Category: Curiosities

What are tortoiseshell cats? Know everything about its peculiar appearance

You can recognize a tortoiseshell cat by its distinctive coat pattern and color scheme. Similar to a calico cat, its fur incorporates white, black and orange colors. Unlike a calico cat, the colors are captured on its body as in a painter’s palette. That is, while calico cats have different colored spots over their entire body, generally with a predominance of white, the tortoiseshell has a more dispersed pattern, with a predominance of black. Surely you have ever seen one of them. How is this breed of cat? We tell you everything in the following lines.

What is a tortoiseshell cat?

A cat’s coat is determined by its genes, including its color, length, and texture. A tortoiseshell cat has a coat in the color combination of black, white, and orange. It is a tricolor pattern determined by the genetic data of the sex chromosomes.

The reason they are called tortoiseshell is that their fur resembles the distinctive pattern and coloration of the hawksbill turtle.

With tortoiseshell cats, you won’t see two with the same pattern. Like a snowflake or a fingerprint, each cat has a different coat pattern.

Characteristics of the tortoiseshell cat

The coat of tortoiseshell cats has a black background color predominant, with mixtures of orange and white distributed throughout the coat. They are intermixed and can achieve different coat patterns. Many of these cats have an orange spot or a kind of “flame” on their head. The coat of tortoiseshell cats should be black, white and orange, but it may include certain other shades such as blue, gray, cinnamon, etc.

Even if a cat has different shades of black or orange in the same coat, it cannot be considered tortoiseshell. These are just two color variations, not three. Tortoiseshell cats’ eyes are copper or dark orange. The pads of the paws and nose can be pink, mottled or black, depending on the distribution and dominance of each color in the individual cat’s coat.

What breed is the tortoiseshell cat?

Like calico cats, many humans refer to tortoiseshell cats as a distinct breed. However, this is not the case. Carey is simply the word used to describe the color of the cat’s coat. It would be similar to determining a black cat as an individual breed. The characteristics of black cats are determined by the genetics and experience of the individual, not by the color of their fur. The same goes for tortoiseshell cats.

Despite the fact that many, but not all, cat breeds can have a tortoiseshell coat pattern, many distinguish them as distinct. The behavior and appearance of the cat will be determined by other factors. However, there is something in common between cats with their coat type, which is discussed in the next section.

Is it true that tortoiseshell cats are female?

While it is not true to say that all tortoiseshell cats are female, the vast majority are. The reason for this stems from Klinefelter syndrome. This is a genetic condition that results from the transmission of sex chromosomes.

The white color of the fur of cats is independent of the sex chromosomes, given by the S gene. The colors of black and orange cat fur are related to the X chromosome. Since females have XX chromosomes, they can be tricolor because they can have black on one X and orange on the other X. Since male chromosomes are genetically XY, this means that it is almost impossible for them to present black and orange with white.

This is a similar explanation for why most orange tabby cats are male. Although orange tabby cats may be female, the vast majority will be male.

In tortoiseshell cats, they can be male due to something known as Klinefelter syndrome. This causes cats to present the XXY chromosomes, the double X chromosome that allows them to have a tricolor coat pattern. However, this is a genetic abnormality that has certain effects on the cat, including infertility.

Tortoiseshell cat breeds

It is possible to find tortoiseshell cats in practically all the feline breeds that we know. Since they are not a breed in and of themselves, they can occur in breeds such as the Persian, Mancoon, British Shorthair, Cornish Rex, and many more. However, they are also common in mixed breed cats, as these cats can come in almost any combination of coat colors. There are also tortoiseshell cats with short, semi-long or long hair.

Do you have a tortoiseshell cat at home? Did you know these peculiarities about the fur of tortoiseshell cats? Leave us your comments!

What is reverse sneezing in dogs?

Dog owners, in general, are used to quite varied noises coming from our pets. Snorting, sneezing, grunting, and chirping can be the norm. However, when your pet makes a new sound outside of his usual repertoire, it can be worrisome.

Hospital Veterinari Glòries is no stranger to calls from customers concerned about the noise their pets make. One of the most common suspicious sounds is a reverse or inverted sneeze in dogs. This noise, which can scare you, but is generally harmless, must be recognized by every pet owner to know how to differentiate it from any serious health problem.

How to recognize reverse sneezing in dogs?

Once you know what’s going on, the reverse or inverted sneeze phenomenon is quite unmistakable.

A reverse sneeze, medically called paroxysmal inspiration, is just as the name implies: the opposite of a normal sneeze.

During a reverse sneezing episode, the dog will draw air in through its nose repeatedly for several seconds. This air movement results in a very dramatic nausea-like sound (even with possible mucous sound, or snoring) that occurs when the dog repeatedly extends its neck. At this time, many pet owners panic, thinking that their dog is drowning.

A reverse sneeze tends to be triggered by irritation in the back of the nasal passages or throat, while a regular sneeze usually removes irritation from the front of the nose.

There are many potential causes of a reverse sneeze in dogs. These include:

  • Nasal drainage.
  • Allergens like pollen.
  • Nasal mites.
  • Foreign objects such as plant material.
  • Irritants such as smoke or perfumes.
  • Growths.
  • Lengthening of the soft palate.

Reverse sneezing Is it dangerous?

A reverse sneeze in dogs is usually not a cause for concern. Usually the dog’s own reflex erases what triggered it, and after a dramatic scene, your pet is back to normal.

Sometimes, however, if the irritation is persistent, the reverse sneezing episodes can be prolonged or repeated. So when should you worry?

Make an appointment with us if:

  • Your pet is distressed by the episodes.
  • Other respiratory signs like cough or runny nose are present.
  • Your pet seems to be having serious trouble breathing.
  • The gums or tongue are gray / blue.
  • Your pet loses consciousness.
  • Your pet is behaving strangely.

When in doubt, it is best to let one of our vets examine your pet. Diagnostic tests can help us determine if there is another reason for your pet’s breathing problems, such as an underlying heart condition or a polyp in the nasal passage.

We agree that reverse sneezing can cause alarm – your dog becomes tense and you think he can’t breathe, but don’t panic the next time you find your pet experiencing it. Remember: normally it is not about anything serious, but when it is, we will be here to help you.

The wonderful world of therapy and service animals

10 curiosities you didn’t know about scorpions

It is not unusual to be afraid of scorpions. Their most distinctive features are pincer-shaped pedipalps and a stinging tail, which some species can swing toward their target at about 130 centimeters per second.

However, that doesn’t mean we have to hate them. When you learn more about scorpions, you will know that they are generally less dangerous than they appear, and it can also help us appreciate them as important members of our ecosystems. Do you want to discover some curious details about them? Pay attention to the following lines.

1. They are not insects

Scorpions are arachnids, like spiders, mites, and ticks. And as arachnids, they are part of a larger group of arthropods called chelicerates, which also includes horseshoe crabs and sea spiders. Importantly, chelicerates are not insects. Insects are a different type of arthropod. Chelicerae and insects can be distinguished in several ways, such as their number of legs: adult insects have six legs, while arachnids and other chelicerae have eight legs plus two more pairs of appendages called chelicerae and pedipalps. The chelicerae often take the shape of mouthparts, and in scorpions the pedipalps have become pincers.

2. They don’t just live in deserts

They are very much associated with the desert, but they also live in places like the Brazilian jungle, British Columbia, North Carolina and even the Himalayas, adapting to any type of climate.

3. Not all are lethal

There are almost 2,000 species of scorpion, but only 30 or 40 of them have a venom powerful enough to kill a person under normal circumstances. The different types of venom are very well adapted to the lifestyle of each species, prepared to be as effective as possible against their prey.

4. They eat almost everything

Scorpions normally eat insects, but their diet can be very wide and varied. This is a key factor for its survival in many hostile environments, having a great capacity for adaptation.

5. They can control your metabolism

When food is scarce, the scorpion has the incredible ability to slow down its metabolism, practically placing itself in a state of “economy mode”. This technique allows some species to consume very little oxygen and to survive with only one insect per year.

6. They don’t need a lot of food to live, but they do need dirt or sand

There is one thing that scorpions need yes or yes to survive: the land. These animals burrow in it, in areas with perpetual frosts or dense grass, where there is no loose soil, it is possible that scorpions cannot thrive.

7. Scorpions are not much larger than the palm of a hand.

Although in cinema and documentaries they may seem rather big, the truth is that the reality is completely different. The size of scorpions ranges from 9 mm and only in some species can reach 21 cm, as is the case of emperor scorpions.

8. They existed long before the first dinosaurs

According to the fossils found, it is estimated that scorpions existed for more than 400 million years. Therefore, it is possible that scorpions are the oldest land animals still living today. For comparison, the first known dinosaurs evolved around 240 million years ago.

9. They do not have a certain number of offspring

It is a data that can vary a lot. So much so that, as far as is known, the number of scorpion offspring can be different according to each species and range from 2 to more than 100 per litter.

10. They dance before mating

Scorpions perform a courtship ritual that resembles a dance, sometimes known as “promenade à deux” (from the French, meaning “walk for two”). Details vary by species, but if the female shows interest in the male, they usually start by facing and grasping each other’s pedipalps, then twisting back and forth along with their tails raised above their backs.

The dance can last from a few minutes to hours. At the end of the dance, the male deposits his spermatophore on the ground for the female and then leaves.

Discover the spectacular breed of American Curl cat

The American Curl cat stands out for having unique ears. They are a relatively young breed but still tremendously popular in their home country. Their sweet and particular appearance has caught the attention of people and now more and more families are welcoming these cats into their homes.

If you are interested in adopting a cat of the American Curl breed, be sure to read this article about him well, where we will tell you everything you need to know.

What is the origin of the American Curl cat?

The American Curl cat breed originated in the United States, more specifically in California. It is known that, back in 1981, a couple of breeders found a kitten with curly ears and decided to adopt it. In the first litter they had, two kittens had the same curly-eared characteristic. One with short hair and one with long hair.

This new breed and its particular curly ears began to get a lot of attention and some people who were interested wanted to adopt these peculiar kittens with curly ears. Due to the fame and rapid expansion of the breed, it was not long until it was recognized by official bodies. In 1991, it became officially recognized as a breed, and shortly thereafter, in 2002, the FIFE published a breed standard for American curl cats.

Physical characteristics of the American Curl

American curl cats are medium in size and weigh little, between 3 and 5 kilos. The females are slightly smaller than the males and their height at the withers is about 45 or 50 centimeters in the males and 38 to 45 centimeters in the females. His body is long and muscular, with a rectangular silhouette. The head of these cats is wedge-shaped, and is longer than it is wide. They have a rounded muzzle and a firm chin.

His eyes are big and round. They usually have green or yellow eyes, although there are also some with blue eyes.

The most distinctive trait of this breed, as you can imagine, is its curly ears. An interesting fact is that their ears are straight when they are born and they start to curve after one week of life. In addition, this curvature will not be final until 5 months of age.

As for their fur, many have long hair but we can also find cats of the American curl breed with shorter and more common fur. His hair is fine and shiny in appearance. The pattern or coloration of their fur can vary greatly. Virtually all but chocolate or tan are accepted in your standard breed file.

The personality of the American Curl cat

American curl cats are very affectionate and calm in character. They like to live with both humans and other animals, so they are perfect if you have other pets.

Like any other animal, they will need to be socialized from an early age. This will help them to be friendly with strangers as adults.

It is an ideal breed for families with children, as they are funny and patient cats. They can play with your children, but also be relaxed and lie down with them.

These cats also adapt well to many environments. Be it a flat, a house or a house with a garden, they manage to adapt wherever they go. Like good felines, they are intelligent and curious, and they will try to discover every corner of your home from a young age.

How to take care of an American Curl cat?

As American curls normally have a semi-long coat, it is necessary to brush their hair at least 1-2 times a week. This will help prevent tangles, dirt build-up, and will also help you detect any parasites or abnormalities you may have on your scalp.

You can bathe your cat every two months from a young age to get her used to it (you know that cats and water are not usually too friendly). However, don’t forget that cats are naturally clean animals that take care of their own hygiene. So this doesn’t need to get you overly obsessed with its cleanliness, unless it gets a lot dirty.

Due to the shape of their ears, you should pay special attention to their care and cleaning. Being curved, more external dirt accumulates than usual. It is recommended to clean the American Curl cat’s ears regularly using veterinary optical products. You can buy these products at any veterinary clinic or veterinary hospital.

Lastly, your cat’s diet is also very important to its overall health. You can ask your vet for advice on which cat food is best for your American Curl. Homemade recipes can also be very beneficial for felines, provided they are well advised and reviewed by the appropriate professional.

American Curl Health

The American Curl cat breed is usually healthy and robust. However, because it is a relatively recent breed, it is possible that possible common congenital pathologies in them have not yet been detected.

These cats have medium-long hair so it is best to brush them regularly to prevent them from accumulating dangerous hairballs or trichobezoars. Remember that cats lick a lot (which is why they are so clean) and can accumulate a lot of hair on the inside of their stomach, which can cause vomiting and discomfort.

Also, you should take your cat to your vet for routine checkups at least every 6 months. This will help detect any medical problems early on to ensure the best health for your cat. Another important duty is to follow the vaccination schedule that the vet has marked and regular deworming. We hope that all the information we have given you has been useful and that you enjoy your four-legged companion to the fullest.

5 Animals that like solitude

Like people, some animals prefer to be in groups, herds, or pairs throughout their lives, while others prefer solitude and tranquility. This does not mean that these solitary species live sad or depressed; they are self-sufficient, and that is how they can survive.

Keep reading this article and discover 5 lonely animals that you can find in the world. If you are an introvert, you may be able to relate to some of them!

  1. Platypus

The platypus is a semi-aquatic animal native to Australia. It is known for a somewhat unusual physical appearance, with a flat, horny bill, webbed feet like a duck’s, and a paddle-shaped tail much like a beaver’s. In addition, the platypus lays eggs, but it is a mammal.

Platypus are solitary animals for most of their lives, although they can sometimes be seen in pairs. Mothers only stay with their young for a few months.

  2. Leopards

Leopards are the most sought-after bachelors in the jungle, forests, and savannah. Known for their beauty and elegance, these big cats are solitary creatures. They only meet other members of their species when they mate or while raising their young.

The rest of the time, both male and female leopards enjoy their quiet solitude. After all, unlike many other big cats, leopards don’t need a pack to hunt successfully. This is one of the many reasons, for example, why snow leopards are in danger.

  3. Koalas

Koalas are naturally solitary animals and appreciate tranquility. They will always choose to go up and hug a tree rather than another koala.

Although they are friendly, koalas have well established territories, and these areas are often highly respected. When they are young, they can be seen riding on their mother’s back. However, they are soon going to fend for themselves and live a life of solitary freedom.

Female koalas generally stay in the same territory, while male koalas, with the exception of a few dominant and larger males, are travelers. If crossed, male koalas can fight, chasing and biting each other.


All bears, from the polar bear to the brown bear, like to live alone. It is in their nature to be solitary animals, and most species of bears are like that.

Bears prefer the company of a tree or, in the case of polar bears, a good chunk of ice, rather than the company of another bear. However, this does not mean that they spend their entire lives alone. They meet other bears to reproduce and the mothers spend a lot of time with their young. However, as a general rule, bears are the loneliest carnivores in the world.

  5. Lion fish

The lionfish has no choice but to be a solitary marine animal. These fish are as beautiful and fascinating as they are poisonous, and it is suspected that they developed precisely that characteristic to remain alone. Besides that, these fish never come out during the day, preferring to stay hidden.

The lionfish’s dorsal fins are loaded with powerful venom and they are always ready to attack when in the presence of a predator or other invasive lionfish that may roam their territory.

Meet the lovely Lionhead Rabbit

Do you know that there is a rabbit with a mane almost like that of a lion? The lionhead rabbit has a lot of fur that makes him look like the king of the jungle, although his attitude is “a little” less fierce. These beautiful lagomorphs emerged by pure chance in Belgium a long time ago, although it was not until recently that they became popular beyond European borders.

Do you want to know more about one of the hairiest rabbits you can find? Find out more about the history and characteristics of the lionhead rabbit.

History of the Lionhead Rabbit

Although the breed may not have been known around the world until relatively recently, the “Lionhead” or lion’s head rabbits in Spanish are a long-lived breed that arose in Belgium. This breed is the result of crossing dwarf Dutch rabbits and Swiss Fox rabbits, the first specimens to emerge with that particular lion’s mane.

Although the breed arose in Belgium, its development mainly occurred in the United Kingdom. It was in this country that the breed became official for the first time, in 1998. Currently, many other countries have also established an official standard for the lion-headed breed, although many others have not yet officially recognized them.

Characteristics of the Lionhead Rabbit

Lion-headed rabbits are small rabbits classified as a “toy” breed. Their weight ranges between 1.3 and 1.7 kg, although specimens that weigh up to 2 kilos have been found. For this reason, the dwarf Lionhead rabbit variety doesn’t even exist, as they all are. The average life expectancy of a lionhead rabbit is about 8 or 9 years.

The body of this rabbit is compact and short, with rounded features and a broad chest. What stands out the most, apart from its mane, are its long ears, which can measure about 7 cm. Its tail is straight and covered in dense fur. The muzzle is wider in males. They have round eyes that protrude slightly and are very bright.

However, the most notable feature of the lionhead rabbit is its mane. The fur is what has made them famous and is the breed’s trademark. That blanket of fur that covers their heads is noticeable when these rabbits are still young, but disappears when they reach adulthood. This means that its most characteristic feature is also the most ephemeral.

The hair of this rabbit is of medium length, except on the head. When hatched, it is extremely long and thick compared to the rest of the body, reaching 5-7 cm in length. As we’ve mentioned, this will only last until you are about 6 months old, at which point this hair begins to shorten and thin out over time. In very rare cases they grow back a little, but never like when they were born.

Lionhead Rabbit Colors

According to the different associations and official bodies, such as the British Rabbit Council or ARBA, in this breed all colors are accepted as long as they are recognized colors (that is, they do not accept new colors). Also, it is mandatory that the color of the outer layer of the hair is the same as that of the inner layer of the same area.

However, the most common colors and patterns of this rabbit are as follows: black, cream, chocolate, white, gray, orange, brown, tan, bicolor combined with white, and tricolor combined with white.

The pink dolphin, a freshwater mammal

The pink dolphin has its origin in the Amazon river. It is a sociable, curious and intelligent animal. It is also known as Boto, Amazon dolphin or Tonina, and it is the most popular type of dolphin of the five species that inhabit rivers due, of course, to its unusual pink color, in addition to being the largest.

For those of you who still do not know this type of dolphin, today we bring you some characteristics and curiosities of this adorable freshwater mammal.

They can be found in various shades

The Amazon River dolphin is famous for its pink color, but what many do not know is that it comes in a large number of hues. These dolphins start out gray when they are young and slowly turn pink as they age.

Also, your final color can be influenced by your behavior, the location of your capillaries, your diet, and your exposure to sunlight. These types of dolphins can be mostly gray with some pink spots, or even pink like a flamingo. A curious fact about them is that when they get excited they can blush, acquiring a bright pink, similar to the blush of humans.

Bodies and brains bigger than any freshwater dolphin

Of the five freshwater species, the Amazon River pink dolphin is the largest. They are about 2.7 meters long, weigh 181 kilograms and live up to 30 years. They also have unusually large brains, with 40% more brain power than humans.

They are lonelier than other dolphins

Another of its peculiarities is that the pink river dolphin is often seen alone or in small groups of 2-4 dolphins. In some food-rich areas or at river mouths they can be found in larger groups, but it is less common. Despite living in small groups, they are still incredibly curious and outgoing animals, frequently interacting with humans.

They are very agile

Pink river dolphins have unfused vertebrae in their necks, unlike other dolphins. This means they can turn their heads 180 degrees, allowing them to maneuver around tree trunks, rocks, and other obstacles found in their murky river environments. They can also swim forward with one fin while paddling backward with the other, allowing them to turn more precisely. And they are often seen swimming upside down, possibly to help them see the bottom of the river better.

Surrounded by legends

The pink dolphin is the subject of many South American legends. One of the stories that circulate affirms that during the night, the dolphins transform into beautiful men to seduce the women of the town. Another says that if you go swimming alone, the dolphins can take you to a magical underwater city. There is so much mythology around them that it is even considered bad luck to harm them, or eat them. But precisely this condition of treating them as a semi-magical being may have helped protect the species by encouraging humans to treat them well and preserve them.

The Andalusian horse: a thoroughbred from Spain

As we can deduce from their name, Andalusian horses come from Andalusia, where they originated thousands of years ago. This makes them one of the oldest horse breeds in the world. In Spain they are known as Spanish horses or Spanish thoroughbreds, but in the rest of the world they are known as “Andalusian horse”. It is the most emblematic horse breed in the country, despite the fact that there are other breeds originating in Spain. Do you want to know the Andalusian horse? We talk to you in detail about this famous equine breed.

Origin of the Andalusian equine breed

Andalusian horses are direct descendants of Iberian horses, endemic to the Spanish territory. They are horses with more than 20,000 years of history. They already existed at the end of the Neolithic Age, when they began to be domesticated and ridden by warriors and nomadic tribes.

During Roman times, these horses were highly valued, participating in Roman circuses and making numerous crosses with other equine breeds of which they are precursors. Some of these breeds are currently well known and recognized throughout the world. They include the Mustang, the Hispano-Arab or the Friesian horse. But to preserve the purity of the breed, from the 12th to the 19th century it was forbidden to cross Andalusian horses with other breeds of horses. The nobles who valued this breed of horse so highly wanted only the “purest” specimens.

During the 18th century, due to the popularity of horse racing, the breed suffered a slight decline. This was because lighter horses were preferred, and the Spanish thoroughbred horse was very robust. In 1912 the first organization where these thoroughbreds could be registered was opened. Finally, in 1972 the National Association of Spanish Horse Breeders (ANCEE) of Seville was established as an official body.

Physical characteristics of the Andalusian horse

Andalusian horses are medium-sized horses with a height between 155 and 175 cm and a weight of between 400 and 650 kg. These horses have a life expectancy of between 20 and 35 years. The body of these horses is muscular, elegant and proportionate. His chest is broad, his neck is solid, and his back is broad and relatively short. The legs are long and very muscular. Its tail is long and thick, like its elegant mane, and its bearing is relatively low.

The head is medium in size, proportional to the rest of the body. Their medium-sized triangular ears are particularly mobile, which makes them very expressive in terms of the horse’s body language. As for the coat, it can be presented in different colors, although the most common is to find them in dark tones.

Character and behavior of the Andalusian horse

Andalusian horses can be relatively impetuous horses with their own strong character. However, they are relatively easy to tame, as they are docile and obedient if you work with them. Of course, you should also have a lot of patience and respect when dealing with them. Additionally, this breed can be a great breed of dressage horse due to its great propensity for learning and sharp intelligence.

They are also very brave and daring horses. They are strong and resistant to the high temperatures present in Andalusian summers. It also highlights its ability to recover quickly after expending a lot of energy. A well-trained Andalusian horse has a very balanced character.

How do animals communicate with each other?

There are many different types of animal communication, many of which we do not fully understand. Despite all the years of study, we always find new information about how animals transmit information to each other.

With this article we will try to shed a little light on how animals communicate. Keep reading!

How do animals communicate?

There are different types of animal communication include:

  • Visual.
  • Chemical (hormonal).
  • By touch.
  • Auditory.
  • Electrocommunication.

We discuss some of these types of animal communication in more detail below.

Visual communication between animals

Visual communication occurs in almost any animal species with the ability to see. However, it is often particularly associated with birds. Many, but not all species are sexually dimorphic. This means that male and female specimens have different physical appearances. Often the male has more striking plumage and / or coloration, using these facets to benefit them in the social mating system.

The theory is that plumage and movement show them as ideal candidates for mating, so they become their means of communication.

In a similar way, butterflies also communicate through their wings. Specifically, bright colors indicate to other animals that they are poisonous. The oriental fire-bellied frog also uses this technique. As their name suggests, they have a red belly that they show towards predators.

Chemical communication between animals

Chemical communication between animals is one of the most important and poorly understood communication methods in the animal kingdom. One of the most curious examples can be found within social insects (living in organized groups). For example, bees communicate with each other through pheromones. By using these chemical signals, they can alert other members of the hive to the presence of danger or where to extract nectar.

Tactile communication between animals

The sense of touch is an important communication method, especially for mammals. We can easily see it in chimpanzees. These animals groom each other to remove dirt and parasites. This behavior is not only for practical hygienic purposes. It also allows them to strengthen the relationship they have with each other.

Similar behavior can be observed in our domestic pets. Both dogs and cats lick each other.

Auditory animal communication

Although the sign language and sounds of animals are nowhere near that of humans, many animals will still use sounds and vocalizations to send signals. How complex an animal’s auditory communication is is hotly debated in various fields of study. If you ask a pet owner, some may claim that their companion animal understands more than it really can. Here are some examples of auditory animal communication:

Alarm calls

They are sounds that indicate the presence of a predator and warn the rest. As a result, they can better maintain the security of the group to which they belong.

Food notice

Animals living in groups will also use sound to alert other members of a new food source. Even if they are miles apart, animals can register sound and go to food. However, some animals will wait until they have had enough to eat before alerting the rest of the group.

Mating ritual

In addition to movement and plumage, birds can also vocalize songs during their mating ritual. The song of birds can be very elaborate and can vary significantly even within the same species. Individual birds will also personalize and adapt their songs over time.

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