Category: Curiosities

5 things you didn’t know about snakes

Snakes represent a unique group of reptiles. As limbless animals, snakes have inspired both fascination and fear, as many of them can be deadly poisonous. However, they do not bite out of malice and do not go looking for enemies. There is much of them that is still not known at a popular level…

In this article, you will learn 5 facts you didn’t know about snakes:

1. Snake sizes vary a lot

Snakes are a very diverse group in terms of size. For example, there are some tiny specimens, such as the Barbados thread snake (Tetracheilostoma carlae) with a length of about 10 cm. There are also huge species, for example the green anaconda (Eunectes murinus), native to South America. There are records indicating that this species can grow more than 6 meters long and weigh around 35-80 kilos.

2. His senses are amazing

It is interesting to see how the senses of snakes differ from one species to another. For example, some species have very limited vision, while some arboreal species of tropical forests have well-developed vision, such as the parrot snake (Leptophis ahaetulla), which lives in Central and South America.
Snakes may not have an outer or middle ear, but they are not deaf because they have an inner ear that allows them to sense vibrations in the ground to hunt and stay alert. These reptiles perceive vibrations in the ground very well, which is necessary for alertness and hunting.

One of the biggest curiosities about snakes is that they make great use of their forked tongues, which are constantly moving out of the mouth, to perceive scents. They use their tongues to catch particles as they travel through their mouths. This allows them to trap chemical traces in structures called Jacobson’s organs. These are located on the roof of the mouth and are covered with olfactory tissue so that they can smell their prey or predators.

Snakes, pythons, and boas are distinguished by their ability to sense heat, as they have structures and organs that can measure temperature. The holes in the face between the nostrils and the eyes have special membranes that detect infrared radiation from potential prey or predators. Thanks to these structures, they are able to detect their prey even in the absence of light, since they perceive the heat generated by the other individual.

3. They have different ways of moving

Although they do not have legs, snakes can move freely because they have developed certain locomotion strategies. In fact, some species are really fast and move in a very effective and undoubtedly curious way.

Snakes usually move by lateral undulations, characterized by an S-shaped movement. The movement is possible thanks to the propulsion of the animal against the irregularities of the surface. Their numerous short and wide vertebrae allow them to make these quick movements.

Snakes can also move with a mode of locomotion known as sidewinding. This type of movement is achieved by vertical and lateral undulations, with the head in a vertical plane almost perpendicular to the direction of movement and all segments at a non-zero tilt.

It is also possible for snakes to move in a straight line, and this is especially common in heavier species. This locomotion is called rectilinear.

4. They have different hunting strategies and ways of feeding

When they hunt, snakes are very agile creatures and consume a variety of animals depending on the habitat and size of the snake. Venomous snake species use their venomous bite to kill their prey before eating it.

Those without venom, on the other hand, capture and kill their prey by constriction, although some may still eat their prey alive.

5. They have very different ways of reproducing

Snakes have a strange way of reproducing. Although all snakes have internal fertilization, they differ in their reproductive methods. There are species that lay eggs, such as pythons, which take care of their nest until the young are born. Other species, such as rattlesnakes, are ovoviviparous, meaning that the embryos develop in eggs that remain in the mother’s body until they hatch. Boas, on the other hand, are viviparous, meaning that the embryo develops in the mother’s body without a shell. In other words, they give birth to live baby snakes. Many females that give birth later eat their young.

Most snakes are born through sexual reproduction. This means that two specimens (one female and one male) mate with each other. Interestingly, some snakes reproduce asexually. Females can store sperm and decide when to fertilize eggs, which they can lay at different intervals after copulation.

Did you know these curiosities about snakes? They turn out to be beings with many peculiar characteristics!

These are the 4 loneliest animals in the world

Have you ever wondered what the loneliest animals in the world are?

Well, it’s probably the humans. No animal has as much talent for solitude as the human. They can be alone in cities of millions of people, which is really amazing, if you think about it.

But some other animals also have good reason to be lonely. Here are 4 of the loneliest animals on the planet:

The 52 hertz whale

This whale has fascinated scientists for years. We know from its migration patterns that it is either a blue whale or a fin whale, but it sings in a much higher pitch than either. We don’t know why, but this whale has a totally unique song. This leads to her being ignored by all the other whales of her kind, and thus she sings her lonely song in the indifferent abyss. It was first detected in 1989 and has been heard every year since. One theory circulating about it is that this whale is deaf.

Albert: the black-browed albatross

There are more than a million black-browed albatrosses that nest on islands in the Southern Ocean. Albert, however, was first seen in Scotland in 1967, having been blown thousands of miles off course. Since then it has been viewed hundreds of times. He’s not totally alone, as he likes to hang out with other seabirds, but he hasn’t seen another member of his species in over 50 years.

Hanoi giant tortoise

A giant magic turtle is the protagonist in one of the most important legends of Vietnam, where he lived in Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi and offered a magic sword to Lê Lợi, who later led a rebellion against the Chinese and liberated Vietnam, becoming in emperor. The giant tortoise was once thought to be nothing more than a myth, until a dead tortoise, 2 meters long, was discovered in the same lake. Other turtles were seen many times over the years, until the last one died in 2015. However, another one was recently discovered in another lake, Xuan Khanh, outside Hanoi, which means that this species is still alive. in the city. There are only 4 of these amazing turtles left in the world, all in different lakes in Vietnam and China.

Spix’s Macaw

This parrot was once native to the forests of Brazil. Assumed to be extinct in the wild for over a decade, a single Spix’s Macaw was caught on camera in 2016. If it’s still alive, it may be the last of its kind left in the wild.

 

If you ever feel alone, remember that it could be worse. You could be the only one of your kind in an entire hemisphere, or even the last of your kind in the wild. You could sing a song so strange that it repels all members of your species, or you could be the end of a legendary line of magical turtles.

Les peculiaritats del gat Bobtail Japonès

El Bobtail Japonès és una raça de gat peculiar i molt coneguda. Estàs buscant adoptar un Bobtail Japonès? Si és així, has vingut al lloc correcte per saber-ne més!

Continua llegint per assabentar-te de tot allò que has de conèixer: la seva personalitat, les seves cures, etc.

Origen del gat Bobtail Japonès

El Bobtail Japonès és un gat molt especial amb un rerefons encara més interessant. Envoltat de diverses teories i mites, molts consideren que el seu origen es remunta a les Illes Kuri, on eren recollits pels mariners per a la bona sort. També hi ha mites sobre el Maneki-neko, un gat de cua curta que solia assenyalar els viatgers on havien d’anar. És possible que reconeguis el Maneki-nekos com els populars gats de la fortuna d’avui dia, la petita figura de gat que sovint és a prop dels caixers automàtics als restaurants japonesos.

Una de les moltes teories sobre aquest gat de cua curta és que data de fa 1000 anys i el 1602 era un dels gats de carrer predominants al Japó. El 1968, el Bobtail Japonès va ser portat de Japó al món occidental.

Si encara no ho saps, el gat bobtail és conegut per la cua curtíssima, semblant a la d’un conill. Però, d’on ve aquesta cua curta? Continua llegint per descobrir-ho!

Característiques físiques

Abans de començar, hem d’aclarir que el Bobtail Americà, una altra raça de gat, a part de la cua curta, no té res en comú amb el Bobtail Japonès.

El gat Bobtail Japonès té una cara en forma de triangle equilàter amb pòmuls alts. El seu cos és àgil i esvelt amb potes posteriors més llargues. Té ulls ovalats que solen ser de color blau o daurat/mel. Són de mida mitjana, sent els mascles una mica més grans que les femelles. El color del pelatge d’un Bobtail Japonès varia i pot aparèixer en blanc i negre, o similar al calicó o tricolor. Pots trobar bobtails japonesos de pèl curt o gats bobtail japonesos de pèl llarg.

La cua del Bobtail Japonès es forma a partir d’una mutació genètica i gens dominants i generalment fa només 3 cm de llarg. Aquesta cua ha de ser visible i pot mostrar torçades i corbes. Cap Bobtail Japonès és igual a un altre.

Caràcter Bobtail Japonès

Els gats són coneguts pel seu caràcter afable: estimen les persones, sense importar si són estranys o no. Aquests gats són gats increïblement curiosos, dolços i afectuosos als que els encanta jugar. A més, els agrada cantar! Sí, has llegit bé. Tenen una veu malenconiós característica de la seva raça.

Aquests gats poden adaptar-se a tota mena de situacions de vida sempre que rebin les cures adequades, afecte, temps de joc i una alimentació d’alta qualitat.

Cuidant un Bobtail Japonès

Si tens un Bobtail Japonès de pèl llarg, hauràs de raspallar-lo amb més freqüència que un bobtail de pèl curt, per mantenir el seu pelatge bonic, brillant i lliure de pèl mort. Com amb tots els gats, assegura’t que el teu Bobtail Japonès rebi les vacunes i desparasitacions adequades, així com visites al teu veterinari per a revisions quan sigui necessari. A aquests gats els encanta jugar, per la qual cosa us has d’assegurar d’oferir-vos suficients joguines i temps de joc perquè puguin gastar energia de forma saludable.

Salut d’un Bobtail Japonès

La raça de gat Bobtail Japonès no és coneguda per patir malalties o malalties concretes per la seva raça, de fet pot presumir de ser força saludable. No obstant això, si notes alguna cosa fora del comú, assegura’t de consultar un veterinari tan aviat com es pugui per tenir cura de la salut del teu pelut al màxim.

Why do dogs become so obsessed with balls?

Chasing a ball is one of the favorite activities of dogs. Normally, it is a harmless game that allows them to have fun while exercising their body and their senses, right? But the truth is that many dog ​​owners may start to notice that their best friends are becoming more and more obsessed with this game. They find it hard to stop and seem almost addicted to playing fetch.

Do you feel that is the case with your dog? Let’s see what could be the cause.

How to know if your dog is obsessed with his ball

Healthy dogs are often motivated to exercise, go for walks, interact with other dogs or people, play with their toys, be around loved ones, among many other things. However, when dogs become obsessed with their ball, it seems that it is the only thing that can bring them joy.

This is what a normal relationship between a dog and his ball should look like:

  • You show them a ball and they seem excited and eager to play.
  • You throw the ball, they return it to you. If another dog comes in to play, your dog may feel a little jealous, but he doesn’t become aggressive.
  • After a while, your dog begins to show signs of tiredness.
  • If he decides to stop the game and put the ball away, your dog shows no signs of anxiety. On the contrary, he looks relaxed and ready to rest.

However, an obsessed dog will constantly demand that you keep throwing the ball at him. They will not show signs of tiredness even if they have exercised for a long time. You may also notice other strange behaviors that you have never seen in your dog before. These include: hyperactivity, tachycardia, excessive barking and crying.

Why is my dog ​​obsessed with his ball?

To understand why some dogs are addicted to the ball, we need to understand what causes this seemingly trivial activity in their brains. Chasing the ball awakens the hunting instinct of our pets.

Although your dog does not need to look for his food to survive, we must bear in mind that hunting is an instinctive behavior in them. Instinctive behaviors are innate abilities that occur as a result of a specific stimulus and are not learned. When we throw the ball to them, we are artificially recreating the context of a hunt. The game allows the dog to exercise his senses, instincts and body strength. Once they have reached their prey, they can enjoy the coveted prize, which in this case is a ball.

However, unlike his ancestors in the wild, your pet hasn’t starved for days or hunted for hours in inclement weather. Naturally, they have made much less effort to achieve their goal and the ball does not give them much satisfaction. This could explain why they are motivated to repeat this pattern over and over again, seeking satisfaction that they cannot find.

As with almost all behavior problems, ball obsession is often related to the dog’s upbringing, routine, and lifestyle. If your dog starts to show signs of overexcitement, you’ll keep throwing the ball at him because you think he’s having a good time. However, by doing so, you will be reinforcing the obsessive behavior without knowing it. In a way, you’re sending your dog the message that it’s okay for him to be overexcited and behaving hyperactively by rewarding him with throwing the ball back to him.

What to do if my dog ​​is obsessed with the ball?

Ball obsession should not be underestimated or ignored, as it poses a risk to the dog’s physical and mental health. Therefore, you should act as soon as you notice any of the symptoms listed above.

The first thing you should do is stop playing with the ball. By continuing, you will only be reinforcing his obsessive behavior. We know that it can seem cruel to deprive your best friend of something that he enjoys so much. But remember that if the game becomes an obsession, its effects cease to be positive.

The best we can do for them is to stop feeding their obsession and consult a trained professional to help us treat them. Ideally, you should consult a veterinarian or a canine educator who can help you and guide you on how to treat this behavior problem.

Differences between a Persian cat and an Angora cat

Although there are marked differences between an Angora cat and a Persian cat, they are often confused with each other. The reason is because they are both long-haired cat breeds. However, if we look closer, we can see that it is quite easy to spot their differences, especially when we see them in person. By comparing the two breeds, we can not only distinguish their appearance, we can also determine which breed of cat could be the best companion animal for each particular case. Let’s see their main differences!

Physical differences between Persian and Angora cats

We began our differentiation of races with the most obvious thing: their physical appearance. These would be some of the physical differences between a Persian cat and an Angora cat:

  • Nose: Perhaps the most obvious difference in some Persian cats is the nose. This is because there are different types of Persian cats. Some have brachycephaly, a condition in which the nose is flattened and they have a gently elongated jaw. Angora cats do not have brachycephaly, so a flattened nose will mean they are Persian.
  • Tear Ducts: Due to the flattening of the snout of brachycephalic cats, their tear ducts often persistently secrete fluid (a condition known as an epiphora). If the cat has tear stains around the eyes, it is more likely to be Persian. However, an Angora is more likely to suffer from tearing if it has an eye infection.
  • Head: The skull of a Persian cat is more rounded, compared to the more almond-shaped appearance of Angora cats.
  • Ears: Persian cats are known for their small, rounded ears, while Turkish Angora cats have longer, pointed ears.
  • Pelage: Although both Persian and Turkish Angora cats can have a variety of coat colors and patterns, Turkish Angora cats are typically white. They are also more prone to heterochromia, a condition in which their eyes are two different colors.
  • Size: Although both breeds can have relatively small specimens, Persian cats are generally larger than Angora cats. It is rarer for the angora to reach 6 kg. They are also shorter in length.
  • Body shape: Persian cats are more robust than the Angora with a more elongated and slender body, although they are usually more muscular.
  • Due to these differences, especially those related to the care of the periocular area, we could conclude that Persian cats require somewhat more maintenance than Angora cats. Since Angora cats like Persians are long-haired cats, their coats will need to be brushed regularly.

Character differences between Persian and Angora cats

Beyond the physical differences, there are their differences in behavior and character. While each cat is an individual with its own behaviors and traits, there are some traits that are more common in certain breeds. For Angora and Persian cats, the following stand out:

  • Sociability: The Persian cat is generally considered more independent, while the Turkish Angora cat will be more accepting of human coexistence. However, this does not imply that they are enthusiastic about the displays of affection. In fact, it is common for the Angora to not accept too much physical interaction. The Angora cat is more inclined to say hello when we get home and to interact more. Of course, a Persian will also want to interact once you bond with his caretaker. Although sometimes surly, the Persian can be very affectionate when he wants. It is better to let a Persian cat seek affection rather than trying to force and interact.
  • Activity: Persian cats tend to be calm and not very active, preferring the quiet of a soft sofa to the hustle and bustle of a play session. The angora is usually much more playful. As a result of these low levels of activity in Persians, it is necessary to carefully monitor our cat’s weight.
  • Behavior with children: due to the characteristics that we have mentioned, Persian cats are less likely to tolerate the presence of children, especially if they do not respect their space and their need for tranquility. Angora cats can better accept living with children. Regardless of race, we always have to educate children to show respect for all living things and we must not leave them alone without adult supervision.
  • Living with other animals: These relationships will be easier for an Angora cat, since Persians are less likely to tolerate changes or alterations in their habits.

If you have a Persian or Angora cat at home, we would love to see them in consultation to take care of their health. Get in touch with us and make an appointment to meet us!

Is it okay to bathe pregnant dogs?

We must always be careful when caring for a pregnant dog. For example, even if they have been prescribed before, there are certain medications that you should not take due to possible effects on your pregnancy. Even the most everyday activities may need to be modified to help the dog during her pregnancy.

At Hospital Veterinari Glòries, we answer a common question that many of you may have during the pregnancy of your dog: can I bathe my pregnant dog normally? Before answering this question, we would like to remind readers that any concerns we may have with our dog during pregnancy should be discussed with her veterinarian. You can call us whenever you want and we will solve your questions.

The basic care of a pregnant dog

A dog’s pregnancy lasts approximately 63 days, with a healthy range of between 56 and 66 days. A normal pregnancy allows the dog to maintain her routine, so it is wrong to be too restrictive when caring for a pregnant dog. However, there are certain basic considerations that we must take into account during our partner’s pregnancy:

  • Veterinary check-ups: as soon as we suspect that our dog is pregnant, the first thing we should do is take her to a veterinary clinic. While there are standard guidelines that we must follow, our vet will be able to tell us if there are any specific considerations we should make with our dog. They will usually confirm the pregnancy with an abdominal palpitation or ultrasound. They will also have a final visit before the due date to confirm that all is well.
  • Feeding: once the pregnancy is confirmed, you can feed the dog with a special feed. This is because it is the best to meet her nutritional needs during this period and the one that will continue to benefit her during breastfeeding.
  • Deworming: deworming is a preventative measure taken to stop parasitic infestation. As puppies are particularly vulnerable to parasites, it is important that the pregnant mother is dewormed. Your vet will likely recommend deworming again around 45 days of pregnancy. They will then need to be dewormed again during lactation along with her puppies. During this period, not all antiparasitic agents are safe, so it is important that we carefully follow veterinary instructions.
  • Exercise: our dog will be able to lead a normal life, taking her usual outings and walks. We should only avoid making big jumps or playing rough games with other dogs to avoid injury to her or her puppies. Done right, it is safe to exercise a pregnant dog. Our dog will stop exercising once she is close to delivery.
  • Precautions: before applying or administering any product to our pregnant dog, we must consult with the veterinarian. During pregnancy, products such as deworming collars, pipettes, or shampoos may contain ingredients that can be harmful if they reach puppies.

This last point of precautions relates to our initial question about whether we can bathe a pregnant dog. Below we provide the considerations that we must take into account if our pregnant dog is dirty.

Bathing pregnant dogs

A dog that is expecting puppies will follow a routine similar to that before she got pregnant as long as the necessary precautions are taken. If you wonder if you can bathe a pregnant dog, the answer is yes. You can bathe your pregnant dog if necessary, but there are a few things to keep in mind:

  • Make sure that the bathtub or place where we bathe them has a non-slip surface to avoid falls and bumps. We can use special non-slip bath mats or even a simple folded towel.
  • Always use a shampoo approved by our vet. As we have said, some products may contain components that could be toxic to pregnant dogs, especially in the case of shampoos with insecticides used to deworm. If you wonder what product you should use to bathe your pregnant dog, do not hesitate to consult with the veterinary specialist who takes care of your dog’s health.
  • Handle the dog with care, do not apply pressure or make sudden movements, especially in the abdominal area.
    If the animal’s breathing is agitated, it feels uncomfortable, it becomes anxious or it continually tries to get out of the bathtub, we should not continue with the bath. Stress is very harmful for a pregnant dog.

Although bathing is suitable for most pregnant dogs, there are circumstances in which it is not recommended. These include the following:

  • At the end of gestation: it is a time when the dog needs tranquility and will be looking for a nesting place for delivery. Unless bathing is a relaxing activity for her, it is best not to stress her out or distract her from her main goal.
  • Dogs that do not tolerate bathing: For dogs that get very nervous, restless, scared or that try insistently to escape from the bathroom, they should not bathe during pregnancy to avoid a stressful situation. Since dogs don’t need to be bathed regularly without a specific cause, it should be okay to wait until after pregnancy or even until the puppies are weaned.

What to do if a pregnant dog gets dirty?

It should be fine to bathe a pregnant dog unless they are subject to the above restrictions. We must make an effort to ensure that they are not in a position where they get very dirty, especially in the days leading up to their delivery.

However, there may be times when the dog gets dirty, such as after an unexpected rain on a walk. This situation can be aggravated in long-haired dogs. If they get stressed during the bath, we must find other ways to clean them. It may be sufficient to use wipes suitable for pregnant dogs or even wipe them with a clean damp towel.

Pregnancy is not a reason to stop caring for our dog. We still need to keep brushing her regularly and make sure her coat is well maintained. If they get too stressed out going to a hairdresser, we should do it at home or wait until after pregnancy for more complicated grooming practices.

The insecticide with amitraz and pregnancy in dog

As we have been saying, there are certain substances that are harmful during the pregnancy of a dog. Amitraz is among them. It is an antiparasitic for topical use used against fleas, ticks and lice. It is used in small doses and is absorbed through the skin. For this reason, it can affect puppies in utero and during lactation.

Amitraz can cause teratogenic effects (malformations) or even spontaneous abortions. Although it is possible to bathe a pregnant dog, we can never apply a product that our veterinarian has not recommended with the certainty that its use is safe during the pregnancy of our dog. During breastfeeding, precautions should be maintained, as these and other substances can also be found in your milk. Spraying a pregnant dog with amitraz is not recommended unless directed by the veterinarian.

Is your dog pregnant? We will be delighted to assist you. Get in touch with us and we will make an appointment as soon as possible.

Reasons to adopt a senior cat

Imagine an animal that knows exactly who they are in their kind and what they are capable of. They are comfortable in their own coat, feel confident, and don’t demand too much time or attention. And also … they are professionals in appearing out of nowhere to give you a lot of love. Sound like impossible? Not for senior cats! They are among the most loving and lovable pets around, and they all deserve a home. If you’ve wondered if now is the right time to adopt an older cat, we have some information to help you reach a turning point.

Age is just a number

When it comes to the personality of a senior cat, what you see is what you get. Its appearance is not as worn as in other breeds. Instead, they have already gone through the many stages of growth and evolution and have now reached maturity.

While their behavior patterns may be well established by now, that doesn’t mean you can’t teach an older cat new skills. One of the best things about living with an older cat is that they know what they like (and more importantly, when they like it), but are still open to trying new things. This makes them adaptable and adoptable!

No mischief

Young kittens are unquestionably charming, but they can get a little crazy from time to time. Younger cats are more likely to scratch furniture, and it is not uncommon for them to mark their territory within the home. On many occasions they are also prone to running away from home and engaging in antics at night.

Older cats, on the other hand, enjoy a long night’s sleep. They can still benefit from a well-placed scratcher, but they are unlikely to indulge in destructive behaviors. Senior cats don’t usually urinate where they shouldn’t. If they do, it could be a symptom of a treatable age-related health problem.

Also, when you adopt a senior cat, they are likely already microchipped, fully vaccinated, and up-to-date on parasite prevention.

Let’s talk about your sandbox

Older cats are trained to relieve themselves in their litter box. Of course, they can be very picky when it comes to the shape and size of their box, and they may also face some resistance until you get the exact type of sand they prefer. If you are lucky, your senior cat may come to you with the good behaviors learned from its previous owner.

Let’s talk about the health of a senior cat

When you adopt a senior cat, there can be health consequences related to his age. However, potential illnesses are likely already known at the time of adoption. In other words, enter into the adoption agreement with all the available information and make the right medical decisions for your cat’s future.

Senior cats know when they are being rescued from a shelter. Their response will always end up being returning the favor with endless head butts, purrs and hugs.

Adopt an older cat

With excellent care, older cats can live to be twenty years or more! When you adopt an older cat, the most rewarding journey of all awaits you. What could be better than opening your home to a trained cutie to make you happy? From Hospital Veterinario Glòries we assure you that you will not regret it.

What are tortoiseshell cats? Know everything about its peculiar appearance

You can recognize a tortoiseshell cat by its distinctive coat pattern and color scheme. Similar to a calico cat, its fur incorporates white, black and orange colors. Unlike a calico cat, the colors are captured on its body as in a painter’s palette. That is, while calico cats have different colored spots over their entire body, generally with a predominance of white, the tortoiseshell has a more dispersed pattern, with a predominance of black. Surely you have ever seen one of them. How is this breed of cat? We tell you everything in the following lines.

What is a tortoiseshell cat?

A cat’s coat is determined by its genes, including its color, length, and texture. A tortoiseshell cat has a coat in the color combination of black, white, and orange. It is a tricolor pattern determined by the genetic data of the sex chromosomes.

The reason they are called tortoiseshell is that their fur resembles the distinctive pattern and coloration of the hawksbill turtle.

With tortoiseshell cats, you won’t see two with the same pattern. Like a snowflake or a fingerprint, each cat has a different coat pattern.

Characteristics of the tortoiseshell cat

The coat of tortoiseshell cats has a black background color predominant, with mixtures of orange and white distributed throughout the coat. They are intermixed and can achieve different coat patterns. Many of these cats have an orange spot or a kind of “flame” on their head. The coat of tortoiseshell cats should be black, white and orange, but it may include certain other shades such as blue, gray, cinnamon, etc.

Even if a cat has different shades of black or orange in the same coat, it cannot be considered tortoiseshell. These are just two color variations, not three. Tortoiseshell cats’ eyes are copper or dark orange. The pads of the paws and nose can be pink, mottled or black, depending on the distribution and dominance of each color in the individual cat’s coat.

What breed is the tortoiseshell cat?

Like calico cats, many humans refer to tortoiseshell cats as a distinct breed. However, this is not the case. Carey is simply the word used to describe the color of the cat’s coat. It would be similar to determining a black cat as an individual breed. The characteristics of black cats are determined by the genetics and experience of the individual, not by the color of their fur. The same goes for tortoiseshell cats.

Despite the fact that many, but not all, cat breeds can have a tortoiseshell coat pattern, many distinguish them as distinct. The behavior and appearance of the cat will be determined by other factors. However, there is something in common between cats with their coat type, which is discussed in the next section.

Is it true that tortoiseshell cats are female?

While it is not true to say that all tortoiseshell cats are female, the vast majority are. The reason for this stems from Klinefelter syndrome. This is a genetic condition that results from the transmission of sex chromosomes.

The white color of the fur of cats is independent of the sex chromosomes, given by the S gene. The colors of black and orange cat fur are related to the X chromosome. Since females have XX chromosomes, they can be tricolor because they can have black on one X and orange on the other X. Since male chromosomes are genetically XY, this means that it is almost impossible for them to present black and orange with white.

This is a similar explanation for why most orange tabby cats are male. Although orange tabby cats may be female, the vast majority will be male.

In tortoiseshell cats, they can be male due to something known as Klinefelter syndrome. This causes cats to present the XXY chromosomes, the double X chromosome that allows them to have a tricolor coat pattern. However, this is a genetic abnormality that has certain effects on the cat, including infertility.

Tortoiseshell cat breeds

It is possible to find tortoiseshell cats in practically all the feline breeds that we know. Since they are not a breed in and of themselves, they can occur in breeds such as the Persian, Mancoon, British Shorthair, Cornish Rex, and many more. However, they are also common in mixed breed cats, as these cats can come in almost any combination of coat colors. There are also tortoiseshell cats with short, semi-long or long hair.

Do you have a tortoiseshell cat at home? Did you know these peculiarities about the fur of tortoiseshell cats? Leave us your comments!

What is reverse sneezing in dogs?

Dog owners, in general, are used to quite varied noises coming from our pets. Snorting, sneezing, grunting, and chirping can be the norm. However, when your pet makes a new sound outside of his usual repertoire, it can be worrisome.

Hospital Veterinari Glòries is no stranger to calls from customers concerned about the noise their pets make. One of the most common suspicious sounds is a reverse or inverted sneeze in dogs. This noise, which can scare you, but is generally harmless, must be recognized by every pet owner to know how to differentiate it from any serious health problem.

How to recognize reverse sneezing in dogs?

Once you know what’s going on, the reverse or inverted sneeze phenomenon is quite unmistakable.

A reverse sneeze, medically called paroxysmal inspiration, is just as the name implies: the opposite of a normal sneeze.

During a reverse sneezing episode, the dog will draw air in through its nose repeatedly for several seconds. This air movement results in a very dramatic nausea-like sound (even with possible mucous sound, or snoring) that occurs when the dog repeatedly extends its neck. At this time, many pet owners panic, thinking that their dog is drowning.

A reverse sneeze tends to be triggered by irritation in the back of the nasal passages or throat, while a regular sneeze usually removes irritation from the front of the nose.

There are many potential causes of a reverse sneeze in dogs. These include:

  • Nasal drainage.
  • Allergens like pollen.
  • Nasal mites.
  • Foreign objects such as plant material.
  • Irritants such as smoke or perfumes.
  • Growths.
  • Lengthening of the soft palate.

Reverse sneezing Is it dangerous?

A reverse sneeze in dogs is usually not a cause for concern. Usually the dog’s own reflex erases what triggered it, and after a dramatic scene, your pet is back to normal.

Sometimes, however, if the irritation is persistent, the reverse sneezing episodes can be prolonged or repeated. So when should you worry?

Make an appointment with us if:

  • Your pet is distressed by the episodes.
  • Other respiratory signs like cough or runny nose are present.
  • Your pet seems to be having serious trouble breathing.
  • The gums or tongue are gray / blue.
  • Your pet loses consciousness.
  • Your pet is behaving strangely.

When in doubt, it is best to let one of our vets examine your pet. Diagnostic tests can help us determine if there is another reason for your pet’s breathing problems, such as an underlying heart condition or a polyp in the nasal passage.

We agree that reverse sneezing can cause alarm – your dog becomes tense and you think he can’t breathe, but don’t panic the next time you find your pet experiencing it. Remember: normally it is not about anything serious, but when it is, we will be here to help you.

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