Category: Curiosities

Characteristics and care of the Irish setter

Originally from Ireland at the beginning of the 18th century, the Irish setter is a breed of dogs initially bred as helpers in hunting and trained to find prey. Currently, its upbringing worldwide is aimed at the home company.
Of great nobility and energy, in addition to its particular beauty, the Irish setter has some characteristic features that are very important to know. In the following lines, we tell you some peculiarities of this friendly animal, as well as some advice about its care at home.

A great companion dog

The Irish setter is a breed of dogs much appreciated for its panache and posture. The characteristic mahogany color of its fur is its hallmark, in fact, in several countries of the world it is known by the name of red setter, although, in reality, this is a variant of its breed.
Faithful, cheerful, intelligent and friendly, the Irish setter is endowed with great power and energy, being a great company especially in the practice of athletics sports or in activities that involve physical effort.
Because of its natural hunting dog instinct, this animal enjoys a great deal of outdoor activities, playing and running even in adulthood. His cheerful and playful behavior is due to the fact that he maintains the puppies own enthusiasm for a large part of his life.

Irish setter features

The Irish setter has a life expectancy of around 12 years. In adulthood, they reach an average height of between 60cm and 65cm in the case of males and between 55cm and 60cm in the case of females.
They have a thin and elongated head, with an oval skull and a snout of moderate depth. His ears are drooping and low insertion; His eyes are medium and dark brown.
His body is generally well proportioned and athletic. As for their weight, males weigh, on average, between 20kg and 30kg, while females usually weigh between 18kg and 25kg.
The color of its fur is a characteristic feature in the Irish setter: mahogany red or dark brown, similar to that of small cocker spaniel. Its fur is short and thin in the area of ​​the head and in the front part of its legs, being a little longer in the rest of its body.
This breed of dogs can develop a disease similar to celiac disease in humans, called gluten-sensitive enteropathy. In addition, some specimens are also prone to suffer from hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, gastric torsion, canine leukocyte adhesion protein deficiency or canine granulocytopathy, ear infection and epilepsy.

Cheerful, resistant and with a lot of energy

His great energy and physical endurance are two of the most prominent features of the classic Irish setter behavior. By their playful nature, they are dogs that have a lot of fun interacting with children; In addition, this dog breed is fascinated to show affection to their caregivers all the time.
Joy is another very pronounced characteristic of his character, so his relationship with other household animals is usually very good. Their childish behavior is because they are dogs that mature late, so it is convenient to train them since they are puppies to avoid any kind of behavioral problems when they are adults.
In essence, the Irish setter is an ideal breed of dogs to have as a companion animal: it has a low level of aggressiveness, is not territorial and tends to have very good character throughout its life. His affectionate and sociable behavior makes him a faithful companion, rather than a protector or defender of the house.

Irish setter care

If you are interested in adopting an Irish setter, you should know that they are dogs that need a large space to live and have large areas to run and feel free. It is not recommended to raise them in apartments or small spaces or in urban areas or with traffic density.
It is necessary to keep your fur well maintained, brushing it at least once a day to keep it shiny and tangle free. Although it may be enough to bathe them at least once a month, the frequency will depend on your daily activity. It is recommended to use specialized shampoo for your bath.
Your diet should be of quality to maintain your energy level and promote the brightness of your coat. They can be two to three portions of balanced food a day, with energy and digestible feed. Preferably, wheat and corn-based feed should be avoided, in order to avoid the health problems to which they are prone. There are good products on a commercial level, specially prepared for this breed of dogs.
In order to ensure its good health and quality of life, it is recommended to take it to the veterinarian with some periodicity; that way, it will be possible to detect any health problem or pathology in time. The veterinarian will determine the necessary vaccines that should be applied to the animal.
Due to the tireless and distracted temperament of the Irish setter, constant and disciplined training is necessary. Daily exercise and methodical and patient training since they are puppies will help build their character and ensure their full growth.
For many decades, the Irish setter is one of the most valued hunting dogs worldwide. This breed, which has unique characteristics to perform its work in hunting, has managed to adapt very well to life within a family.
If you are encouraged to adopt an Irish setter, we recommend you go to an experienced breeder who will give you all the necessary information and advice for your care. We are sure that this adorable breed of dogs can be the ideal company for your home.

¿How long can a hamster live?

Tiny, adorable and easy to care, the hamster is one of the favorite pets of the smallest and increasingly adopted as a company in Spanish homes. As such, some specifications referring to their upbringing are usually a matter of consultation in the veterinary clinic.

One of the most usual queries is about the time this little animal can live; In this article we will try to answer this question.

The life span of a hamster

Many families are unaware of the average time that a hamster usually reared in adequate conditions. Over the years, children are often surprised at the moment they find their favorite pet lifeless, blaming themselves for an alleged neglect or neglect in their care.

The truth is that these animals have a very short period of life, one of the shortest among domestic animals.

Under appropriate conditions and depending on the breed of the animal, its life expectancy does not exceed three years. Moreover, on average, hamsters do not usually live beyond 30 months.

That is why its development is completed in a very short time, having the ability to reproduce from two and a half months of age and to reach old age at the end of the year.

Life expectancy varies according to race

There are about nineteen current species other than hamsters, grouped into seven genera. According to their species, these animals can live more or less years. In fact, there are some records of species that can live for up to four years.

The Chinese hamster, for example, known to be the only one that has a prehensile tail and usually measures about 4cm, lives, on average, two and a half years.

Meanwhile, Campbell’s dwarf hamsters, like Russian dwarf hamsters, live between 18 and 24 months, while the Roborovski hamster can live up to 42 months.

Hamster care for a full life

Taking into account the life expectancy of the hamster is very important to avoid surprises among children. Being aware of the life span of an average hamster, owners must offer quality of life to their pets and care in their diet is essential to achieve it.

A balanced diet based on the intake of fresh vegetables such as chard, watercress, peppers and carrot leaves is essential in your diet.

In addition, it is necessary to take care of your space, keeping it in proper hygiene conditions.

As we have mentioned, because the life expectancy of a hamster is very short, they begin their old age at 12 months of age. It is from that moment that the risk of suffering various diseases or pathologies is increased; Therefore, it is advisable to visit the veterinarian in order to check your health and rule out any disease or pathology.

What are the ideal dog breeds to care for in a flat

Thanks to their size, dogs of small breeds are presented as ideal for breeding within a flat or apartment. And, in addition to its size, there are other determining factors that influence its care in small spaces; However, there are some considerations that we may be overlooking and that may represent a problem when choosing them as pets.

Activity level, character and genetics, are just some of the factors that are usually determining when we must opt ​​for one race or another; Therefore, this time we will meet some ideal dog breeds to care for in a flat and take these attributes into account.

Maltese Bichon

With a small structure, white and silky fur and a sociable character, the Maltese bichon is a dog considered as ideal for living together in a small home, and this adorable animal does not need large areas of space for breeding.

These dogs are able to obey the orders of their caretakers and often follow their owners everywhere. They are extremely affectionate and playful.

As points against: they have a delicate skin, their fur requires special care and requires constant dental cleaning, since they generate a lot of tartar between the teeth.

West highland white terrier

The West Highland white terrier, commonly called westie, has an effusive and cheerful character. Due to its size and characteristics, it adapts very well to aging in small spaces. It is a hunting dog by nature, so it has certain special characteristics to take into account.

Thanks to his character, he gets along very well with children, loves to play digging in the ground and is usually very affectionate and faithful with his caregivers.

This animal weighs between 8kg and 10kg in adulthood and requires frequent walks combined with moderate exercise. One fact: he loves to defend the house and is always on alert.

Pug, carlino or pug

Originally from China and popularized in the United Kingdom, where it tends to be associated with royalty, the pug, carlino or pug is an adorable and very playful little animal, which is usually very required for breeding in small spaces.

A characteristic of the carlino is that he is a very affectionate dog with his owner, he loves to play with him and is very friendly with children.

At the beginning, your activity level may seem excessive, but as the years go by, it becomes a calm and peaceful pet. Keep in mind that it can be a somewhat stubborn dog, so it should be disciplined since childhood.

Dachshund, dachshund or sausage

It is very common to see the dachshund as a member of a family that lives in a flat or apartment. Its small limbs and elongated body, the product of a genetic mutation, are characteristic aspects of this lovely breed.

With an average weight of around 9kg, these dogs are very intelligent and obedient, although their character can make their breeding a bit difficult. They are prone to overweight, so you need to take care of your diet.

These are just some of the ideal dogs to breed in a flat; Because of their size and special features, they are perfect for your care is tight spaces. In future publications we will analyze other small races ideal for adoption in small spaces.

¿Why does my dog drool a lot?

Usually, some dog breeds usually drool due to the morphology of their jaw; However, when there is an excess of salivation and we identify some other symptoms, we can face some type of pathology that will have to be detected in time.

If your dog drools excessively and you don’t know why, this article can give you light on where the problem is.

Causes dogs drool

Salivation is a natural process of the organism. Saliva is produced by the salivary glands that are located in the mouth and serves to facilitate the digestion of food. When salivation is excessive it is called pialism and in dogs it is a fairly frequent condition.

Due to their jaw structure and the shape of their lips, certain breeds of dogs are predisposed to drool more than usual. Also, some external stimuli generate an excess of salivation in dogs, such as the smell of food, thirst or excitement.

However, if the salivation is excessive and a specific cause is not found, it may be due to problems in the oral cavity or a certain disease or pathology.

Diseases that can cause excess salivation

An infectious disease can cause excess salivation in the dog, especially if drooling manifests with a bad smell in the muzzle. Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums is one of the most common reasons why the animal drools a lot.

If this is the case, it is advisable to take the pet to the veterinarian to analyze his condition and determine the most convenient treatment to solve the problem.

Wounds or ulcers in the dog’s oral cavity can also make him drool. It is convenient to check your snout and check if you are bleeding or have a soft tissue wound.

Some tumor in the oral cavity of the animal can be the cause of excessive salivation. You should check inside the snout any bump, lump or alteration that may have been generated; If necessary, take the dog to a veterinary visit to rule out this pathology.

Other reasons why dogs drool

Many times, some foreign object stuck in the teeth, gums or palate of the animal may be causing drooling in the animal. If this condition occurs, try to remove the foreign body safely; If the object cannot be easily removed, it is convenient to take the pet to the veterinarian.

In the most severe cases, excess salivation can be caused by the intake of products harmful to the pet or direct contact with toxic substances. Poisoning or poisoning can be lethal to the animal so you should take it urgently to the veterinarian to take the necessary measures.

If you know the toxic substance that caused the problem, you should take a sample or product label to the vet; This will be very useful to facilitate diagnosis.

Maintenance tips for an aquarium

One of the key activities that allows maintaining a healthy environment for fish is the proper and regular maintenance of the aquarium. Through a series of elementary tasks that must be carried out with certain periodicity, it is possible to maintain a clean aquarium and in optimal conditions for our fish.

To achieve this, it is necessary to know a series of essential guidelines to perform maintenance tasks in order to achieve a healthy aquarium; Pay attention to the following tips that we provide below to achieve the ideal aquatic environment.

Why care is important in the maintenance of an aquarium

With the passage of time and as a consequence of natural biological processes, aquariums tend to accumulate some toxic elements and decrease the quality of some others. That is why, in the first place, we must make sure to make a partial replacement of the water with some periodicity.

It is necessary that the water to be used as a replacement has been treated with special water conditioners, since these products instantly neutralize chlorine, chloramines and harmful metals that are dissolved in drinking water and that can be harmful to fish.

In addition, when a part of the water is to be replaced, we must ensure that the new liquid is at the same temperature as the aquarium.

Guidelines for maintenance

It is necessary that no more than 40% of the aquarium water be changed each time maintenance is to be performed. In that line, we should not empty the aquarium completely when cleaning it, as it can cause stress on the fish.

There are special products that can be used at the time of performing the aquarium maintenance, which we can get in specialized stores. Do not use soaps or commercial detergents to clean the aquarium.

When cleaning the aquarium, avoid direct contact of your hands with water as natural body oils can be harmful to fish. Some tools specially designed for aquarium cleaning are available in the market.

Aquarium maintenance check list

Every day, you should check the current state of the aquarium fish, in order to identify any pathology or health problem they may present.

The daily check should include the review of filters, heaters, lights and other equipment that are part of the aquarium.

Dead plants and fish or debris that are formed from time to time should be removed in daily checkups.

Every week, you should clean the aquarium glass both inside and out. Thus, organic waste will be removed and will help improve water quality.

Dirt and organic debris can dull the aquarium lights; they must be checked and, if necessary, cleaned to ensure an adequate level of constant lighting.

Once a month, we must review the provision of special cleaning products, water conditioners and food supplies for fish. In addition, the monthly maintenance of the filter should be performed to improve water quality.

Pets in pregnancy: prevention and care

Pregnant women who have a pet in the home should know that there are certain cares to take into account to reduce any risk in pregnancy. On this occasion, we will offer a series of recommendations to ensure a safe pregnancy and a pleasant coexistence with your pets.

Risk factors when having a pet during pregnancy

Toxoplasmosis transmitted by cats and dangerous infections caused by certain types of rodents, we often hear about the risks faced by a pregnant woman when in contact with animals and we do not know how to act in this regard.

Many families consider their pets as another member of the clan and find it difficult to take certain measures to safeguard the health of the unborn baby. The truth is that it is convenient to implement some hygiene and cleaning measures when living with a pet, especially if there is a pregnant woman in the home.

The first measures

In principle, having a pet at home when there is a pregnant woman should not be a cause for concern. It is advisable to tell the gynecologist the situation, the specialist will order the necessary tests to rule out the presence of certain pathologies, especially toxoplasmosis that can be serious if contracted during pregnancy.

The specialist doctor will also offer some recommendations about the care to be taken to ensure a good pregnancy.

In parallel, it is necessary to take the pet to a veterinary consultation to review the state of health of the animal and ensure that it has the necessary vaccines that allow to avoid any type of pathology.

Prevention and care actions

The most latent risk that can be taken during a pregnancy with respect to pets is to come into contact with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Although our body is usually prepared to deal with this parasite, pregnant women must take special care for their vulnerable status.

Toxoplasmosis is a serious disease that can be contracted by being in contact with the feces of infected cats. This pathology can cause serious health problems for the unborn baby, such as blindness or hydrocephalus.

In order to avoid any complications related to this disease, the domestic cat should be checked by the veterinarian in order to rule out the presence of the parasite. In addition, it is advisable that the pregnant woman does not come into contact with the earth and that she thoroughly wash the food before eating it.

The obstetrician will perform the necessary examinations to rule out the presence of this disease and will indicate the medication to be taken if necessary.

In case of having a dog as a pet, it is also convenient to take it to the veterinarian to check that it has all its vaccines.

Whatever animal you have as a pet, it is necessary to maintain scrupulous care regarding cleaning habits: bathing frequently, cutting your nails and keeping your breeding space clean, they will prevent the transmission of pathogenic elements that can be harmful both for the mother as for the fetus.

¿What are the ideal toys for cats?

In addition to care and pampering, cats need some recreational products for their leisure time. And these animals are not only very independent, but they are also lovers of games and fun at all times. Therefore, in the following lines, we will know what are the ideal toys for cats.

Boxes of all kinds

Cats love the boxes because it generates a space to hide and play repeatedly throughout the day. Therefore, condition a special area with boxes of different sizes so you can use them as a hiding place, you will notice that it will become your favorite space.

Make sure the boxes are of adequate size so that they can enter and exit without problems; in very small boxes they can get stuck.

Balls

Colorful balls are the perfect toys for the most active cats. Felines love balls and usually roll them and give boats for much of the day. You should take care that they have been manufactured with toxic-free materials and that they are large enough that they cannot fit in your snout.

Keep in mind that skeins or balls of wool are not recommended as they can be dangerous for the cat.

Reeds with feathers

This device simulates a small fishing rod that has a pen on its tip. It is used by the owners to interact with the pet by having the animal try to catch the pen while its master moves it from one place to another. Cats love reeds with feathers and do not get tired of chasing the feather everywhere.

With this toy, the cat will have fun and can keep his excess energy under control.

Plush mice

Cats are hunters by nature, which is why stuffed mice are toys that are much desired by these pets. These products are available in different sizes and colors and can be purchased at any pet store at a very low price.

Stuffed mice are the ideal toy for cats as they improve their physical condition and stimulate their desire to play.

Cat candy dispensers

A very good way to reward cats is by using feline candy dispensers, ideal for rewarding them for their good behavior. Some of these dispensers come in the shape of an egg, mouse, stuffed animal, cone or ball and are toys for cats that release cookies as the animal moves them.

The dispensers are made of sturdy plastic that is not harmful to your teeth, in addition, they can be filled with feed.

These are just some of the most recommended toys for cats. Remember that the ideal is to exchange your toys from time to time, in order to keep your interest awake to play with them.

In addition, it is convenient to play with them with some frequency, motivate them to chase objects and monitor them while they play, in order to avoid any incident that may arise.

¿Why do cats scratch?

Marking territory and stretching your body are just some of the reasons why cats scratch. In the following lines, we will learn more about the reasons why cats tear objects and what we should do in this situation.

Everyone who has a cat as a pet in the home must have wondered why they scratch the objects. And, in addition to having certain special considerations in their upbringing, they also have a fixation for tearing some type of furniture and we don’t know why.

Usually, we tend to think that cats scratch because they show us their anger or their level of conceit; Nothing further from reality.

Scratching is a natural behavior in cats and there are different reasons why they do it.

The reasons why cats scratch

One of the most common reasons why cats scratch objects is to mark their territory, either with visual marks or pheromones that tend to release from the pads of their paws and that are detectable by other animals.

Cats also scratch the objects because it helps them remove the dead outer layers of their claws, a kind of dog exfoliation.

Also, this action helps them to stretch their body, in addition to their joints and their claws, an exercise of natural relaxation in the felines.

But scratching also releases them from stress at times when they feel a lot of tension, frustration or anxiety.

¿What should I do if my cat scratches the objects a lot at home?

Punishments are not the best way to correct the cat’s behavior when scratching, as it could intensify the frustration he feels, aggravating the problem.

According to specialists, we can perform certain actions to modify their behavior. One of them is to identify which are those places chosen to scratch and place in them certain commercial products that help them scratch, such as small carpets or poles.

There are some special products on the market that can help us solve this problem. Odor neutralizers or repellents are very useful to keep the cat away from the areas where it usually scratches.

Another valuable advice is to place in the typical area of ​​scratching some objects that are unpleasant to the animal, such as aluminum foil or perfumed cotton, in order to naturally repel the pet.

Finally, once the environment is conditioned with the objects we want to scratch, it will be ideal to help you understand that it is a good place to scratch and encourage the habit of doing so in that area.

Correct the cat’s behavior and make it scratch in the place specially conditioned for it, it can be a slow and tedious process. You need to be patient to modify your behavior; Little by little, we will achieve the goal of making it scratch in a certain area.

The importance of feline environmental enrichment

One of the most heard terms among those who have a cat as a pet is feline environmental enrichment, which is nothing other than caring for these animals in captivity.

To know more in detail what this concept is about and what implication it has for our pet, we invite you to read the following post carefully.

¿What is feline environmental enrichment?

Environmental enrichment for cats refers to the improvement of their physical and emotional well-being, identifying those environmental stimuli that are necessary to improve their quality of life at home.

It consists of the sum of those factors that provide welfare to the animal, which may include its relationship with people, its interaction with other animals, the quality of its food and access to games for its physical and emotional development, among other aspects.

It is important to understand that cats are animals that are very predisposed to suffer from stress and that they often cause problems in their behavior, which affects the tranquility of the home.

Therefore, it is necessary to guarantee a conditioned environment to help prevent stress or any other condition that may alter their normal development, such as anxiety, obesity, behavioral problems, aggressiveness, etc.

¿What types of environmental enrichment exist?

We can consider as a feline environmental enrichment any stimulus that acts positively on the cat, being able to differentiate five specific groups:

Sensory stimuli, which are those that drive the animal to exploration. These stimuli manage to intensify all your senses, especially that of smell.

The food stimuli are oriented to provide your food in an easy and controlled way, avoiding excesses and frustration.

The manipulation stimuli are referred to the research and exploration incentive by the animal. For this, it is usually resorted to the use of specialized toys.

The stimuli of the environment are those concerning the improvement of the cat’s habitat, punctually determining its areas of feeding, rest and recreation.

Social stimuli consist of optimizing their relationship with both humans and other cats, so that they are exercised naturally and positively.

Tips for adequate environmental enrichment

There are many actions that we can take to achieve adequate environmental enrichment for the cat.

At the sensory level, it is advisable to give the animal access to the outside in order to motivate him to hunt and observe the environment. Olfactory enrichment can be enriched using catnip, which motivates them to purr and play.

The relationship with another feline can be positive for the animal, although it is necessary to ensure that there is compatibility between both cats. In addition, it is necessary to encourage communication between the owners and the cat.

It is also advisable to give the animal toys that help maintain adequate physical and mental development, especially those who do not have easy access to the outdoors. Thus, balls or some specialized products can be very useful.

There are some other tricks that allow to favor the instinct of the cat, optimize its behavior and improve its quality of life; the important thing is to add to your space elements of your natural habitat, to integrate and entertain them.

¿How to act to increase the body temperature of our pet?

Our pets are very prone to heat stroke in the summer months. At this time of the year, the temperature reaches peaks of heat that are not only unbearable for humans but also for animals.

This alteration of the animal’s body temperature can generate not only changes in mood but also important health problems that should be avoided. Therefore, in the following post we tell you what is the way you should act before the increase in the body temperature of your pet.

¿Why can our pet’s body temperature rise?

In the same way as in people, thermoregulation is responsible for regulating body temperature in animals and keeping it within a constant and balanced range. In case the temperature rises, we are faced with a febrile process, which can be caused by external agents of microbial or non-microbial origin.

In general, the most common cause of fever in pets is infectious in nature. It can also be generated due to other factors such as inflammations, immune problems and neoplastic alterations. In other minor cases, there are no specific causes.

¿What to do if the pet manifests a feverish state?

If we are faced with the suspicion of fever in the pet, it is best to measure the rectal temperature with a thermometer. A temperature higher than 39 degrees can be considered moderate, while if it exceeds 41 degrees it is already a high fever.

Next, we must keep the animal under observation for the first few days. Adequate hydration is essential to take care of the health of our pet, especially in the hottest months. You should ensure that the animal has clean and fresh water all the time, even when the temperature has dropped.

Do not try to decrease your body temperature dramatically; We advise you to use a cloth dampened with fresh water and place it on your abdomen, gradually the temperature will gradually decrease.

If the fever does not decrease or has some other symptoms, it may be a more complicated matter, so you should take it as soon as possible to the veterinarian for a corresponding review.

¿How to protect our pet from excessive summer heat?

During the summer months, excessive heat can also raise the pet’s body temperature. Therefore, it is advisable to take certain precautions to take care of your health:

Taking the pet for a walk is essential to exercise it; nevertheless, it is necessary to avoid the walk in hours in which the sun is in its maximum splendor. In the summer months, it is convenient to walk it very early in the morning or after sunset; Between noon and four in the afternoon you should restrict the exit due to the intensity of the sun’s rays.

Although leafy fur protects the animal from weather changes, it is advisable to keep it with short hair during the summer season. However, it is not advisable to cut it much at the level of shaving as it can expose the skin to the weather.

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