Category: Animal health

Cats eye diseases

The eyes of cats are their main attraction, their colors and characteristics generate curiosity and admiration. One of the superior functions is that they can see in the darkness with more precision and detail than human beings. However, the eye health of felines is affected by developing pathologies such as conjunctivitis, protrusion of the third eyelid, keratitis, glaucoma or feline chlamydiosis, among others. Next, let’s find out which are the most common eye diseases in cats.
The eye organs of felines are very delicate, in fact, many of the diseases they suffer, such as feline influenza or feline herpes, affect their eyes. However, there are also localized pathologies.

Types of eye diseases in cats

Feline chlamydiosis is caused by the bacterium Chlamydophila felis, which spreads easily from one cat to another only by physical contact, which is why it is common when they live in the same space. This disease is among the most common suffered by felines.
The causative agent is also known as the one that causes conjunctivitis, the main symptom of the disease. This is a way in which the body expresses infections that can be caused by other complications, such as feline herpes.
This disease affects the ocular mucosa, so we will notice that the cat will have an eye that is red and tearing, because the membrane that covers the eyelid is inflamed. In addition, the feline will be constantly winking. There are several levels of conjunctivitis: serous, follicular and, in its most serious state, purulent.
It is important to bear in mind that the treatment must be applied after having previously detected the causative bacteria, for which it is necessary to be very aware of the reactions of the cats and their environment, since a late detection complicates their cure.
Like all bacteria, they must be combated with antibiotics. In these cases, 1% fusidic acid or chlortetracycline can be administered topically, and doxycycline can be administered systemically.
Feline herpes and feline calicivirus are also causes of conjunctivitis.
Facolitic uveitis and glaucoma are diseases that are directly related. The first infection develops due to pathologies such as feline leukemia, peritonitis, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and fungi. The second is one of the consequences of suffering the first.
Glaucoma is also caused by genetics, street fights or accidents. It is silent and degenerative, therefore, it is common among elderly felines. It occurs when the aqueous humor of the eye causes pressure on the optic nerve, generating its obstruction and weakening the retina.
When symptoms such as vision loss, headaches, pupillary dilation with blurred bluish appearance, manifest themselves, the disease is already in its most advanced state.
However, there are treatments that go according to the cause of glaucoma, meaning that you have to determine the fungus or the type of infection to attack in the first place. Afterwards, it is possible to stop glaucoma, although not recovering lost vision.
Discomforts are minimized with eye salve, to restore the nervous system and regulate the concentration of aqueous humor. Anti-inflammatories or analgesics calm pain.
On the other hand, there are the cataracts that occur because the crystalline lens loses transparency. The only treatment is veterinary surgery, which, if not carried out, will generate loss of balance, pain and blindness in the pussycat. It is also a degenerative disease that manifests mostly in elderly felines.

Common signs of eye infection

  • Swollen eyelids until closing eyes

Large, half-opened eyes are symptoms of serious eye infections in cats. The difference while sleeping, or closed by discomfort, is evident because it manifests with other signs of infection.

  • Lashes

Cats are constantly segregating, from the tear, substances of different consistencies and wateriness, so this is an expression of the state of your health. Purulent, yellow or green mucus, along with a foul odor, is a manifestation of infections.

  • Sclera

When the white part of the eye, the sclera, is inflamed, it becomes pink from the cut blood vessels caused by the swelling. This is an obvious manifestation of allergies, infections or glaucoma.

  • Opacity of the eye

The eyes of felines are characterized by being bright and very bright; When there are presence of infections they become opaque. The eye dries because the tear flow diminishes, then, the reflections before the human sight will be difficult to see.

  • Hides more than usual

When feeling irritated or threatened by pain and other bothersome symptoms, the cat will hide more than usual to avoid contact with its environment. You may react negatively when you touch your head or eyes.

Care for eye diseases in cats

Vaccines can prevent diseases such as feline flu and chlamydiosis. The vaccination process should start as soon as they stop consuming breast milk; the most important are the trivalent vaccine that protects them from feline panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis and calicivirus.
To clean the eyes with lukewarm water, physiological solution or chamomile, it is important when it is being applied the treatment to fight the infections. It is necessary that the infected secretions be removed as much as they are exposed. When cleaning it, it must be done with great care since the annoyance puts them in an irritable mood. For each eye a cotton, this prevents the infection from spreading.
Baby cats are the most likely to develop infections, either because they were born in infected places or because of the sensitivity of the organs at this stage. You have to be very attentive to the state of your eyes. The drops that are recommended by specialized veterinarians so that the infection does not spread are usually physiological solutions.
Sterilization is essential, since most eye diseases spread because cats attack each other when looking for a female to mate with.
The recommendations presented here must be followed to the letter to avoid complications in the health of the cats. All antibiotics need to be prescribed by the veterinarian, since to supply them in a wrong way can cause resistance to the bacteria which would complicate the treatment.
Sterilize, vaccinate and protect on time are actions that guarantee the health of felines because they take them away from dangerous agents, such as the street and other sick cats.

Pets heart problems

Did you know that pets can suffer from heart problems?
Moreover, unfortunately, it is usually a much more common problem than you think. As in people, the cardiovascular system in pets can malfunction, so the early detection of any heart condition that can lead to heart disease is essential.

¿What are the most common heart diseases in pets?

The incidence of deaths from heart disease in domestic animals has been increasing in recent years, being, in most cases, an acquired condition.
In dogs, some common heart disorders can be identified, such as heart vascular problems, a condition in which the valves weaken and begin to leak blood; pericardial disease, in which the protective sac of the heart fills with fluid; myocarditis, in which inflammation of the heart occurs due to a bacterial infection; arrhythmia, which alters the heart rhythm; and the disease of the heart parasite, which is transmitted by carrier mosquitoes.
For their part, cats also have heart problems, with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy being the most common condition in them, consisting of the thickening of the heart walls. Other diseases, such as aortic stenosis, also cause thickening of the ventricular wall, while systemic hypertension, consists of a persistent elevation of feline blood pressure.

Symptoms that indicate heart problems in pets

It is possible to identify different signs in pets that can give us light regarding the presence of a problem in the heart.
In general, animals that have heart problems have difficulty breathing normally. In them, the frequency of breathing increases during the nights so it is convenient to check your breathing index.
Persistent cough is another sign that can indicate a heart problem in the pet. This symptom is usually manifested in dogs because cats do not cough when they have some disease in the heart.
Any fluctuation in the weight of the pet can also be an indicator of a heart problem. Whether it manifests a weight loss or an increase in body weight, it is necessary to turn on the alerts and take it to a review with the veterinarian.
A persistent agitation or reluctance to perform physical activity can indicate a problem in the heart of the pet. Many times, we may notice that the animal is shaken very fast after a short walk or that it resists running.
Identifying as soon as possible any suspicion of heart problem in pets is fundamental to improve the quality of life of pets. If you are alert and have detected some of the indicated symptoms, take it immediately to a veterinarian specialized in cardiology, who will perform the necessary exams for an accurate diagnosis.

How to detect feline leukemia

One of the most frequent and deadly infectious diseases for cats is feline leukemia, caused by a retrovirus that attacks its immune system and which is the main reason for non-traumatic mortality of domestic cats. If you want to know which are the routes of transmission of this disease and what preventive measures should be adopted, pay attention to the following note.

What is feline leukemia?

The feline leukemia virus – ViLeF was identified more than 50 years ago as one of the possible causes of lymphosarcomas in cats. Scientists believe that the virus was transmitted by rats, becoming a feline virus. This type of oncovirus is associated with both neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases.
The virus is found in body fluids of cats that have been infected, especially in urine and saliva. Its transmission occurs through contact between cats, sharing the feeder or in fights. In puppies, infection can occur through breastfeeding of the infected mother or occur during pregnancy.
The virus multiplies rapidly in the body of the infected cat. There is a chance that the feline’s own immune system will eliminate the virus completely, but it will depend on the cat’s body health and the strength of its defenses. Otherwise, symptoms begin to appear soon, especially in young kittens.

Symptoms and treatment of feline leukemia

A cat infected with the leukemia virus can present very unspecific symptoms; however, the most common are loss of appetite, decreased body weight, anemia, fever, lethargy, diarrhea and constant vomiting. In addition, it usually presents infections of the upper respiratory tract and a deformation of its coat.
The coincidence of the symptoms with other types of pathologies makes its correct diagnosis difficult, so it is necessary that the cat be evaluated by a veterinarian. Leukemia virus infections can be detected with specific laboratory tests for these cases.
Although there is no effective treatment against the feline leukemia virus, the actions are focused on two methods of antiretroviral therapy, through the ingestion of drugs to control the replication of the virus and immunomodulatory drugs in order to enhance the immune response and always indicated by an expert oncological team.
The veterinarian also directs his efforts towards the control of secondary diseases that usually accompany the presence of the feline leukemia virus.
The best way to control the proliferation of the virus and keep our pet protected is to avoid coming into contact with infected cats; In addition, regular monitoring in the veterinary clinic is essential for the care of cats.
The specialist will determine the vaccine regimen that should be followed to prevent feline leukemia, taking into account that antigenic testing of the disease has been carried out before the vaccination.

What is and how is parvovirus spread?

Identified more than 40 years ago, canine parvovirosis PVC, also called parvovirus, is a highly contagious disease that affects dogs, especially puppies, and requires urgent veterinary attention in order to prevent the death of the animal.

Next, we will know more about this terrible disease and how it can be prevented from spreading. Parvoviruses are viruses that attack, to a greater extent, small dogs from six weeks after birth, this is due to the loss of maternal immunity. For the virus to achieve its development requires certain factors that are present in cells in mitosis, so usually attack in the stage of growth of the dog.

The disease is less frequent in adult dogs due, in part, to the fact that they are already vaccinated, hence those who have not been immunized by vaccination have a higher risk of infection. Some dog breeds tend to be more susceptible to the spread of parvovirus, including the Rottweiler, German Shepherd, Doberman, Pinscher and the Argentine Doge, to name just a few.

The development of parvovirus in dogs

The parvovirus incubation period is approximately five days, with the first ten days being the most critical for the animal’s health. This disease is transmitted by the contact of the animals with the virus, through the fecal remains of infected dogs. The presence of parvovirus in the stool is due to the fact that it can survive long periods of time as a result of its great resistance to extreme environmental conditions.

When the virus enters the body of the puppy, the first symptoms are of decay, loss of appetite and diarrhea. Dehydration occurs rapidly due to diarrhea and vomiting, so the dog can die within 72 hours. The speed and severity with which this disease acts require that it is essential to go to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible, to receive emergency care.

The diagnosis of parvovirus infection is made by the veterinarian through observation and laboratory tests. From there, you must make the necessary efforts to combat dehydration and control diarrhea, preventing any type of infection through antibiotics. The control of temperature and the supply of liquids are essential to increase the life expectancy of the animal.

The best defense against parvovirus: prevention

Like the great majority of viral infections, there is no specific treatment for canine parvovirus, so prevention is essential to keep the dog healthy. For this, the schedule of vaccination established by the veterinarian must be followed strictly, in order to reach a sufficient quantity of antibodies that protect them from the disease.

The cleaning and disinfection of the area inhabited by our pet is also a determining factor for the control of parvovirus dispersion. The veterinarian can tell us about the appropriate products that we can use for the sterilization of the area.

All you need to know about canine distemper

Many times we have heard about the different diseases that affect our pets, although, in general, we do not know the terms with which these diseases are known to afflict them. The distemper is one of them and this time we will know what it is and how we should act when it is presented.

¿What is canine distemper?

Canine distemper, also known as distemper, is a disease of viral origin that attacks dogs in a severe way; In case of infection, you must resort immediately to seek the help of a veterinary professional to save the animal’s life.
This disease is caused by a canine distemper virus of type ARN and genus morbillivirus, very aggressive, that attacks the respiratory tract, the stomach and the intestines, coming to interfere in a very invasive way in the central nervous system of the dogs that suffer it .

The most characteristic symptoms of canine distemper

We must be very attentive when we notice certain symptoms in our dogs, as they may be falling victim to this terrible virus that, in many cases, can be lethal. Among the most visible symptoms of canine distemper we can find:
Tearing and constant laganes in the periphery of the eyes, accompanied by much congestion and secretion.
The significant loss of appetite is another symptom that can be appreciated in the first instance, especially if you despise your favorite foods.
The presence of febrile states is an obvious sign of the loss of health in animals; therefore, it is necessary to go to a veterinarian specializing in internal medicine, in order to be sure that the temperature has been taken accurately and without misunderstanding, because in animals this procedure is usually somewhat complex.
We must be very attentive with their bowel movements, as it is normal that with the presence of this virus vomiting and diarrhea occur.
Nasal discharge is another of the obvious symptoms of the presence of distemper in animals. As happens to humans with colds, these animals are also presented with this watery secretion characteristic of any flu-like illness.
Cough is another symptom in the presence of this virus in the organism of the infected animal.

The development of canine distemper in our pets

There are no irrefutable parameters regarding the estimated time that the distemper virus can last in the animal, because, as always happens with all living beings, organisms are not the same and therefore do not always react in the same way. In addition, everything will depend on the care provided and the speed with which the case is handled.
Generally, the development phase of this disease can last for several days, but if proper precautions are not taken and the animal is exposed to rain or cold air currents, it may complicate and become a lethal disease although the mortality rate is not very high.
Under normal circumstances, with the timely care of the veterinarian and supplying the appropriate medication, our pet can get through without major setbacks. However, it is necessary to be very careful, even more, if the dog has not been previously vaccinated or if it is a puppy less than 5 months old, since in this age they are much more vulnerable to the presence of purulent mucus. If there is vomiting, then measures must be taken to avoid possible dehydration in the animal.
Once the distemper has been detected in dogs, precautions must be taken to attack the disease in an appropriate and timely manner, as well as to avoid contagion to other dogs, being the most indicated that the pet be evaluated by a veterinarian.

Treatment and care for the pet in the presence of canine distemper

In general, the treatment to be followed is based on antibiotics. The diet of the animal must be specially formulated to provide sufficient nutrients that prevent its weakening and prevent dehydration.
The care at home should be aimed at lowering fever, combat the general malaise of the pet and cut the chronic diarrhea. Chamomile is ideal to wash your eyes, in order to calm the swelling and combat redness. It is necessary to clean the mucus from the nose of the dog several times a day, because these mucus are full of bacteria and viruses that can delay their healing or cause secondary infections.
Salt water is also very useful to keep the pet free of mucus and gnats, while infusions with echinacea purpurea are also effective in alleviating the severe symptoms of canine distemper. It must, in addition

The importance of internal deworming in pets

When you have a dog or a cat, it is usual to worry about performing an external deworming at the time of presenting fleas or ticks; However, many times we do not give due importance to a much more critical issue: the presence of parasites inside your body.

Parasites can represent a serious health problem for our pets; even worse, they may be able to infect other animals and even people. That is why it is essential to perform an internal deworming that serves to eliminate worms that may be housed in your digestive system, or to prevent them from accessing your body.

The most common internal parasites

In general, the parasites are lodged in the intestine of the animals and can be differentiated according to their type.

Roundworms are the most common, they lodge in the intestines and can reproduce rapidly. They are very resistant to extreme temperatures and cause serious obstructions and injuries in the intestine of the animal. When they infect humans, these parasites can cause very serious damage, including paralysis or blindness.

For its part, the so-called whipworms feed on blood in the large intestine, both dogs and cats. They spread very easily and can cause very serious infections in pets, representing a risk of death.

Hookworms often lodge in the small intestine, feed on the blood and can cause, in the animal, anemia, diarrhea and skin lesions, among other complications. These worms can also cause serious harm to people.

Pulmonary worms are another type of parasites that are very dangerous for animals because they generate serious respiratory problems and can also cause death.

There are also the so-called worms of the heart that are transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes and that are installed in the pulmonary arteries of pets. By reproducing around the heart of the animal, they hinder their beats and generate heart failure. If not treated in time, it can mean the death of the pet.

Some of the most common symptoms that can occur in the presence of parasites in dogs and cats include general decay, lack of appetite, abdominal swelling, diarrhea and vomiting. Many times, you can see the presence of these worms in the stool of the pet, so if you see any of these symptoms and you notice a strange behavior in your pet, we recommend you go to a trusted veterinary hospital as soon as possible.

How internal deworming is done

Puppies are very vulnerable to intestinal parasites, accounting for almost 70% of cases. However, your deworming should be prescribed by the veterinarian since many medications can be toxic to them.

When dealing with puppies, specialists usually prescribe a dose of anthelmintic administered orally, in periods spaced several weeks.

In the case of pets in adulthood, the veterinary treatment to eliminate the parasites is three months, according to the deworming calendar.

It is necessary to take into account that, even in cases where the pet does not leave home, the risk of infection is very high when internal deworming is not complied with according to the veterinarian’s instructions, since parasites can reach the home through the eggs glued on the clothing or the sole of the shoes.

The best way to be protected and take care of the health of our pets is to follow the deworming calendar, giving the regular veterinary treatment indicated by the specialist.