Category: Curiosities

Everything you need to know about the Persian cat

If in dogs there was a breed preferred by the old royalty, which is the Pomeranian, in cats too: it is the Persian cat. And it is not surprising: Persian cats have abundant and luxurious coats, as well as a somewhat regal personality. They are elegant looking cats and very cuddly. Due to their peculiarities, they require a little extra attention. Do you want to know more about Persian cats? Read on to learn all about them.

Brief history of Persian cats

It may surprise you, but the Persian cat is one of the oldest cat breeds, coming to be seen in hieroglyphs from 1684 BC. C. They are called Persians because they were brought to Europe from Persia (modern Iran) in the early 17th century. Still, doubts remain as to where they originated.

These long-haired cats became royal favorites, such as Queen Victoria. Persian is still today one of the most popular cat breeds. They are gentle and sweet and have a somewhat princely personality. They usually spend their time lying on a pillow, on the sofa, or on their owner’s lap, as if they were sitting on a throne.

Caring for a Persian cat

This breed takes some work compared to most cats. In particular, the care must be directed at their coat, since it is usually long and abundant. It is important to brush them daily and bathe them regularly to keep them looking clean. For this reason we advise you to introduce them to the bathroom as soon as possible, to make this experience a regular one for them. They tend to be low-energy animals that love affection and the quiet and security of home.

As for health problems, the Persians suffer from inherited difficulties that can be severe depending on the case. They include polycystic kidney disease, bladder stones, cystitis (bladder infections), and liver shunts.

Varieties of persian cats

Although the most typical Persian cat is the white one with blue eyes, there are many other varieties. For example, blue Persians (a very peculiar bluish gray) is one of the most desired among cat lovers. Another of the most spectacular for its color is the Persian brown. Regarding the size, the current Persians have a medium or large size. They are robust, with short and wide legs.

If you’re up to the challenge of daily grooming and frequent bathing, the Longhaired Persian is the breed of cat you were looking for. Regardless of the coat colors you choose these cats are adorable both inside and out. No wonder people fall in love with his small ears, soft hair, and flat face!

Owning a Persian cat

Remember that a Persian cat, no matter how beautiful it is, does not live to participate in exhibitions. Taking care of him will be all you need to be happy.

Be sure to control the possible health problems that we tell you about in this article, monitor his kidney condition, and take him to the vet regularly to be able to prevent any type of disease.

If it is your first Persian and you have doubts about the daily hygiene of your cat, you can also ask veterinary professionals, as they will help you and offer advice on what you need.

Is it true that white dogs are deaf?

Is it true that dogs with predominantly white fur may be prone to deafness? Approximately 85 different breeds are known to have the characteristic known to cause congenital deafness. So is it myth or reality? We will tell you everything below.

What is deafness in dogs?

Deafness is defined as a hearing loss caused by an interruption in the delivery of sound to the brain. When the sound waves reach the eardrum, it begins to vibrate, causing the bones of the middle ear (or “ossicles”) to vibrate as well. These vibrations reach the fluid-filled, spiral-shaped cochlea of ​​the inner ear, creating ripples.

All this causes a change in pressure and forces the hair cells of the cochlea to move. These hair cells are connected to the auditory nerves, causing a nerve impulse through the auditory pathway that connects to the brain. Deafness occurs when during the course of this process it fails at some point.

So … Are all white dogs deaf?

The ability to listen is possible thanks to a special layer of cells inside the inner ear. This layer of cells, and the cells that determine the color of a dog’s hair, come from the same source of stem cells. Without this stem cell, the dog’s body will not be able to produce this specialized layer of auditory cells and will likely have a white coloration.

Dogs that carry the piebald gene (affects the distribution and amount of white color) are often affected by deafness. Piebaldism is the result of the absence of melanocytes, the cells that create the pigment melanin. These melanocytes are the part of a dog’s DNA that determines coloration, such as brown or black hair, or blue or brown eyes (blue eyes are not a true eye color, but result from a lack of pigment that produces color inside the iris). When a dog is born without melanocytes, the result is a predominantly white coat (and often blue eyes). Breeds commonly affected by the piebald gene include Bull Terriers, Huskies, Boxers, English Setters, and Dalmatians.

Congenital deafness is also linked to the merlé gene, which causes a dog to have mottled fur and blue eyes. Breeds commonly affected by the merlé gene include Sheepdogs, Teckels, Corgis, and Border Collies.

How to assess your dog’s hearing

The only way to effectively assess a dog’s hearing is through a Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response Test (BAER), which assesses the components of the external ear canal, inner / inner ear cavities, cranial nerve, and Selected areas of the brain stem. The electrodes are placed on the head to measure electrical activity within the brain, then a series of clicks are made through headphones placed over the dog’s ears and responses are recorded. If there is an auditory deficit, the response to BAER will be null (flat line) or of a reduced amplitude.

BAER tests can determine if a dog is deaf in one (unilateral deafness) or in both ears (bilateral deafness). Also keep in mind that tests on puppies less than six weeks old can produce false positive results.

If you suspect that your dog may have hearing problems regardless of the color of its coat, do not hesitate to make an appointment with our clinic so that we can carry out the appropriate tests and can provide the appropriate treatment.

Why do dogs tremble? Possible causes

When a dog trembles, it is normal for its owners to worry and think that something is wrong. But, the truth is that tremors can be due to many different causes, without the need to treat something serious. Some of these causes are completely natural and temporary, others may need veterinary review. So first of all, find out why your dog is trembling. Here are some common reasons why this may be happening.

What are tremors in dogs?

First of all it is important to distinguish tremors from seizures. When a dog suffers a seizure, it loses all control of its body, shaking legs and rigidly spasming.

When we talk about trembling, we refer to a physical response due to another external stimulus, it is subtle, arrhythmic and continuous movements, but the dog still has control over his body. Small breed dogs are the most prone to tremors, such as Chihuahuas, Bichon Maltese, or Poodles.

Why do dogs tremble? 6 possible causes

1) The most common reason a dog trembles is because it is cold. A dog’s normal temperature ranges from 37.8 degrees to 39.2 degrees. Since a dog’s body is warmer than a person’s, just touching your dog won’t let you know precisely if it’s cold or not. So be careful during the winter months with dogs outside, especially smaller ones.

2) Dogs can tremble due to anxiety or fear. Thunderstorms, fireworks, travel, or any type of environmental change can cause anxiety or fear in dogs. If your dog has strong chills and anxiety in these situations, he may benefit from an anti-anxiety medication during stressful periods. Your vet can help you evaluate the best options.

3) Dogs also tremble with excitement. For example, there may be a mouse in the garden that you want to chase. Or before being fed, watch the food in the bowl and start trembling with anticipation from the thrill of going for it.

4) Dogs tremble because it is a learned behavior. This occurs when a dog trembles and results in a desired response. For example, every time a dog trembles, and its owner says: “poor thing” expressing pity. Then they pick it up and wrap it in a blanket, filling it with attention. This dog will quickly realize that just by trembling you get the attention you want.

5) Tremors can be the result of medical and physiological problems. Pain or illness can make dogs tremble. Finding the underlying problem is important in order to address it. In addition to trembling from pain, it can induce anxiety in the dog, causing more tremors.

6) There are also some toxins that can cause a response in the form of tremors in the animal, although with more rigid movements, such as seizures. This behavior could be misinterpreted as tremors, when in fact it can be a much more serious problem.

If your dog’s tremors seem somewhat out of the ordinary, or as a result of a serious problem, you should visit the vet.

Everything you need to know about feline pregnancy

Is your cat pregnant? !! Congratulations!! You will soon enjoy the presence of a few kittens. As a general rule, cats know how to manage this stage instinctively, however, you can always help the future mother feel more comfortable knowing more about her pregnancy. How do you know that a cat is pregnant? What is the duration of pregnancy in cats? Should you change your diet? There will be many questions that come to your mind if it is the first time that you experience this situation, that is why we have compiled all the information you need to know about feline pregnancies. Keep reading!

Signs of pregnancy in cats

There are certain signs that directly tell you that an animal could be pregnant. Many are slightly similar to what we already know in humans. Particular food cravings, morning sickness, and a constantly growing belly are top. It should be noted that these symptoms separately do not necessarily mean pregnancy, but together, it is more than likely.

In addition, you will see how your cat is much more affectionate and her nipples are swollen.

When can a cat get pregnant?

Felines are extremely fertile animals. A cat that has not been neutered can give birth no more and no less than three times a year. The rutting seasons are the most sensitive time for this to happen.

At what age are cats sexually mature?

Cats can, depending on their breed, be receptive from the fourth or fifth month of life: Abyssinian, sacred Burma and Siam cats can become pregnant at this age, while for example Persians can reach seven or eight months before becoming mothers. In addition to the breed, the weight will also influence the ease of gestation.

The behavior of cats in heat

The preparation phase for mating is called “heat”. At this stage, hormones play a very important role: estrogen levels increase, ovulation approaches and the female begins to search for a cat. In cats living outdoors, it is possible to accept multiple mating partners, so kittens may look different from each other.

Loud meows and a high tail will be other symptoms that will accompany the heat. Some cats even lose their appetite during this period. Zeal usually lasts a few weeks, until a suitable mating partner is found.

How long is a cat pregnant?

It will take around two months for the hatchlings to be sufficiently developed to go out into the world. Depending on the breed, kittens will be born between 58 and 67 days of gestation. Smaller breeds may take slightly less.

If at the 70th day nothing has happened yet, you should consult a vet to examine your cat and advise you on how to continue.

Duration and stages of the gestation period in cats

Here are some guidelines for you to learn about the different stages of gestation of your feline:

Day 6: transfer of fertilized eggs to the uterus.
Day 12: settlement in the uterine wall.
Day 15: connection of the embryos with the circulatory system of the mother cat.
Day 21: the embryos can already be seen through an ultrasound.
Day 28: the embryos measure between 3-4 centimeters.
Day 38: Nerves, sensory organs, and muscles develop.
Day 50: the babies in formation are already 7 centimeters and their fur has started to grow.
Day 60: the offspring are ready to hatch. They are already complete, and measure approximately 13 centimeters.

How many kittens are born in a first litter?

The number of kittens born per litter can be variable. From one to six, everything will depend on the race and the mating (if it was with a couple or several). If the cat decides to mate again during the first three weeks of the gestation period, it is quite possible that fertilization will continue. For that reason, kittens in the same litter often vary greatly, from different fur and eyes to developmental individuals at birth.

How is the feeding during the feline’s pregnancy?

Nutrition will be an important factor during your cat’s pregnancy, as her body will change and she will need much more energy than usual. For example, an increase in daily calorie intake of 50% is recommended.

Make sure that the future mom has sufficient access to food and liquids throughout the pregnancy, providing the necessary minerals and vitamins. Food for managing cats can be obtained at any veterinary center, but if you prefer to prepare it yourself, be sure to include the elements necessary for balanced nutrition, such as protein and vitamins that your cat may require.

During the lactation period, you should also take care of your diet in the same way.

Avoid medications

It is important that, if it is a controlled pregnancy, vaccines be administered before the gestation period, so that the antibodies are already present and can be transmitted to kittens through breast milk. The same happens with deworming: it must be done before mating, so that the little ones are not infected by milk.

You should never medicate or treat your cat without first consulting a veterinarian, as he or she will advise you on the appropriate medication for pregnant animals.

Consult with the vet

Feline pregnancy may not be easy to spot at first. If you are looking for early official confirmation, it is best to take your cat to a vet’s office. There they will examine the animal through palpation during the first days, and after day 21 after mating, an ultrasound can be performed to be able to confirm it visually. The number of final kittens can be accurately estimated from day 40.

5 things you need to know about Pomeranian dogs

Pomeranian dogs are one of the most elegant and desired by lovers of the smallest breeds. Due to its size and coat, it is inevitable to compare its appearance with stuffed animals, or want to offer them all the love and affection in the world in our arms. Are you thinking of purchasing a Pomeranian breed dog? It will be convenient for you to first inform yourself of some aspects, that’s why, we will not only give you general information about this breed, but we also offer you 5 curiosities about them that you will love to know.

5 curiosities about Pomeranian dogs

The Pomeranians are a popular breed for their personality, inquisitive and temperamental, but very fun and playful. Everyone sees them as an adorable breed, ideal to take everywhere. But they are much more than that. Here we will tell you 5 things that you surely did not know about them:

  • The origin of the Pomeranians

Although named for the Pomeranian region of Central Europe, this breed of dog is actually a descendant of a large Arctic working dog, the German Spitz (hence its large coat). The Spitz group also includes Huskies, Malamutes, and Samoyeds, and all generally have thick, dense fur, pointy ears, and tails that curl around the bottom of the spine.

The Pomeranian that we know today was born thanks to the crossing of the original Pomeranian, which used to weigh from 13 to 20 kilos.

  • Kings dog

The popularity of the Pomeranian is not current. Already during the 18th and 19th centuries it became a breed desired by all thanks to Queen Charlotte (1744-1818) and Queen Victoria (1819-1901). Queen Victoria, a huge fan of this breed, even asked that Turri, her favorite Pomeranian, be placed on her deathbed next to her.

The British royal family greatly influenced the evolution of the breed, since they had a kennel where they raised and mixed the breed. Interestingly, the size of the Pomerania decreased by up to 50% during Queen Victoria’s reign.

  • Survivors on the Titanic

Did you know that in 1912 three dogs survived aboard the Titanic, and two of them were Pomeranian dogs? One of them was called “Lady” and was able to escape with her owner in one of the lifeboats, the other, was able to live thanks to the fact that her owner hid him in her lifejacket.

  • It has a wide variety of colors

The Pomeranian has more coat colors than any other breed of dog. Its wide variety include white, black, brown, sable, reddish, orange, cream, tan, brown, tabby … as well as combinations between those same colors. Still, the most common colors today are orange, black, or a combination of cream and white.

  • Most common health problems in the Pomeranians

The most common health problems among these dogs are: hypothyroidism, valvular heart disease, ear infections, patellar dislocation, dental infections, cavities or abscesses. That is why it is important to keep track of your health up to date with your regular vet.

Some more facts about the Pomeranians

In general, dogs of the small size Pomeranian breed usually weigh between 1.5 kilos and 3 kilos, measuring between 15 cm and 20 cm. Its coat is usually double-layered: a shorter inner layer and a longer outer layer. The fact that there are so many colors for its coat makes almost every dog ​​unique, making it an even more special dog.

Pomeranian dogs are very intelligent and attentive to what happens in their environment, and due to their size, they are happy inside the houses, always enjoying the company of their humans.

When they are puppies, they do not need much care in their hygiene, but as they grow you will have to pay more attention to their fur. In addition to brushing it regularly, you must attend to the cut of your nails, clean your ears well and trim your hair.

As for vet check-ups, it will be important to conduct ophthalmological reviews, periodic cardiac exams, and patella evaluations.

As with the rest of the races, if you want to train it, the best thing to do is start from a young age. The sooner they learn to leash and take your call, the better. It will also be important that you take care of your Pomeranian dog’s joints, as they tend to want to jump a lot when they ask for attention or want to get somewhere, and this can damage them in the long term.

They are “lap dogs”, who enjoy being with their owners, but they are also active and playful dogs. Make sure to give him good daily play sessions and socialize with small dogs of his size in the first place, and then let him meet other bigger ones, so he doesn’t develop fear. As for his life expectancy, he is around 12 and 16 years old according to his state of health.

What type of human is best for a Pomeranian?

Dogs of this breed are ideal for family life, as long as children are old enough not to be too rough on them. When they are puppies, they are very small and fragile dogs, so children can unintentionally hurt them almost without realizing it.

Due to their size, they are also suitable for urban life, but not very suitable for long walks or too much outdoor exercise. So if you are not a very active person, you are the perfect human for this race.

Is it a good idea to have a pet with a newborn?

All of us who have furry at home and are thinking about expanding the family are concerned about the same questions: how will my pet behave when the newborn comes home? Is it healthy for them to be around? Can it be dangerous for the baby? In this article we will focus on how to face the coexistence of domestic animals and babies, and we will try to answer the most common doubts regarding this topic.

Is it a good idea to have pets at home with newborns?

Having pets at home and babies is completely compatible, but it is important that you prepare the arrival of the newborn so that the change that will happen in the home is as stress-free as possible for the animal.

The sooner you start preparing your pet for the arrival of the baby, the better. For example, if it’s a dog, you’ll need to spend time training it to help it with changes. As your child grows, you will have to teach him to respect animals, since he will be able to move himself to your pet, and however polite a dog, no one guarantees his reaction if they are pulling his hair or from the ears.

As for the dangers to the health of the baby, if your pet is healthy, you should not worry about anything, and also, as long as the baby does not fend for itself, you can control the approaches and contact between the two. In any case, it will be a good idea to talk to both the midwife and your trusted vet: they can surely advise you so that the presence of the animal does not pose any risk to the baby’s health, as well as to prepare the coexistence.

Things you can do in the months before the baby arrives

During the months prior to the newborn’s arrival, you can do the following:

  • Make sure of a good and basic behavior by your pet to facilitate the life of all family members. In the case of dogs, you can review orders such as “sit down”, come when called or “lie down”.
  • If there are problems of aggressiveness or stress due to separation, it is highly recommended to seek outside help. Ask your vet to refer you to a good specialist to improve behavior.
  • Make sure your pet is healthy and has fully updated vaccinations.
  • With the arrival of the newborn, your pet will no longer have all the attention: get used to not being aware of you and feeling relaxed without your attention, for example, taking him to his bed and entertaining him with a chewy snack.
  • If your pet is a dog, train him to walk gently next to the stroller, without jerking.
  • Begin to arrange the utensils and furniture that the baby will use, such as cribs and high chairs, so that the animal gets used to them.
  • You can look for baby sounds and play them from time to time at home, this way your pet will get used to the sounds that the newborn can make.
  • Allow your pet to smell the clothes and utensils that are going to be used by the baby. If he remains calm, reward him.

What to do once the baby is at home with your pet?

When the newborn arrives home, it will be important not to make a problem of the moment and to remain calm and “normality”. You have been preparing your pet for the previous months, so trust: everything will be fine.

The first thing will be to practice the approaches: the animal will have to be taught how to approach properly and smoothly. It is important to help the animal see the newborn as something pleasant to be around, so you can reward him a lot every time he behaves well with the next baby. Here are some more tips you can do:

  • If your pet is a dog, there are important details that will help the animal become familiar with the baby: walks. Family walks are for him the way to reaffirm and recognize his pack. Taking walks together will help you recognize your family members.
  • Even if you have the calmest pet in the world in your home, never leave your baby alone with him.
  • Keep reinforcing positive education and never punish or yell at him near the baby. Since you can make associations contrary to what you are looking for.
  • Don’t let your pet get bored: if you have a dog or cat at home, try taking turns with your partner so that they do some exercise daily. Fatigue, in the right measure, relaxes animals.

The truth about why dogs chase their tails

Whether for fun, boredom, or just to get attention, it is common for dogs to tend to chase their tails repeatedly a day. This is usually a natural attitude in these animals, especially when they are still cubs. However, on certain occasions this behavior may indicate a problem that requires more specialized and immediate attention.

Why do dogs chase their tails?

It should be borne in mind that this behavior is frequent in puppies when they have been separated from their pack. At birth and during their first months of life, puppies get used to living and playing with the other members of their pack, so by separating them from it they find a new way to have fun chasing their own tail.

This action is intensified when puppies do not frequently interact with family members or when there are no other pets at home to play with. Chasing your own tail, in these cases, can be considered a natural activity in itself and should not be a concern.

When can chasing the tail be considered a compulsive attitude?

Now, when this attitude is present in the adult dog and is performed very regularly, it could be an obsessive compulsive disorder, which in the case of dogs is called compulsive canine disorder and that the animal would have developed during its early stage. . In these circumstances, a veterinary diagnosis is required in order to confirm or rule out this condition.

Pets with compulsive canine disorder can constantly chase their tails, follow lights or shadows, stand erratically, or walk repeatedly. Specialists consider mistreatment, anxiety, confinement or early withdrawal from their mothers, as some of the reasons that may be behind this type of behavior.

Do genetic factors influence this type of behavior?

There are several studies that show that the tail chase may be determined by races, which would confirm a genetic predisposition. Thus, the bull terrier or the German shepherd would be the most likely breeds to perform this behavior.

Analysis shows that these breeds tend to chase their tails repeatedly as it provides a psychological reward that creates a sense of well-being and relaxation, especially when they are frustrated and stressed.

There are other reasons related to this compulsive act, such as the lack of relationship with other dogs or boredom due to lack of activity. Also, there are cases of dogs chasing their tails for some physical cause, such as the presence of wounds, flea bites or inflammation of the anal glands.

In all cases, it is best to take the dog to a veterinary consultation; the specialist will determine the exact cause of this behavior and will establish the guidelines to correct this repetitive attitude.

Giant Schnauzer: everything you need to know about this breed

Developed in seventeenth-century Germany, they represent a very resistant breed, raised for work and multiple labors, and although the origin of their race is not entirely clear, some references account for their origin from a combination of several other races , like the German shepherd, boxer, rottweiler and Great Dane; we are referring to the giant schnauzer, the largest variety of its kind and which is known as a robust and beautiful aristocratic dog.

It is one of the most elegant dogs that exist and are ideal for surveillance and grazing tasks, in addition, they are perfect companions for the time to exercise and for long walks, thanks to its large size and excellent physical abilities. Also, they are considered very intelligent dogs and easy training.

With all this, the truth is that giant schnauzer require constant attention and care, so it is necessary to know a little more about this particular breed.

The origin of the giant schnauzer

This breed emerged with the concern of German farmers, who, in essence, wanted to achieve the same charm, elegance and beauty of the conventional schnauzer, but with a larger size and, therefore, greater agility.

The idea was to achieve a sturdy, skilled and good-natured dog like the schnauzer, but capable of successfully grazing cattle and helping with the care of cattle.

Thus, various crossings were made between the small race, the German shepherd, the Great Dane and the Flanders, with, perhaps, some other races; however, there were no formal records of the crossing attempts.

During the stage of World War II, the population of this giant race decreased considerably, to later recompose itself, once the war was over.

Nowadays, most of the owners use them as pets and, although they have a lot of potential as police dogs, they have not been very used in force because of how flashy they can turn out to be.

Characteristics of the giant schnauzer

This elegant breed usually measures between 60cm and 70cm in height and weigh about 35kg to 45kg if they are healthy. It is considered a robust animal, quite strong and very similar to the traditional schnauzer, only much larger.

They have a broad chest and long legs, with a large head full of hair and well-populated eyebrows. The ears, which are one of its characteristic points, are “V” shaped and raised. In the past his ears were trimmed by aesthetic issues, however, this practice was extinguished.

As for the fur, it is usually a combination between a thick layer closer to the body and a fairly short outer coat with barbed texture, which gives the particular shape to the beard and eyebrows, popular in all schnauzers.

Personality and specific features

Intelligence is a particular feature of this race. They are considered sociable animals, very loyal, quite intrepid and, above all, of a stable temperament.

In some cases they can be considered aggressive if they are not raised in the right way; This is because they tend to be quite suspicious of their territory and take great care of their spaces. If they are not taught to share, they can be somewhat conflicting.

Giant schnauzer have a very dynamic temperament. They enjoy physical activity regularly, are quite animated and adapt with pleasure to routines. Therefore, with proper breeding and constant contact, they are the ideal pet for very energetic people.

They are considered the ideal pet in families with teenagers, dynamic adults and not very young children. It is important to keep in mind that giant schnauzer like to play with the body and can be heavy for a child.

Care of this particular breed

Giant schnauzer dogs are that require specific attention and care. For example, in terms of fur, although they do not require a too excessive routine, they require frequent brushing, at least twice a week.

Two of the most delicate and characteristic points in this breed are the beard and the eyebrows. It is important to be careful to clean your beard of any food or water, to avoid odors. Also, in the case of the eyebrows, you have to be careful to trim the hair to prevent it from obstructing your eyesight. It is essential to accustom the canine to regular visits to the hairdresser at least about three times a year.

As for their physical activity, given their characteristics and their connection with the German shepherd, it is crucial that they be exercised at least three times a day. However, taking them out for a walk is not enough; This breed demands canine sports, more strenuous physical activities and contact with other animals, to favor the development of social skills.

They are considered quite independent animals, but they don’t get along very well with loneliness, so constant company is crucial.

Health of the giant schnauzer

In general, this breed enjoys a good physical condition, perhaps because of the level of dynamism they usually have; However, like all races, they have a predisposition to some diseases, including suffering from epilepsy, gastric problems, hip dysplasia, sprains due to sudden play and cancer.

Finally, weight is another disadvantage of these animals. Usually, they should not exceed 45kg; Even so, some specimens can be exceeded, especially if they are not exercised with the level of frequency and intensity that the breed demands.

Large and imposing, the giant schnauzer can be aggressive if it is not raised correctly; Therefore, it is crucial that from a puppy interact with other races, species and children.

During this process, it is necessary to include training techniques, although these should always be positive. Given their character, they are quite reactive to punishments and may eventually become rebellious before the instructions if they are penalized very often.

Cats care in adulthood

In the same way as in humans, the aging process in cats represents an individual experience, so the first signs of old age will show them at different stages of their adult life.

Although the perspective is that our pet sees its affected health during this process, the truth is that the cat’s old age does not have to represent the need to face pathologies that reduce their quality of life.

The life expectancy of a cat can be even greater than that of a dog. Thus, an adequate combination of timely care, active life and good genes can represent a life beyond 20 years.

Precisely, to offer quality of life to the cat in adulthood, it is necessary to know the elementary care that must be provided.

Continue appropriate medical care

When the cat reaches adulthood, he will need more consistency and regular visits to the veterinarian. In addition to normal controls and review of vaccines, it is important to take into account the analysis of age-related markers.

You have to be aware of the values ​​in blood, in order to examine how the internal systems are. The veterinarian will monitor the functioning of the kidneys, thyroid, circulatory system, blood glucose and cardiac functioning.

In addition to this, it is necessary to be aware of the weight and activity of the animal, as it gains age.

Avoid sedentary lifestyle

One of the most critical problems of cats in adulthood is that they can become lazy. While cats usually sleep a lot, they also have intense periods of activity.

Upon reaching a certain age, this dynamism cannot be lost or the cat will be at risk of suffering from obesity and arthritis. Therefore, it is necessary that the routine prevail.

Cats are usual animals. Having and maintaining a daily routine is vital to the feline’s physical and emotional health; In this way, the animal will feel much more comfortable and avoid the risk of depression.

Hair, skin, gum and teeth care

Both the fur, such as the skin, gums and teeth, should be under constant supervision. It is necessary to provide a brushing routine that stimulates the coat, as well as a constant review of gums and teeth to prevent their fall.

It is likely that it is necessary to include massages or other body stimuli that help to favor the joints, in order to prevent joint stiffness from affecting the skin and causing irritation or lacerations.

Diet care

One of the most common evils in an adult cat is obesity; the decrease in the rhythm of activity, the attached diseases and the carelessness, can lead the cat to gain weight very quickly.

Therefore, it is crucial to review and restructure the diet; Given a sedentary lifestyle, you have to say goodbye to the caloric.

However, due to the advance of age, a good load of protein, nutrients and fiber are key to the cat’s health, so it is advisable to consult with the veterinarian regarding the best food for the animal.

Advantages of magnetic resonance imaging in veterinary care

One of the most complex points of animal diagnosis is the difficulty in knowing exactly what health problem you are suffering from. Although, as owners, we always know and interpret the behavior of our animals, a good analysis needs many more certainties. For this, as veterinarians, we must rely on specialized tests and the use of technology.

In that sense, magnetic resonance imaging is a powerful diagnostic tool, since it fits all types of animals and offers us a fairly accurate approximation of the pet’s state of health; Therefore, today we will know the main advantages of this exam.

An accurate and safe diagnostic test

Magnetic resonance imaging is a diagnostic tool that is based on the usefulness of magnetic fields, without resorting to invasive procedures. It offers computerized images of the whole field, without altering the organism and, above all, without adverse effects.

Unlike X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging does not require the positioning of the animal in a certain way. In fact, it offers a complete view from any of the planes thanks to a spatial perspective.

The latter, makes the technique one of the most used in the contrast between tissues, the visualization of the cavity and also provides an incredible sensitivity for the detection of any pathogenic or abnormal element of the animal.

The procedure is carried out through the introduction of the animal into a magnetic field generated by a powerful magnet, stimulated through radiofrequency, which resonates with the hydrogen atoms of the element studied.

From there, the generated energy wave is collected and fed back to generate a tomographic image.

In some cases, the imaging is accompanied by the administration of a contrasting substance that allows the images to be altered momentarily, as a way to better differentiate certain structures, especially when searching for anomalous points.

Benefits of magnetic resonance imaging in animals

One of the main benefits of this technique, over any other, is that it is not an invasive study. The resonance does not require the intervention or manipulation of the animal’s body to throw images about its internal behaviors.

On the other hand, it is an innocuous procedure. That is, it does not directly affect the patient’s health, since it does not involve the use of any substance, element or energy that could endanger the life of the animal.

In addition, resonance is one of the most accurate ways to obtain information in a very short period of time. It offers a wide variety of shots, including cuts other than the sections studied, without the need to move the patient and with the convenience of doing the study in a very fast time.

Magnetic resonance imaging is the best alternative to reach a timely diagnosis in the most critical cases, allowing veterinarians to quickly determine the origin or causes of certain symptoms and quickly design an action plan, including visualizing the relevance of any surgical intervention.

In this regard, resonance is the map of many surgical procedures, indicating to the veterinarian what are the areas to intervene and, even, the risks they may face before reaching the surgical field.

This study is the one that gives the highest diagnostic accuracy to veterinary doctors. It allows to make cuts as accurate as a millimeter thick, so it is easy to detect any anomaly or disease, however minimal it may be.

As if this were not enough, through resonance it is possible to visualize the blood vessels, without the need for contrast or intervention.

Risks of magnetic resonance imaging for the animal

Magnetic resonance imaging does not represent a greater risk to the health of animals. However, in the case of this type of patients it is also necessary that they be anesthetized since a key point of the resonance is that the patient remains completely immobile.

While the use of anesthesia in animals does not pose a very high risk, it does not cease to represent a certain level of risk, perhaps the only one that is linked to animal resonance studies. Complications with anesthesia in animals are always a probability, although it is usually remote and the animal is always under careful medical supervision.

The study lasts between 40 and 90 minutes and before beginning the race, weight, size and age of the animal is analyzed, since based on this the appropriate anesthesia process will be determined for each case.

On the other hand, it is important that, if the animal bears a localization tattoo, tracking chips or implants, it will be notified to the veterinarian before the exam. In some cases, such as when using a chip in small breeds, it may be necessary to remove it before the study.

In the other cases, the possible incidence in the veracity of the images must be taken into account, for any case of interference with the magnet.

Clinical situations in which magnetic resonance imaging is used

Veterinary professionals indicate the use of magnetic resonance imaging in the suspicion of certain conditions, including:

Lesions of the brain, cerebellum and brainstem, if the animal begins to experience seizures, vestibular syndrome, dizziness, sudden blindness, changes in behavior and personality, mental disorders, posture problems, eating disorders, problems with thermoregulation, sleep disturbances , tremors, tachycardias, among others.

Problems in the spinal cord, in animals with some perception deficit, spinal pain, spinal injuries, problems with reflex response, lack of control of the sphincters, postoperative relapses, and a wide variety of syndromes.

Abdominal masses, tumors, suspected fluid or hemorrhage and planning of surgical interventions of some organs such as kidneys, liver, spleen and bladder.

In addition, magnetic resonance imaging is used in cases of coagulation problems in any area of ​​the entire circulatory system, ear diseases and optic nerve diseases, as well as throat and mouth diseases.

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