Category: Health

Exercises for dogs with dysplasia: how to help them

Hip dysplasia is a health problem that affects many dogs around the world. Due to hereditary genetic factors, certain breeds are more prone to this degenerative disorder than others, but almost any dog ​​can develop the disease. For this reason, all dog owners should be on the lookout for signs of mobility problems in their companion animals. If you have noticed difficulties in the mobility of your partner and the vet has diagnosed him with hip dysplasia, he will give you guidance on how to treat this disease.

In this article we bring you a series of exercise recommendations to help dogs with hip dysplasia, or to prevent them from it.

What is hip dysplasia?

Hip dysplasia is a physical condition that arises from the abnormal conformation of the hip joint, where the joint socket (acetabulum) and the ball of the femur do not fit together correctly. There are two general types of hip dysplasia in dogs:

  • Congenital: when the disease is inherited genetically. It is believed to be because the two main parts of the hip joint do not grow at the same rate, probably due to hormonal problems.
  • Acquired: When environmental factors cause a dog’s joints to become damaged or worn to the point that they do not connect. While general neutering is still advisable for a dog’s overall health, some experts believe that spaying a dog too early can lead to a higher prevalence of hip dysplasia. Excess protein in the diet or excessive pressure on the dog’s joints while they are still developing can also be factors.

Diagnosis of hip dysplasia will require X-rays and other clinical tests. However, we must be attentive to possible symptoms. These include difficulty standing up, being too tired after walking, or a change in the way you walk.

Due to their prevalence of genetic inheritance, there are some breeds that are more likely to develop hip dysplasia than others. They include:

  • Labrador retriever
  • Irish setter
  • German shepherd
  • Dobermann
  • Dalmatian
  • Boxer

Although we have exposed some breeds that are predisposed, that does not mean that other breeds cannot develop the disease. If they do, there is no cure. The most drastic approach is surgical intervention, but even this can produce limited results. The most important thing is to reduce the associated pain and other problems with proper symptom management.

How to help a dog with hip dysplasia

There are several physical therapy techniques that you can apply to help your dog with hip dysplasia. All of them should aim to strengthen and relax the muscles to ease discomfort or relieve pain. The gluteal muscles are essential for the stability and mobility of the hip, so it is important to perform therapy on them.

Other methods to help the dog with hip dysplasia include changing his diet to help maintain joint function. While this includes feeding them foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, it also means limiting their total amount so they don’t become obese, as being overweight puts more pressure on already damaged joints.

That’s why exercises to help dogs with hip dysplasia should make it easier for the joints to heal without further damaging them. We bring you some of the best for your dog:


A dog with hip dysplasia will have a difficult time standing on the affected limbs. This is because the pain makes it difficult. The result will be muscle atrophy, that is, loss of muscle mass due to inactivity or other effects on the dog’s musculoskeletal system. Massaging the dog favors the recovery of muscle mass as well as helping to correct its posture.

We can perform a relaxing massage along the dog’s spine. It is important that we move our hands in the direction of the dog’s hair, since otherwise it can be very uncomfortable. We can also perform circular movements along both sides of the spine to release tension. The muscles of the hindquarters, however, are perhaps the most important to focus on.

In each movement we must be attentive to the reaction of the dog and make sure not to make it feel more uncomfortable and sore. You can start gently and increase the intensity.


With dogs that are comfortable in the water, swimming can be a great way to strengthen their muscles without overloading their joints. This is because being suspended in water you don’t have to strain your joints.

The specialists will have hydrotherapy facilities larger than we probably have at home. These can include an underwater treadmill. In general, exercises for hip dysplasia in water should be performed by a professional physical therapist.

Of course, if you have a pool at home, you may be able to carry out some of these exercises (always with a life jacket for dogs) and let it swim in your company.

If the dog is uncomfortable in the water, then this type of exercise is not a good idea. Shaking out of fear or some other quick movement can cause more damage to your joints.

Other types of exercises

For more advanced techniques, a physical therapist can be consulted. In addition to the exercises for dogs with hip dysplasia described above, you may also be able to perform:

  • Passive movements.
  • Active or stabilizing exercises.
  • Cryotherapy (cold therapy).
  • Thermotherapy (heat therapy).
  • Electrotherapy.

It is important to note that many of these therapies are considered “alternative” and have little scientific evidence to support their efficacy. If you wish to pursue other methods of treating your dog’s hip dysplasia, you will need to discuss these with your veterinarian beforehand.

Miscarriage in female dogs: signs and symptoms

During the pregnancy of the female dog, her body will undergo many changes and chemical reactions to create the ideal conditions for the embryos to develop inside her.

Everything in the body of the animal begins to work so that at the end of the nine weeks of gestation it gives birth to its cubs. However, sometimes problems occur that end in miscarriage, which causes the animal to lose its babies.

It is important to know well the symptoms of abortion in a female dog to avoid that his health can also be at risk, so we give you the necessary information in this article.

What is a spontaneous abortion?

A female dog may miscarry or reabsorb a litter of puppies at any time during her pregnancy due to a number of reasons. Without adequate levels of progesterone or proper nutrition, it is impossible for you to maintain your pregnancy. An infection or other illnesses can also cause a miscarriage. If your dog shows vaginal discharge, or if she suddenly becomes lethargic and depressed, she may have had a miscarriage, although you will need to take her to the vet for a proper diagnosis.

A miscarriage is the spontaneous reabsorption or expulsion of the lifeless litter of a female dog. It is a sudden and irreversible event for the puppies (who are born lifeless) and for the mother (who can suffer from health complications), although most female dogs make a full recovery. If complications are detected in the pregnancy well in advance, it is possible to help the dog to reach the end of the pregnancy and to give birth to her puppies, always with veterinary help.

Symptoms of miscarriage in female dogs

A miscarriage can cause the expulsion of the bodies of the puppies or a reabsorption of the same. If the litter is reabsorbed in early pregnancy, your dog may not show any signs. However, if a miscarriage occurs closer to the due date, a fetus will be aborted. In that case, you may see vaginal discharge, contractions, or expelled placental or fetal tissue. Often times, a dog owner does not realize that the female dog has miscarried, as she may eat any shed tissue before it is discovered. A female dog that has suffered a miscarriage may become lethargic or depressed, or she may become dehydrated if she refuses to eat or drink.

Causes of miscarriage in female dogs

There are many different reasons why a pregnant dog may miscarry. These include:

  • Infection, such as brucellosis, herpes, or toxoplasmosis.
  • Low progesterone levels.
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Fetal defects.
  • Endocrine disorders, such as Cushing’s disease.
  • Genetic defects.
  • Response to a certain medication.

Depending on the cause of the miscarriage, certain dog breeds may be more susceptible than others. Malnourished dogs are more likely to miscarry as they lack the necessary nutrients to carry a pregnancy to term.

Diagnosis of miscarriage in female dogs

A miscarriage may go undiagnosed if the owner does not realize that the dog was pregnant. This can happen especially in early pregnancy, when the dog is more likely to reabsorb the prenatal tissue and show no signs of its condition.

If you suspect that your dog has had a miscarriage, take her to the vet immediately. In this way he will be able to evaluate the possible presence of fetuses by palpation, x-rays or ultrasound, which will reveal any puppies that are present.

X-rays and ultrasound are especially helpful both in identifying uterine contents and in determining the viability of fetuses still present. Depending on the cause of the miscarriage, your vet may recommend additional tests for infections or other underlying conditions, which will need to be treated to ensure the overall health of your dear friend.

Treatment of miscarriage in female dogs

Treatment for female dogs who have had a miscarriage is supportive and varies depending on the circumstances. Restrict your dog’s activity and make sure she remains hydrated while she recovers. If any of the fetuses are still viable to save, the vet will find a way to help your dog so that she can give birth without complications. If not, you’ll need to make sure your dog has expelled all pregnancy-related tissues, which can only be verified with an ultrasound.

If the pregnancy was aborted due to an infection, your dog will require antibiotics. Any other underlying conditions will need to be treated as well. Intravenous treatment may be recommended if your dog is severely dehydrated. The prognosis varies depending on the cause of the miscarriage, but most female dogs will recover and be able to conceive again in the future, with the exception of those who have developed brucellosis or a uterine infection.

Recovery from miscarriage in female dogs

Your dog will need extra attention from you while she recovers from her miscarriage. Most female dogs show signs of depression after the loss of their litter, but over time, they should recover and go back to their old ways. Limit her activity for the first few days after the miscarriage, and make sure she has access to clean, cool water, as well as a quiet, comfortable place where she can rest.

Check the vaginal discharge daily and notify your vet if you notice anything unusual in your pet. As the dog recovers, the amount of discharge will decrease until it stops completely. On the other hand, the vet may recommend a follow-up exam based on the cause of the miscarriage, especially if there was an infection involved.

Why is it important to internally deworm your dog?

Internal deworming is as important as external deworming for the health of our dogs. However, many owners are still unaware of the importance of antiparasitics. Owners who do not deworm their dogs leave their animals exposed to infestations that can lead to: malaise, illness, and even death in the worst case. It is essential to become aware that dogs must be dewormed internally and externally several times a year (depending on the risks of each territory).

Internal deworming is usually the great forgotten, that is why in this article we have decided to inform you about why it is necessary to internally deworm dogs.

Common internal parasites in dogs

The main objective of deworming treatments is to prevent and treat the appearance of parasites in our dogs. Double deworming is the most effective and recommended by veterinarians. This is because there are parasites that can lodge in the body of animals, seriously affecting their health if they are not treated.

Generally, the most common internal parasites in dogs are intestinal worms, lungworms, and heartworms. All this can cause serious damage to a host animal and, therefore, it is important to carry out an adequate deworming of your dogs. Therefore, do not hesitate to ask your veterinarian for a double deworming plan to take care of your pet internally and externally.

Deworming: intestinal parasites in dogs

Most internal parasites can keep their eggs alive in the environment for long periods. These parasites are contagious and a dog can become infected by licking or simply smelling this infected area. Mothers with these types of infections can also pass the parasites to their puppies. Unlike what happens with external antiparasites, which maintain their effect for weeks, internal ones eliminate only the parasites that are present at the moment, and eliminate the parasites through the digestive system. This explains why it is necessary to deworm our dog on a regular basis, especially puppies.

Symptoms of such infections are generally not very apparent in healthy animals. However, in the case of puppies or immunosuppressed animals, they will show symptoms of: diarrhea, weight loss or anemia. A veterinarian, by examining a stool sample under a microscope, can identify the type of worm and prescribe an appropriate dewormer.

Symptoms of lung parasites in dogs

Lungworms affect the respiratory system of dogs. These lungworms can affect a dog that ingests snails or slugs that are infected with the larvae of this parasite. From that point on, the dog may begin to show signs of coughing and difficulty exercising. The parasites can also be observed in the animal’s feces.

Filariasis in dogs

Filariasis in dogs is another of the parasitic diseases that we have already talked to you about at length previously on our blog, and it is also known as heartworm. The filaria is a worm that lives in the pulmonary arteries and, as the disease grows, it travels towards the heart, and can cause thromboembolism and pulmonary hypertension and / or vena cava syndrome.

This disease appears through symptoms of dyspnea (difficulty breathing) and heart murmurs, which can cause the possible death of any animal that suffers from it.

A filaria reaches dogs through a mosquito. When the dog is bitten, the parasites enter the body, where they undergo different maturations that end with their migration towards the pulmonary arteries and the right side of the heart. Female filariae release microfilariae into the bloodstream. If a mosquito bites an already infected dog, it can transmit the parasite by biting another dog.

Generally speaking, symptoms include: coughing, exercise intolerance and even syncope (loss of consciousness). Due to the location of these parasites, being so close to the heart, it can end in the death of the animal. Treatment also carries risks, as dead parasites can cause blockages in vital organs. The serious consequences of canine filariasis perfectly explain why we have to deworm our dogs internally regularly, since prevention is the best weapon against this type of health problem.

How to deworm a dog?

Prevention is the best option we can choose against internal parasites. Consulting a veterinarian will allow you to analyze your dog and his environment, ensuring that your dog receives the best protection he needs for his particular lifestyle. For external deworming, you can easily find products, such as the famous pipettes, certain sprays or necklaces. For internal deworming, you may have to ask your trusted veterinarian for treatment: there are pills that you can add to your dog’s food and that will help to expel the most common possible intestinal parasites. In more serious cases such as filariasis, the vet will prescribe the most appropriate medication to start a treatment.

Once the vet establishes the deworming treatment (of whatever type), it is important to follow it scrupulously to keep your dog free of parasites. The damage that parasites can cause is very severe, so deworming our dogs on a regular basis is something that we must incorporate into the regular care of their health.

How to avoid poisoning by cleaning products in your pet

During the current coronavirus pandemic, it is important to remember that some ingredients in the cleaning products we use every day can be dangerous for cats and dogs.

Millions of people are at home now in the midst of a pandemic, constantly disinfecting and cleaning with the potential danger that they could inadvertently poison their pets. Cleaning products that consumers have brought home from stores can be helpful in removing the virus that causes COVID-19, but they can just as easily make our pets sick or even kill.

The same ingredients that make disinfectants effective also make them toxic to companion animals: alcohol, bleach, hydrogen peroxide, chemicals that contain the word “phenol,” and so on.

We know that in the chaos of disrupted household routines and families living indoors while under “stay-at-home” recommendations, cleanliness can be challenging, so family cooperation is important (whenever possible) to avoid accidents with our pets and cleaning products.

For example, if you are cleaning the floor and the phone rings, you pick up the phone and sit on the sofa to talk, your dog or cat could start playing with that water, throwing it away, licking it … For which we advise you that if you are cleaning, just you’re cleaning.

Animal poisoning

When an animal is poisoned it always shows certain symptoms that can alert us to its condition. The following symptoms of poisoning can appear together or individually:

  • Loss of balance is one of the most noticeable symptoms when intoxicated. They may lose their balance completely, walk awkwardly, or lose strength in their rear or front limbs independently.
  • Excess salivation is also a very common symptom in intoxicated pets, we can see how they drool a little or are unable to keep their mouths closed.
  • Vomiting, diarrhea, or seizures can be other symptoms.
  • The dilated pupils also indicate that our animal may have been poisoned, being also the cause of strange behavior, as if it were drugged.
  • Strange movements caused by a lack of reflexes and an inability to coordinate normally are also caused by poisoning.
  • Unjustified tremors, whether with the animal awake or asleep, are another of the symptoms derived from poisoning.

If you suspect that your pet may have been poisoned, seek veterinary medical help immediately. What’s more, our hospital has an emergency service 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, so do not hesitate to call us at 932 460 805 if you need it.

Tips for keeping pets safe

The easiest way to keep your pets safe and healthy while handling cleaning products? The most effective is to try to keep pets out of the room when you are cleaning. Do not leave disinfectants or medications within reach, after having used them, store them in a place that your pets cannot reach.

If you wet floors or surfaces with disinfectants and cleaners, keep pets away until they dry. After disinfecting and drying, you can mop only with water to remove the remains of the product.

Both cats and dogs are animals that are at risk, but cats are particularly vulnerable because they are more autonomous, have access to more places, and their bodies do not handle toxins very well (since they lack certain liver enzymes) and also constantly lick each other the fur. They are also very curious and tend to go into seemingly inaccessible places to explore new objects with their nose or paws.

Dogs are generally larger than cats, metabolize some chemicals differently, and don’t clean their hair, but they do lick their paws. They can also gobble up medications or cleaning products, especially liquids left in buckets and buckets.

How to prevent poisoning in pets?

These are some tips that can be useful to prevent your dog or cat from being poisoned by medicines or cleaning products:

  • When using cleaning products, read the labels carefully to verify the ingredients and follow the directions for use exactly. You should be aware of the strength of a particular product, such as alcohol or bleach, and how much to dilute it. Using more than recommended is never a good idea. The higher the accidental dose a pet receives, the more toxicity.
  • When you’re done with the liquid cleaners, rinse out the buckets and clean any mops, brooms, and mops you used. Verify that the garbage bags in your home have secured lids.
  • Close and lock the doors of closets, or rooms where you store cleaning products, utensils or medicines.
  • When bathing your pets, use only shampoos formulated for the particular species and follow the instructions well. Don’t assume dog shampoos are appropriate for cats, unless the label specifies both species. Don’t use wet wipes on pets unless they are labeled pet grooming wipes.
  • To clean pet bedding (or yours, if your pet sleeps in your bed), use regular laundry detergent. It is not necessary to use aggressive cleaning products.
  • If you suspect poisoning, call your vet immediately.

Feline bartonellosis: cat scratch disease

Bartonella or feline bartonellosis is a disease transmitted by fleas and ticks that cats can contract more easily than we think. Cats often show no symptoms in the early stages of this disease, so it’s important to ask your trusted vet to examine the animal and run tests if you have the slightest suspicion after reading this article. If your cat is exclusively an indoor animal, its chances of developing bartonella or cat scratch disease (as it’s often called a nickname) are low, but you still need to consider the risks.

How is feline bartonellosis transmitted?

Bartonella is caused by a bacteria found in the feces of ticks and fleas. If you live in a hot and humid climate, your pet may be at greater risk of contracting it. Cats contract bartonella mainly when flea feces are present on their fur or skin and lick themselves by ingesting bacteria from them.

The same bacteria can also be transmitted through ticks. It’s easy to bring these little bloodsuckers into your home if you live near a wooded area or if you have a dog that loves to move through bushes and tall grass. If humans or other animals unknowingly bring ticks home, even an indoor cat could be at risk of contracting the disease.

It is the job of pet owners to check them regularly for signs of fleas, flea bites, and ticks. Even with constant checks, you may not find the fleas, so be careful of excessive scratches or bites. Since many cats that contract this disease will show no symptoms for weeks or even months, it’s important to ask your vet for a blood test to determine if your pet needs treatment.

If your cat is in and out of the house regularly, it may be a good idea for the vet to perform the blood test as a precaution, even if your cat appears to be perfectly healthy.

What are the symptoms?

Cats can carry bacteria in their systems for months without any symptoms, so if your pet begins to show signs like swollen glands, lethargy, or muscle pain, you should definitely take her to the vet. Most cats are treated with antibiotics, return for a follow-up test a few months later, and have no further problems. Fortunately, bartonella is not a deadly disease, but it is still a disease that pet owners should know and prevent.

Can people get cat scratch fever?

The name bartonella felina may lead you to believe that only cats can get it, but the rest of the family is also vulnerable to infection. Unfortunately, bartonella is a zoonotic disease, which means it can be transmitted from cats to humans by scratching, biting, or stroking. The Centers for Disease Control recommends that immunocompromised people, such as young children or the elderly, avoid playing with cats that are too young, because they are more likely to contract the disease. All cats can carry the feline bartonella bacteria, so if someone living in your home has a sensitive immune system, they should be careful with possibly infected cats.

If a cat scratches or bites someone at home, be sure to wash the area right away and keep it clean. If a cat scratch turns red and excessively swollen, seek medical attention.

But this is not all, since this disease can also be transmitted without biting or scratching. If you or someone in your home has any of these symptoms, they should talk to their doctor and consider getting tested for feline bartonellosis:

  • Fever.
  • Fatigue.
  • Headache.
  • Poor appetite
  • Tremors
  • Swollen glands or “stretch marks” on the skin.

It is not necessary to suffer all these symptoms to think that you have had the disease, but if you feel several of them it is best to go to the doctor. If your test shows a positive result, the good news is that this disease is not usually dangerous for humans, but it may require treatment with antibiotics.

Another thing to remember is that if your cat has tested positive for feline bartonella (and does not bite or scratch you), it is important to wash your hands and be careful to pet your cat until it is completely free of infection.

How to care for a sick cat with Bartonellosis?

If your cat tests positive for feline bartonella and needs to take antibiotics, giving medication and dealing with a somewhat irritated kitten may become a difficult situation at home. Here are some tips to help make the treatment process as smooth and effective as possible:

  • If your cat is taking antibiotics in pill form, you can give each pill a prize. If your vet allows it, you can even crush it in a pinch of wet food to make a tasty meatball.
  • Choose a time of day that your cat is generally quieter and quieter to administer the medication.
  • Make it easier, whenever possible, for your cat to have a room or space to get away, away from children and other pets, until he feels better.
  • Find time to pay attention and pamper yourself. If you are looking for love, just pet it, but always remember to wash your hands afterwards.
  • Be patient with your cat and realize that her bad mood and discomfort is only temporary.
  • When your cat is done with the medications and regains some energy, reward him with more play and attention to strengthen your bond again.

Bartonellosis can cause some problems for you and your pet, but it is a disease that can be quickly identified with a blood test, and most treatments only take two to three weeks to clear up the disease.

Canine lymphoma: what you need to know

Lymphoma is a common cancer in both people and dogs, which makes it no less terrifying for dog owners who are diagnosed with canine lymphoma. Understanding lymphoma can help owners accept the animal’s situation, helping us make more informed decisions about our dog’s health.

These are the symptoms, diagnostic procedures, treatment options, and some prognostic data you should know about lymphoma in dogs.

What is lymphoma?

Canine lymphoma is similar to Hodgkin’s disease in people. In fact, it is so similar that veterinarians and doctors use almost the same chemotherapy protocols to treat lymphoma in their patients.

Scientifically speaking, lymphoma is a general term used by doctors and veterinarians to describe a group of cancers that come from lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that help the immune system fight infection. They are highly concentrated in organs that play a role in the immune system, such as lymph nodes, spleen, and bone marrow.

Types of lymphoma

There are more than 30 different types of canine lymphoma known, which vary in aggressiveness, survival rates, and clinical signs. The four most common types of lymphoma in dogs that owners should be aware of are:

Multicenter Lymphoma

Multicenter lymphoma is the most common of them. This type of cancer affects the lymph nodes and, in most cases, the most obvious clinical manifestation is the rapid enlargement of the lymph nodes.

Food or gastrointestinal lymphoma

The second most common form is alimentary lymphoma. Food lymphoma targets the intestines, which is where most symptoms occur.

Mediastinal lymphoma

Mediastinal lymphoma is rare. It is characterized by a lymphadenomegaly of the mediastinal nodules, which causes compression that results in cough, exercise intolerance or dyspnea.

Extranodal lymphoma

Extranodal lymphoma in dogs refers to lymphoma that targets a specific organ, such as the skin, eyes, kidneys, lungs, or central nervous system. The most common extranodal lymphoma affects the skin and is called cutaneous lymphoma.

What causes lymphoma in dogs?

There is still a lot we don’t know about cancer. Scientists do not currently know what causes lymphoma in dogs, but there is hope that advanced genetic studies will eventually help identify any underlying genetic and chromosomal causes and predispositions. What we do know is that dogs share our environment, so they are exposed to many of the same cancer-causing environmental factors as us, including toxic substances like phenoxyacetic acid herbicides and exposure to magnetic fields.

Lymphoma symptoms in dogs

The symptoms of lymphoma in dogs are as varied as the different types of lymphoma, which can make diagnosis difficult at first.

Symptoms of multicenter lymphoma

The first symptom that dogs with multicenter lymphoma are usually swollen lymph nodes. It is common for dogs with lymphoma to have lymph nodes 3 to 10 times their normal size. These swellings are not painful and feel like a firm, moving lump under the skin. Dogs with multicenter lymphoma can also develop lethargy, fever, anorexia, weakness, and dehydration as the disease progresses.

Symptoms of alimentary lymphoma

Dogs with alimentary lymphoma, which affects the intestines, may present with vomiting, abdominal pain, anorexia, diarrhea, and weight loss.

Symptoms of mediastinal lymphoma

Dogs with mediastinal lymphoma generally have difficulty breathing. This may be due to the presence of a large mass within the chest or due to the accumulation of fluid within it (pleural effusion). Affected dogs may also show swelling of the face or front paws, as well as increased thirst and urination.

Extranodal lymphoma symptoms

The symptoms associated with extranodal lymphomas depend on the affected organs. For example, cutaneous lymphoma, the most common type, affects the skin. The telltale signs of cutaneous lymphoma are individual, raised nodules or more generally scattered squamous lesions. Cutaneous lymphoma can also appear in the mouth, often affecting the gums, lips, and palate.

If extranodal lymphoma is found in the lungs, symptoms of respiratory distress are likely to occur. Similarly, extranodal lymphoma in the kidneys can cause kidney failure, it can cause blindness in the eyes, it can cause seizures in the central nervous system, and it can cause pain or fractures in the bones.

Diagnosis of lymphoma in dogs

Once cancer is suspected, veterinarians obtain a definitive diagnosis by taking a sample from the affected organ. A sample is removed from the dog’s lymph nodes or organs for evaluation by cytology examination or histopathological evaluation of the tissue.

Some veterinarians recommend “staging tests” after a diagnosis of lymphoma to determine how far the disease has progressed throughout the animal’s body. These tests help veterinarians understand your dog’s general condition, as well as cancer, and include blood tests, urinalysis, X-rays, abdominal ultrasounds, and bone marrow aspiration.

Lymphoma Treatment in Dogs

The most effective treatment therapy for canine lymphoma is chemotherapy. The type of chemotherapy that your vet recommends will vary depending on the type of cancer, and in some cases radiation or surgery may also be suggested. For example, dogs with multicenter lymphoma often receive the UW-25 chemotherapy protocol, which is based on the CHOP protocol used in humans, while the chemotherapy protocol considered most effective in treating cutaneous lymphoma is lomustine ( CCNU).

Chemotherapy does not usually make people as sick as dogs. The most common side effects of chemotherapy in dogs are mild vomiting and diarrhea, decreased appetite, and decreased activity levels.

Canine lymphoma prognosis

Possibly the most important question dog owners want answered about canine lymphoma as soon as possible is the survival rate. We want to know how long a dog diagnosed with lymphoma has to live, so that we can know how to react emotionally and make appropriate adjustments for its care.

The answer, unfortunately, is not that simple. Lymphomas vary widely in their aggressiveness, and the prognosis will also depend on the stage of your dog’s cancer at the time of treatment, or the choice of treatment itself.

Homeowners also need to know the difference between the terms “remission” and “cure.” Total remission means that all the signs and symptoms of cancer are gone, but the cancer may still be in the body. Partial remission means that some, but not all, of the signs and symptoms of cancer have disappeared. However, the cure can be defined as the elimination of the disease completely.

Living with canine lymphoma

No one wants to hear the news that their dog has lymphoma. Talk to your vet about available treatment options and what to expect as the disease progresses.

Lymphoma is a complex disease with many different factors that can affect your dog’s health. If you are concerned that your dog may have lymphoma, or if you have further questions about cancer in dogs, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Endoscopy in dogs

At the Veterinari Glòries Hospital we use updated equipment that allows us to offer a very high level of care to all our patients. This is the case of endoscopy, a service used in our center for the exploration of animals, in most cases dogs. Canine endoscopy uses a small video camera at the end of a very narrow viewfinder called an endoscope that is inserted into the stomach through the mouth or colon through the rectum. This allows a veterinarian to see a dog’s gastrointestinal tract or other areas of concern throughout its body.

Because gastrointestinal examinations for dogs are minimally invasive, they require relatively little recovery time.

A canine endoscopy allows us to see different parts of a dog’s body. For example:

  • If a dog has respiratory problems, we can perform an endoscopy to look inside the nose and chest to determine if there is an infection, check for the possibility of a tumor, or see if the dog has inhaled a foreign body.
  • If a dog has digestive problems, we can perform an endoscopy to look inside the stomach and intestinal tract to detect foreign objects, blockages, or even ulcers and other stomach illnesses.

When and why should your dog receive an endoscopy?

An endoscopy should be performed for dogs if the dog suffers from possible gastrointestinal, respiratory, or reproductive problems. Endoscopy is not a surgical procedure, but it does require the use of anesthesia. Because of this, we will ensure that the dog is healthy enough to withstand anesthesia for a short period of time. To determine the dog’s level of fitness, the vet will require a complete physical exam and possibly blood tests and x-rays.

What problems can be diagnosed with a dog endoscopy?

Dog endoscopy can be used to diagnose various diseases and conditions. A dog endoscopy can detect many ailments, including:

  • Certain forms of cancer and cancerous tumors.
  • Ulcers.
  • Abscesses
  • Strange objects.
  • Internal trauma.
  • Locks.

What if abnormalities are found during your dog’s endoscopy?

During an endoscopy, the veterinarian can see any abnormalities that may be present in the gastrointestinal tract. If the vet sees an unusual lesion or suspicious looking area, he can biopsy the area to reach a diagnosis.

The endoscope has a small channel through which a biopsy instrument can be passed. Accurate biopsy samples can be taken from any abnormal area. The biopsy instrument can cut a small sample of tissue from the lining of the organ. These tissue samples are sent for analysis for microscopic evaluation. Once a biological evaluation of the biopsied tissue is completed, the complete results of the gastrointestinal examination will help our veterinarian reach a diagnosis.

How to prepare your dog for an endoscopy

The accuracy of a dog endoscopy is based on careful grooming. It is vital that the stomach and intestinal tract are empty of all food and fecal matter before a gastrointestinal examination for dogs. A full twelve-hour fast is usually sufficient if the stomach is examined. If a veterinarian is examining the colon, oral medication should be administered twelve to eighteen hours before the procedure, to cleanse the intestinal tract. On the morning of the procedure, one or more enemas can also be administered if necessary. In any case, if your dog needs an endoscopy, it will be the vet who will discuss the grooming routine with you.

Will general anesthesia be necessary during endoscopy?

Yes, general anesthesia is required to perform a gastrointestinal examination for dogs. It is impossible to safely pass an endoscope into the stomach or colon of a conscious dog. Most dogs require only short-acting anesthesia and can return home shortly after completing the dog’s GI exam.

Schedule an endoscopy for your dog

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What is the Biliary Mucocele? How does it affect dogs?

In the animal world there are also rare diseases but they are of great importance that they be treated in time. This is the case of the Biliary Mucocele. In this article we will talk a little more about it and how it can affect dogs.

What is biliary mucocele?

Biliary Mucocele is an underdiagnosed pathology in dogs, but it is also increasingly recognized and represents an important cause of biliary obstruction. Its cause is not yet completely clear, but it is a form of acute cholecystitis that is usually found in animals of middle or old age and is usually related to biliary obstruction, necrosis of the bile wall and perforation. Specialists believe that sterile or septic inflammation of the gallbladder, or motor disorders of the gallbladder, could be important factors when suffering from this pathology. As well as that certain dyslipidemias, diabetes and certain dog breeds could be more predisposed to suffer from it. Bile mucocele in dogs leads to a gelatinization of the bile, (excessive formation of mucin), which can endanger the life of the animal.

What are the symptoms of biliary mucocele?

Among all the clinical symptoms that can be found, the most common are:

  • Vomiting
  • Anorexy.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Jaundice (yellowish color of the mucosa).

Analytically it is usually accompanied by samples of liver enzyme alterations, which inform us that the functionality of the liver is affected. Biliary mucocele is often a secondary problem within other liver or endocrine pathologies (the most frequent is Cushing’s syndrome, associated with an excess production of cortisol), but sometimes it is the main health problem. This is the case of many dogs of the Schnauzer breed, which have a certain genetic predisposition to suffer from this disease.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options for Biliary Mucocele in Dogs

Treatments for gallbladder mucocele depend on each patient. The analysis and confirmation of the diagnosis is carried out by ultrasound. From there, the professional who treats you can perform an interpretation of the images to confirm the dog’s diagnosis. On ultrasound images, a half-kiwi-like shape can usually be recognized within the gallbladder. This will indicate that the patient suffers from canine biliary mucocele.

Treatment can vary: sometimes just medication is enough to treat the condition, but in more advanced or severe cases, surgery will be the only alternative.

In the latter case, the surgical intervention will try to remove the same gallbladder. It is not a very serious or long surgery but it is of some complexity. Of course, if it is successful it will guarantee the complete recovery of your pet.

The postoperative period of this surgical intervention is usually very bearable, although it is likely that you should go to your dog for consultation during the first days after the operation to continue evaluating its condition and monitoring the results of the tests.

Is bell harmful to your cat?

We all know that cats are silent and independent animals. Most of the time we don’t know where they are or what they are doing. For this reason, there are many people who place jingle bells on their cat’s collar. However, this practice could be harmful to the animal. In this article we talk a little more about this habit so that you are the one who decides if it is the best or not for your cat.

The fable of the bell in the cat

There is a fable by Lope de Vega called “Who puts the bell on the cat” that many of you may know. The short story tells how a group of small mice lived in a house but were afraid to get out of their hole because a cat also lived in that house, for which they feared they would be hunted. After much discussion, the mice agree that in order to get out without being eaten they had to devise a way to know where the cat was at all times. One of the smartest mice in the group, proposed to place a bell to locate it. The problem came when it was time to place the bell: none of them dared to try. The moral of this fable is that it is much easier to say things than to do them, but it has also allowed us to be aware that placing this object on the necks of cats comes from far back, in order to give noise to these small and stealthy pets, and make them visible or alert others to their presence.

Does the use of bell have advantages in cats?

To decide whether it is a good or bad practice for your animal, it is important to assess all aspects. For hundreds of years the bell has been used in cats as a locator, to keep felines located. Cats are very quiet animals, so the use of a bell allows owners to have more facilities to know where they are.

Another of the most common uses of the bell in the cat is the same as in the fable that we have previously told you: it can serve to warn possible prey (such as mice or birds) of the presence of cats. In this way, the dams have enough time to escape and avoid their death. At the same time the owners of the cat, who feed it with feed, also prevent them from eating unwanted food.

What are the disadvantages of using bell in cats?

We are used to the image of a cat with a bell hanging from its collar. It can be very aesthetically beautiful, but it has some disadvantages. The first is the same reason why it is placed: noise. Bell noise can be detrimental to your cat’s health. As it is hanging from the animal’s neck, it is located very close to the ear, so the cat is exposed to constant stimuli that will eventually lose hearing acuity, and in some cases where the bell is too big and noisy , you could be deaf.

Similarly, belling noise can stir the animal’s mood. Cats are naturally quiet and stealthy, so they are also easy to scare by noise. The constant sound of the bell of the bell can make the feline too nervous and even cause stress.

It can be a very uncomfortable object to carry, since it prevents them from scratching naturally or hunting normally, that is why some cats try to take it off tirelessly, even biting and tearing it if they have a chance.

Are there alternatives to the bell?

If you look for them, you will find many other alternatives to the typical bell necklace, starting with necklaces that do not emit any type of noise. If what you want is for your cat to wear a collar, we understand it, it may be easier to identify it if someone found it outside your home. There are necklaces of many types: identification, antiparasitic, aesthetic, or they can even carry a chip that allows them to open the door of the cat flap to enter the house. There is no need for them to carry a constant noise with them and everywhere.

The important thing about a necklace is that it is comfortable, that it does not tighten and that it cannot get caught anywhere. What’s more, if you want to have your cat located, nowadays you can already buy collars with an integrated locator to follow the steps of your furry from your mobile.

Still, if you decide that your cat should wear a bell, talk to your vet first so they can advise you of an approved collar, and talk to you about your cat’s hearing and health. We hope this article has helped you. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us and we will be happy to inform you and always advise you the best for your pet.

The dangers of spikes in dogs

We are in summer and now dogs not only have to face the heat, fleas, ticks, mosquitoes and other insects, but also other enemies like spikes. Do you take all the precautions you should with your dog when you go to the field? In this article you will find everything you need to know to prevent your dog from suffering complications from a spike.

The spikes on the dogs

In very dry field areas it is common to find areas with spikes, so it is important to have our dogs controlled or not to let them loose to avoid problems. When these spikes are inserted into certain parts of animals they can cause pain and infection. Sometimes they lose their appetite, especially if the spike is stuck in the mouth or nose, they bite, or jerk hard. In case of any such symptom, it is advisable not to waste time and urgently go to the vet. Spikes can be trapped anywhere on the body, but there are areas that can be much more painful and dangerous than others.

The most common areas where spikes snag are the ears, nose, eyes, between toes, and on the genitals.


When a ear is strained into the ear, dogs will feel pain if we touch the ear and one of the symptoms that will manifest itself will be to constantly shake their head and even have their head on their side. If they usually have raised ears, that ear is likely to stay low. If the ear is not removed in a short period, it can lead to inflammation of the ear and otitis. Even in very extreme cases, the ears can pierce the eardrum.


A spike in the eye is very annoying and painful for our dog because with the blinking it produces a lot of irritation. The tip of the spike can be lodged between the eyeball and the eyelid, the tear duct, or the third eyelid. The most common symptom is that they tend to close the eyes, creating tears and suppuration. When they scratch or try to rub the eye, they can complicate the situation by pushing the spike and end up causing damage to the cornea.


It can easily happen that our dog, which sniffs everything continuously, ends up inserting a spike into its nose. We can suspect that it has a spike when we see that it sneezes frequently, and tries to scratch its snout with its paws. We can also see that there is an excess of mucus and even blood. It is not recommended that you try to remove the nose pin by yourself as it is a very delicate area. It is better to take it to the vet, since in many cases they will have to sedate it in order to remove it. Don’t make the mistake of believing that he will go alone – it can cause an infection that would further complicate the situation.


If our dog has hooked a spike in its mouth, it could be trapped in the gum, tongue or sides. Symptoms in this case are pain, excess drool, shaking of the head, difficulty in eating and drinking, or directly not wanting to eat.

The pads

The legs are the place where the dowels can be glued more frequently. Usually the sharp tip is inserted between the fingers. We can easily tell because our dog will begin to limp. If we see it in time, we can simply withdraw it. If we do not notice and the spike begins to penetrate the inside of the pads, we will see that the animal will lick and bite itself. You will feel pain and over time we will see a purulent abscess.


If a spike gets stuck in your pet’s penis or vulva, she will have difficulty urinating, she could develop urinary tract infections, or she may even have fistulas that can cause purulent discharge, such as pus.

Tips to prevent spikes in dogs

  1. Avoid walking your dog in very dry areas.
  2. Thoroughly brush the dog’s entire body after each walk.
  3. Check the animal’s body after each walk through the field, controlling the most sensitive areas.
  4. If it is a long-haired dog, in the summer you can trim something. We never recommend cutting hair at skin level, because it protects them from direct sunlight.
  5. If when you return from a walk you detect something strange in your dog, such as restlessness, nervousness, itching, head tilt or sneezing, consult your vet immediately.
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