Category: Curiosities

Can a dog have autism?

As research and knowledge about autism advances, society becomes more familiar with how autism affects people and their relationships with others. In addition, over the years, we have discovered that dogs can also experience a similar way of seeing and reacting to the world. It’s no wonder, then, that the question of whether dogs really can have autism is being raised with increasing frequency in veterinary centers. What is known about this topic? In this article we will try to summarize the most relevant information and studies that exist on autism in dogs.

Can autism be diagnosed in dogs?

As early as 1966, veterinarians and researchers were talking about the appearance of autism-like symptoms in dogs. More recently, research presented in the 2015 American College of Veterinary Behaviorists reported on tail-chasing behavior in Bull Terriers and its possible link to autism. The study included observations of specific traits and DNA analysis of 132 Bull Terriers; 55 with tail chase and 77 only in control, no tail chase. The researchers found that chasing the tail is:

a) more prevalent in males, b) associated with trance-like behavior, and c) aggressive episodes (in a violent and explosive manner) (Moon-Fanelli et al. 2011). These findings, coupled with repetitive tail-chasing motor behavior and a tendency towards phobias, has led to the conclusion that tail chasing could represent a canine form of autism.

While not definitive, the study also indicated that this syndrome in dogs could be related to a genetic condition that also occurs in humans, called fragile X syndrome.

Diagnosis of autism in dogs

Studies like these indicate that autism could indeed occur in dogs. But, it is important to recognize that until more research is done, reaching a definitive diagnosis in a dog is not easy. Our understanding of typical and atypical canine behavior is too limited. Additionally, a number of other difficult-to-diagnose canine conditions (for example, anxiety and pain disorders) can cause clinical signs similar to those associated with autism.

Therefore, in all cases, like the Bull Terriers mentioned above, the best thing veterinarians and owners can do for now is to say that a dog could have autism, or as some professionals prefer: “dysfunctional canine behavior.”

For a dog to be tentatively diagnosed with autism, it must exhibit atypical repetitive behaviors and some degree of impaired social interaction with dogs and / or people. Additionally, a veterinarian must first rule out other conditions that could be responsible for the observed clinical signs.

Managing autism in dogs

If you think your dog could have autism, the first thing you should do is go to your vet, he can help you better manage the condition. One of the most important things you can do is figure out what your triggers are (what causes unusual behavior to occur) and avoid those things.

For example, if your dog becomes fearful and aggressive when strangers approach him at the dog park, swap this activity for one that is more beneficial to him. A long walk on a quiet trail might be a better option.

Also, you can try some known techniques to improve certain negative reactions in dogs. For example, body wraps that are marketed to provide calming pressure to the animal’s body can be used in cases where the triggers for fear or the behavior in question cannot be avoided. Dogs can also be trained to do “jobs,” like pulling a loaded cart or carrying a doggy backpack filled with a soft weight. These types of activities are known to help, in the case of people, with the symptoms of autism.

Just as society advances to integrate and understand the diversity of people, it is also necessary to do so to understand that not all dogs are the same or react to the world in the same way.

How much water should a cat drink?

Does your cat drink enough water? You probably don’t know because you rarely see them drink from their water bowl. Like many of the quirks of cats, their drinking habits (or lack of them) date back to their early days as desert hunters. These cats would get most of their water from their prey, such as mice and other rodents.

Today’s cats get much less moisture from their food, considering that many are dry-fed, which contains only 6-10% moisture.

Combine a cat’s ability to hide signs of health problems with its skinny drinking habits, and you can find yourself with a dehydrated cat pretty quickly.

Dehydration in cats can be caused from overheating, lack of access to clean drinking water, or even another underlying health problem, such as:

  • Diarrhea
  • Diabetes
  • Heatstroke
  • Nephropathy
  • Hyperthyroidism

But how much water should cats drink?

Typically, a cat will need 60 to 80 ml of fresh water in addition to its food per day. A good can of wet food contains between 70 and 80% water. Therefore, if your cat is eating wet food, which is highly recommended, she can get an extra percentage of water that will help her stay sufficiently hydrated.

Wet food can be very beneficial for many reasons, one of which is that you know that a cat that eats wet food at least gets some of its necessary daily water.

If your cat is home all day, you may not see her drinking, but there are ways to tell if she is not drinking enough water.

How to control your cat’s water intake

You cannot judge a cat’s water intake based solely on how much water you see it drinking. If your cat is on a wet diet, she probably won’t have much of a need for extra water. And when they drink, it could easily happen when you are away from home or even when you are sleeping.

Instead of trying to catch your cat in the act, focus on monitoring the water levels in her bowl at the end of the day (or the beginning of the next). When you clean and refill their water bowls each day, make a note of how much is left. Make sure to fill the container to the same level every day so it’s easy to tell when there is a significant change.

Signs of dehydration in a cat

It can be difficult to tell if your cat is really dehydrated simply from drinking water. To be safe, you can look for other signs:

  • Loose skin: if your cat is dehydrated, you will notice that her fur hangs a little more than normal, and when you stretch it, it does not return to its place.
  • Dry gums: Dry gums can be a sign of dehydration. If a cat’s gums are not wet, they are more likely dehydrated.
  • Depression or lethargy: Check to see if your cat seems especially sleepy or lazy. Isn’t she greeting you when you get home? Is it less playful than usual? Pay attention to these behavior changes.
  • Loss of appetite : When a cat is not eating, it is often an immediate sign that something is wrong, even if it is not dehydration. If your cat refuses to eat for more than 24 hours, it’s time to go to the vet.
  • Vomiting or diarrhea: Even if they are not signs of dehydration per se, a cat that is vomiting or has diarrhea will quickly become dehydrated.
  • Sunken Eyes: A dehydrated cat may appear grumpy or sleepy, with sunken or “dull” eyes.
  • Elevated heart rate: At your next vet visit, ask your vet to show you how to check and measure your cat’s heart rate or pulse to see if it is higher or lower than normal.
  • Panting – Cats don’t typically pant, but they can when overheated, which can accompany a case of dehydration.
  • Less Urination: Here’s yet another reason why you should clean your cat’s litter boxes every day, so you can check for changes in urination (and defecation). Also remember that a cat that is not urinating may not be able to urinate, which can be a sign of a fatal urethral obstruction.

Dog breeds with the best sense of smell

We all know that dogs have a great sense of smell. Some have more than 220 million olfactory receptors, compared to a paltry 5 million in humans. But do some breeds and groups of dogs smell better than others? Here are our picks for the best canine sniffers.

Smell is the main sense of the dog

Dogs are born with their eyes and ears closed. This means that they have to rely solely on their sense of smell to guide them towards their mother and her milk. Like its main ability, the remarkable sense of smell of dogs continues to amaze scientists. In fact, some are trying to invent an artificial canine nose to compete with the real one for use in the medical arts and sciences.

A dog’s sense of smell is incredibly more powerful than ours. And the area of ​​a dog’s brain that analyzes olfactory information is 40 times larger than that of a human.

Dogs can be trained to accurately detect the presence of explosives, drugs, cancer cells, and infectious diseases in patients. Even more surprising, police dogs working in open fields and forests can detect a single drop of blood or something as small as a tooth when searching for a victim. Dogs can even tell which direction someone was walking on a path by distinguishing at each step the one from the previous step.

What are the dog breeds with the best smell?

So which dog breeds are the best breeds with smell? Here are some of them:

Dachshund

The Dachshund, known as the sausage dog, can be the most powerful olfactory of all dogs in relation to its size. These dogs are tenacious, bred to hunt badgers both above and below ground. In German, they are called “dachshund”, which literally translates to badger dog. When two sizes began to emerge in the breed, the larger dachshunds became the most typical for hunting wild boars and badgers, while the smaller version has been widely used for hunting hares and foxes.

They are anxious dogs and usually live on alert, they are always ready to hunt and play. The dachshund’s nose contains approximately 125 million scent receptors, they are good in mountain environments, for obedience, and even for agility training. In addition to all this, their happy and active personalities make them lovely pets to live with as a family.

Golden retriever

The breed originated in Scotland by crossing retrievers with other water dogs, giving rise after several crosses, to the golden retriever that we know today.

The golden retriever is one of the most loved dogs in the world for family environments but also for life in the country.

Goldens are commonly used as therapy dogs, guide dogs for the blind, and search and rescue. Most goldens who work in search and rescue do so for the simple reward of praise, a sense of accomplishment, and a bit of playtime when their work is done. They are very grateful.

In addition, recently they have also been trained to detect ingredients and alert children and adults with certain serious allergic reactions, such as peanut allergy: if they detect the presence of their trace in any food, they will react to prevent them from consuming it.

Renowned for their playful disposition and desire to please everyone, golden dogs make excellent obedience, agility, and hunting dogs, as well as ideal family pets.

Black and tan coonhound

The black and tan coonhound works in the moonlight, tracking prey and helping hunters locate animals in the dark. It is a cold-nosed hound dog, capable of detecting odors on cold and difficult trails. These dogs are capable of capturing the exact path of prey. Once the prey has been captured, it will alert its hunter with a deep throat howl.

The black and tan variety is slightly more tame and easier to train than other varieties of the hound. These large, athletic dogs are also good indoors, happy to be around humans, but require very regular exercise and activity.

Coonhound Bluetick

The bluetick coonhound is a cross from the English coonhound and has been widely used to track raccoons in the United States. A cold-nosed tracking dog, the “Bluetick” does well on old, wooded trails, making it the best tracker for coonhounds or bloodhounds.

Blueticks make good domestic and hunting dogs, but they generally lack that desire to please. This makes them more difficult to train than many of the breeds on this list. Perseverance, patience, and treats are your best training aids with this breed. Of course, it is a dog that longs for affection and will show deep devotion to those who provide it.

Belgian shepherd malinois

Similar in appearance to the German Shepherd, the Belgian Malinois is a more agile and physically fit dog. They excel at herding, agility, tracking, and obedience. Used by military departments in countless countries and police around the world, the Malinois has been trained to detect bombs and drugs, as well as disease.

It is a very active, intelligent breed that loves to be busy since the same activity benefits its mental and physical health. Generally, these dogs can be shy or reserved around strangers. While not an overly aggressive breed, they are very protective of the family (their pack).

Labrador retriever

Labradors with incredible noses have even been trained to detect cancer in people’s breath, as well as medically undetectable bladder cancer in patient urine.

Hunters have long prized this breed for its ability to track or point to its prey based on the hunter’s preference.

Intelligent and easily trainable with an intense desire to please, Labrador Retrievers are also employed as guide dogs for the blind, are valued members of search and rescue teams, as well as drug and bomb detection officers.

The gentle and loving nature of these playful dogs makes them the ideal family pet or as a hunting and fishing companion.

German shepherd

This noble herding breed is a favorite of police departments around the world. With approximately 225 million odor receptors. German Shepherds are used for the search and rescue of live victims and are used even by military and airport agents to detect explosives, as well as drug control agencies for their detection.

It is an intelligent and versatile breed, German Shepherds excel in personal protection, herding, agility and obedience. Confident and somewhat aloof, they are not an aggressive breed by nature. They are considered a “one-man race” as they are especially loyal to their primary caretaker. They are good with children, once a relationship has been established.

Beagle

The carefree beagle was originally bred to hunt rabbits. These cheerful little hounds are friendly and non-threatening, and are widely used by customs to search for contraband and other undesirable items at airports.

Wonderful with children and other dogs. Beagles are usually obedient and not at all shy. They are especially “drooling” and their short coats are generally odorless. These medium-sized dogs need daily exercise, or else they can use their noses for mischief.

The goldfinch, an ideal songbird for home

The goldfinch is one of the most desired birds by poultry lovers around the world. And you just have to see it: it is a beautiful bird for its plumage and its colors but also for its harmonious song. Do you want to know more about it and its characteristics? We will tell you.

General characteristics of goldfinches

Known by its scientific name “Carduelis carduelis”, or the common name of cardelina, the goldfinch is a bird that belongs to the finch family. The most common is to see it both in Europe and in the north of Africa and some parts of Asia, closer to the west.

Its appearance is similar to that of canaries, but with a slightly wilder touch that makes it distinctive. Goldfinch communities are usually located in forests, fields, agricultural areas, parks and gardens, as well as in any area where grass thrives abundantly, especially if there are thistles in the area, the favorite food of this species. On the other hand, they are birds with a preference for rather hot environments.

What is a goldfinch like?

The goldfinch is a small bird, measuring only between 12 and 13.5 cm. Its weight reaches a maximum of 19 grams, although the normal thing is that it oscillates the 14.

If there is something that characterizes him physically, it is the red mask on his face and the black wings with a yellow stripe. When they are adults, the plumage takes on a tricolor appearance with a black and white head pattern. The beak is common, adapted to its type of food.

When they are young, their head and body have a brownish gray tone, reaching the typical tricolor head color after going through the first feather molt in autumn.

It is a type of bird that is difficult to differentiate between the female and the male. However, the male usually has a greater amount of red in the face mask and the nasal feathers are somewhat darker, which could help to differentiate it from the female in the case of wanting to reproduce the species. Still, the best way to tell them apart is by using a DNA test.

How is the character of this bird?

The goldfinch is a very active bird with a very cheerful character, that is why it is perfect for your home as long as you can cover all its needs. He loves to sing and move from one place to another inside the cage, or through the branches of the trees when he is free.

It is a perfect companion at home, since it is a loving animal with its owner and likes to brighten the day with its music. In addition, if you get used to it from a young age, you can imitate the rhythm of a song that you have heard a lot.

What does a goldfinch cage have to be like?

Although the goldfinch is a small bird, if you have it at home, it is necessary to use a large cage, since it likes to be able to take flight. Therefore, you should get a cage that is at least 100 cm wide, 60 cm high and 80 cm deep, so that it has enough room to move. As for its shape, it is better to avoid oval cages and opt for square or rectangular ones.

The material is another issue that you should consider, since some cages could be very toxic for these birds, for example, zinc. It is preferable to bet on cages whose bars are made of stainless steel.

What to feed a goldfinch?

The goldfinch is a granivorous bird, and therefore it feeds mainly on seeds. In many stores there are already prepared foods with different combinations of seeds so that you can feed it, but you can also prepare some homemade combination that you can taste yourself, such as thistle, dandelion, poppy or sunflower seeds. These seeds can be given to you throughout the year and on a daily basis without running any risk, as long as a recommended daily dose is not exceeded.

 

Russian hamster, meet this friendly rodent

Russian hamsters are small round-bodied hamsters. They are loving pets, and they need to socialize. They are one of the fastest hamsters, which sometimes makes it difficult for their owners to hold them in their hands. In the wild, they dig deep burrows, which they line with different tissues and herbs to keep warm in winter. Over the years the young are of a wide variety of colors and coat patterns. Do you want to know more curiosities of this friendly rodent? Stay reading

Life, behavior and character of the Russian hamster

Russian hamsters are nocturnal animals, but they can also be active for short periods of the day. They make excellent pets, but can also bite if threatened. Because they are small and fast, they can be a challenge to handle, especially for young children.

Unlike Syrian hamsters, another type of hamster of the same size, Russian hamsters are social with their species and can be kept in pairs or groups of the same sex, if they get to know each other at a young age. When they are adults it is not always a good idea to put them together, since it can cause fights between them.

Russian hamster care

While it is possible to house a Russian hamster in a typical wire hamster cage, it may not be escape proof. This is why an aquarium or other solid-walled cage with a secure, ventilated top is preferable. Just place a substrate of unscented natural cellulose fibers or wood chips at the bottom of the cage and always keep it clean to avoid the accumulation of ammonia in the urine.

Hamsters generally sleep in a nest box that you will need to provide. The best option will always be a ceramic hut for hamsters. These are bite proof and easy to clean. They also come in a wide variety of shapes and colors.

Also, you can offer your hamster tubes and compartments to explore inside his cage. This system generally works well for a single hamster. With multiple hamsters you would need more space. Narrow spaces lead to a higher likelihood of territorial behaviors or fights.

Provide your hamsters with chew toys and an exercise wheel to keep them entertained and fit. Hamsters like to keep warm and can exercise as a way to increase their body temperature.

You can also offer your hamster a “sand bath” container, which is a small, shallow container of sand for the hamsters to clean up.

Russian hamster feeding

Hamsters must have constant access to their food and water. Ceramic food containers work very well as they cannot be chewed and are too heavy to tip over. Keep a container of water attached to the cage and check the spout regularly to make sure it works. You will have to ensure that it never lacks fresh water.

Pellets will make up the majority of your hamster’s diet, but you can also offer treats or fresh foods (grains or vegetables). These supplemental foods should make up no more than 10 percent of your diet (1/2 teaspoon every few days). And, if your pet begins to have diarrhea, remove the food immediately and go to your trusted vet for an examination.

Always avoid fruits that are high in sugar or products with honey, as hamsters are prone to diabetes.

Common health problems

Russian hamsters are susceptible to diabetes, but if you catch the problem early, you can avoid it by changing your pet’s diet. Signs of diabetes include excessive drinking and urination, poor coat condition, low energy, chills, and unusual behaviors.

Hamsters and most small rodents are also prone to “wet tail,” which is a diarrheal disease caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the digestive system. It is highly contagious to other rodents and must be treated with antibiotics quickly, otherwise it could die.

The Japanese hen, we present this curious animal

The Japanese chicken, a small bird with silky plumage. Have you heard of it? Without a doubt, it is one of the most exotic, beautiful and incomparable birds of the chicken species. It is usually called Japanese hen or Silky hen from Japan. Do you want to know more about her? We tell you more about its characteristics and care.

Characteristics of Japanese chickens

Depending on your sex, we can differentiate some relevant characteristics:

Female characteristics

  1. It is a bird incredibly soft to the touch and with a very fluffy plumage, so much that it could look like a stuffed hen. This is because its feathers do not have many ribs. Roughly their color is usually dark, but there are also white ones. Her skills as a mother of chicks are very good. That is why they often use them as incubators, leaving them in the care of eggs that are very fragile, like those of the pheasant.
  2. Two chickens that have separately hatched can share their chicks. In this way they are always taken care of.
  3. Females usually weigh around 1 kilo, and are small in size.
    Some adult Japanese chickens are characterized by having a certain bluish tint on their face near the beak.
  4. All chickens have 4 fingers and except the Japanese hen, which has 5.
  5. Its legs are covered in feathers, making it look even more pompous.

Male characteristics

  1. The male has a very peculiar singing and makes him more attractive with his constant fluttering while singing.
  2. They have a medium reddish ridge with shades of blue.
  3. The male weighs at most half a kilo more than the female.
  4. Leadership is disputed among the males of the pack by fighting. This is their way of corroborating themselves as dominant cocks.
  5. Fighting between cocks widens and rises vertically, to gain height and intimidate your opponent. At that moment, their feathers stand on end and their wings open.
  6. The fight ends when one of them gets tired. As long as this does not happen, they continue to fight, rest and resume the fight again and again. This ritual can last even several days until a winner is lifted.

Care of the Japanese hen

This hen must be cared for from the moment of gestation. After 21 days of incubation we will see that the eggs begin to break. This is where you have to start taking care of the future hen.

The chicks, as they hatch from their eggs, already show their fragility. They are very wet, and their appearance does not change until about an hour after birth. Precisely it is the heat of the mother that dries the humidity of the feathers of the young and from this moment its development begins.

Its feathers also require proper care, keeping them free of moisture, so they always look fluffy. Some Japanese chickens have a prominent beard and in this case care must be taken that the feathers do not reach and irritate the eyes.

Due to their abundant plumage, it is quite possible that they will fill with lice in the neck area. For this reason, you should watch their crests: if their feathers close to the crest begin to disappear, it will be a sign that you have to start applying a special product against lice or other insects.

It is recommended to bathe them by hand and dry their plumage well. To do this, you can use a dog shampoo very diluted in water.

As for your immune system, caution is also recommended with certain doses of vitamin.

Types of bird feet

There are different types of birds that live in different environments. For this reason, they need useful legs that help them survive in their natural habitat. Their types of legs is what makes them hunt, climb, swim, etc., depending on their environment and needs. In this article we are going to tell you about the different types of bird’s feet that exist and what they are most useful for.

Types of legs in birds

While humans and other primates have five fingers and five toes, birds generally have only four fingers. These four fingers are arranged in four main patterns. However, there are some birds that have three fingers. Even, there are also birds like the ostrich, which only has two fingers on its legs. To know more about the legs of the birds and their main uses, we tell you what are the types of legs that you can find according to which birds:

1.Songbirds

Anissodactyls are the most common legs in birds, where their flexible fingers are located three forward and one back. This means that they can easily walk on the ground or hold onto tree branches. Most species have anisdactyl legs; some examples are blackbirds, sparrows, thrushes, and kingflies.

The back finger offers balance, and is also the one that clings to the branch when the bird sits or wants to sleep.

2.Acuatic birds

Since they spend a lot of time in contact with water, the legs in waterfowl have evolved in an incredible way: between each of the toes a membrane unfolds that allows them to propel themselves in the water. These webbed feet can always be open or closed when walking on the ground. Herons or ducks are a good example of them.

3.Birds Raptors

Also known as “birds of prey”, they have hook-shaped legs. Their fingers are big and strong, and they have well-sharpened nails to be able to catch their victims during the flight.

The legs of birds of prey are usually yellow or black. Some species of birds of prey are the eagle, the hawk and the owl.

4.Land birds

We cannot ignore those who go by land, such as poultry (chickens or pheasants), whose fingers and nails are very robust to dig the earth in search of food such as insects.

Others like the woodpecker have two fingers forward and two fingers to grab onto tree trunks and get food.

In this same category we can also talk about the running birds, such as the ostrich and the rhea, which have large legs but short fingers, in order not to get stuck in the ground. The heels are sharp to defend themselves if necessary.

The Vietnamese pig: everything you need to know

Today the Vietnamese pig has become one of the animals with the greatest acceptance by farmers around the world dedicated to breeding for their farms. If you are engaged in livestock farming and you are thinking about raising this breed, everything you are going to read below interests you. In this article you will learn a little more about this mammal, something still unknown to many.

The history of the Vietnamese pig breed

Vietnamese pigs began to be imported from Vietnam to Canada and eastern Europe in the mid-1980s. Over time, the fashion for rearing these pigs has spread to many countries: the United States, France, Spain, Hungary, Poland, etc. Currently the largest breeding work is carried out in Hungary and Canada. In these countries, breeders try to make the breed even more productive by increasing the size of the animal and the percentage of its muscle mass.

Characteristics of this breed

The Vietnamese breed of pig is characterized by some peculiarities that must be taken into account when breeding. One of the main characteristics of the breed: they are fast maturing animals. At 4 months the females are sexually mature, and the pig is ready to reproduce in 6 months. Also, caring for newborn pigs is not difficult as the sow does not interfere with it and will behave in a human friendly manner.

Another characteristic of Vietnamese pigs: they have a good immune system, as they are resistant to warm weather and cold winters.

The appearance of the Vietnamese pig

These pigs can be white or black, although it is also possible to find a combination of both colors. Due to the short legs, its belly practically touches the ground. Its ears, in contrast to its body, are small. As for its weight, it is usually around 80 kg, which is why you can see that its body is full of folds.

Why are farmers and ranchers looking for Vietnamese pigs for their farms?

The popularity of Vietnamese pigs among the agricultural and livestock world is due to the following advantages:

  • Low feeding costs.
  • The possibility of free walking throughout the year, since pigs perfectly tolerate low temperatures during winter.
  • They are very clean animals, free of that peculiar smell inherent in almost all pigs of other breeds.
  • Disease resistant.
  • Early maturity gives you the opportunity to obtain the first offspring between 7-9 months. At the same time, they are animals capable of living for 30 years, so they can remain fertile for a long time: they can bring 12 to 20 pigs at a time.
  • They are calm and friendly animals.

Where to raise Vietnamese pigs?

Raising and caring for Vietnamese pigs does not bring many problems, provided they are raised on suitable farms. Thanks to their size, smaller than in other breeds, they do not require a very large pen. The Vietnamese pig is a relatively clean animal, so you don’t have to worry about manure spreading all over the pigpen. In addition, these animals do not dig the ground, which also facilitates the lives of the owners.

Vietnamese pig feeding

The right diet is the key to the growth of a healthy animal. The feeding of these animals depends on the particular structure of their digestive system.

For food to be digested as well as possible, preference should be given to ground grain. The basis of their diet should be barley and wheat. You can also add oatmeal, peas and corn. The latter should not be more than 10%, since this cereal causes obesity in pigs.

Vitamin supplements have a good effect on the health of Vietnamese pigs. Piglets can be given fish oil, added eggs, milk and vitamins. In raw form, so as not to destroy the vitamins, you can give your Vietnamese pig zucchini, carrots or squash. If the vegetable is cooked, it is important that it be cooked just before administering it.

Vietnamese pig reproduction

The swine pregnancy lasts from 114 to 118 days. A few days before birth, the animal begins to take care of its future, building a nest, and accommodating its space. In order to support the childbirth some preparation is needed: it is necessary to check and make sure that the corner created for the piglets is warm, maintaining a temperature of at least 30 degrees during the first hours of life.

Once the offspring are born, if necessary, the mucus from the piglet’s respiratory tract is cleaned and then placed in a place prepared for drying. It is important to ensure that in the first hour of their life each pig received the necessary amount of colostrum (the first type of milk that the mother produces after giving birth).

Pigs will eat only milk first, which satisfies most of the nutrients they need. To prevent anemias in the offspring, piglets can receive injections of special medications whenever a veterinarian sees it necessary.

Generally, at 10 days old, the pig reaches a weight of 1 kg, at 20 days 1.5-2 kg. Per month, the body weight of piglets can be 2.5-3 kg.

One month after birth, the amount of milk that the sow provides to her young must be reduced to gradually introduce solid food.

Everything you need to know about the Persian cat

If in dogs there was a breed preferred by the old royalty, which is the Pomeranian, in cats too: it is the Persian cat. And it is not surprising: Persian cats have abundant and luxurious coats, as well as a somewhat regal personality. They are elegant looking cats and very cuddly. Due to their peculiarities, they require a little extra attention. Do you want to know more about Persian cats? Read on to learn all about them.

Brief history of Persian cats

It may surprise you, but the Persian cat is one of the oldest cat breeds, coming to be seen in hieroglyphs from 1684 BC. C. They are called Persians because they were brought to Europe from Persia (modern Iran) in the early 17th century. Still, doubts remain as to where they originated.

These long-haired cats became royal favorites, such as Queen Victoria. Persian is still today one of the most popular cat breeds. They are gentle and sweet and have a somewhat princely personality. They usually spend their time lying on a pillow, on the sofa, or on their owner’s lap, as if they were sitting on a throne.

Caring for a Persian cat

This breed takes some work compared to most cats. In particular, the care must be directed at their coat, since it is usually long and abundant. It is important to brush them daily and bathe them regularly to keep them looking clean. For this reason we advise you to introduce them to the bathroom as soon as possible, to make this experience a regular one for them. They tend to be low-energy animals that love affection and the quiet and security of home.

As for health problems, the Persians suffer from inherited difficulties that can be severe depending on the case. They include polycystic kidney disease, bladder stones, cystitis (bladder infections), and liver shunts.

Varieties of persian cats

Although the most typical Persian cat is the white one with blue eyes, there are many other varieties. For example, blue Persians (a very peculiar bluish gray) is one of the most desired among cat lovers. Another of the most spectacular for its color is the Persian brown. Regarding the size, the current Persians have a medium or large size. They are robust, with short and wide legs.

If you’re up to the challenge of daily grooming and frequent bathing, the Longhaired Persian is the breed of cat you were looking for. Regardless of the coat colors you choose these cats are adorable both inside and out. No wonder people fall in love with his small ears, soft hair, and flat face!

Owning a Persian cat

Remember that a Persian cat, no matter how beautiful it is, does not live to participate in exhibitions. Taking care of him will be all you need to be happy.

Be sure to control the possible health problems that we tell you about in this article, monitor his kidney condition, and take him to the vet regularly to be able to prevent any type of disease.

If it is your first Persian and you have doubts about the daily hygiene of your cat, you can also ask veterinary professionals, as they will help you and offer advice on what you need.

Is it true that white dogs are deaf?

Is it true that dogs with predominantly white fur may be prone to deafness? Approximately 85 different breeds are known to have the characteristic known to cause congenital deafness. So is it myth or reality? We will tell you everything below.

What is deafness in dogs?

Deafness is defined as a hearing loss caused by an interruption in the delivery of sound to the brain. When the sound waves reach the eardrum, it begins to vibrate, causing the bones of the middle ear (or “ossicles”) to vibrate as well. These vibrations reach the fluid-filled, spiral-shaped cochlea of ​​the inner ear, creating ripples.

All this causes a change in pressure and forces the hair cells of the cochlea to move. These hair cells are connected to the auditory nerves, causing a nerve impulse through the auditory pathway that connects to the brain. Deafness occurs when during the course of this process it fails at some point.

So … Are all white dogs deaf?

The ability to listen is possible thanks to a special layer of cells inside the inner ear. This layer of cells, and the cells that determine the color of a dog’s hair, come from the same source of stem cells. Without this stem cell, the dog’s body will not be able to produce this specialized layer of auditory cells and will likely have a white coloration.

Dogs that carry the piebald gene (affects the distribution and amount of white color) are often affected by deafness. Piebaldism is the result of the absence of melanocytes, the cells that create the pigment melanin. These melanocytes are the part of a dog’s DNA that determines coloration, such as brown or black hair, or blue or brown eyes (blue eyes are not a true eye color, but result from a lack of pigment that produces color inside the iris). When a dog is born without melanocytes, the result is a predominantly white coat (and often blue eyes). Breeds commonly affected by the piebald gene include Bull Terriers, Huskies, Boxers, English Setters, and Dalmatians.

Congenital deafness is also linked to the merlé gene, which causes a dog to have mottled fur and blue eyes. Breeds commonly affected by the merlé gene include Sheepdogs, Teckels, Corgis, and Border Collies.

How to assess your dog’s hearing

The only way to effectively assess a dog’s hearing is through a Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response Test (BAER), which assesses the components of the external ear canal, inner / inner ear cavities, cranial nerve, and Selected areas of the brain stem. The electrodes are placed on the head to measure electrical activity within the brain, then a series of clicks are made through headphones placed over the dog’s ears and responses are recorded. If there is an auditory deficit, the response to BAER will be null (flat line) or of a reduced amplitude.

BAER tests can determine if a dog is deaf in one (unilateral deafness) or in both ears (bilateral deafness). Also keep in mind that tests on puppies less than six weeks old can produce false positive results.

If you suspect that your dog may have hearing problems regardless of the color of its coat, do not hesitate to make an appointment with our clinic so that we can carry out the appropriate tests and can provide the appropriate treatment.

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