Category: Curiosities

The Andalusian horse: a thoroughbred from Spain

As we can deduce from their name, Andalusian horses come from Andalusia, where they originated thousands of years ago. This makes them one of the oldest horse breeds in the world. In Spain they are known as Spanish horses or Spanish thoroughbreds, but in the rest of the world they are known as “Andalusian horse”. It is the most emblematic horse breed in the country, despite the fact that there are other breeds originating in Spain. Do you want to know the Andalusian horse? We talk to you in detail about this famous equine breed.

Origin of the Andalusian equine breed

Andalusian horses are direct descendants of Iberian horses, endemic to the Spanish territory. They are horses with more than 20,000 years of history. They already existed at the end of the Neolithic Age, when they began to be domesticated and ridden by warriors and nomadic tribes.

During Roman times, these horses were highly valued, participating in Roman circuses and making numerous crosses with other equine breeds of which they are precursors. Some of these breeds are currently well known and recognized throughout the world. They include the Mustang, the Hispano-Arab or the Friesian horse. But to preserve the purity of the breed, from the 12th to the 19th century it was forbidden to cross Andalusian horses with other breeds of horses. The nobles who valued this breed of horse so highly wanted only the “purest” specimens.

During the 18th century, due to the popularity of horse racing, the breed suffered a slight decline. This was because lighter horses were preferred, and the Spanish thoroughbred horse was very robust. In 1912 the first organization where these thoroughbreds could be registered was opened. Finally, in 1972 the National Association of Spanish Horse Breeders (ANCEE) of Seville was established as an official body.

Physical characteristics of the Andalusian horse

Andalusian horses are medium-sized horses with a height between 155 and 175 cm and a weight of between 400 and 650 kg. These horses have a life expectancy of between 20 and 35 years. The body of these horses is muscular, elegant and proportionate. His chest is broad, his neck is solid, and his back is broad and relatively short. The legs are long and very muscular. Its tail is long and thick, like its elegant mane, and its bearing is relatively low.

The head is medium in size, proportional to the rest of the body. Their medium-sized triangular ears are particularly mobile, which makes them very expressive in terms of the horse’s body language. As for the coat, it can be presented in different colors, although the most common is to find them in dark tones.

Character and behavior of the Andalusian horse

Andalusian horses can be relatively impetuous horses with their own strong character. However, they are relatively easy to tame, as they are docile and obedient if you work with them. Of course, you should also have a lot of patience and respect when dealing with them. Additionally, this breed can be a great breed of dressage horse due to its great propensity for learning and sharp intelligence.

They are also very brave and daring horses. They are strong and resistant to the high temperatures present in Andalusian summers. It also highlights its ability to recover quickly after expending a lot of energy. A well-trained Andalusian horse has a very balanced character.

How do animals communicate with each other?

There are many different types of animal communication, many of which we do not fully understand. Despite all the years of study, we always find new information about how animals transmit information to each other.

With this article we will try to shed a little light on how animals communicate. Keep reading!

How do animals communicate?

There are different types of animal communication include:

  • Visual.
  • Chemical (hormonal).
  • By touch.
  • Auditory.
  • Electrocommunication.

We discuss some of these types of animal communication in more detail below.

Visual communication between animals

Visual communication occurs in almost any animal species with the ability to see. However, it is often particularly associated with birds. Many, but not all species are sexually dimorphic. This means that male and female specimens have different physical appearances. Often the male has more striking plumage and / or coloration, using these facets to benefit them in the social mating system.

The theory is that plumage and movement show them as ideal candidates for mating, so they become their means of communication.

In a similar way, butterflies also communicate through their wings. Specifically, bright colors indicate to other animals that they are poisonous. The oriental fire-bellied frog also uses this technique. As their name suggests, they have a red belly that they show towards predators.

Chemical communication between animals

Chemical communication between animals is one of the most important and poorly understood communication methods in the animal kingdom. One of the most curious examples can be found within social insects (living in organized groups). For example, bees communicate with each other through pheromones. By using these chemical signals, they can alert other members of the hive to the presence of danger or where to extract nectar.

Tactile communication between animals

The sense of touch is an important communication method, especially for mammals. We can easily see it in chimpanzees. These animals groom each other to remove dirt and parasites. This behavior is not only for practical hygienic purposes. It also allows them to strengthen the relationship they have with each other.

Similar behavior can be observed in our domestic pets. Both dogs and cats lick each other.

Auditory animal communication

Although the sign language and sounds of animals are nowhere near that of humans, many animals will still use sounds and vocalizations to send signals. How complex an animal’s auditory communication is is hotly debated in various fields of study. If you ask a pet owner, some may claim that their companion animal understands more than it really can. Here are some examples of auditory animal communication:

Alarm calls

They are sounds that indicate the presence of a predator and warn the rest. As a result, they can better maintain the security of the group to which they belong.

Food notice

Animals living in groups will also use sound to alert other members of a new food source. Even if they are miles apart, animals can register sound and go to food. However, some animals will wait until they have had enough to eat before alerting the rest of the group.

Mating ritual

In addition to movement and plumage, birds can also vocalize songs during their mating ritual. The song of birds can be very elaborate and can vary significantly even within the same species. Individual birds will also personalize and adapt their songs over time.

The abyssal fish, incredible sea creatures

There are about 28,000 species of fish around the world. They are possessors of a large number of anatomical and physiological adaptations that have allowed them to evolve successfully over the years. In this article we are going to discover what abyssal fish are and their characteristics, incredible marine creatures that are found in the depths of the sea, where sunlight does not reach. Find out more about these deep-sea fish and their interesting anatomy in this article!

What are abyssal fish?

The abyssal fish are a group of species that have the ability to live in the abyssal zone or abyssopelagic zone of the oceans. That is, a portion of the ocean more than 2,000 meters deep. This area is characterized by its extreme environmental conditions. This includes deep seas, extreme water temperatures between 0º-4ºC, high concentration of nutritional salts, as well as a significant increase in pressure and lack of oxygen.

The abyssal zone, or abyssopelagic zone, also represents more than 83% of the ocean and covers about 60% of the land. And yet it is the area that we least know. In its depths, this area remains in perpetual darkness.

Fish that have the correct characteristics to live in these extreme conditions are called abyssal fish. They have a number of characteristics that allow them to survive in such deep oceans. Next we will review all its characteristics and we will know what are some of the fish of this species.

Characteristics of abyssal fish

As we have mentioned previously, these fish share certain characteristics that allow them to survive in the extreme conditions of the abyssal zone of the sea. They are as follows:

  • Skeleton: Netherfish have weak bones as they do not need stronger bones. This is because there are only weak currents in the abyssal zone. Another reason for the weakness of your bones is the fact that they cannot receive the nutrients and minerals, such as vitamin D or calcium, due to the lack of sun and specific components of the water.
  • Body: these fish do not have bright or flashy colors, in fact, many lack color and appear transparent. This helps them blend in with their environment that is in perpetual darkness. Many abyssal fish have bioluminescence that allows them to produce light from their bodies. These fish also have a very soft and flexible body that allows them to float in the depths of the sea.
  • Mouth: Many species of abyssal fish have extremely large mouths compared to their bodies. In fact, many have mouths larger than their bodies. This is an adaptation to the lack of food sources. The development of the mouth and stomach allows them to feed on larger prey. Even their prey are sometimes bigger than they are. Some species appear to simply consist of a head and a large jaw. Others have huge, sharp teeth that don’t fit in the mouth when closed.
  • Eyes: some abyssal species have huge eyes, while others do not even have eyes. Eyeless abyssal fish will need to rely on other senses to locate prey, mate, and avoid predators. When it comes to fish that do have eyes, their eyesight is extremely sensitive. In fact, they are 100 times more sensitive to light than the human eye.

Some of the abyssal fish that are known are: monkfish, viper fish, Saccopharynx ampullaceus, pelican fish or dragon fish.

All about the extraordinary golden tortoise beetle

Do you know the golden turtle beetle? It is a species of arthropod, a coleopteran insect, of the chrysomelidae family and of the Charidotella genus, which lives mainly in North America.

What is known about these insects? How can they appear to be bathed in gold? Read on because in this article you will find out everything about them.

General characteristics of the golden tortoise beetle

The gold tortoise beetle (whose scientific name is known as Charidotella sexpunctata) and some other species of the same subfamily are capable of changing color and adopting a metallic appearance, as if they were real gold jewels.

This insect is mainly found widely distributed throughout the eastern North America. Their body is round in shape and similar in size to some common ladybugs (between 5-7mm in length), and they are generally easier to see during the summer months.

They are usually associated with the sweet potato plant (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam.) And other related species, such as Ipomoea spp and Convolvulus spp.

They are of variable colors that move between orange and gold, reaching metallic tones, hence their generic name. This tonality shift can be accomplished thanks to microscopic valves and humidity control levels underneath your armor.

Regarding their diet, the golden tortoise beetles feed exclusively on the leaves of “Morning glory” or “Morning glory”, whose scientific name is Ipomoea. It is a plant with large green leaves and flowers with a flared shape.

In the reproduction of golden tortoise beetles, about 20 flat-looking white eggs are usually placed on the stems or inner part of the leaves. The larvae hatch from the eggs after 5 to 10 days and are yellowish-brown or reddish-brown. Golden tortoise beetle larvae attach to feces or skins of other animals and become adults after about two weeks from birth.

A beetle that changes color?

In 1979, Edward M. Barrows, a researcher at Georgetown University, published a study where he was able to relate the color change of the golden tortoise beetle (also known as Metriona bicolor) with the act of mating.

To reach this conclusion, Barrows studied a group of golden tortoise beetles by housing them directly in petri dishes in his laboratory, where he fed, cared for and observed their sexual habits until he reached such conclusions.

Edward M. Barrows discovered that, during the act of copulation, adult golden tortoise beetles changed color: they could go from a brownish-orange with some black spots to a shiny, metallic tone, the color of gold.

The beetles usually maintain this golden color when they are not disturbed, and it is precisely the external disturbance that causes them to change from golden to orange with black spots.

Differences between Bengal cats and Savannah cats

Cat fans around the world know that there are many special breeds, from Ragdolls to Sphynx cats, and more. However, there are two breeds in particular that have gained fame in recent years: the Bengal cats and the Savannah cats. These two races are different from the others, although at first glance they resemble each other.

Bengal and Savannah cats are actually quite different in their characteristics, although it is true that both are the result of breeding a normal domestic cat with a wild feline. A Bengal is a mix between an Asian leopard cat and a normal cat, while a Savannah is born to a Serval and a normal cat.

Many people think that because they are both hybrid breeds of feral cats, Bengal and Savannah cats are the same. While they have many similar traits, their ancestry creates a marked difference in their physical qualities, and any Bengal or Savannah homeowner can quickly spot these differences.

Read on to learn more about these wonderful breeds, including what they have in common and some key differences.

Bengal and Savannah cats character


Far from what one might think due to its wild origin, the Bengal cat is not surly or lonely, but rather the opposite. The character of the Bengal cat is characterized by being very affectionate. Additionally, his wildest ancestry makes him fast, agile, active, and even cunning. He loves to play and spend time outside.


Savannah cats are very active, hunting, and playful cats. They can live with other pets without inconvenience and love to climb high places. They tend to show a lot of loyalty to their owners, they are very sociable and kind to strangers and other pets. Although, yes, it should be borne in mind that they are very intelligent animals and that they might even be able to learn to open doors or cabinets on their own.

Exercise and feeding in Bengal and Savannah cats


Bengal cats love all kinds of food, but it is convenient to feed them with natural food, be it dry or wet food. It is important to know that salmon and wheat are foods to avoid in your diet, as they could cause skin disorders and damage your coat.


It is important that the Savannah cat food is of good quality and that there is enough space in the house that it can move and play freely.

Bengal and Savannah cat care


The coat of the Bengal cat must always be kept clean and cared for. For this, you will have to brush it regularly, since it usually sheds frequently and is the only way to get rid of excess hair.


With Savannah cats it is simpler, a gentle brushing daily or every couple of days is enough to keep their fur healthy and soft.

The health of Bengal and Savannah cats


Bengal cats are often prone to heart conditions such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which usually occurs in older cats. On the other hand, progressive retinal atrophy is an eye disorder that younger Bengali cats can suffer from (and which can lead to blindness). Finally, if your Bengali cat has to undergo any type of surgery, you should take into account the possibility of an anesthetic allergy, since they are prone to this type of allergic reactions.


Savannah cats generally enjoy excellent health throughout their lives, age well, and are not inclined to any particular breed-related disease.

Javanese, a purebred cat

Along with the Siamese and Persian cat breeds, the Javanese is a precursor to many of the cat breeds that followed years later. However, despite being the progenitor of so many other breeds, the Javanese is not as popular a breed as the others. With his graceful pose and sweet gesture, we can’t understand it! Anyone who has adopted a Javanese at home will know that he is one of the cutest felines you will ever meet. In this article we bring you everything you need to know about their characteristics, temperament, care and health, as well as shedding some light on their ancestral origins.

Origin of the Javanese cat

The Javanese shorthair cat originates from Thailand. Since medieval times they have enjoyed great popularity and today, they are a breed of cats recognized as a national of Thailand.

However, it wasn’t until the 20th century (the 1950s to be more precise) that international breeders outside of Asia began to show more interest in this breed. They expanded their presence in Europe and the United States, where it was finally officially recognized in the 1970s.

While the origins of the breed go back thousands of years, there have been changes since then. It is believed that the breed that we know today is the result of the crossing of the Siamese cat with breeds such as the British or the American shorthair. Some of them are considered one-color relatives of the Siamese cat.

Characteristics of the Javanese cat

The Javanese shorthair cat is a medium-sized breed of cat that usually weighs between 4 and 5 kg. They have a slender but muscular body with elongated limbs. This gives them an elegant appearance. Its tail is equally long and pointed, with small legs. As a whole, they have the appearance of being a very light and agile animal.

The head of the Javanese cat is also quite uniquely shaped. Its skull is triangular, with a wide upper part that tapers towards a pointed chin. Its muzzle is long with an elongated and straight slope. Their ears are very characteristic, they sit on their head and radiate like large satellite dishes. Their eyes are almond-shaped and do not stick out. The color of the eyes is usually bright green, but they can vary.

The coat of Javanese cats is fine, silky, and, unsurprisingly, short. It grows directly from the skin and does not have a shaggy undercoat like some other breeds. Hair color typically ranges between warm and light tones, although there are brindle, black and bicolor, these patterns include smoky, brindle, tortoiseshell and bicolor patterns.

Javanese cat character

With the Javanese we talk about a cat that stands out for its desire to communicate. They have a powerful meow and will easily use it to convey their mood or desire. These vocalizations vary by cat.

Oriental shorthaired people love spending time outdoors, but this does not mean that they cannot adapt well to living in apartments or houses. It will depend on the amount of time and attention you can give these kitties. They have a great deal of energy and need to be in activity to stay balanced. They are a very sociable breed of cat and do not tolerate loneliness well. This is something we will have to consider if we spend a lot of time away from home. They are animals that will form a close bond with their owners, but they will also be better if they have other cats to spend time with.

Their temperament is generally stable and playful, which makes them very suitable for children. They will be respectful playmates and don’t get upset easily. This does not mean that you do not have to respect their space. As long as the socialization period is well taken care of, the cat can enjoy a happy life sharing with others. All this makes them an ideal family cat, but it may not be the most appropriate to spend long time alone or if you will not be able to give them the attention and play they need.

Javanese cat care

Despite being short-coated, they will need periodic brushing to avoid tangles and remove dead hair (especially during shedding season). It will also help prevent the formation of hairballs and prevent your furniture from getting covered in dead fur that can be expensive to remove.
In terms of exercise for this breed, they are very active animals that need a lot of physical stimulation. That is why we need to have a lot of environmental enrichment in terms of toys and intelligence games. They especially like heights, so if you can have scratching trees or wall-mounted walkways, they’ll be very grateful to you.

They will need a balanced diet that meets all their nutritional needs and is of high quality. You can feed them dry food, wet food or even homemade food, but you will have to take into account their nutritional values. Don’t supercharge them and pay attention to their needs. Although with the high vocalization they have, they will probably let you know.

Lastly, we must pay special attention to your ears. Their large size makes them particularly vulnerable to mites and other parasites. You should also check their eyes, teeth, and fur for signs of disease.
Javanese cat health
The Javanese is generally a very healthy breed of cat. By paying basic attention to your health needs, it is unlikely that many problems will arise. Still, a notable pathology to which they are more predisposed than other breeds is strabismus. It is a genetic defect that affects the optic nerve and can cause misalignment (giving the cat a ‘cross-eyed’ appearance).

Strabismus, however, is more of an aesthetic flaw than anything else. It will not affect the cat’s vision. Even so, a veterinary follow-up will be necessary to see if there is any deterioration in sight.

Whatever the breed of your cat, it is important to follow the general guidelines for the health of the animal. This means vaccines and deworming as preventive medicine, and microchip implants to help recover them if they are lost. If we take care of all the basic care needs of the Javanese cat, it is possible that it can live more than 15 years.

How long should a puppy be with its mother?

Separating a puppy from its mother too early is never a good idea. Not only will they not have been weaned, but they will be denied the vital presentation and understanding of the world provided by their mother. In the wild, mothers would rarely leave their cubs apart from them. They are usually separated at a time when the dog has been sufficiently nourished physically and cognitively to be able to survive the environment well. Domestically, where threats from predators are few and resources are abundant, cubs can be separated from their mothers only by us humans.

In this article we answer the question of how long a puppy should be with its mother and we will discuss the main repercussions of separating them too soon.

At what age can puppies be separated from their mother?

When we discuss the right time to separate a puppy from its mother, we first need to know why waiting is important. We must also know that there is an ideal time to remove a puppy from its mother. This is so that the puppy can make the correct transition to the home environment. The two most important factors are:


One of the most important reasons why a puppy cannot be separated from her mother too soon is feeding. A mother’s milk for dogs contains exactly the right nutritional composition not only to support the puppy, but also to help it develop properly. This milk can be artificially reproduced, but it will never have the same quality as the natural source.


Developing a puppy requires more than meeting its physical needs. Their psychological and emotional needs must also be met to ensure their health and well-being in adulthood. This is where the socialization of dogs plays an important role.

From the simple act of breastfeeding, the mother will begin to socialize her young. This is an important action that shows the puppy’s reciprocity, but it also helps him communicate. For example, when the puppy cries, the mother will attend to him. They will also keep them at bay when they misbehave, something very important for when living with humans.

Although it is possible for a mother to give birth to only one cub, it is unlikely. The average litter is usually 5 to 8 puppies depending on the breed. Although the mother begins the socialization process by caring for the litter, the siblings of each newborn puppy play an important role in how they will interact with the world.

Puppies learn bite inhibition, basic communication, behavioral limits, and many other lessons by playing with their siblings. Dogs are naturally social animals that want to be part of a pack. It helps them feel safe and gives them security. If they don’t have these experiences, the puppies could grow up insecure.

At what age can puppies be separated from their mother?

The minimum time a puppy must be with its mother is 6 weeks, a period of time after which the puppy begins to wean. However, this is the bare minimum. The ideal minimum time that the puppy should be able to separate from its mother is 8 weeks. Still, many ethologists also claim that the puppy should be with its mother until 12 weeks of age.

We must point out that the longer a puppy is with its mother, the better its development. Therefore, it is advisable to leave the puppy with its mother until approximately 3 months of age.

What happens when we separate a puppy from its mother too soon?

Since staying with your mother is important physically and psychologically, it is understandable that negative repercussions have both a physical and psychological impact. Physical problems these puppies are likely to suffer from include:

  • Decreased appetite.
  • Poor immune system response.
  • Weightloss.
  • Increased risk of disease.

Basically, when a puppy is separated from his mother too early, it will put his life expectancy at risk. The puppy will not receive the same hormones, enzymes, antibodies, and other important physical benefits from mother’s milk. This means that it may not develop as well as long as the mother’s milk comes from a body in good health.

Psychologically and emotionally, separating a puppy from its mother too soon has serious detrimental effects. In fact, it is one of the most common reasons a puppy will develop behavior problems later in life.

Since puppies learn to inhibit bites from their mother and siblings, they will likely have trouble biting if they are removed too soon. It is true that it is always possible to train a dog to stop biting, but it will be very difficult if she has not learned it from the beginning. This means that not just anyone will be able to take care of such a dog, which could involve professional and expert help.

The sensitive period is the time during which the dog is most impressionable and vulnerable. During this time, they learn the skills and limits explained above, beginning around 3 weeks of age and ending around 12 weeks. If the puppy is separated from its mother during this time, especially during the early stages, it can be a very traumatic experience. Such trauma can result in:

  • Stress / anxiety.
  • Incontinence.
  • Separation anxiety
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Aggression.
  • Fear when walking.
  • Possessiveness.
  • Destructiveness.
  • Distrust of strangers.
    Difficult behavior with other dogs.

There are other factors that can lead dogs to develop similar behavior problems, but separating them from their mothers during the sensitive period has been known to have a detrimental effect. Several studies affirm that the probability of developing the above behavior problems is much more possible with dogs separated too early from their mother than in dogs that have had a longer growth and learning with their mothers and siblings.

Could you explain what is colombiculture?

If you still don’t know what exactly colombiculture is, you are in the right place. Pigeon breeding or colombiculture (from the Latin columba, pigeon and from the Greek φιλία, filia) consists of the breeding and training of pigeons to turn them into carrier birds, capable of returning to their loft after finishing the flight. Today, this cultural tradition of many countries is not intended to carry messages, but to travel a journey at the highest possible speed using special watches.

History of colombiculture

The first known contest with pigeons is dated June 15, 1820. At that time it is also when different armies in Europe establish the military application of homing pigeons, known as military pigeon racing, which had its peak during the First World War. At the end of the Second World War the use of homing pigeons was almost completely abandoned in favor of modern telecommunications.

In a more artistic context, pigeon racing had its heyday during the 19th century, being used as a theme in the costumbrista painting of many painters and as an image on stamps for sending letters. Pigeon racing is currently a minority within philately (the collection of stamps and envelopes), but in some places a few letters and documents are still sent through this medium.

Today the longest competitions are held from the city of Barcelona to the north of Holland, which is approximately 1100 km of race.

As a sport, the country with the highest number of licenses is China, followed by Germany, Belgium, Poland, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. Outside of Europe you can also find other countries where pigeon racing is practiced, although on a smaller scale, such as in Mexico and parts of South America.

And as if that were not enough, there is also a Colombófila Olympiad, in which Spain has historically held the tenth place worldwide.

Colombiculture in Spain

In Spain, the first military loft found dates from 1879, and at present, military lofts are within the Military Pigeon Service (SCM), in charge of regulating the possession and use of homing pigeons within Spanish territory.

The number of licenses in Spain in 1999 was approximately 4,200, with 320,000 pigeons, taking into account that the SCM owned five lofts with more than six hundred pigeons. Also in Spanish territory, the Canary Islands are one of the main focuses for pigeon fans, exceeding 40% of the country’s total licenses, followed by the Balearic Islands with 25%. In the Canary Islands the abundance of practitioners is due to the strong influence that the United Kingdom exerted on the territory during the 19th century.

There are different types of racing pigeons that are known as “races” and that generally bear the name of the breeder who has developed them, managing to maintain the characteristics of the breed through the generations.

It is possible to distinguish races suitable for short distance races, called “speed pigeons” (from 100 to 250 km approximately), others called “medium distance pigeons” (from 300 to 450 km) others as “cross country pigeons” (from 500 to 800 km) and finally races suitable to fly in races with great distances, known as “long distance pigeons” (700 to 1200 km).

What are the smallest birds in the world?

Do you like birds? Do you know which are the smallest birds in the world? And from Spain? In this article we will analyze some of the smallest birds in the world according to their category. In turn, you will get a little information about the life of these birds. Let’s go there!

The smallest bird in the world

When you see images of the bee hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae) next to a flower, you can easily understand where it gets its name. Landing on the flower like their stinging black and yellow namesakes, they are not much larger than a bee. They have their origin in Cuba and its surrounding islands. The males of the species are smaller than the females, measuring a tiny 5.5 cm. The females are not much larger at 6.1 cm long. Males weigh around 1.95 grams and females around 2.6 grams, respectively. That is, they do not weigh much more than gum.

Size is not the only thing the bee hummingbird has in common with real bees. As this bird feeds on nectar (as well as some very small insects), they go from flower to flower in search of food. Pollen sticks to their feathers, just like a bee’s legs. This, in turn, means that they can pollinate flowers. Since the hummingbird bee can reach up to 1500 flowers per day, they are very important to its ecosystem.

Although they are small, their wings can beat 200 times per second, which allows them to stay “floating” on the flowers on which they feed. The tiny feathers on its wings are no less beautiful for their small size. Smaller males show reddish and metallic blue hues in their plumage. However, their color may change slightly during the mating season. Females are more subdued bluish-green and gray, but both can have iridescence on their feathers.

What is the smallest bird of prey in the world?

The elf owl (Micrathene whitneyi) is not only the smallest owl, but the smallest bird of prey. They are native to the United States and live primarily in bushland, but can migrate to Mexico during the colder times of the year. A bird of prey is one that feeds on vertebrates, but with an average body mass of only 40 grams, the elf owl will not attack large prey. They mostly feed on insects, but also small mammals, reptiles, and even other birds.

As a nocturnal animal, it protects itself from sunlight by staying in holes made by woodpeckers. Although it is the smallest bird of prey in the world, it is not known for its fierceness. They have been known to feign death when faced with a larger predator.

What is the second smallest bird in the world?

We know that the smallest bird is the bee hummingbird, but what about the second? We also know what it is! The vervian hummingbird (Mellisuga minima) is an equally small creature, but it only loses in the rankings by a fraction of an inch. They also weigh on average about 0.1 grams more than the bee hummingbird.

They live mainly in Latin America, particularly in the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica. For this reason it can be extracted that they prefer to live in tropical and subtropical climates, particularly in areas of tropical jungle. They can also be found near agricultural plantations where they forage, such as near private gardens or bushes. Their plumage is metallic green on the back with a paler green hue on the chest and belly.

What is the smallest bird egg in the world?

While we know the smallest and second smallest birds in the world, it would be logical to think that the bee hummingbird has the smallest egg in the world. Curiously, this is not so. The vervian hummingbird, on average, is believed to have the smallest bird egg at about 1 cm in average length and 0.375 grams in average weight.

The hummingbird uses its rapidly flapping wings not only to fly over flowers, but also to prepare the nest for its young. However, unlike other bird species, this seems to be a female-only matter. Male hummingbirds are not believed to participate in nesting. The nest is usually not much larger than the bird and they are usually built in the shape of a cup. They stick it to branches or even sturdy leaves, something they can do thanks to their tiny size.

Nest materials are lichens and spider silk. This gives the structure a malleability unlike other bird nests. This means that the nest itself can expand as the chicks grow. The vervian hummingbird will only lay one or two eggs at a time.

What is the smallest bird in Spain?

The fauna in Spain is made up of more than 1200 species, where specifically the poultry is made up of more than 368 different species. Would you like to discover which of these species has the smallest bird in Spain? Keep reading because we will tell you about it below!

It is the simple wren (Regulus regulus), a bird that is characterized by having a greenish body on the back, dark wings and a yellow stripe on its head. The song of this species is very high-pitched and even repetitive, so it can be very easy to identify it.

In Spain it can be found in mountainous and humid areas, especially in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, although it can also be found in the forests of the Canary Islands. Its diet is based exclusively on insects and during the breeding season it lays between 6 and 13 eggs, incubated for 15 or 16 days.

Although it is not considered a threatened species in Spain, it can be affected by forest fires, tree felling or the use of pesticides.

Everything you need to know about the New Guinea singing dog

The New Guinea Song Dog (Canis lupus hallstromi), as its name suggests, is a native New Guinea canid, which according to some genetic tests is a close relative of the Australian dingo.

It is believed that this dog arrived in New Guinea approximately 6,000 years ago in a state of pre-domestication, as the dingo would have done in Australia, and evolved in this peculiar place to become the animal that it is today.

To put ourselves in context, it is worth mentioning that the island of New Guinea is the second largest island in the world, and is located in the Indo-Australian archipelago, north of Australia. It is an island with a great ecosystem, made up of meadows, coasts, marshes, tropical rainforest and mountains with peaks up to 4,800 meters high, including glaciers. Its diversity means that New Guinea has a very wide biodiversity, and a very high percentage of species. Thanks to its proximity to Asia as well as Australia, the animals that live there are a mixture of Asians with Australians.

And it is in this peculiar place where the singing dog evolved. Its natural habitat is the mountains, specifically the most inhospitable, cold, humid and very uphill areas. With these characteristics in the terrain and the climate, the human population of these sites has always been small, so that until recently they have not been explored. Thanks to this, the singing dogs of New Guinea have remained isolated from the common dogs of the rest of the island, so they have barely hybridized.

Behavior of the New Guinea Singing Dog

They are intelligent animals and difficult to reach or treat closely, because of their evolution in the wild. Still, it is thought that through proper training they could become pets and live with humans.

They have a unique gift with their ability to howl in a similar way to the wolf, but unlike the wolf, they can modulate the pitch, so that when they howl they almost seem to sing. And that is precisely the reason for its name.

Another of its most peculiar abilities is its tendency to climb and rest in high places. What’s more, they are capable of climbing trees with little difficulty. Birds are abundant in New Guinea, and the singing dog’s diet is believed to include large numbers of birds.

Singing dog characteristics

It shows a thick coat that varies in color from ocher, cinnamon or red to brown or black, and has peculiar grinds of considerable size.

Adults can measure between 36 and 46 centimeters tall, and weigh between 9 and 14 kg In captivity, males reach between 12.5 and 15 kg and females between 10 and 12.5 kg.

Another characteristic is its head turn, where the singing dog throws its head up and back, and straightens it again, in order to attract the attention of another individual. They have long tails, with different patterns of white spots, which they use to communicate and identify themselves from afar.

Females go into heat only once a year, just like dingoes or wolves.

Their behavior during riding is very peculiar, since apart from making the knot characteristic of dogs, the female has very strong abdominal contractions and emits high-pitched moans during copulation. When they become pregnant, females give birth to an average of 4 cubs in the same litter.

It is known that approximately 200 specimens currently live in captivity around the world, however, this breed is very inbred due to the lack of new genes.

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