Category: Dog breeds

This is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. Their adorable looks, and the fact that they are known to be Queen Elizabeth II’s favorite dogs, have turned these sheepdogs into canine royalty. Although their sweet appearance may make you believe that they are familiar and calm dogs, in fact, corgis have a peculiar temperament that makes them suitable for more well-experienced owners.

Stay with us and learn all about the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog: we will review its main characteristics, its care, its health and training tips so that you can enjoy a lifetime together.

Origin of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Corgi is believed to be one of the oldest shepherd breeds in the world, as its lineage dates back to the 12th century. Historians believe that they descend from dogs brought by merchants and conquerors of Flemish and Viking origin, and that they are also related to Spitz breeds such as the Samoyed or the Pomeranian.

What is known for sure is that their ancestors were employed in South Wales as guards and shepherds. Two types are distinguished: the Cardigan and the Welsh. However, the Cardigan breed originated in the county of Cardiganshire, while the Pembroke line began in the county of Pembrokeshire; hence their names.

They were considered the same breed until 1934, when it was decided to set a different standard for Cardigans and Pembrokes. After that, the Pembroke Corgi popularity increased while the Cardigan Corgi plummeted. As if that were not enough, the Pembroke breed became even more famous when Queen Elizabeth II fell in love with these dogs as a child and began to breed them.

Today, they are one of the best-known breeds in the world, and they often show their skills in dog shows and as companions in thousands of homes around the world. However, Pembroke Corgis are considered to be in some “danger” in their native Britain, as not enough cubs are registered as the years go by.

Physical traits of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

This breed has a lot of strength concentrated in a small body: Pembroke Corgis are long and short, but still strong and with some robustness. Their legs, while not exactly long, are thick and thick.

Its head is shaped like a fox and its expression is alert. They have black noses, medium-sized round brown eyes, and rounded, raised ears. By breed standard, Corgis have medium-sized ears, but they tend to look quite large in proportion to their body.

One of the main differences between the Cardigan Corgi and the Pembroke Corgi is their tail, as many of the latter are born with very short or tailless tails, while the former have long, fox-like tails.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has medium length straight hair with a thick undercoat. They can be reddish, gold, black or tan, and may have white spots on the legs, chest and neck.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is typically smaller than the Cardigan, standing around 10 to 12 inches at the withers. The ideal weight for males is 10 to 12 kg, while females usually weigh between 10 and 11 kg.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi temperament and personality

Pembroke Corgis have an active temperament, very guardians, and they are also very intelligent. While they are kind and loyal to their family, they are not among the most sociable of dog breeds.

These are dogs that tend to be cautious with strangers and aggressive with unfamiliar dogs if the encounter is not favorable. That is why it is extremely important to socialize them well as puppies to avoid aggression and fear in adulthood. In addition to proper socialization, Corgis need training – teaching them dog commands is not an option, these dogs require constant mental stimulation. To educate and motivate them, we recommend always using positive reinforcement.

Common behavior problems for this breed include excessive barking and a tendency to herd people by trying to snout at the ankles. Both behaviors can be channeled into appropriate activities through positive reinforcement and regular exercise. If you consider their needs, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi can make an excellent companion animal.

Caring for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Keeping a Corgi groomed aesthetically is quite easy. In general, brushing them twice a week is enough, and they don’t need to be bathed too often, unless they get filthy. In fact, frequent baths can damage the natural protections of their coat and be counterproductive to the health of this breed.

Being sheepdogs, Corgis need a lot of exercise and company. Since they are small, they do not require as much exercise as German or Belgian Shepherds, but they do need several moderate walks a day and time to play. Dog sports can help channel their energy and sharpen their skills, but agility is generally not recommended as it can damage the spine of the little corgi breed.

If they get enough exercise, corgis can adapt very well to life in an apartment or small house, but keep in mind that they can bark a lot. If your house has a garden, they can exercise there.

Common Pembroke Welsh Corgi Health Problems

Among the most common health conditions of this breed we can find intervertebral disc disease (IVD) and hip dysplasia. Although these conditions are increasingly rare, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi also tends to suffer from the following diseases:

  • Epilepsy.
  • Van Willebrand’s disease.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy.
  • Isolated lens luxation or ectopia lentis.
  • Kidney stone disease or urolithiasis.

To prevent these diseases and detect them in time, it is important to go to the vet and carry out regular checks. You must also follow the vaccination and deworming schedules

Miniature Pinscher: a breed with big personality

The Miniature Pinscher, also known as “Min Pinscher”, is a small breed of German-born pinscher type dog. It is a breed that, although small, has a strong and predominant character. Still, they are very loving and sociable with their caregivers and family. Of course, they are not so friendly when they meet a stranger.

In this Glòries Veterinary Hospital article we will explain everything you need to know about this breed. So if you are interested in adopting a Miniature Pinscher in the near future, read on to learn everything you need to know about him.

Origin of the Miniature Pinscher dog

This breed originated in Germany, from crosses between the German Pinscher, the Italian Greyhound and the Dachshund (Teckel, or sausage dog). They are also known as Min Pinscher or “Zwergpinscher”. Many people believe that this breed is a miniature Doberman, but this is not the case at all. Although both breeds share some ancestry, the Miniature Pinscher is much older than the Doberman.

Today, this Pinscher is one of the most popular and beloved small dog breeds among dog lovers. Although caring for them may require more effort than other small dog breeds, mainly due to their character.

Physical appearance

The Miniature Pinscher is the smallest version of the German Pinscher. They are small and square in profile, since the length of their body is equal to their height at the withers. Its lines are fine and elegant. The height at the withers is 24.8 to 30 centimeters and they weigh approximately 4 to 6 kilos.

The head of the Miniature Pinscher is elongated with a smooth but clearly defined naso-frontal depression. Their nose is usually black but it can also be brown depending on the color of their fur. His eyes are dark brown and oval.

Their ears can be erect or folded and are shaped like an inverted “V”. In the past, it was customary to cut them to ensure they were erect, but thankfully that practice has disappeared.

Its body is short, small and compact. Like the custom of cutting the ears, its tail also used to be shortened, which is no longer the case today, fortunately. His hair is short and thick. The most popular colors are brindle, black, brown, reddish, cream, fawn, and greyish.

What is the personality of the Miniature Pinscher like?

Miniature Pinschers are full of life, they are dynamic, curious and courageous. Despite their small size, they are strong-willed. That is why it is very important to socialize these dogs from a young age. If it is not socialized properly, it will have behavioral problems as an adult dog.

Another fact that you will be interested to know is that boring miniature pinschers can be somewhat destructive. That is why it is important not to leave them alone for long periods of time. When it comes to noise, these dogs are not as loud as other small dogs.

Miniature Pinscher care

Taking care of these dogs is pretty easy and shouldn’t take long. For their fur, weekly brushing is sufficient, and you only have to bathe them when they get dirty. These dogs are very active, so they will need a good dose of daily exercise, but due to their small size you can also satisfy their needs for exercise indoors.

This does not mean that you can substitute walking outdoors for exercising indoors. It just means that they can go a day or two without it, but outdoor walks will allow them to socialize with other people, animals and items outside, discover new places, smell, etc.

Miniature pinschers are perfectly adapted to living in small apartments or houses. Although they enjoy a garden where they can play, they cannot be kept outdoors and alone for long. This type of dog, due to its size, needs to sleep indoors.

Education and training of the Miniature Pinscher

When it comes to training these dogs, it is best done through positive reinforcement. The traditional method can cause problems, especially due to the temperament of these dogs. When you use positive reinforcement to coach and coach them, you are mentally stimulating them while at the same time creating a stronger bond with them.

Remember to do short training sessions of 5 to 15 minutes if you really want to see good results in the short and long term.

The health of the Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher tends to be a healthy dog ​​and the breed is not particularly prone to any particular canine disease. Occasional progressive retinal atrophy or patellar dislocation may occur, but it is not very common. Obesity can also be a problem, because these dogs are often very gluttonous.

Take care of his diet, train him often, let him socialize properly and you will have a happy dog ​​by your side.

Spanish dog breeds

According to the data offered by the Royal Canine Society of Spain there are officially up to 23 breeds of Spanish dogs. However, according to other canine federations, there are more than 40 recognized dog breeds that are indigenous to Spain. In this article you will get to know some of the most famous Spanish dog breeds. How many of them will you meet? Take a look at its features!

  • Spanish greyhound

The Spanish greyhound is known among all the greyhound breeds for its stylized appearance and, unfortunately, for the serious abuses that it still suffers today in some places and sectors of Spain. Hundreds of greyhounds are abandoned and euthanized each year and this usually occurs late in the hunting season, or when they are no longer useful for greyhound racing. But if there is something that really makes the Spanish greyhound stand out, it is that it is considered one of the fastest dog breeds in the world.

The origins of the Spanish greyhound date back to the 2nd century BC. C. This greyhound stands out for its streamlined, slim and strong body. In addition, it has a short and smooth coat that can be found in different shades, such as dark or light brown, black, and even reddish white.

Regarding the care of the Spanish greyhound, you should focus on walks, sufficient exercise, rest and taking care of its body temperature, especially in cold climates. The Spanish greyhound is recognized by the FCI (International Cynological Federation).

  • Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound is originally from the island of Ibiza, but it is also found in the rest of the Balearic islands. It is a primitive breed of dog suspected of having been introduced by the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Romans. This breed of dog was originally developed for hunting rabbits. Known for its prodigious nose, it measures between 67 and 72 centimeters at the withers.

The Ibizan Hound has a soft, short or long coat, which varies in color from fiery tones mixed with white and is recognized by the FCI.

  • Spanish water dog

The Spanish water dog, originally from Cantabria, although it can also be found in Andalusia. The Spanish water dog is said to be a descendant of the ancient “Barbet”, and is known as a popular breed of sheepdog in Spanish territory.

This medium-sized breed of Spanish dog measures between 40 and 50 cm at the withers and has a thick, curly and woolly coat of hair. The breed standard is recognized by the FCI.

  • Pachón Navarro

The Pachón Navarro is a large Spanish hunting dog that usually reaches 60 cm at the withers, weighing approximately 30 kilograms. It is an active breed of dog, with droopy ears and a short, smooth coat. This large breed of dog is recognized by the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

  • Andalusian winemaker buzzard

The Andalusian Wine Buzzard, sometimes also known as the Spanish Jack Russel, originated in Andalusia to chase mice in stables and warehouses. This breed of medium Spanish dog was also used to hunt rabbits and hares. It is an athletic and compact breed of dog, and has a short white coat on most of its body, except for the head, which is black. The breed is recognized by the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

  • Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff is a high mountain dog of Spanish origin. It has been widely used for guarding and defense, formerly to protect herds from the presence of wolves and bears. We are talking about an affectionate, noble, courageous and very active dog. It can reach a considerable height, exceeding 72 cm in females and 77 cm in males. They are recognized by the FCI.

  • Basque Shepherd

The Basque Shepherd Dog, also known as “Euskal Artzain Txakurra” is a breed of Basque dog, originally used to herd sheep and cows. It is an attentive, vigilant and intelligent Spanish canine breed. The Basque Shepherd Dog is characterized by its medium size and floppy ears. It wears a semi-long and smooth coat, commonly light brown in color. It is recognized by the RSCE.

  • Maneto

The Maneto is another breed of Spanish hunting dog that was originally used for rabbit hunting activity. These dogs are characterized by their small size, short legs, and agile body. However, they do best as hunting dogs in areas with sparse, low vegetation (due to their small legs). This breed of dog, native to Andalusia, is very friendly and active. The breed is recognized by the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

  • Spanish hound

The Spanish hound is a breed of dog whose origins date back to the fourteenth century, when it was used for hunting, both large and small, specifically, deer, wolves, wild boars or rabbits. This medium-sized breed of dog has a short coat and a somewhat sad facial expression. It is between 48 and 57 cm tall and its coat is white and orange. It is recognized by the FCI.

  • Burgos Perdiguero

The Burgos retriever was developed in Castilla y León. It stands out for being a strong, obedient and especially calm breed of dog. It is part of the great list of Spanish dog breeds, reaching between 59 and 67 cm at the withers. It is also a breed recognized by the FCI.

  • Alano Spanish

The Spanish Alano is one of the most popular large-size Spanish dog breeds. This breed was formerly used for hunting big game and to guard and protect homes and large farms. This large breed of Spanish dog, which can reach 60 centimeters at the withers and weighs 40 kilograms, normally has a short brown or tan coat.

Despite its popularity in the country, it is not recognized by the FCI, but it is listed by the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

Chow Chow: the dog with the blue tongue

The Chow Chow is a dog that is estimated to have originated in China around 2,000 years ago. Their distinctive blue, grayish-blue, navy blue, or black tongue is a characteristic trait that is more commonly found in lizards than dogs. The Chow Chow is not the only breed of dog to have this distinctive colored tongue, Shar Peis and some other purebred dogs also have this coloration. However, it is far from the only interesting thing about this beloved dog.

In this article we take a look at the characteristics of the bluetongue dog: the Chow Chow. We will talk not only about its characteristics, but also about its temperament and some of the legends that surround this ancient breed of dog.

Characteristics of the blue-tongued dog

The Chow Chow’s blue tongue may not be the first thing you recognize about this dog. Perhaps the beautiful hair that surrounds her face attracts you first. This dog has a double coat that puffs up, making them appear plump despite their good physique.

You can usually find them in a few color varieties ranging from red to gold, but it’s not uncommon to see a dark brown or cream Chow Chow either. Their eyes are deeply sunken and they have a curly tail of medium length that is usually set upwards.

Despite their stocky build, Chow Chows are quite agile. They were known as “war dogs”, and even Marco Polo admired them for their ability to fight alongside their owners. This may seem incongruous with their teddy bear appearance, but it also doesn’t mean they are violent dogs in any way. They can be very calm and gentle dogs. Perhaps due to their ancestral upbringing, they are also very loyal. This means that they can be wary of strangers and sometimes overprotect their owner if they perceive a threat. It is also the reason why they were used as temple guard dogs in some places in Asia, such as China and Tibet, where they originated.

They can also be difficult to train due to their somewhat stubborn nature, which means they need to socialize early. The more they get used to being around other animals and people, the more likely they are to become more level adults. They are a wonderful companion animal, especially for the older ones. Like all dogs, they need moderate exercise, but have relatively low energy. This makes them a good pet choice for almost any home.

Legends about the Chow Chow

There are several legends about how the Chow Chow got its tongue colored blue. The first is related to the dog’s close ties to the Buddhist community in Asia. On a very cold day, a long time ago, a Buddhist monk became very ill. He was so ill that he was incapacitated and could not go out to get firewood to warm himself. The Chow Chows went out into the cold in search of firewood for the monk, but unfortunately all they could find were charred logs. When they were brought back to their mouths, the charring caused their tongues to turn this bluish-black color.

The second legend about the Chow Chow’s blue tongue refers to the Buddha himself, Siddhartha Gautama. While Buddha was painting the sky with his distinctive blue color, he left his brushes on the ground. The curious Chow Chow walked over to the brushes and gave them a lick. In this way it became the permanent color of the dog’s tongue.

Another of the stories that go around the world about the Chow Chow has to do with Queen Victoria herself of England. The queen as a child had a Chow Chow as her pet. She made him accompany her everywhere, but some of her caregivers thought it unwise for a girl to have a dog of that size. In her place, they created a version of a soft toy that she could take with her anywhere (what we now know as Pomeranian).

There are more stories about Chow Chows that are generally linked to their famous owners. Historic names who were known to own the Chow Chow include footballer Mario Balotelli, singer Janet Jackson, cultural icon Elvis Presley, and former US President Calvin Coolidge. Even Sigmund Freud himself had one, which he is said to have used as a therapy dog. Not simply as a way to help the patient relax, but some also claim that he used it to get diagnoses.

The truth about the Chow Chow’s blue tongue

The Chow Chow’s tongue may appear blue, purple, grayish, or black, depending on the dog. The reason for its color is simply due to the presence of pigmented cells, similar to the same types of cells that determine the color of human skin. The dark color of the tongue is a curious trait as it is also found in some wild animals like a giraffe or even some bears, like the polar bear. There is some research to suggest that Chow Chows were derived from a Hemicyon, a kind of cross between a dog and a bear (the name literally means ‘dog-bear’) that lived in the Miocene age. This is a hypothesis and it is difficult to scientifically support it as a fact, but it is not unlikely either. One fact that could support this theory is that the Hemicion has fossils showing it with 44 teeth, and this is a detail that it shares with the Chow Chow.

While Chow Chows may not be the only dog ​​to have a blue tongue, they are the only breed of dog that has lips and a palate characterized by the same color. There are many breeds that have spots of this color, but none have completely dark mucous membranes. A strange fact is that the Chow Chow breed is not born with a blue tongue. Instead, it develops around 2 to 3 months of age. If the tongue does not change color and remains pink, it is said to be not purebred.

American Akita: is it a dangerous breed?

Do you know this breed of dog? The American Akita breed, of Japanese origin, has some admirable characteristics, with its loyalty standing out above the rest. This makes it especially surprising to see the regular inclusion of this breed on so-called potentially dangerous dog lists.

But are Akita dogs dangerous? Next we will try to learn more about this topic and the character of the American Akita.

Why are American Akita dogs considered dangerous?

Like Pit Bull dogs, the American Akita has a scissor-shaped jaw. This means that its bite is very powerful and its jaw cannot be opened until the dog decides to release it.

Another reason the American Akita is on the lists of potentially dangerous dogs is their physique. A male American Akita can weigh up to 65 kg and be up to 67 centimeters tall. The Akita is a natural hunter, and this can lead to dangerous situations when it has not been properly socialized with other animals.

Is the American Akita an aggressive dog?

With the little information given so far, there is no doubt that any attack made by an American Akita is dangerous, mainly because of the large size of this dog. The next question to answer is: are American Akita dogs prone to attack humans?

No, they do not do it. American Akita dogs are prone to bravely defend the life of their human family, sometimes risking their own life in doing so. Far from being dangerous, this dog is extraordinarily loyal and courageous.

With regard to his hunting instinct and territorial personality, these factors can be adequately controlled by proper dog training and good socialization. Still, castration is recommended for males.

Regarding its body weight, it is completely absurd to think that the larger the dog, the greater inherent risk the breed represents; this is not the case at all. There are really heavy labradors and retrievers and no one considers them dangerous.

Obviously, they have a personality that is very different from that of the American Akita, but this does not mean that the Akita has a dangerous or inappropriate character. In fact, as discussed below, any dog ​​lover is sure to fall in love with the personality of this breed.

What is the American Akita’s temperament like?

So what is the character and temperament of this majestic Japanese dog like? Akitas are considered exceptional watchdogs in their region of origin. This breed is also seen as a symbol of prestige, strength and loyalty, and also as a symbol of good luck.

In ancient times, it was said that a samurai warrior would reincarnate into an Akita dog in his next life if he died without honor. In doing so, he could redeem himself by dying with honor and loyalty for his owner.

The American Akita is a very confident dog that instinctively protects its territory, food, and human family. In addition, this dog is very friendly with people as long as he does not feel threatened, and is playful, affectionate and loyal to his owners.

It is a calm, peaceful and patient breed, which means that it remains indifferent to various external stimuli when they do not pose a real danger. When they have a home, the American Akita is a very happy dog ​​who enjoys being involved in the daily routine of his human family.

Don’t turn your American Akita into a dangerous dog

Let’s recap Is the Akita Inu a dangerous dog? No.

Can the American Akita be a dangerous dog? Yes, it can be very dangerous, but this does not depend on the dog. It is up to you, the socialization tools you teach him, and his training.

The American Akita is a breed very loved by all dog lovers, since they tend to make their owners feel a lot of protection. However, regardless of how this spectacular dog makes you feel, it doesn’t mean you should shirk the responsibility of caring for him. Before getting an American Akita, ask yourself these questions sincerely:

  • Can I physically control a dog that can weigh more than 60 kg?
  • Can I give my dog ​​daily physical exercise?
  • Am I willing to do proper training and socialization and do I have time to supervise this process?
  • Am I strong enough to be considered the leader of the pack and to discipline my dog
  • Do I have enough time to give my dog ​​all the love and affection he will need to maintain the proper balance?

If in doubt, this is not the dog for you and adoption will not be in the best interest of either party.

Pug: a big dog in a small body

The pug is a very special dog. The official motto of the breed could be the famous “multum in parvo” (in Latin, “much in little”) and it is that it is a large dog enclosed in a very small body.

It is a breed that loves to live in company constantly, since they are very playful. In fact, many of them if they spend time alone, they tend to develop separation anxiety. That is why it is not advisable to adopt them if you are a family with very young children or who does not spend time at home, since they may not be given the attention they need.

Keep reading because in this article we will talk about everything you need to know about the pug breed.

Origin of the pug

Like many other dog breeds, the origin of the pug is uncertain and controversial. They are known to come from China, but it is still debated whether their relatives are closest to the large Molossian dogs or the Pekingese, and the like. What is known for sure is that centuries ago these dogs were, along with the Pekingese, the favorite animals in Tibetan monasteries.

Since its arrival in Europe and later America, the pug has been considered a charming companion dog and a worthy show dog. The Western fascination for this breed has reached the point where many pugs have been the protagonists of movies and television series.

Physical characteristics

The pug is a short, broad but compact dog. Despite being a small dog, the pug is a muscular animal. The upper line of his body is level and his chest is wide. Its head is large, round and without cracks in the skull. They are not apple-shaped, as in Chihuahuas, and their skin is wrinkled. Its muzzle is short and square. The pug’s eyes are dark, large, and globular. His expression is sweet and with a certain worried air.

The ears are thin and small, with a velvety texture. They can be presented in two varieties, on the one hand with the pink ears, small, hanging and folded back, and on the other, button ears, which are ears bent forward, pointing towards the eyes.

The tail is set high and rolled over the hips. In terms of size, these dogs are small and their height at the withers is usually between 25 and 28 centimeters. Their weight ranges from 6 to 8 kilograms, depending on their size and gender.

The hair of this dog is fine, smooth, soft, short and shiny. Its colors vary between silver, apricot, light fawn and black.

Pug personality

The pug has the typical temperament of a companion dog. They are loving, cheerful, and playful. They have a strong personality and like to attract attention, but they also have a stable character.

These dogs are easy to socialize and, properly socialized, tend to get along well with adults, children, other dogs, and other animals. However, while they are fun, they don’t hold up to intense play. Of course, to get along with strangers and other pets, it is important to socialize them from puppies.

In general, these dogs do not have behavioral problems, but they can develop separation anxiety with some ease. Pugs need constant company and can become destructive dogs when left alone for a long time. They also need to exercise and receive mental stimulation so as not to get bored.

The care of the pug

Caring for a pug’s coat does not require much time or effort, but it does need to be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair and dust. These dogs can lose a lot of hair, so it may be a good idea to brush them more frequently to keep furniture and clothing free of dog hair. Bathing should only be done when the dog is dirty, but the wrinkles on the face and muzzle should be wiped with a damp cloth and dried frequently to avoid skin infections.

Pugs are very playful dogs and need moderate, but not intense, exercise with daily walks and moderate playtime. Care must be taken not to impose very intense exercises on them, as their flattened muzzle and robust structure do not provide much resistance and make them susceptible to thermal shocks, especially in hot and humid climates.

On the other hand, these dogs need a lot of company and are not suitable for people who spend most of their time away from home. The pug demands constant companionship and attention and can develop destructive habits when left alone for long periods of time. They are dogs to live at home with the family and adapt very well to life in apartments in large cities.

Training and education

This breed of dog is easy to train when using positive training styles. It is common to hear traditional trainers say that pug dogs are stubborn and difficult to train dogs, but that is often the result of a poor choice of the dog’s training method, rather than a characteristic of the breed.

When positive training methods such as clicker training are used with success, excellent results can be achieved with these dogs.

How is the health of the pug?

Despite being a small dog, the pug tends to be healthy, excluding possible problems caused by its short muzzle. The breed does not present with canine diseases with exaggerated incidences, but they frequently present with brachycephalic syndrome, stenotic nostrils, patellar dislocation, avascular necrosis disease and entropion. Occasionally cases of epilepsy can also occur.

Due to their prominent eyes and flattened face, they are prone to eye injury. In addition, due to their robust structure, they tend to develop obesity, so you have to take good care of your diet and the amount of exercise you do daily.

Meeting the Border Collie

They are known as the most intelligent breed of dog in the world: these dogs are very easy to train, they are willing to learn and are perfect for competitions and agility-type sports. The Border Collie is a common dog breed in Europe, an incredible animal with many abilities and qualities. Do you want to know them? We tell you everything in this post.

Physical characteristics of the Border Collie

Border Collies are a rapidly recognizable breed: they are extremely agile, with a perfect morphology for exercising, jumping and running. Males tend to be around 53 cm tall, while females tend to be somewhat smaller, at around 50 cm tall. They weigh a maximum of 20 kg and their silhouette is elongated and dynamic.

This breed can be found in a wide range of coat colors, including spots. Common patterns include black and white, brown and white, black and reddish, chocolate, reddish or merle. There are two varieties of Border Collie: the standard long-haired Border Collie is the most common and popular, with a double coat of long hair that falls on both sides of its body. The other variant is the much rarer short haired Border Collie, whose hair is shorter but still thick and perfect for withstanding the cold.

Border Collies usually show heterochromia, that is, they have one eye that is different in color from the other, usually brown and blue.

This breed has other recognizable physical traits, such as muscular legs that show its predisposition to exercise and the tip of its tail, which is always white. As for their ears, they can be drooping, semi-erect or erect.

Border Collie personality

Although Border Collies are not very large, they are best suited for garden houses. Among their ancestors we find energetic and hardworking dogs, which is why the modern Border Collie is extremely active and restless.

This breed is recommended for younger adults with time and energy to spare – Border Collies are perfect for people with a passion for outdoor sports, but they also need an owner who will stimulate them mentally. With the right human companion, a Border Collie will grow into an obedient and intelligent friend who is always ready to have a good time and a day full of emotions.

Unlike other calmer breeds, Border Collies need a lot of time and dedication. Otherwise they will become nervous, anxious, hyperactive, and even destructive; they can also bark excessively. Negative behaviors are the result of stress, which they develop when they cannot release their energy or when they get bored.

These are very loyal dogs and will observe everything around them. Their curiosity and intelligence will help them learn when you are sick, in pain, sad, happy or excited, and they will accompany you in every mood. They are kind and willing to please, but they won’t open up to strangers unless they see you doing the same.

Most common border collie health problems

Due to their intense physical activity and stamina, Border Collies tend to be healthy, but a lack of exercise can cause anxiety and depression. They require more food than usual within their weight range: for this it is better to ask your veterinarian for the exact amounts. Over time, the most common health problem is for Border Collies to suffer from hip dysplasia.

Caring for a Border Collie

Since this is a very active breed, a Border Collie will need at least 3 3 hour walks daily, or 4 40 minute walks every day. If you don’t allow yourself that many outings, regular walks with active exercise are an excellent option, but remember that they also need mental stimulation. Border Collies will get tired of doing the same exercises over and over again, even if they are rewarded with treats, they can become frustrated with always following the same routine. For this dog, having fun means continuing to learn, pleasing its owners, and feeling fulfilled.

Both long-haired and short-haired Border Collies will require at least 3 weekly brushing sessions. Regular grooming removes dead hair and allows its coat to shine. A bath every month and a half will be enough to preserve its natural protective layer.

Living with a Border Collie

Border Collies are perfect breeds for children, as they are balanced and mentally healthy dogs that understand where the limit is when it comes to playing between roughness and care. It is advisable to play games with a clear objective, such as looking for a ball, following circuits, intelligence games or any other challenge that sharpens both the creativity of the child and the mental capacity of the dog.

They are an obedient and disciplined breed, making it very easy to train Border Collies to herd cattle. These dogs are intelligent and will easily understand that sheep should not be harmed, but directed. Border Collies can develop herding behaviors with other dogs, pets, and even their owner. They easily and quickly become leaders of the pack, but always being very respectful.

Train a Border Collie

While most dog breeds need 30 to 40 reps to learn a new trick, command, or skill, some studies say Border Collies only need 5. Of course, learning is relative and every dog ​​is different, and Training Border Collies requires patience and effort, as we also know that they get bored easily.

Once the Border Collie knows the basic commands to follow, you can soon move on to advanced tricks and skills, and even dog sports like agility. Giving them the motivation to learn is extremely important: you can offer them rewards, but you can also reward them by taking them to new places to play or by offering them new toys. Physical and mental stimulation moves them.

Getting to know the Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a beautiful breed of family dog ​​that offers excellent results in search, rescue and therapeutic support. These dogs are calm, docile and sociable, as well as being very intelligent.

If you are considering adopting a Bernese Mountain Dog, in this article we will go over everything you need to know about him.

Origin of the Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog is descended from old farm dogs that inhabited the hills and alpine plains near Bern, Switzerland, and were used as guardians, shepherds, and to pull carts that carried dairy products.

They were originally known as Dürrbächler – the name referred to the fact that they were seen frequently in the city of Dürrbach. In 1910, their name was changed to what they now receive: Bernese Mountain Dog.

Over time, the Bernese Mountain Dog gained popularity as a family, show and working dog due to its good temperament and beauty. Today, they are the most popular of the four Sennenhund or Swiss mountain dog breeds and are loved all over the world.

Physical traits of the Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dogs are between 64 and 70 cm tall and weigh around 50 kg. With their long tricolor coat and large size, these dogs are quite impressive to most dog lovers. His head is large but proportionate. His nose is black and his eyes are brown and almond-shaped. Their ears are medium-sized and triangular in shape, with a rounded tip and set high on the head.

His silhouette is a little longer than tall. The chest is wide and has a slightly raised belly, nothing drooping. The tail is long and hangs down when the dog is at rest; when in action, it can be raised to the level of the back or higher.

The most recognizable trait of the breed is the coat: it is long, shiny and smooth or slightly wavy. The base color is black, with reddish-brown and white markings in a particular pattern. Come on, a show of colors that combine perfectly in this breed.

Temperament of the Bernese Mountain Dog

Although Bernese Mountain Dogs were used as guard dogs in the past, their temperament is closer to that of family dogs: docile and friendly. When they have matured, they become calm, independent, confident, easy to deal with, stable, and generally peaceful.

Like any other dog, the Bernese Mountain Dog must socialize with other dogs and humans from puppies. Still, this process is usually easy thanks to their pleasant temperament: although they can be reserved with strangers, they are not usually aggressive. They get along well with children, but in adulthood they are not very playful. They generally live well with other dogs and pets.