Category: Dog breeds

The Chinese Crested: a most peculiar breed

Elegant and bicolored, the Chinese Crested Dog has two varieties: hairless and powder puff. Those without hair only have a crest of silky hair on their heads and patches of hair on their legs and tail. Powder puffs have fur all over their bodies. His hair is known to be soft, long and very shiny.

Although both varieties of Chinese Crested Dog require special care to keep their skin and coat in perfect condition, it is considered one of the perfect dog breeds for beginners. Although do not be fooled, although they have a very good character and coexistence is easy, they also require a lot of time, since they cannot spend many hours alone.

Origin of the Chinese Crested Dog

As with other dog breeds, the history of the Chinese Crested Dog is confusing and poorly understood. The truth is that these dogs existed in the 13th century in China and were traditionally used as ratters on merchant ships. As for the appearance of the hairless variation, it is believed to come from Africa. This belief stems from several 19th century texts that mention the hairless Abyssinian Sand Terrier. However, today, researchers say that the Chinese Crested Dog shares a genetic origin with the Xoloitzcuintle dog, originally from Mexico. Also, Chinese Crested Dogs and Xoloitzcuintli dogs have the same mutations. Be that as it may, Chinese Crested Dogs were unknown outside their country of origin until the 19th century, when they entered Europe.

It was in the late 19th century that Ida Garrett, a breeder of hairless dogs, began promoting the breed in Europe. Today, the Chinese Crested Dog remains less well known than other breeds. However, they are becoming more and more popular.

Physical Appearance of the Chinese Crested

The Chinese Crested Dog is a small-medium sized breed of dog. His body is relatively long for his height. They are very flexible. The chest is deep and the underline is moderately retracted to the level of the belly. As for the hair that this dog has, there are two different varieties: hairless and powder puff. The first has a long crest, fur on the legs and on the tip of the tail. While the powder puff has hair all over its body. His hair is fine, silky and long.

The head of the Chinese Crested is wedge-shaped and the roof of the skull is slightly rounded. Their teeth may appear misaligned and may even be missing in the hairless variety. His eyes are medium and dark in color. His ears are erect and low. Drop ears are only possible in the powder puff variation. The Chinese Crested Dog’s tail is long and high. In the powder puff variety the tail is completely covered with hair. In the hairless variety, the tail is feathered, but only on the distal two-thirds. In both types, the tail gradually tapers, being thicker at the base and thinner at the tip.

The hair of the Chinese Powder Puff Crested is double layered and covers the entire body with a distinctive veil-like coat. The hairless variety of dogs only have a crest on the head, hair on the legs and at the end of the tail. The skin is delicately grained and smooth. Any color and color combination is possible with both varieties of this breed. That is why it is not unusual to see a white Chinese crested dog with black spots.

What is the personality of the Chinese Crested Dog?

The Chinese Crested Dog is characterized by being a pleasant, sensitive and very cheerful breed. They are usually very loyal to their owners and remain very attached to them, since they are their family. They usually have a shy and always alert personality.

Well socialized, the Chinese Crested Dog can get along very well with people, other dogs, and other pets. However, by nature they tend to be shy around new people and situations. Therefore, it is very important to socialize the dog from a young age to prevent behavioral problems during adulthood.

Chinese crested dog care

The hair of the powder puff variety should be brushed and combed at least once a day. A natural bristle or metal bristle brush is recommended. It is also important to bathe the powder puff when it is very dirty, using a natural shampoo with a neutral pH.

On the other hand, the little hair that the hairless variety presents only needs brushing two or three times a week. Because their fur is so fine, it usually tangles easily. When this happens, it is advisable to undo the knots with the help of our own fingers, being very careful not to hurt them. Once untangled, we will proceed to comb it with the named brushes. Another point to keep in mind about hairless dogs is that their skin is more exposed to changes in temperature due to their lack of hair. This means that they are more vulnerable to damage from the sun’s rays, cold weather, and other factors. That is why it is essential to bathe it every 15 days with a neutral pH moisturizing shampoo. Once a month, after bathing, it is recommended to exfoliate the skin and apply a moisturizing product, massaging the entire body.

In both varieties of Chinese Crested it is important to take good care of the teeth and wash them frequently. To do this, we must always use products for dogs and never products for humans.

The Chinese Crested breed is an active dog that needs daily exercise. Due to their small size, they can do much of their exercise indoors. However, it is also necessary to take them out for a walk several times a day. Games of tug of war are not advisable because the breed usually has weak teeth.

If you have a hairless Chinese crested dog, it is important that you put sunscreen on it. This is especially important if your skin is white or pink. By doing this we can avoid skin burns. This does not mean that we should prevent the dog from sunbathing, as this is one of the main sources of vitamin D that the animal has. Simply, we must pay special attention to the care of your skin.

If it is cold, putting a coat on them is a good idea so that their skin does not dry out and is protected. Keep in mind that their skin is fragile and can be injured by branches and tough grass, so it is best to avoid places with weeds and tall vegetation.

Chinese Crested Health

The Chinese Crested Dog tends to be healthy and is not as susceptible to hereditary diseases as other dog breeds. However, they have a certain propensity for the following pathologies and conditions:

  • Calvé-Perthes-Legg disease.
  • Patellar dislocation.
  • Early tooth loss.
  • Skin lesions.
  • Skin burns.

As we mentioned in previous sections, to avoid damaging the skin of the Chinese Crested it will be essential to take precautions. For example, use sunscreen before going outside, moisturize your skin, and use a neutral pH shampoo. It will also be essential to go to the veterinarian periodically so that he can provide the mandatory vaccinations and follow the deworming schedule, in addition to keeping a continuous track of his health. In the event of any anomaly, you should always go to a professional for a review.

Learn all about one of the most warrior breeds: Chihuahuas

The Chihuahua is a small breed of dog, very popular precisely because of its size. In addition to being an adorable pet, they are intelligent, restless and curious companions. And he will offer all his love to those who take care of them.

Unsurprisingly, they get their name from Chihuahua, Mexico, the state in which they were first discovered. The meaning of chihuahua is literally “an arid and sandy place”. They were captured and domesticated by natives at the time of the Toltec civilization. At present, we can find figures of a dog that lived in Tula, very similar to the current Chihuahua. Read on to know everything about the Chihuahua dog!

Physical appearance of the Chihuahua

As we have already mentioned, they are small dogs. Their height varies between 15 and 25 centimeters although some can reach 30. In addition, they usually weigh between 1.5 and 4 kg. These measurements may vary when we find the two types of Chihuahua dogs that differ by size and in some physical aspects:

  • Apple-headed Chihuahua: They are the most common. Their head has, as the name suggests, a shape similar to that of an apple that gives them a sweet and cared appearance. They have two large, separated ears, almost always in a straight position. In contrast to a large head and bulging eyes, its body is small and slender. They have a small tail that curves towards the body.
  • Deer Head Chihuahua: They are slightly larger than the previous Chihuahua. The shape of the head is longer and in some cases reminiscent of a small deer. They are somewhat taller and more stylized, but they also show a delicate and sweet appearance that will make you fall in love.

In addition to the physical characteristics, we also find two different types of fur:

  • Long hair.
  • Short hair.

The chihuahua can be of different colors such as white, brown, black, chocolate, cream … In addition to tricolor, striped or marbled.

The Chihuahua Personality: Are They Really As Grumpy As They Say?

Is the chihuahua a barking dog? Generally, yes, but it is not due to their race, but to their education and their experiences. Those who bark too much do so in response to fear, not as an intention to attack. They are small and in many cases can feel defenseless, by those who believe that their only way to “defend” is to stand up and bark.

They can be cuddly and loving dogs or somewhat malicious and cunning. They are very intelligent and observant and they like to get away with it. They are seemingly daring dogs despite their small size. Chihuahuas are always alert and anxious, particularly in the face of any intruder.

Sometimes they can show jealous attitudes towards the people around their owner. Although this is usually an easy problem to solve. The chihuahua does not seem to realize its small size and can take on large dogs or dogs just to defend whoever it wants.

Chihuahua dog behavior

The Chihuahua will show devotion, in general, to the person who takes care of him every day. They are very affectionate dogs that will ask for your attention throughout the day. In general, they tend to distrust strangers. They can be territorial and possessive dogs with their owners, but they do not usually show offensive or violent attitudes. They are curious dogs that will easily accept affection and care.

Chihuahuas don’t always accept the company of other pets. However, they can usually coexist wonderfully with dogs of the same breed or size. To encourage a dog socially, we must always allow him to play with others when he is a puppy. Although it doesn’t matter if we start your education late, we can achieve great results.

Caring for a Chihuahua

They are dogs that adapt perfectly to urban life so you will not have problems living in a small apartment. Even so, the Chihuahua can live very restless and nervous. We should take them out for a walk at least twice a day to exercise and play with them indoors.

Generally, and especially short-haired Chihuahuas, are sensitive to cold due to their small size. Find clothes in his size to protect him in winter, especially if you live in a cold environment.

The Chihuahua is a very intelligent dog that will not hesitate to become fragile, capricious or extremely nervous if we give in to all its requests.

Finally, it must be said that the Chihuahua is a dog that has a tendency to obesity. Therefore, it is important that we know the type of diet that this breed requires to prevent future diseases or problems.

The health of the Chihuahua breed

They can live up to 18 years or more if they stay healthy and fit. In any case, there are a series of diseases that can affect them throughout their lives, we detail the most common:

  • Palatine myoclonus.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Herniated disc.
  • Secondary glaucoma.
  • Dislocation (luxated patella).
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hemophilia A.
  • Heart problems.

They require a regular vet who is aware of their needs. For this reason, we recommend that you visit them regularly and follow their vaccination schedule.

In addition, it is also important that you take care of your eyes to prevent eye infections.

Training a Chihuahua

The basis of education for a healthy and sociable Chihuahua begins by socializing it from an early age, both with people and with other animals. It is crucial that you follow this advice to avoid an antisocial dog, with inappropriate and severe behavior. They must learn to live in harmony with animals, children and adults. That will help you enjoy the outdoors while leaving them with the kids without any worries.

Remember that for a dog to be calm and behave well, the people in your home must promote this climate of harmony and mental well-being.

Boston Terrier: discover this friendly breed

The Boston Terrier is an elegant, cheerful and sociable dog. It can be the ideal pet for both dog experts and novice owners. We are talking about a small dog, easy to care for and extremely affectionate. It is perfect for all types of families and due to its character, it does not need excessive time in its education. The main quality of this dog is its high sociability, its good behavior and the attachment it has with its family.

In this breed tab we will detail everything about the Boston terrier, including its physical characteristics, its character and the specific care that owners must take into account. Read on and find out if this breed is right for you.

History of the Boston terrier

Unlike other dog breeds, the Boston Terrier has a well-documented history. The breed was developed by a coachman who worked for wealthy people in Boston in 1865. This coachman used to crossbreed the dog breeds of his employers and began to cross an English terrier with a bulldog. It is from this cross that this breed bears the word “terrier” in its name, but currently there is nothing left of those tough hunting dogs in the Boston Terrier.

The offspring of this cross bred only with small dogs and, mainly, with French bulldogs. That explains the great resemblance between the Boston terrier and the French bulldog. As time went by, the Boston Terrier became more and more popular and today it is one of the most valued dogs in almost the entire globe.

Boston terrier traits

The body of the Boston Terrier is short, compact and square in structure, that is, its length is equal to the height at the withers. The legs of this dog are strong for their size. The head of the Boston Terrier is short and square. It is well proportioned to the rest of the body and its expression denotes a high degree of intelligence. The nose, black and broad, has a well-defined furrow between the nostrils.

These dogs have a prognathism (lower jaw longer than the upper one) that gives their muzzle a square shape. His eyes are large, round, and dark. Their ears are small and erect.

The coat of this breed is usually short, smooth, shiny and of fine texture. It can be brindle, black with a reddish hue, or black with white markings.

Boston Terrier temperament

These dogs are friendly, sociable, and gentle. Also, they are very loyal and smart. Their good character has made them the favorite pets of many families around the world.

They are usually very friendly dogs when it comes to people, although somewhat reserved with strangers. In addition, they have a reputation of being great friends to children, but you have to make sure that the little ones do not hurt them by playing. They also tend to get along with other dogs and can learn to hang out with other pets. Either way, it is important to socialize these dogs when they are still puppies.

Boston Terriers have a high degree of intelligence. They learn very easily when trained with positive methods, and can learn a variety of commands when the trainer understands and applies the fundamental principles of dog training.

Although they do not present particular problems when it comes to canine behavior, these dogs demand a lot of attention and company, which can be difficult for those who do not have enough time for a pet. Left alone for long periods of time, they can be destructive or even develop separation anxiety.

In short, these dogs make excellent pets for families with and without children, as long as the owners have enough time to spend with their dogs. Although Boston terriers are not aggressive, adopting such a breed is not recommended if you have very young children, as they are fragile dogs that can be easily abused and injured.

Specific Boston Terrier care

Boston terrier hair is easy to care for and it is usually sufficient to brush and bathe it occasionally, only when the dog is dirty. These dogs shed hair regularly, but not a lot.

When it comes to exercise, the Boston Terrier doesn’t need much. Their daily walks are usually enough to keep your pet in good shape, but also to enjoy some ball games and catch it. Many owners practice canine agility and freestyle training with their dogs, sports that can be enjoyed with this breed. However, we must take seriously the risks the Boston terrier faces when exercising vigorously in hot weather. These dogs should never be forced to exercise in high temperatures because they can suffer fatal heat stroke.

Boston Terrier Health

Unfortunately, due to its particular morphology, this breed is predisposed to various canine diseases. Boston Terriers are prone to cataracts, patellar dislocation, epilepsy, heart problems, allergies, and sensitivity to anesthesia and other chemicals. In addition, they are very susceptible to heat stroke and that is why you have to take good care of them in hot environments. Avoid extreme exercise in high temperatures.

These dogs are also known to be poor swimmers, so they can easily drown if they fall into the water and don’t know how to swim too much. Prevention is better than cure, so avoid risks if you have a pool at home.

Bring your Boston Terrier to our Hospital Veterinario  Glòries in Barcelona and we will be happy to take care of his health. Request your appointment now by calling 932 460 805.

Meet the Saluki or Persian greyhound, a peculiar breed of dog

The Saluki or Persian greyhound is considered a very special breed by those who have had it. Its combination of personality, energy and physical appearance make this dog a unique and special specimen.

The first Persian greyhound was found in 1000 BC, originating in Egypt, and over the years it was used for hunting or as a sheepdog. Its graceful appearance, grace, and speed made the Saluki a triumph as a racing dog.

Saluki’s physical appearance

This dog is tall, sleek, and graceful in his movements. It has a long, silky coat of hair, which, covering its entire body, allows it to isolate itself in the coldest and most inhospitable climates. Commonly we can find sand-colored specimens, or with a darker coat of hair, however, there are many different colors.

Their heads are refined, long and very expressive and their two long and soft ears hang on both sides.

Although its appearance is refined and elegant, it is a dog with a strong neck, prominent bones and sturdy, straight legs.

Character of the Saluki or Persian greyhound

The greyhound is considered a dog of a fairly independent character. This breed, however, is still loyal, sweet and loving to its owner. It is a brave and energetic dog that must be properly socialized from its youth so that its qualities can be enhanced.

This breed is known for being calm and friendly, somewhat suspicious of strangers, although not aggressive or hostile. They are sensitive to their environment and have a great facility to interpret non-verbal language.

Behavior of the Saluki or Persian greyhound

We recommend educating children on how to treat a dog before letting them play with this wonderful specimen. If a child pulls his hair, this dog can easily become nervous and overwhelmed. We must understand that, like any dog, the Persian greyhound must be respected and treated with the affection it deserves.

This breed is usually positive and personable with other dogs. It is essential that you train your dog to interact with other people and dogs when he is young, so that when he reaches adulthood, he is a sociable dog.

The importance of positive reinforcement

Positive reinforcement, socialization in the education of this dog is very important. The Saluki must be educated in a friendly, consistent and calm manner.

He has a great memory capacity and also has a lot of instinct. This dog will react correctly to what we ask of him if we are consistent and fair with his education.

Caring for a Saluki dog

The Saluki is a dog that was once a shepherd in its past, ran through the mountains and guided the sheep. For this reason, we can understand that this breed needs a lot of physical exercise, that if it is not fulfilled it can lead to a shy and nervous behavior.

You should take your Saluki dog for long walks every day. This breed also makes an excellent jogging companion. Not meeting their basic needs can cause widespread stress on the animal. This stress can lead to behavior problems, in turn, affecting your relationship with other dogs or other people. The Saluki or Persian greyhound breed loves to swim on the beach or river and run freely in the mountains.

The maintenance of the Persian Greyhound is demanding, constant and must be done with care. You need regular brushing (at least 3 times a week) and a monthly bath. It can adapt well to life inside a house as it will prevent dirt or tangles from appearing in its coat and it is also a home breed.

The health of a Persian greyhound

In general, it is a healthy dog ​​as long as its owner follows basic sanitary guidelines such as vaccination, deworming, etc. Still, like any medium / large-sized dog, the Saluki Greyhound can suffer from diseases such as elbow or hip dysplasia. You can try to prevent these problems by not exercising your dog too much, avoiding weight gain, and providing a comfortable resting area.

It is also important that this breed is sensitive to certain chemicals or drugs (cortisone, tranquilizers, and anesthesia).

Do you have a Saluki at home? If you would like to bring him to our office so that we can review and take care of all aspects of his health, do not hesitate to contact us and we will assist you as soon as possible.

Chorkie: the hybrid between chihuahua and yorkshire terrier

What do you get when you cross a Yorkshire Terrier with a Chihuahua? Well, this adorable breed of dog called Chorkie. Not only are they cute little dogs, but they are also very easy to care for.

Thinking of adopting a little Chorkie? Read this article to learn more about it. We will review its history, characteristics, care, health and more!

Origin of the Chorkie dog

Although the exact time and place of the appearance of the first Chorkie puppies is unknown, it is believed that they made their first appearance in the early 1990s. They are known to have been born by crossing the Yorkshire Terrier with a Chihuahua to achieve a similar breed with better health. As with many other hybrid breeds, the Chorkie has not been recognized as an independent breed, but has been recognized as a hybrid.

Chorkies Characteristics

Chorkies are small dogs that weigh between 4 and 5 kilograms. Its height ranges between 15 and 23 centimeters at the withers. Its coat is normally smooth and its most common colors are brown, black, gold and gray.
The body of the Chorkie breed dog is rectangular in shape, while its head is rounded. Its head resembles that of a Chihuahua more than that of a Yorkshire, although the distribution of its fur on the face makes it more similar to that of the Yorkie at first glance. It has large ears, more or less erect depending on the dog, triangular in shape and covered with hair. Their eyes are equally large, generally dark in color, while their nose is small and also dark.

Surely, if we see a Chorkie puppy, the most striking thing will be to see how small he is. These dogs are extremely delicate in their puppy stage, so we have to monitor their health at all times. Chorkies at this age are playful and, just as they will be as adults, awake, active and very sociable. They have a half-life of 10 to 15 years, although this will depend on the quality of your care.

Chorkie personality and character

Chorkies have a very special character, being remarkably autonomous and independent. However, they need to feel constant affection, otherwise they will start to suffer from high levels of anxiety and start to develop destructive behaviors.
They get along well with people, yet they may not be the best breed for families with young children as they are too restless and impatient. Their relationship with other animals is not always good, as they can sometimes be somewhat reactive. The best thing for a good coexistence is to socialize your Chorkie well from his puppy.

Chorkie care

When it comes to caring for a Chorkie, you won’t find too many complications. Aside from a high-quality diet and exercise, this breed needs a lot of affection. They should also brush their hair at least once a day, because the length of their hair is long in proportion to their body. Bathrooms are restricted to only when you really need them. Bear in mind that they are very sensitive to low temperatures. You should also keep him up to date with his dental hygiene and veterinary check-ups.

Chorkie Training

Like any other dog, Chorkies will need to socialize properly as a puppy. By interacting with different dogs, people, and experiencing different environments, they will be able to have a balanced temperament as adults.

Other than that, Chorkie breed dogs will benefit from basic training through positive reinforcement. Teaching them basic commands will not only be entertaining for them, but it can also help them stay safe in certain situations. By using positive reinforcement, you ensure that your dog has good experiences and feels more attached to you.

Chorkie’s health

Chorkies are generally healthy dogs. This is common in hybrid breeds, as the conditions of pure dogs tend to disappear. This is exactly the case when it comes to Chorkie. They have much better health than Chihuahuas and Yorkshire Terriers. Despite this advantage, they are prone to skin health problems. Therefore, we must be careful when taking care of their skin and take them to the vet as soon as we observe abnormal behavior.

Apart from that, as we always tell you, you should keep them updated with their deworming and vaccination calendar. Regular check-ups at the vet are also always beneficial. There is no better medicine than prevention!

Meet the Italian Greyhound

The Italian Greyhound is the smallest of all greyhounds and one of the oldest companion dogs today. Although it is occasionally used for hunting small animals, its main use was always as a companion dog. It has also been used for dog racing, but never as much as its older relative, the greyhound. Let’s get to know the Italian Greyhound a little more!

Italian Greyhound: origin

The Italian Greyhound was one of the first known companion dogs. And it is that, records of Italian greyhounds have already been found in ancient Egypt.

It is believed that it was the Phoenicians who transferred the ancestors of the Italian greyhound from Egypt to Rome in the 5th century BC. Along the way, these dogs became popular with the Greeks.

The greatest development of this canine breed took place during the Renaissance period, 16th century, in the country that we know today as Italy. This is where the Italian Greyhound became one of the favorite dog breeds among the nobles. Many famous painters of that time even recorded the important presence of the Italian greyhound in their lives.

Physical appearance of the Italian Greyhound

The Italian Greyhound is a “square” bodied dog, which means that the height at the withers is equal to (or slightly less than) the length measured from the shoulder to the rear. Its morphology is very similar to that of the greyhound, but in a smaller dog with a finer bone density.

The head of an Italian Greyhound is long and narrow, with a narrow snout pointing straight ahead. Their eyes are large and expressive and generally appear darker in color. Their ears are small and extend back, folded over on themselves.

The body of the Italian Greyhound has a straight and muscular but somewhat arched back. His chest is narrow but deep and reaches the line of the elbows. Its tail is set low and is fine throughout.

The little Italian greyhound has short, fine hair. It can be black, gray, slate gray, or with a light yellow coating (Elizabethan).

The height at the withers, for both males and females, can range between 32 and 38 centimeters. The weight should not exceed five kilograms for either sex.

Italian Greyhound: character

Italian Greyhounds are known to be very loyal, loving and docile dogs. They are usually reserved with strangers, and can even become very shy, so it is very important to socialize these dogs since they are puppies.

They are very vigilant, so they will alarm your family when they hear strange noises or see unfamiliar people, making them good watchdogs, despite their small size.

Regarding training, Italian Greyhounds do not respond well to traditional training. When training Italian Greyhounds we always recommend using positive reinforcement.

Italian Greyhounds are friendly with children, but they do not tolerate rough play. Also, due to their delicate bone structure and small size, these greyhounds are not recommended for families with young children who cannot supervise the relationship between the two.

If they have been properly socialized, Italian Greyhounds will get along well with other dogs. However, their hunting instincts are strong and they tend to chase and attack small animals such as rabbits and hamsters.

Italian Greyhound Health

The Italian Greyhound has a life expectancy that ranges between 12 and 15 years. Bone problems are the most common health problems for this type of greyhound. Due to their small size and fine bones, Italian Bloodhounds are susceptible to fractures, fissures, and dislocations, especially when they are less than 18 months old. Therefore, it is advisable to handle them with care.

Other ailments that can affect this breed of dog include: epilepsy, autoimmune disorders, progressive retinal atrophy, and hypersensitivity to chemicals and medications. Due to their small size, Italian Greyhounds are also very susceptible to cold, so you can protect them with dog clothes when necessary. Also for this reason, it is advised that this dog lives indoors, not outside.

Italian Greyhounds are apartment-friendly and can demand a lot of exercise or play indoors. This does not mean that they do not need outdoor exercise. In fact, exercise outdoors is incredibly important for all dogs to socialize and receive sufficient mental stimulation.

The Italian Greyhound is a hypoallergenic breed of dog that does not shed much hair. Their coat is very easy to maintain and requires occasional brushing and cleaning. You should only bathe these dogs when it is strictly necessary and, in those cases, be sure to dry them well so they do not catch a cold.

Do you have one of these Italian greyhounds at home? If you want Glòries Veterinary Hospital to become your trusted center, our veterinarians who are experts in internal medicine will be happy to assist you. Make an appointment now by calling 932 460 805 or contact us by clicking here.

The Irish Wolfhound: the largest dog in the world?

The Irish Wolfhound is one of the most loved and appreciated Irish breeds. His story is old, but well known as Julius Caesar already mentioned it in his comments on the Gallic War. At that time they were valued for their fighting skills, especially for the ferocity with which they attacked the enemy.

But a lot has changed history. Currently, the Irish Wolfhound stands out as one of the most docile and affectionate dogs, but also one of the largest in the world. In this breed file that we have prepared for you at Glòries Veterinary Hospital, we are going to explain everything you need to know about this great breed of dog, including its characteristics, training, care and health. Read on if you are thinking of adopting one!

Origin of the Irish Wolfhound

These dogs are believed to be descendants of the first Egyptian sighthounds, who came to Ireland through the Celts. The Celts were interested in breeding big, tall dogs. The existence of these dogs was already known in 391 AD. when the Roman consul Aurelio expressed the amazement with which all of Rome saw the seven animals that had arrived there as gifts. Formerly it was also known as “cu”, because in Ancient Rome it was baptized as “Cú Faoil”, which in Gaelic means “hound”.

In the 19th century, the decline of the breed was so pronounced that it was thought that it might disappear. This happened to the fact that the Irish Wolfhound was used to hunt elk, and once the population of these animals declined, the use of this breed as a hunting dog also fell. Fortunately, a British Army captain named George A. Graham was able to rescue this breed by crossing Irish Wolfhounds with Bulldogs and Scottish Sighthounds.

Physical characteristics of the Irish Wolfhound

The Irish Wolfhound is among the tallest dog breeds in the world and competes with the Great Dane. The minimum height at the withers for a male Irish Wolfhound is 79 centimeters and at least 71 centimeters for females. The male Irish Wolfhound weighs 54 kg and the females weigh 47 kg. Unfortunately, the life expectancy of an Irish Wolfhound is 6 to 8 years.

This large dog has a long, broad-chested body with a slightly arched back and a long, slightly curved tail covered in good fur. Its head is elongated and measures the same width of the skull as the length of the muzzle, which is pointed in shape. The ears are small and their shape is like that of a rose, like those of a greyhound. His eyes are dark and of medium size.

The coat of an Irish Wolfhound is made up of tough, long and strong hair, especially in areas such as the lower part of the jaw or around the eyes. This coat can be gray, brindle, red-black, pure white, or fawn.
Irish Wolfhound Character
Despite their history as a hunting dog, Irish Wolfhounds are actually very hostile, affectionate, and friendly.

These dogs adapt to almost any type of coexistence, whether with children, the elderly or pets. They are so patient and noble that there will hardly be any confrontations with someone who is part of their family. However, they are also very loyal dogs and will not hesitate to defend their loved ones in dangerous situations.

Caring for the Irish Wolfhound

When caring for an Irish Wolfhound, the first thing to consider is taking care of their hair. You should brush his hair at least twice a week to avoid tangles and keep his coat clean. Baths should be limited and should only be done when necessary.

As a large breed of dog, these dogs understandably need a lot of exercise. In fact, you need at least an hour of high intensity exercise daily. This can include running, jogging, or taking long walks. They will also need time to play in order to be cognitively challenged and mentally stimulated. As large dogs, they will also need a spacious home. These dogs are not recommended for apartments. A house with a large backyard or even a farm is an ideal home for these large dogs.
When it comes to diet, they will need a high-quality, nutritious canine diet to boost their activities and keep them in good health.

Irish Wolfhound training

Like any other dog, Irish Wolfhounds will need to be properly trained from an early age. Educate them to learn to relieve themselves like all puppies: first on pads at home. Once they have all the proper vaccinations and are ready to go out for their first walks, it’s time to properly socialize them and let them relieve themselves outside. This will help them to have a balanced temperament when they are adults.

You can then start training your Irish Wolfhound by teaching him basic commands that will keep him calm in the future in certain situations. We also recommend that you do it through positive reinforcement. This will ensure that his training sessions help you bond with your dog and ensure that he does not develop any behavior problems when he is an adult.

The health of the Irish Wolfhound

Unfortunately, the Irish Wolfhound is one of the breeds with certain health problems. As with other giant breeds, they are prone to hip dysplasia, bone cancer, hypersensitivity to anesthesia or medications, heart problems, and liver problems. That is why they have a short life expectancy.

However, one of the most relevant dangers when talking about the Irish Wolfhound is the dreaded stomach twist. To avoid this disease, do not allow your dog to be physically active immediately after eating. Make sure they rest and digest the food first. You should also recognize symptoms as early as possible, these include lethargy, a distended abdomen, vomiting, and restlessness. If you see that your dog experiences these symptoms or any other abnormal behavior, you should take him to the vet as soon as possible so that he can be properly diagnosed and treated.

Lastly, be sure to keep your dog up to date with his vaccination schedule, deworming, electronic chip, and regular check-ups with his vet. If you follow these tips, your dog will have a happier and healthier life!

The Samoyed dog: the ideal breed for active families

The Samoyed is one of the most popular Russian dog breeds in the world. Its white, fluffy and thick fur is very popular and appreciated by all dog lovers. However, this dog also shows a very special and sociable character, perfect for active families and children or adolescents.

Whether you are considering adopting a Samoyed or if you already have one, you will discover much more about the breed in this article.

Origin of the Samoyed dog

Samoyed tribes inhabited the territory between northwestern Siberia and Central Asia. These nomadic peoples relied on their dogs to herd reindeer and protect themselves from predators, as well as to hunt. They also slept alongside their precious dogs to keep warm.

The dogs in the southern regions were black, white, and brown, and had a more independent temperament. However, the dogs of the northern regions had a pure white coat and were more docile.

These dogs captivated the British explorer Ernest Kilburn-Scott during his research in the Arctic in 1889. On his return to England, Kilburn-Scott brought a brown Samoyed puppy with him as a gift for his wife.

Thereafter, other explorers, as well as the Kilburn-Scott family, were commissioned to bring these dogs to Europe. Kilburn-Scott dogs were the foundation of today’s European Samoyeds.

Race was also used to explore the other hemisphere. The dog who led Roald Amundsen’s expedition to the South Pole is said to have been a Samoyed named Etah.

Later the breed spread throughout the world thanks to its beauty and good character. Today, the Samoyed dog is well known and appreciated everywhere, and is used primarily as a family dog.

Samoyed characteristics

The Samoyed is a medium-sized dog with an elegant, strong, resistant and lively appearance. They have a characteristic expression that makes them look like they are smiling all the time! Its head is wedge-shaped and has a very good proportion to the rest of the body.

The nose is black, but it can partially lose its pigment at certain times of the year, in what is known as the “winter nose” or “snow nose.” The eyes are almond shaped, obliquely arranged and dark brown in color. The ears are erect, small, triangular, thick and rounded at the tips.

The body is a bit longer than tall, but compact and flexible. The chest is broad, deep and long, while the belly is moderately retracted. The tail is set high and reaches the hock. At rest it may be hanging, but when the dog is active it bends over on its back or to one side.

Its coat is made up of two layers. The outer coat is straight, dense, rough, and thick. The undercoat is short, smooth and dense. Although the dogs of the ancient nomadic tribes were of different colors, the modern Samoyed is only pure white, cream or white and biscuit in color.

Samoyed dog character

The FCI (International Cynological Federation) defines the Samoyed as a friendly, cheerful and clever dog. Although their origin may make us think that they are predisposed to hunting, the truth is that they do not have a strong hunting instinct. They are very friendly dogs, who tend to get along well with children and other animals, provided they have received adequate socialization.

Caring for the Samoyed breed

A Samoyed’s coat should be brushed at least three times a week to avoid tangles and remove dirt. It is essential if we want them to stay clean and healthy. During shedding periods, they will need daily brushing. On the other hand, we can bathe them every 1 or 2 months when we think they are very dirty or necessary.

Moderate exercise is required and 2-3 daily walks are recommended. Also be prepared to spend 2-3 days a week doing some physical activity.

Dog sports such as herding, canine freestyle, and agility are also good options for a Samoyed. The breed is well adapted to life in the country, but given enough exercise and walks they can adapt very well to life anywhere.

Apart from exercise, it is essential to offer our Samoyed different exercises that will help stimulate his mind. You can buy toys to fill with sweets, in the store of our Glòries Veterinary Hospital.

Food should always match the dog’s lifestyle. If we provide them with regular exercise, it is important that you consider adapting their diet and providing additional calories when necessary. We recommend looking for quality food, according to your needs.

Training a Samoyed

The Samoyed has intelligence, so this is not a breed that has learning difficulties, as long as its development as a puppy has been positive and appropriate, always keeping animal welfare in mind.

To achieve a balanced and sociable dog, we must consider that it will be essential to socialize it from a puppy to learn habits and social relationships. You can use positive reinforcement to achieve better results and develop a strong relationship with your dog.

Gradually, you can begin to teach the basic commands, which are essential for good communication and safety of the animal itself. Finally, keep in mind that when these dogs are isolated in a garden or left alone for a long time, they can develop behavior problems and become destructive dogs.

Samoyed Health

As with virtually all dog breeds, the Samoyed is predisposed to certain pathologies, most of which are believed to be genetic in origin. Here is an ordered list where we mention the most common Samoyed diseases, ordered from highest to lowest frequency:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Subaortic stenosis
  • Atrial septal defects (ASD)
  • waterfalls
  • Ataxia
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Deafness
  • Familial kidney disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Adrenal sex hormone dermatosis
  • Hemophilia
  • Hypomyelogenesis
  • Leukodystrophies
  • Osteochondrodysplasia
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Pulmonary stenosis
  • Retinal dysplasia
  • Sebaceous adenitis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Zinc sensitive dermatoses
  • Microphthalmia
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Shaker syndrome
  • Spina bifida

To prevent and detect any health problems early, it is vital to visit the vet at least every 6 to 12 months for a comprehensive review and to follow the dog’s vaccination schedule. Also remember to keep your internal and external deworming up to date. If properly cared for, the life expectancy of a Samoyed is around 12-14 years.

The most common health problems in a bulldog

Such quirky faces are synonymous with unique challenges for this breed. At Hospital Veterinari Glòries, we bring you a list of tips on how to make your bulldog and you happy, while keeping the most common problems of bulldogs at bay!

Bulldog facial features and health problems

Let’s see then, what kinds of problems do bulldogs normally face as a result of their characteristics? (and specifically, of his face). The fact is that, being a brachycephalic breed, they do not have an elongated snout like their ancestors the wolves. Their noses are pushed inward due to selective breeding. The genetics created from the mix of these dogs is mainly responsible for the following:

  • Shortness of breath: To give you an idea, it’s like breathing through straws. A sunken face like that of the bulldog means flattened airways. Bulldogs tend to have smaller nostrils than the average dog of other breeds. Also, there is often extra tissue in the back of the throat, making it smaller. There is a procedure called a staphylectomy that can widen your airway and clear that blockage in your throat.
  • Hyperkeratosis: presents as excessively thick skin on the legs or nose.
  • Hip dysplasia: where the ball joint in the hip does not fit properly, causing pain.
  • Eyelid Problems: Sometimes they droop so much that debris can get between the eyelid and the eye, causing irritation or infection.
  • Cherry Eye: With this, your pet can develop a red, bulging eye as a result of a prolapsed third eyelid.
  • Eczema: Known as atopic dermatitis, this dry skin can have a crusty outward appearance and can cause your bulldog to scratch excessively.
  • Skin allergies: These can cause your bulldog to scratch and lick a lot to relieve the itchiness. If it is bitten throughout the year, you may need to investigate food allergies.
  • Fold Infections: Often found in wrinkles on the face or on the tail. Bulldogs can develop infections, dermatitis (a swollen appearance with redness), or pyoderma (characterized by discharge). The skin folds of these dogs are the perfect breeding ground for bacteria and they retain a lot of moisture, which contributes to these conditions.

Tips for Times with Higher Contrast Temperatures

Almost all of these common bulldog problems are genetic, and some of them can be resolved with surgery. The rest have no cure, but there are remedies to help improve symptoms:

  • Walk, don’t run: walk to the rhythm of your furry’s breathing. Remember, unless they’ve had a staph, they have trouble breathing during regular activity. It becomes much more difficult to breathe when the breath becomes gasping.
  • Keep it cool in the summer, warm in the winter: Fans or air conditioners are essential to help them avoid panting in the summer. You can try chilling a sarong or towel in the freezer and then offering it to your bulldog to lie on the hottest days. With the cold, it is also important to offer them shelter to protect their skin and that it does not dry out excessively.
  • Don’t Jump: Jumping can have a severe impact on your joints over time. So getting on and off the bed or sofa is not what suits them best… you can use a ramp or stairs to help them.
  • Always Accessible Water: Keep water bowls throughout the house accessible (yes, several), specifically in the rooms they frequent. These large puppies have a harder time getting up and moving around, so they may not be motivated to get out of bed and walk to the kitchen or deck just to drink. Make it easy!
  • Regular Veterinary Check-ups: Together we can devise a comprehensive plan for your bulldog to keep him in good health, thus avoiding common bulldog problems related to his breathing and his skin.

Call us at 932 460 805 with any questions you may have or to schedule your next appointment with Hospital Veterinari Glòries.

This is the Yorkshire Terrier: personality and characteristics

The Yorkshire Terrier is a dog known to all. If you are thinking of adopting one, it is very important that you first consider its characteristics and needs. Knowing what food he needs, the size he will reach as an adult or how to carry out his education, are some of the basic things that you should be clear about. Remember that a dog can accompany you for many years and that you are responsible for its well-being.

Whether you are thinking about adopting an adult Yorkshire Terrier or a puppy, here is the information to help you decide more about the future with your Yorkshire Terrier dog.

The origin of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier first appeared in the 19th century. It was then that breeders began to develop a small breed of terrier, suitable for hunting rats. It wasn’t until 1860 that the Yorkshire Terrier we now know was officially featured in competitions. They are believed to be descended from the English toy terrier, the Skye Terrier or the Dandie Dinmont terrer. However, its origin is not entirely clear.

They were an easy breed to care for and educate, with very beautiful and aesthetically appreciated physical characteristics, and also not aggressive towards people. They were perfect for any type of family, since at that time they were one of the most “economical” breeds that existed.

As we have been explaining, the Yorkshire Terrier was used for the elimination of rats. Despite its diminutive size, it was well known that the miners’ Yorkshire hunted these rodents fearlessly. They were so popular that they began to participate in various “sports” related to the extermination of rats.

Later it was the British bourgeoisie who found in the Yorkshire Terrier, a sweet and beautiful companion dog. So, they began to stop using them in hunting rodents. However, Yorkshire’s history as a rat-catcher still accompanies them, as they are excellent at identifying pests.

Physical characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is considered a toy or miniature dog. Their average weight is 3.1 kg when they reach adulthood. They weigh little, but Yorkshire Terriers weighing up to 7 kg have been recorded. The size they reach will depend directly on their parents. The physical characteristics of the Yorkshire terrier are determined by the official standard. They have the following peculiarities:

The Yorkshire has a compact body, with abundant medium-long hair. His hair is smooth, shiny, silky and combines different shades: black, tan and silver gray. They are also popular for being hypoallergenic, making them suitable for people with allergies. His hair is easy to style and generally care for.

How is the personality of the Yorkshire Terrier?

The Yorkshire Terrier stands out for being an alert, intelligent and very lively dog. It is an excellent breed to live with all types of families, as it adapts wonderfully to any environment. One of their traits that you should know is that they can adopt the habit of barking a lot. This is because they are watchful and alert dogs by nature. If that doesn’t fit your circumstances, you should think of other breeds that may bark less.

Other characteristics of this breed is its overprotective and defiant attitude. This can be surprising in such a small breed. You must be very clear that the training and education of a Yorkshire Terrier must begin from the puppy stage with the socialization process. In this way, you can enjoy a sociable and mentally healthy adult dog. We usually speak of a very friendly dog ​​that is attached to its relatives, easy to handle and really very affectionate. They are perfect for any family.

Caring for a Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire is a dog that will not need much specific care. However, we will tell you some details that will help you keep them happy, clean and beautiful for longer.

The first of your usual care will be brushing. Brush him at least every other day because his long coat is prone to matting and collecting dirt. In addition, if we do not try to avoid the appearance of knots, later it will be much more difficult to eliminate them.

The tremors that accompany the small body of a Yorkshire Terrier are very common, either from the cold or from stressful situations. It will be important to prevent them from getting cold by wearing clothes for small dogs and protecting them from the rain.

Bathing a Yorkshire Terrier is also very important to keep its hair free of dandruff; another factor of concern for allergy sufferers. The regularity with which we must bathe our Yorkshire Terrier is usually about two weeks. But that will depend on the particular dog, the length of the coat, or how dirty it gets in the park.

Your education and / or training

The training of the Yorkshire Terrier will start from its socialization. It is very important that you let them meet other people, dogs, vehicles and objects of all kinds. This will be useful so that they do not develop fears, phobias or fights with other dogs in adulthood. Although it’s a great thing for your dog to meet lots of people and animals, you want to make sure this process is a positive one. Avoid scares, aggressions or annoyances at all costs.

After its socialization stage, the Yorkshire must start in training, either in a group or individually at home. It is very important that they learn the basic commands that are useful to you in your day-to-day life. Also, practicing obedience with your dog will help you build a good relationship with him. Although it sounds strange, it will also be essential to add different types of games in your usual routine. This allows them to relieve tension and burn stored energy.

Health of a Yorkshire Terrier

A Yorkshire Terrier can accompany us for a long time, living between 15 and 18 years, as long as they are well cared for to prevent typical diseases of the breed. For example: patellar luxation, spinal problems or congenital hydrocephalus.

In addition to degenerative or inherited diseases, Yorkshires can suffer from bone dislocation problems. This usually happens if they play with children or other large dogs that can exert too much force on them. Explain well to your children how they should behave with dogs, because it is a small and delicate animal.

Would you like us to take care of your furry’s veterinary care? We would love it! You can write us an email to info@hospitalveterinariglories.com, contact us through this web form or call us at 932 460 805.

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