with unique challenges for this breed. At Hospital Veterinari Glòries, we bring you a list of tips on how to make your bulldog and you happy, while keeping the most common problems of bulldogs at bay!

Bulldog facial features and health problems

Let’s see then, what kinds of problems do bulldogs normally face as a result of their characteristics? (and specifically, of his face). The fact is that, being a brachycephalic breed, they do not have an elongated snout like their ancestors the wolves. Their noses are pushed inward due to selective breeding. The genetics created from the mix of these dogs is mainly responsible for the following:

  • Shortness of breath: To give you an idea, it’s like breathing through straws. A sunken face like that of the bulldog means flattened airways. Bulldogs tend to have smaller nostrils than the average dog of other breeds. Also, there is often extra tissue in the back of the throat, making it smaller. There is a procedure called a staphylectomy that can widen your airway and clear that blockage in your throat.
  • Hyperkeratosis: presents as excessively thick skin on the legs or nose.
  • Hip dysplasia: where the ball joint in the hip does not fit properly, causing pain.
  • Eyelid Problems: Sometimes they droop so much that debris can get between the eyelid and the eye, causing irritation or infection.
  • Cherry Eye: With this, your pet can develop a red, bulging eye as a result of a prolapsed third eyelid.
  • Eczema: Known as atopic dermatitis, this dry skin can have a crusty outward appearance and can cause your bulldog to scratch excessively.
  • Skin allergies: These can cause your bulldog to scratch and lick a lot to relieve the itchiness. If it is bitten throughout the year, you may need to investigate food allergies.
  • Fold Infections: Often found in wrinkles on the face or on the tail. Bulldogs can develop infections, dermatitis (a swollen appearance with redness), or pyoderma (characterized by discharge). The skin folds of these dogs are the perfect breeding ground for bacteria and they retain a lot of moisture, which contributes to these conditions.

Tips for Times with Higher Contrast Temperatures

Almost all of these common bulldog problems are genetic, and some of them can be resolved with surgery. The rest have no cure, but there are remedies to help improve symptoms:

  • Walk, don’t run: walk to the rhythm of your furry’s breathing. Remember, unless they’ve had a staph, they have trouble breathing during regular activity. It becomes much more difficult to breathe when the breath becomes gasping.
  • Keep it cool in the summer, warm in the winter: Fans or air conditioners are essential to help them avoid panting in the summer. You can try chilling a sarong or towel in the freezer and then offering it to your bulldog to lie on the hottest days. With the cold, it is also important to offer them shelter to protect their skin and that it does not dry out excessively.
  • Don’t Jump: Jumping can have a severe impact on your joints over time. So getting on and off the bed or sofa is not what suits them best… you can use a ramp or stairs to help them.
  • Always Accessible Water: Keep water bowls throughout the house accessible (yes, several), specifically in the rooms they frequent. These large puppies have a harder time getting up and moving around, so they may not be motivated to get out of bed and walk to the kitchen or deck just to drink. Make it easy!
  • Regular Veterinary Check-ups: Together we can devise a comprehensive plan for your bulldog to keep him in good health, thus avoiding common bulldog problems related to his breathing and his skin.

Call us at 932 460 805 with any questions you may have or to schedule your next appointment with Hospital Veterinari Glòries.

This is the Yorkshire Terrier: personality and characteristics

The Yorkshire Terrier is a dog known to all. If you are thinking of adopting one, it is very important that you first consider its characteristics and needs. Knowing what food he needs, the size he will reach as an adult or how to carry out his education, are some of the basic things that you should be clear about. Remember that a dog can accompany you for many years and that you are responsible for its well-being.

Whether you are thinking about adopting an adult Yorkshire Terrier or a puppy, here is the information to help you decide more about the future with your Yorkshire Terrier dog.

The origin of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier first appeared in the 19th century. It was then that breeders began to develop a small breed of terrier, suitable for hunting rats. It wasn’t until 1860 that the Yorkshire Terrier we now know was officially featured in competitions. They are believed to be descended from the English toy terrier, the Skye Terrier or the Dandie Dinmont terrer. However, its origin is not entirely clear.

They were an easy breed to care for and educate, with very beautiful and aesthetically appreciated physical characteristics, and also not aggressive towards people. They were perfect for any type of family, since at that time they were one of the most “economical” breeds that existed.

As we have been explaining, the Yorkshire Terrier was used for the elimination of rats. Despite its diminutive size, it was well known that the miners’ Yorkshire hunted these rodents fearlessly. They were so popular that they began to participate in various “sports” related to the extermination of rats.

Later it was the British bourgeoisie who found in the Yorkshire Terrier, a sweet and beautiful companion dog. So, they began to stop using them in hunting rodents. However, Yorkshire’s history as a rat-catcher still accompanies them, as they are excellent at identifying pests.

Physical characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is considered a toy or miniature dog. Their average weight is 3.1 kg when they reach adulthood. They weigh little, but Yorkshire Terriers weighing up to 7 kg have been recorded. The size they reach will depend directly on their parents. The physical characteristics of the Yorkshire terrier are determined by the official standard. They have the following peculiarities:

The Yorkshire has a compact body, with abundant medium-long hair. His hair is smooth, shiny, silky and combines different shades: black, tan and silver gray. They are also popular for being hypoallergenic, making them suitable for people with allergies. His hair is easy to style and generally care for.

How is the personality of the Yorkshire Terrier?

The Yorkshire Terrier stands out for being an alert, intelligent and very lively dog. It is an excellent breed to live with all types of families, as it adapts wonderfully to any environment. One of their traits that you should know is that they can adopt the habit of barking a lot. This is because they are watchful and alert dogs by nature. If that doesn’t fit your circumstances, you should think of other breeds that may bark less.

Other characteristics of this breed is its overprotective and defiant attitude. This can be surprising in such a small breed. You must be very clear that the training and education of a Yorkshire Terrier must begin from the puppy stage with the socialization process. In this way, you can enjoy a sociable and mentally healthy adult dog. We usually speak of a very friendly dog ​​that is attached to its relatives, easy to handle and really very affectionate. They are perfect for any family.

Caring for a Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire is a dog that will not need much specific care. However, we will tell you some details that will help you keep them happy, clean and beautiful for longer.

The first of your usual care will be brushing. Brush him at least every other day because his long coat is prone to matting and collecting dirt. In addition, if we do not try to avoid the appearance of knots, later it will be much more difficult to eliminate them.

The tremors that accompany the small body of a Yorkshire Terrier are very common, either from the cold or from stressful situations. It will be important to prevent them from getting cold by wearing clothes for small dogs and protecting them from the rain.

Bathing a Yorkshire Terrier is also very important to keep its hair free of dandruff; another factor of concern for allergy sufferers. The regularity with which we must bathe our Yorkshire Terrier is usually about two weeks. But that will depend on the particular dog, the length of the coat, or how dirty it gets in the park.

Your education and / or training

The training of the Yorkshire Terrier will start from its socialization. It is very important that you let them meet other people, dogs, vehicles and objects of all kinds. This will be useful so that they do not develop fears, phobias or fights with other dogs in adulthood. Although it’s a great thing for your dog to meet lots of people and animals, you want to make sure this process is a positive one. Avoid scares, aggressions or annoyances at all costs.

After its socialization stage, the Yorkshire must start in training, either in a group or individually at home. It is very important that they learn the basic commands that are useful to you in your day-to-day life. Also, practicing obedience with your dog will help you build a good relationship with him. Although it sounds strange, it will also be essential to add different types of games in your usual routine. This allows them to relieve tension and burn stored energy.

Health of a Yorkshire Terrier

A Yorkshire Terrier can accompany us for a long time, living between 15 and 18 years, as long as they are well cared for to prevent typical diseases of the breed. For example: patellar luxation, spinal problems or congenital hydrocephalus.

In addition to degenerative or inherited diseases, Yorkshires can suffer from bone dislocation problems. This usually happens if they play with children or other large dogs that can exert too much force on them. Explain well to your children how they should behave with dogs, because it is a small and delicate animal.

Would you like us to take care of your furry’s veterinary care? We would love it! You can write us an email to, contact us through this web form or call us at 932 460 805.

Meet the German Shepherd

When today we see a German shepherd dog, few stop to think that it was bred to guide and protect herds: most people see a police dog, a friend of children, dogs capable of giving their lives for their family , assistance dogs for blind people, rescuers who risk their lives for people they do not know and in short, the canine hero par excellence.

Although the origins of the German Shepherd are associated with herding, this breed has shown so much versatility and intelligence that today they cannot be classified only as sheepdogs. Although they continue to be sheepdogs in certain places, it would be more appropriate to say that the German Shepherd is a “4×4” dog.

In addition, this dog of wolf morphology is one of the most beautiful representatives of the canine species. Would you like to know him a little more? Pay attention to the information we offer you.

The origin of the German Shepherd

The history of the German Shepherd dates back to the year 1890, when the cavalry captain Max Emil Frederick von Stephanitz began to pursue his dream of developing a more noble-looking but working breed than those of the time. In 1899, this cavalry captain found Hector at a dog show, the dog that would become the founder of the breed.

Later, with the help of Artur Meyer, von Stephanitz founded the first German Shepherd Dog Club. Hector was the first registered dog, albeit with the new name Horand von Grafrath. The German Shepherd gained great notoriety for his performance in both world wars. The impression they made was so great that even the enemy armies admired them.

Perhaps the most famous German Shepherd of all time was Rin Tin Tin, a puppy rescued by an American corporal after a bombing raid. Does it sound familiar to you? Rin Tin Tin starred in several movies and catapulted the German Shepherd to world fame.

Today the German Shepherd is used for many activities, from the search and rescue of lost people to the more common tasks of police dogs. His qualities as his companion have not been ignored and, therefore, he is one of the most popular dogs worldwide.

Physical aspects of the German Shepherd

His majestic appearance, incomparable character, and great intelligence have led the German Shepherd to be possibly the most popular dog of all time.

They stand out for having a wide, wedge-shaped head, their most distinctive feature and the one that attracts the most attention. On the top of the head are its medium-sized, erect and pointed ears, which give the German Shepherd that famous wolf-like appearance. His eyes, set obliquely over the skull, express security and confidence, and they are always dark.

Its strong, healthy teeth (42 pieces) allow the German Shepherd to have a strong scissor bite.

The body of the German Shepherd is longer than it is tall and the upper line is sloping, descending slightly from a raised withers to the lower rump. The back is broad and muscular, and the croup is long and slightly sloping.

According to the official standard of the German Shepherd, the coat corresponds to a double coat with undercoat. The length of the coat varies slightly in different parts of the body, but the German Shepherd is not a long-haired dog.

The German Shepherd standard accepts various colors for the breed. Among the colors of the German shepherd we find dark black, brown and tan, yellowish and even gray in various shades. The nose must be black.

Its height at the withers is 60 to 65 centimeters for males and 55 to 60 centimeters for females; males weigh between 30 and 40 kilograms. Females weigh between 22 and 32 kilograms.

What is the German Shepherd character like?

The character of the German Shepherd is balanced and confident. The courage of these dogs is legendary, as is their defense instinct. This is why the German Shepherd is one of the most sought after dogs for guarding and protection purposes, as it has a natural predisposition for these tasks.

But courage and defense are not the same as aggressiveness and danger. Although the German Shepherd tends to be a bit suspicious of strangers, he is not an aggressive dog by nature. On the contrary, they are usually alert, but do not attack without reason. Of course, the socialization of the puppy is essential to avoid problems in the future, since no dog has the character assured only through the genes. The German Shepherd is an easy dog ​​to train and that adapts very well to any training technique. However, they reach their full potential when you train them with positive reinforcement.

Due to its versatility and adaptability, this breed has managed to perform successfully in different activities. The German Shepherd stands out as: sports dog, search and rescue dog, guide dog, police dog, and service or therapy dog. They are also excellent companions for any family that takes good care of them.

How to take care of the German shepherd?

The German Shepherd can be perfectly adapted to living in an apartment, but he needs a lot of exercise and long walks. They are agile and active and need to exercise their muscles outdoors. A small garden can help, but you should never replace the walks and play sessions that it should have.

The practice of any type of dog sport, such as agility, can help maintain the health of the dog (both physical and mental).

It is not very difficult to keep German shepherd hair in good condition, as it does not require special cuts. However, this breed sheds constantly, so daily brushing will be important. The bath should not be very frequent because it damages the natural protection of their fur. Every month and a half or every two months will be enough.

Educating a German Shepherd

German Shepherds are an excellent dog to work with in training and obedience. His natural predisposition and great intelligence make it inevitable that we will want to discover and explore all his abilities.

As with all existing dog breeds, the education of the puppy will have a great impact on the future adult German Shepherd. That is why it will be essential to work quickly on the development of the dog: socialization, stimulation of the senses and intelligence games. A good education will help us avoid the appearance of behavior problems.

In the adult stage, it will be essential to work obedience and tricks on a very regular basis to keep the dog mentally healthy. It is very important to consider this point before adopting a German Shepherd. This is a very intelligent dog that should be able to enjoy a healthy life. The physical exercise of the German Shepherd here also plays an important role in the prevention of stress. In his education and training we must include many sessions of environmental enrichment, all of them based on positive reinforcement.

German Shepherd Health

Unfortunately, the great popularity of the breed has led to the indiscriminate breeding of German Shepherds, purely for commercial purposes. This indiscriminate breeding has had a negative impact on the health of the breed. Therefore, the German Shepherd is prone to some inherited diseases such as hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, digestive problems, epilepsy, chronic eczema, keratitis (inflammation of the cornea) and dwarfism.

Despite offering good care to this great dog, visiting the vet every 6 months, deworming him and following his vaccination schedule will ensure that we can enjoy him for a long time. His current life expectancy is around 13 years.

Curiosities about the Spanish water dog

The first thing to know about the Spanish water dog is that it is not really a water dog. Unlike the Irish Water Spaniel or the American Water Spaniel, the Spanish water dog is classified as a herding dog, and not in the sports group. Yes, it will work in the water, but this very ancient breed was developed to herd and protect various types of livestock independently and with little training.

The breed has a natural ability to “manage” the pack and react to it. With its intelligence, its great ability to learn and hard work, the Spanish water dog has proven to be an invaluable dog. But what do you need to know if you share your life with a Spanish water dog? Here are some curiosities about him.

7 curiosities about the Spanish water dog

Over the years, dogs have come to have another role in our society. They are one more member of the family that we take care of and with whom we share life, and no longer so much a tool or co-worker. If you have a Spanish water dog, or are thinking of having one, these data may interest you a lot!

  1. It is a very active dog. Does this make him a good or bad pet? That depends on whether you are his suitable human. There are no good or bad pets. But it’s fair to say that this is a high-energy dog ​​that needs a lot of physical and mental exercise. He is also very comfortable with human contact. If you are the active type, who enjoys outdoor activities and loves to feel the blood pumping in your heart, he will be with you better than anyone. Even better, offer him jobs to do or participate in dog sports like agility, flyball, or tracking games.
  2. He is the protector. The Spanish water dog is deeply loyal and faithful to his people, although he may have a favorite among family members, like many breeds. And because he is so loyal, with a protective instinct, he can decide that he is the guardian of his family and his territory. He is protective and this is how he will show himself to strangers who approach his family.
  3. No, he is not a poodle, a Portuguese water dog or a Lagotto Romagnolo. Although, at first or even second glance, he does look like other breeds, he is clearly a Spanish water dog. His only coat is woolly and curly and covers his entire body, including his eyes. Left long and natural, his coat forms ringlets, almost like dreadlocks. He is a unique looking dog.
  4. He is, above all, a pastor. He carries it in his DNA. In fact, he will herd everything that moves: children, other animals, moving vehicles, etc. Make sure young children socialize well with your Spanish Water Dog. Although protective by nature, Spanish water dogs are not shy or aggressive towards people.
  5. The Spanish water dog is easy to train. He has a strong desire to please his owner and an intelligence is quick. However, without a strong pack leader (that is, you), he may decide that he is the boss. His strong will and his need for mental and physical stimulation require a structured routine, therefore it is important to take the time to get the best out of him.
  6. He has so many other names that you might think that he is an international spy. The Spanish Water Dog is also known as Turkish Andalusian, Turkish Dog … Depending on what you ask in a country or another insurance they offer you a different name.
  7. A Spanish water dog is definitely worth taking care of! With plenty of physical and mental stimulation, training, and an experienced owner, the Spanish Water Dog is a deeply affectionate, energetic, and faithful canine friend. He will thrive on the challenges and adventures of an active lifestyle and he will be your most loyal companion for life.

Toy dogs and their care

Toy or miniature breed dogs have increased a lot in recent years, and just by looking at the image in our article it is easy to guess why. Not only are they absolutely adorable, many choose them because their size makes them ideal for apartments and small homes.

But although toy dogs have unique needs because of their size, their care and maintenance is similar to that of all dogs!

Caring for toy dogs

Exercise: Toy dogs may be small, but their exercise needs are not. These little friends need daily exercise and play to stay healthy, happy, and at an ideal weight. Talk to your vet about how much exercise your little dog should get each day. Avoid the temptation to carry your dog in a bag or in your arms all day – all dogs need the opportunity to move their bodies and experience the smells of the world around them.

Training and socialization: It can be easy to let your toy dog’s obedience training and socialization slip into oblivion; after all, how much damage can those little teeth really do? However, neglecting their training and education is a big mistake, as you can create an aggressive or capricious dog that uses your living room as their personal bathroom. Find a form of training for smaller dogs, and remember that patience and perseverance are the key.

Hazards: Due to their small size, toy dogs are at increased risk of injury. Not only do they have finer bones than larger dogs, their size makes them harder to see. Teach your small dog to go to his crate or bed while you are busy doing chores around the house or when you have a lot of guests.

Children and Toy Dogs: Make sure children understand the vulnerability of a small dog. Teach them how to manipulate and play gently with him, and always supervise interactions.

Toy dogs: what breed to choose

Your lifestyle should play an important role in selecting a toy dog ​​breed. Certain breeds, such as the Yorkshire Terrier, are generally healthy, but need a lot of attention. It’s also important for you to know that some toy dog ​​breeds need as much exercise as a larger dog (and even more cleaning!), Such as Pomeranians who were bred for sled pulling and still have similar energy levels to notoriously energetic breeds, like huskies.

Before buying a toy dog ​​…

Unfortunately, it is very common for toy breeds to come from illegal breeding operations or simply from irresponsible breeders. These exist for the sole purpose of making money and have little to know about the welfare of dogs or puppies. Mothers breed continuously, and both adults and cubs have little to no room to move and often live in squalid conditions.

If you are going to buy a toy dog, be responsible and always choose a professional breeder who follows all health and legal measures for dogs, or better yet, investigate in the kennels in your area, and you may find a small companion to adopt.

Whether you are a proud owner of a Chihuahua, a small Italian Greyhound, or any other toy breed, you want to know that proper care of your dog will increase the bond you share and give your pet the best chance for a long and happy life. As always, do not hesitate to contact the Glòries Veterinary Hospital staff with your questions or concerns about your pet, and we will be happy to assist you.

This is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. Their adorable looks, and the fact that they are known to be Queen Elizabeth II’s favorite dogs, have turned these sheepdogs into canine royalty. Although their sweet appearance may make you believe that they are familiar and calm dogs, in fact, corgis have a peculiar temperament that makes them suitable for more well-experienced owners.

Stay with us and learn all about the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog: we will review its main characteristics, its care, its health and training tips so that you can enjoy a lifetime together.

Origin of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Corgi is believed to be one of the oldest shepherd breeds in the world, as its lineage dates back to the 12th century. Historians believe that they descend from dogs brought by merchants and conquerors of Flemish and Viking origin, and that they are also related to Spitz breeds such as the Samoyed or the Pomeranian.

What is known for sure is that their ancestors were employed in South Wales as guards and shepherds. Two types are distinguished: the Cardigan and the Welsh. However, the Cardigan breed originated in the county of Cardiganshire, while the Pembroke line began in the county of Pembrokeshire; hence their names.

They were considered the same breed until 1934, when it was decided to set a different standard for Cardigans and Pembrokes. After that, the Pembroke Corgi popularity increased while the Cardigan Corgi plummeted. As if that were not enough, the Pembroke breed became even more famous when Queen Elizabeth II fell in love with these dogs as a child and began to breed them.

Today, they are one of the best-known breeds in the world, and they often show their skills in dog shows and as companions in thousands of homes around the world. However, Pembroke Corgis are considered to be in some “danger” in their native Britain, as not enough cubs are registered as the years go by.

Physical traits of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

This breed has a lot of strength concentrated in a small body: Pembroke Corgis are long and short, but still strong and with some robustness. Their legs, while not exactly long, are thick and thick.

Its head is shaped like a fox and its expression is alert. They have black noses, medium-sized round brown eyes, and rounded, raised ears. By breed standard, Corgis have medium-sized ears, but they tend to look quite large in proportion to their body.

One of the main differences between the Cardigan Corgi and the Pembroke Corgi is their tail, as many of the latter are born with very short or tailless tails, while the former have long, fox-like tails.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has medium length straight hair with a thick undercoat. They can be reddish, gold, black or tan, and may have white spots on the legs, chest and neck.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is typically smaller than the Cardigan, standing around 10 to 12 inches at the withers. The ideal weight for males is 10 to 12 kg, while females usually weigh between 10 and 11 kg.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi temperament and personality

Pembroke Corgis have an active temperament, very guardians, and they are also very intelligent. While they are kind and loyal to their family, they are not among the most sociable of dog breeds.

These are dogs that tend to be cautious with strangers and aggressive with unfamiliar dogs if the encounter is not favorable. That is why it is extremely important to socialize them well as puppies to avoid aggression and fear in adulthood. In addition to proper socialization, Corgis need training – teaching them dog commands is not an option, these dogs require constant mental stimulation. To educate and motivate them, we recommend always using positive reinforcement.

Common behavior problems for this breed include excessive barking and a tendency to herd people by trying to snout at the ankles. Both behaviors can be channeled into appropriate activities through positive reinforcement and regular exercise. If you consider their needs, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi can make an excellent companion animal.

Caring for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Keeping a Corgi groomed aesthetically is quite easy. In general, brushing them twice a week is enough, and they don’t need to be bathed too often, unless they get filthy. In fact, frequent baths can damage the natural protections of their coat and be counterproductive to the health of this breed.

Being sheepdogs, Corgis need a lot of exercise and company. Since they are small, they do not require as much exercise as German or Belgian Shepherds, but they do need several moderate walks a day and time to play. Dog sports can help channel their energy and sharpen their skills, but agility is generally not recommended as it can damage the spine of the little corgi breed.

If they get enough exercise, corgis can adapt very well to life in an apartment or small house, but keep in mind that they can bark a lot. If your house has a garden, they can exercise there.

Common Pembroke Welsh Corgi Health Problems

Among the most common health conditions of this breed we can find intervertebral disc disease (IVD) and hip dysplasia. Although these conditions are increasingly rare, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi also tends to suffer from the following diseases:

  • Epilepsy.
  • Van Willebrand’s disease.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy.
  • Isolated lens luxation or ectopia lentis.
  • Kidney stone disease or urolithiasis.

To prevent these diseases and detect them in time, it is important to go to the vet and carry out regular checks. You must also follow the vaccination and deworming schedules

Miniature Pinscher: a breed with big personality

The Miniature Pinscher, also known as “Min Pinscher”, is a small breed of German-born pinscher type dog. It is a breed that, although small, has a strong and predominant character. Still, they are very loving and sociable with their caregivers and family. Of course, they are not so friendly when they meet a stranger.

In this Glòries Veterinary Hospital article we will explain everything you need to know about this breed. So if you are interested in adopting a Miniature Pinscher in the near future, read on to learn everything you need to know about him.

Origin of the Miniature Pinscher dog

This breed originated in Germany, from crosses between the German Pinscher, the Italian Greyhound and the Dachshund (Teckel, or sausage dog). They are also known as Min Pinscher or “Zwergpinscher”. Many people believe that this breed is a miniature Doberman, but this is not the case at all. Although both breeds share some ancestry, the Miniature Pinscher is much older than the Doberman.

Today, this Pinscher is one of the most popular and beloved small dog breeds among dog lovers. Although caring for them may require more effort than other small dog breeds, mainly due to their character.

Physical appearance

The Miniature Pinscher is the smallest version of the German Pinscher. They are small and square in profile, since the length of their body is equal to their height at the withers. Its lines are fine and elegant. The height at the withers is 24.8 to 30 centimeters and they weigh approximately 4 to 6 kilos.

The head of the Miniature Pinscher is elongated with a smooth but clearly defined naso-frontal depression. Their nose is usually black but it can also be brown depending on the color of their fur. His eyes are dark brown and oval.

Their ears can be erect or folded and are shaped like an inverted “V”. In the past, it was customary to cut them to ensure they were erect, but thankfully that practice has disappeared.

Its body is short, small and compact. Like the custom of cutting the ears, its tail also used to be shortened, which is no longer the case today, fortunately. His hair is short and thick. The most popular colors are brindle, black, brown, reddish, cream, fawn, and greyish.

What is the personality of the Miniature Pinscher like?

Miniature Pinschers are full of life, they are dynamic, curious and courageous. Despite their small size, they are strong-willed. That is why it is very important to socialize these dogs from a young age. If it is not socialized properly, it will have behavioral problems as an adult dog.

Another fact that you will be interested to know is that boring miniature pinschers can be somewhat destructive. That is why it is important not to leave them alone for long periods of time. When it comes to noise, these dogs are not as loud as other small dogs.

Miniature Pinscher care

Taking care of these dogs is pretty easy and shouldn’t take long. For their fur, weekly brushing is sufficient, and you only have to bathe them when they get dirty. These dogs are very active, so they will need a good dose of daily exercise, but due to their small size you can also satisfy their needs for exercise indoors.

This does not mean that you can substitute walking outdoors for exercising indoors. It just means that they can go a day or two without it, but outdoor walks will allow them to socialize with other people, animals and items outside, discover new places, smell, etc.

Miniature pinschers are perfectly adapted to living in small apartments or houses. Although they enjoy a garden where they can play, they cannot be kept outdoors and alone for long. This type of dog, due to its size, needs to sleep indoors.

Education and training of the Miniature Pinscher

When it comes to training these dogs, it is best done through positive reinforcement. The traditional method can cause problems, especially due to the temperament of these dogs. When you use positive reinforcement to coach and coach them, you are mentally stimulating them while at the same time creating a stronger bond with them.

Remember to do short training sessions of 5 to 15 minutes if you really want to see good results in the short and long term.

The health of the Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher tends to be a healthy dog ​​and the breed is not particularly prone to any particular canine disease. Occasional progressive retinal atrophy or patellar dislocation may occur, but it is not very common. Obesity can also be a problem, because these dogs are often very gluttonous.

Take care of his diet, train him often, let him socialize properly and you will have a happy dog ​​by your side.

Spanish dog breeds

According to the data offered by the Royal Canine Society of Spain there are officially up to 23 breeds of Spanish dogs. However, according to other canine federations, there are more than 40 recognized dog breeds that are indigenous to Spain. In this article you will get to know some of the most famous Spanish dog breeds. How many of them will you meet? Take a look at its features!

  • Spanish greyhound

The Spanish greyhound is known among all the greyhound breeds for its stylized appearance and, unfortunately, for the serious abuses that it still suffers today in some places and sectors of Spain. Hundreds of greyhounds are abandoned and euthanized each year and this usually occurs late in the hunting season, or when they are no longer useful for greyhound racing. But if there is something that really makes the Spanish greyhound stand out, it is that it is considered one of the fastest dog breeds in the world.

The origins of the Spanish greyhound date back to the 2nd century BC. C. This greyhound stands out for its streamlined, slim and strong body. In addition, it has a short and smooth coat that can be found in different shades, such as dark or light brown, black, and even reddish white.

Regarding the care of the Spanish greyhound, you should focus on walks, sufficient exercise, rest and taking care of its body temperature, especially in cold climates. The Spanish greyhound is recognized by the FCI (International Cynological Federation).

  • Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound is originally from the island of Ibiza, but it is also found in the rest of the Balearic islands. It is a primitive breed of dog suspected of having been introduced by the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Romans. This breed of dog was originally developed for hunting rabbits. Known for its prodigious nose, it measures between 67 and 72 centimeters at the withers.

The Ibizan Hound has a soft, short or long coat, which varies in color from fiery tones mixed with white and is recognized by the FCI.

  • Spanish water dog

The Spanish water dog, originally from Cantabria, although it can also be found in Andalusia. The Spanish water dog is said to be a descendant of the ancient “Barbet”, and is known as a popular breed of sheepdog in Spanish territory.

This medium-sized breed of Spanish dog measures between 40 and 50 cm at the withers and has a thick, curly and woolly coat of hair. The breed standard is recognized by the FCI.

  • Pachón Navarro

The Pachón Navarro is a large Spanish hunting dog that usually reaches 60 cm at the withers, weighing approximately 30 kilograms. It is an active breed of dog, with droopy ears and a short, smooth coat. This large breed of dog is recognized by the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

  • Andalusian winemaker buzzard

The Andalusian Wine Buzzard, sometimes also known as the Spanish Jack Russel, originated in Andalusia to chase mice in stables and warehouses. This breed of medium Spanish dog was also used to hunt rabbits and hares. It is an athletic and compact breed of dog, and has a short white coat on most of its body, except for the head, which is black. The breed is recognized by the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

  • Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff is a high mountain dog of Spanish origin. It has been widely used for guarding and defense, formerly to protect herds from the presence of wolves and bears. We are talking about an affectionate, noble, courageous and very active dog. It can reach a considerable height, exceeding 72 cm in females and 77 cm in males. They are recognized by the FCI.

  • Basque Shepherd

The Basque Shepherd Dog, also known as “Euskal Artzain Txakurra” is a breed of Basque dog, originally used to herd sheep and cows. It is an attentive, vigilant and intelligent Spanish canine breed. The Basque Shepherd Dog is characterized by its medium size and floppy ears. It wears a semi-long and smooth coat, commonly light brown in color. It is recognized by the RSCE.

  • Maneto

The Maneto is another breed of Spanish hunting dog that was originally used for rabbit hunting activity. These dogs are characterized by their small size, short legs, and agile body. However, they do best as hunting dogs in areas with sparse, low vegetation (due to their small legs). This breed of dog, native to Andalusia, is very friendly and active. The breed is recognized by the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

  • Spanish hound

The Spanish hound is a breed of dog whose origins date back to the fourteenth century, when it was used for hunting, both large and small, specifically, deer, wolves, wild boars or rabbits. This medium-sized breed of dog has a short coat and a somewhat sad facial expression. It is between 48 and 57 cm tall and its coat is white and orange. It is recognized by the FCI.

  • Burgos Perdiguero

The Burgos retriever was developed in Castilla y León. It stands out for being a strong, obedient and especially calm breed of dog. It is part of the great list of Spanish dog breeds, reaching between 59 and 67 cm at the withers. It is also a breed recognized by the FCI.

  • Alano Spanish

The Spanish Alano is one of the most popular large-size Spanish dog breeds. This breed was formerly used for hunting big game and to guard and protect homes and large farms. This large breed of Spanish dog, which can reach 60 centimeters at the withers and weighs 40 kilograms, normally has a short brown or tan coat.

Despite its popularity in the country, it is not recognized by the FCI, but it is listed by the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

Chow Chow: the dog with the blue tongue

The Chow Chow is a dog that is estimated to have originated in China around 2,000 years ago. Their distinctive blue, grayish-blue, navy blue, or black tongue is a characteristic trait that is more commonly found in lizards than dogs. The Chow Chow is not the only breed of dog to have this distinctive colored tongue, Shar Peis and some other purebred dogs also have this coloration. However, it is far from the only interesting thing about this beloved dog.

In this article we take a look at the characteristics of the bluetongue dog: the Chow Chow. We will talk not only about its characteristics, but also about its temperament and some of the legends that surround this ancient breed of dog.

Characteristics of the blue-tongued dog

The Chow Chow’s blue tongue may not be the first thing you recognize about this dog. Perhaps the beautiful hair that surrounds her face attracts you first. This dog has a double coat that puffs up, making them appear plump despite their good physique.

You can usually find them in a few color varieties ranging from red to gold, but it’s not uncommon to see a dark brown or cream Chow Chow either. Their eyes are deeply sunken and they have a curly tail of medium length that is usually set upwards.

Despite their stocky build, Chow Chows are quite agile. They were known as “war dogs”, and even Marco Polo admired them for their ability to fight alongside their owners. This may seem incongruous with their teddy bear appearance, but it also doesn’t mean they are violent dogs in any way. They can be very calm and gentle dogs. Perhaps due to their ancestral upbringing, they are also very loyal. This means that they can be wary of strangers and sometimes overprotect their owner if they perceive a threat. It is also the reason why they were used as temple guard dogs in some places in Asia, such as China and Tibet, where they originated.

They can also be difficult to train due to their somewhat stubborn nature, which means they need to socialize early. The more they get used to being around other animals and people, the more likely they are to become more level adults. They are a wonderful companion animal, especially for the older ones. Like all dogs, they need moderate exercise, but have relatively low energy. This makes them a good pet choice for almost any home.

Legends about the Chow Chow

There are several legends about how the Chow Chow got its tongue colored blue. The first is related to the dog’s close ties to the Buddhist community in Asia. On a very cold day, a long time ago, a Buddhist monk became very ill. He was so ill that he was incapacitated and could not go out to get firewood to warm himself. The Chow Chows went out into the cold in search of firewood for the monk, but unfortunately all they could find were charred logs. When they were brought back to their mouths, the charring caused their tongues to turn this bluish-black color.

The second legend about the Chow Chow’s blue tongue refers to the Buddha himself, Siddhartha Gautama. While Buddha was painting the sky with his distinctive blue color, he left his brushes on the ground. The curious Chow Chow walked over to the brushes and gave them a lick. In this way it became the permanent color of the dog’s tongue.

Another of the stories that go around the world about the Chow Chow has to do with Queen Victoria herself of England. The queen as a child had a Chow Chow as her pet. She made him accompany her everywhere, but some of her caregivers thought it unwise for a girl to have a dog of that size. In her place, they created a version of a soft toy that she could take with her anywhere (what we now know as Pomeranian).

There are more stories about Chow Chows that are generally linked to their famous owners. Historic names who were known to own the Chow Chow include footballer Mario Balotelli, singer Janet Jackson, cultural icon Elvis Presley, and former US President Calvin Coolidge. Even Sigmund Freud himself had one, which he is said to have used as a therapy dog. Not simply as a way to help the patient relax, but some also claim that he used it to get diagnoses.

The truth about the Chow Chow’s blue tongue

The Chow Chow’s tongue may appear blue, purple, grayish, or black, depending on the dog. The reason for its color is simply due to the presence of pigmented cells, similar to the same types of cells that determine the color of human skin. The dark color of the tongue is a curious trait as it is also found in some wild animals like a giraffe or even some bears, like the polar bear. There is some research to suggest that Chow Chows were derived from a Hemicyon, a kind of cross between a dog and a bear (the name literally means ‘dog-bear’) that lived in the Miocene age. This is a hypothesis and it is difficult to scientifically support it as a fact, but it is not unlikely either. One fact that could support this theory is that the Hemicion has fossils showing it with 44 teeth, and this is a detail that it shares with the Chow Chow.

While Chow Chows may not be the only dog ​​to have a blue tongue, they are the only breed of dog that has lips and a palate characterized by the same color. There are many breeds that have spots of this color, but none have completely dark mucous membranes. A strange fact is that the Chow Chow breed is not born with a blue tongue. Instead, it develops around 2 to 3 months of age. If the tongue does not change color and remains pink, it is said to be not purebred.

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