Category: Health

What is canine infectious hepatitis

Canine infectious hepatitis is a very serious pathology that mainly attacks puppies and adults and is produced by a virus that affects different organs, especially the liver and kidneys. Although it is considered a controlled disease, there are still some cases, especially among dogs that have not been vaccinated in a timely manner.

Caused by canine adenovirus virus type 1, canine infectious hepatitis has as its main source of infection the intake of feces, urine, nasal secretion or saliva from infected animals. This virus is so potent that, even when the dog has been cured, it can transmit it for several more months.

This virus has an incubation period of about 7 days and its resistance is such that it can remain in the environment for weeks, being immune to different antiseptic products.

The enclosed spaces allow canine infectious hepatitis to spread very quickly, generating the risk of an epidemic. This disease is lethal in younger dogs, who can perish in a few hours if they do not receive emergency care.

¿What are the symptoms of canine infectious hepatitis?

It is important to know that the risk of death is very high in this type of hepatitis, even when the animal is treated. Initially, this disease affects the lymphatic tissues of the area around the animal’s head, and then spreads to the kidneys and liver.

Like other pathologies, the symptoms of canine infectious hepatitis can vary, depending on its severity.

Thus, usually, the dog usually shows decay or lack of energy for much of the day. In addition, it presents high temperature and inflammation of the tonsils. Tonsillitis, a very rare disease in dogs, so it can represent an alert that the animal has the infection.

In the first manifestations of the disease, the animal also presents a reddening of the mucous membranes and the enlargement of the lymph nodes that are under the jaw.

As the disease progresses, the dog usually has little tolerance for direct light, as well as loss of appetite, diarrhea and vomiting. In its acute phase, canine infectious hepatitis produces a yellowing of the mucous membranes, bleeding gums and inflammation of the liver, in addition to liver failure and abdominal pain.

Most deaths occur at this stage; It is estimated that 2 out of 10 animals die in the acute state of the disease, so veterinary care is essential to survive this phase and achieve complete recovery of the dog.

When the infection occurs in young puppies that have not been vaccinated, inflammation of the abdomen occurs, which can lead to death in just a few hours. In certain cases, the animal’s own immune system protects it from virus attack.

Diagnosis of canine infectious hepatitis

The veterinary professional is in charge of performing the relevant analyzes to make an exact diagnosis. To do this, it will take into account the symptoms presented by the animal and its medical history.

Both the observation of the symptoms presented and the review of their history are sufficient elements to make the clinical diagnosis, however, additional tests may be necessary for the confirmation of the disease.

In those cases, performing a lymph node or liver biopsy supplemented with DNA tests can help identify the presence of the infectious hepatitis virus.

What is the available treatment for this disease?

The treatment of this disease is symptomatic, because there is no specific therapy that acts on the virus. Depending on the stage you are in, the veterinarian can determine the use of antibiotics to attack secondary bacterial infections.

In addition, some medications are usually prescribed to reduce vomiting, diarrhea, blood clotting problems and liver failure. However, it should be borne in mind that the virus primarily attacks the liver, decreasing its ability to eliminate the digested medication.

Therefore, the veterinarian keeps the animal under observation, being able to determine the suspension of the intake, the decrease in the dose or the lengthening of the administration periods.

Prevention and care of canine infectious hepatitis

Timely vaccination is the best way to prevent canine infectious hepatitis. This vaccine is part of the vaccination plans of the puppies so it is essential to comply with the schedule provided, as well as the application of reinforcements if necessary.

If the dog has been infected and is in its recovery period, it is important to avoid all kinds of physical exertion. Although it appears to be recovered, it is necessary to wait another time before doing any physical activity, including going for a walk.

It is necessary to feed the dog with a special diet recommended by the veterinarian, which helps the liver rest.

It is essential to isolate dogs that have been infected with the virus and those who have been in contact with them, in addition, the necessary hygiene measures should be taken to prevent the spread of the disease.

If your pet has some of the symptoms described above, it is necessary to rule out the presence of the canine infectious hepatitis virus; To do this, you must take it immediately to the veterinarian who will perform the necessary tests to detect and / or rule out the disease.

Keep in mind that vaccination against canine infectious hepatitis is the safest way to prevent disease and ensure animal health. In addition, it is advisable to make a regular visit to the veterinarian, in order to rule out any problem from its initial phase.

Treatment of feline gastroenteritis

If you have noticed that your cat has symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea or lack of appetite, you may be suffering from a picture of gastroenteritis. This disease, so common in humans, is also suffered by felines and is very common among the pathologies that are the subject of consultation in veterinarians.

Let’s start by understanding what is gastroenteritis. This disease is an inflammation of the stomach or small intestine, which causes discomfort in the animal and creates a digestive imbalance. It can occur in any cat, although it is usually more frequent in those with a weak immune system.

From the ingestion of food in poor condition to problems of poisoning with chemical substances, there are several causes that can cause gastroenteritis in cats. Some parasites in the stomach can also cause this disease, as well as a picture of infection, the presence of a tumor or excessive consumption of antibiotics.

That is why it is necessary to take care of what our pet consumes.

Let’s see what are the most common causes that can cause feline gastroenteritis:

  • The intake of toxic or spoiled food.
  • Eat too much food.
  • The use of antibiotic medications.
  • An intestinal infection from protozoa, viruses or bacteria.
  • The consumption of contaminated water.
  • Eat chocolate or treats.
  • A chronic stress picture.
  • The presence of some underlying disease.

Although, as we indicated, it is a disease that can affect any feline, gastroenteritis tends to occur more frequently among puppies and the elderly; In addition, some cat breeds are usually delicate of the digestive system, so they are more likely to suffer from this pathology.

First actions to combat gastroenteritis in cats

If the cat is diagnosed by the specialist with a gastritis of the common type, the matter should not represent major concern for the owners since there is the appropriate treatment that the veterinarian puts into practice to improve their symptoms and cure the disease.

One of the most frequent risks related to gastroenteritis is that of presenting a dehydration picture resulting from frequent vomiting. If the cat presents this symptomatology, the veterinarian will opt for the placement of serum to help rehydrate the animal.

The presence of fever in the animal can help the veterinarian to determine if the cat has any problem of bacterial or viral infection. If this is the case, the specialist will carry out the complementary tests to determine the type of virus or parasite and the antibiotic to be applied.

If during the next 48 hours the cat has not presented any improvement, it is likely that the picture has been complicated and it will be necessary to take it back to the veterinarian to perform more complete studies and determine why his condition.

¿Hospitalization or outpatient care?

However, although if gastroenteritis is treated in time, it does not usually represent a greater risk among cats that suffer from it, there is a type of gastroenteritis that can represent a risk of death in the animal: porcine gastroenteritis, a pathology that comes from pigs and that is transmitted by birds.

If a more severe picture of feline gastroenteritis occurs, the veterinarian will attend the animal emergency, providing the amount of serum necessary to achieve adequate hydration.

In these cases, it will be necessary to perform a much more thorough examination of the cat that includes blood, urine and feces tests to determine the origin of the infection.

General care to treat feline gastroenteritis

As we have mentioned, common feline gastroenteritis does not usually pose any danger to the animal, usually it is mild and heals without major inconvenience. The treatment to follow consists in concentrating efforts to avoid a dehydration in the cat.

At the time of the first symptoms of feline gastroenteritis, it is convenient that the animal does not consume food for at least the first 12 hours, in order to let the digestive system rest and clean it.

After this fast, it is necessary to feed the cat with a special soft diet, which is composed of some cooked vegetables such as pumpkin or carrot, also cooked white rice and chicken or turkey meat. In the market, there are some feeds for special cats in cases of digestive problems.

Maintaining good hygiene habits at home is convenient for the cat’s rapid recovery. Therefore, it is recommended to disinfect all your rest space and your food utensils.

Keep in mind that, depending on the picture presented by the cat, you can clearly identify if it is a serious case of gastroenteritis or has any other pathology that needs to be identified to attack the root problem.

Thus, if you have a very high fever, have very frequent vomiting, evacuate stool with blood, are fatigued, suffer seizures or lose consciousness, do not hesitate to take it urgently to the veterinary clinic to rule out gastroenteritis or any other disease; The specialist will determine the treatment to follow.

The care in the meals, a balanced diet and the maximum care in the hygiene of the space that inhabits, are essential factors to avoid any digestive problem in the cats. Keep these aspects in mind and you will have a healthy and happy pet.

Learn to detect the signs of heart problems in dogs and cats

As in people, the heart is one of the most important organs in the body of pets, since it is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body and maintaining energy in the body’s cells. When the animal is tired, irritable, coughing or has difficulty breathing, they can be signs of heart failure.

Heart disease in dogs and cats is usually more common than we think; Therefore, it is essential to keep your heart health under control in order to avoid serious problems that may affect your well-being.

In the following article, we will learn to detect the signals that can help us identify heart problems in dogs and cats.

Common heart problems in dogs

According to recent studies, most cases of heart disease that occur in pets worldwide are usually acquired, while only a small percentage are congenital or inherited pathologies. These problems usually occur in animals in adulthood.

There are many reasons that may represent a risk of suffering from these diseases for these animals; However, specialists believe that poor diet and the intake of processed food are key factors that increase the chances of suffering from these pathologies.

Unlike what happens with humans, blockage of the arteries is not a very common condition among dogs; However, there are other heart diseases that usually occur in these animals:

Valvular disease is among the most common cardiac disorders in dogs; Over the years, the heart valves usually weaken and begin to filter the blood when the pumping occurs.

On the other hand, myocarditis is another very common heart disease among dogs and is an inflammation of the heart caused by a bacterial infection; This pathology weakens and enlarges the muscle of the organ.

Another parasitic disease that affects dogs’ hearts is canine dirofilariosis or heartworm. This pathology usually occurs in humid areas where carrier mosquitoes abound.

Dogs also usually present with pericarditis or pericardial disease, which is an inflammation of the pericardium, or arrhythmia problems, which is the manifestation of an irregular heart rhythm.

Common heart problems in cats

Heart disease in cats occurs less frequently than in dogs. Nearly 10% of cats worldwide suffer from cardiac pathologies and, far from what is thought, these problems can occur at any age of the pet.

Although cardiac problems in cats occur very similarly to those in dogs, there are some marked differences.

For example, in cats the symptoms are not usually manifested in the same way which makes proper diagnosis difficult. Therefore, it is essential to remain alert to identify the disease in time.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the heart disease that occurs most frequently in cats. In fact, it represents almost 80% of cardiac pathologies in felines.

In this disease, the walls and cardiac ventricles become very thick or hypertrophied, which produces a growth of the heart muscle. The severity of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy will depend on how thick the muscular wall is.

Feline CMH can be an inherited disease, with a strong genetic predisposition in the Maine Coon and Ragdoll races.

Other diseases can also cause thickening of the left ventricular wall in cats, such as aortic stenosis, hyperthyroidism and systemic hypertension.

Signs of heart disease in dogs and cats

One of the most representative signs of this type of pathologies is the persistent cough that canines present and that usually gets worse at night or at times when the animal tries to rest. This distinctive sign manifests itself in dogs since cats with heart problems do not cough.

Pets that have heart problems usually have serious breathing difficulties. The normal rate of respiration is below 32 breaths per minute; If the animal is above this series or makes a lot of effort while breathing, it may be presenting a picture of heart disease.

In addition to loss of appetite, animals that suffer from heart disease often experience alterations in their weight, whether they increase or decrease it. When weight gain occurs it may be due to the accumulation of fluids in your abdomen.

Another sign of heart disease in pets is excessive fatigue that makes them reluctant to exercise. You will notice that they are reluctant to play or run, are exhausted to the minimum effort or are very easily agitated.

In the most severe cases of heart disease, animals may collapse or lose consciousness. This is an unequivocal sign of an emergency, so you should take your pet immediately to the specialist.

The appearance of one or more of these symptoms may trigger the alarm signal since it is likely that the pet is suffering from heart disease. It is advisable to take the animal as soon as possible to the veterinarian so that he can rule out other pathologies and determine what to do to relieve the symptoms and solve the problem.

Remember that it is necessary to provide the pet with a balanced diet and maintain it with a healthy body weight, this will help reduce the risk of heart problems.

Early detection of any heart disease is essential to safeguard the animal’s health; A quick diagnosis can help relieve the condition of the pet and improve its quality of life.

Guidelines to improve our pets’ joints

Joint ailments in pets occur in the same way as in humans; The pathologies that occur in this field usually generate a severe decrease in the mobility of the animal, intense pain and a notable decrease in its quality of life.

That is why we must be aware of any symptoms that indicate joint problems in the animal; In this article, we will know some tips to improve our pet’s joints.

The joint in the pet

When we talk about the joints in pets we are referring to the joints between two or more bones that make up the skeleton of animals. These joints are generally mobile and allow movement of the limbs through the sliding of the pet’s bones.

The articular cartilages, on the other hand, are elastic structures that have the function of preventing bones from wearing out when rubbing. This structure is very resistant and helps protect the bones from any impact.

The wear of articular cartilage disrupts normal movement and causes pain in the animal; Therefore, it is necessary to take care of the pet’s joints by decreasing their premature degeneration.

Factors that influence joint performance

There are several factors that can condition the normal performance of the animal’s joints, in some of which we can intervene for greater care.

The correct feeding is closely related to the physical health of our pet, so any alteration in its diet and its nutritional content can affect the joints of the animal.

That is why a healthy and balanced diet is recommended, which adequately covers all your nutritional needs. This also includes supplements specially developed to strengthen cartilage, such as fatty acids and hyaluronic acid.

It is necessary to consult with the veterinarian about the exact dose of these supplements, in order to avoid any side effects on the pet.

On the other hand, many animals tend to develop problems of excess weight throughout their lives, which can lead to serious problems in their joints.

The overweight wears the protective cartilage of the bones, exposing it to impacts and impacts. That is why it is recommended to maintain a strict control of the weight of the animal, through the intake of healthy and nutritious foods and in regular amounts according to their breed and condition.

The benefits of physical exercise in the animal

In addition to healthy eating and overweight care, physical exercise is very important as it maintains the animal’s joint health in optimal conditions.

Frequent physical activity improves the pet’s muscular strength, as well as its balance and coordination, which favors the animal’s joints. With physical exercise, the pet enhances the performance of its joint mobility.

By increasing physical resistance, constant and moderate physical exercise allows better control of the animal’s weight, helping to prevent fractures and injuries of different types.

It is important that the exercise be performed on a regular basis and without demanding too much from the pet since it can be counterproductive for the animal’s joints.

How to improve pet’s joints

Regular physical exercise is the best activity that the pet can do to keep his joint health in good condition. Keep in mind the following tips to safeguard your joints:

Taking the animal for a walk is a good daily practice for the care of its joints. Veterinarians recommend at least two walks a day, in the morning and at night, with an average duration of 20 minutes per departure.

As much as possible, it is recommended that the animal can move freely when walking, therefore, it must be left free of leashes in a safe area.

In order to improve the muscles, bones and joints of the dog, it is convenient to overcome some obstacles along a circuit. Also, we can teach them to sit down to strengthen their joint mobility and the upper third.

Other dynamics, such as pawling or zigzag movements, are also very useful for improving the mobility of your spine and the muscles of the animal’s back. These exercises are very beneficial for your joints.

Veterinarians recommend walking them on some soft surfaces, such as foam beds, as it helps improve their muscle strength.

Important considerations when performing the exercises

We must determine the amount of exercises or the duration of the tasks according to the age, size and breed of the animal; In general, it is convenient to start with short sessions of less than 15 minutes, to gradually increase them as the weeks go by.

It is necessary to prevent the animal from getting too tired when performing the exercises; We must ensure that the activities are practiced as a game to avoid any significant joint or muscle injury.

Also, the owner must take care of any discomfort that may occur in the pet during the development of activities; If this situation arises, the exercise should be suspended as soon as possible and taken to a veterinary consultation to identify the problem.

In addition to improving the health of the joints in the pet, performing regular exercises directly influences the emotional state of the animal, as well as the relationship between pet and owner.

A combination of these activities sequentially will significantly improve the animal’s joint health. If you consider that the pet may be suffering from a problem in its joints, do not hesitate to bring it to the clinic as soon as possible, in order to rule out any pathology that puts your health at risk.

Most common skin disorders in dogs

Various skin disorders usually occur with some frequency in dogs and, due to the wide variety of pathologies that may be related to them, their diagnosis by the veterinarian tends to be difficult.

That is why it is convenient to know what are the most common diseases that affect the skin of dogs, in order to be clear about the causes that generate them and what treatments can be followed to cure them.

¿What are skin infections?

The cutaneous infections are alterations produced in the skin of the animal and that are generated by the invasion of certain type of pathogens, such as fungi, bacteria or parasites. Pathogens can be found both in the dog’s own organism and in the environment.

Pyoderma or skin infections caused by bacteria are usually caused when there are diseases that weaken the animal’s defenses. These infections show redness of the skin, pimples with pus, hair fall, intense itching and bad smell in the affected area.

On the other hand, dermatophytosis or fungal skin infection usually develops in animals that have low defenses or by contact with infected animals; This pathology is very contagious both among animals and towards humans. It usually has scaling and hair loss.

External parasites such as lice, fleas and ticks can also cause skin infections, being a very common condition in dogs. This type of pathology also occurs with certain types of microscopic parasites such as mites.

¿What is the treatment for this type of skin infections?

In the case of skin infections caused by bacteria, the treatment consists of topical therapy with the application of disinfectant baths and the use of local or systemic antibiotics on the animal’s skin.

For skin infections caused by fungi, it is common to perform a treatment with certain types of topical fungicidal lotions, although in more complicated cases the veterinarian can use oral medication.

The treatment of skin infections caused by parasites will depend on the type of external agent that causes it. Thus, when they are caused by lice, fleas or ticks, the application of external antiparasitic agents will suffice.

However, if the dog has scabies as a product of microscopic parasite infection, treatment includes the application of topical acaricides in the case of a localized infection, or systemic acaricides in generalized cases.

Allergies in dogs

Itching, rashes, hair loss and redness of the skin, are some of the symptoms that usually occur in the animal when we face a picture of allergy in dogs. This type of allergy is usually caused either by a reaction to contact with the environment or by the intake of any food.

When the allergy is caused by food, it will be enough to establish a diet free of allergens to relieve the animal’s health. If the allergy is caused by environmental factors, the veterinarian advises to perform intradermal tests to determine the appropriate vaccine to control the disease.

Skin tumors

In addition to the aforementioned skin alterations, it is also possible that formations of variable appearance may occur in the animal’s skin; It is up to the veterinarian to determine if the dog suffers from any type of tumor lesion.

Cutaneous histiocytoma is one of the most common tumors that occur in dogs; It is benign in nature and is usually presented as a slight lump in the skin, free of hair. The specialist recommends its extraction via surgical intervention in order to avoid any subsequent complications.

The cutaneous mastocytoma, on the other hand, is a malignant tumor of variable form, similar to warts or other skin lesions. At the beginning, a nodule is observed on the skin that varies in size and shape as time goes by. The veterinarian performs a cytology to determine the disease and performs the removal by surgical intervention.

Sessions of radiotherapy or chemotherapy usually accompany the treatment of this pathology.

Cutaneous hyperkeratosis in dogs

Another of the very common skin disorders in dogs is hyperkeratosis, a pathology generated by the excessive production of keratin in the pads of the animal, causing hardening and cracking of the skin.

Although hyperkeratosis can develop spontaneously in healthy adult animals, it can also be a symptom of a lack of zinc or the presence of some type of systemic pathology.

In case the specialized veterinarian identifies a specific disease, he will carry out the treatment according to said pathology. If hyperkeratosis occurs spontaneously, it will perform a topical treatment with creams and moisturizing medications.

Other skin diseases in dogs

There are other skin disorders that usually occur in dogs. Canine acne, for example, is an inflammatory process caused by irritation of the animal’s hair follicles, which favors the multiplication of bacteria.

As in humans, acne treatment in dogs involves cleaning the affected area with disinfectant lotions. This pathology tends to appear in the area of ​​the lips and chin and is more common in puppies than in adult dogs.

Some systemic diseases can also cause skin disorders in dogs. It is the case of leishmaniosis that can cause scaling, hyperkeratosis and hair loss around the eyes and ears.

Some hormonal diseases such as hypothyroidism or Cushing’s syndrome can also cause skin changes and hair loss.

This has been a brief summary of the main skin disorders that occur most frequently in dogs. The wide variety of possible causes makes it essential to visit the veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis of the problem and the application of the most appropriate treatment for each case.

We tell you what lick acral dermatitis is all about

Does your dog often lick its paws? Do you have sores, alopecia or wounds?

This problem is common in veterinary consultations and may be due to a condition called acral lick dermatitis, a common pathology in dogs of large breeds and that must be known to take action immediately.

In the following lines we tell you what it is and what should be done to solve this problem.

Acral dermatitis or lick granuloma

Acral lick dermatitis, also called lamellar granuloma or acral forunculosis, is a pathology typical of the canine species that manifests itself with excessive licking by the dog in the area of ​​the carpus in the forelimbs, or the tarsus in the later.

This condition causes an injury or granuloma very similar to a wound in the animal. Acral lick dermatitis usually occurs in dogs of large breeds, such as labrador, boxer, German shepherd, doberman and Great Dane.

In many cases, it is difficult to determine whether the exposed wound appeared due to a specific condition or was generated as a result of the licking of the animal. This is because, in most consultations, the animal is checked when the condition is chronic.

Whatever the cause, the truth is that the lick of the pet aggravates the injury and is something that the animal can not avoid because it feels pleasant, generating a vicious circle that can lead to compulsive behavior. Therefore, action must be taken to resolve it as soon as possible.

Causes of licking acral dermatitis

Acral lick dermatitis can be caused by any of the following situations:

Behavior of the animal itself, as a result of a situation of stress, anxiety or frustration.
Joint injury.
Focal lesion located by a blow or foreign body.
Atopic dermatitis.
Food allergies, to flea bites, parasitic, infectious or fungal.
Neuromuscular problems in the dog.

With the analysis of each of these causes by specialists, it is possible to reach a definitive conclusion regarding the origin of the problem. Tests may include radiographs in the affected area, cytology and bacterial culture and skin biopsies.

Acral lick dermatitis treatment

It is necessary for the veterinarian to make an immediate diagnosis of this condition, so that he can refer the case to the specialist as soon as possible. It is recommended that the analysis be carried out by both a dermatologist and a veterinary ethologist.

Depending on the cause identified, the veterinarian will determine the most appropriate treatment and it will be necessary to comply with the instructions of the specialist, in order to solve the problem.

Treatment usually includes medications and actions aimed at preventing the dog from licking the affected area. It is essential that the veterinarian carry out periodic monitoring to see if the problem was completely resolved or adjustments are necessary.

With proper care, the animal can heal the lesion and recover the coat in the affected area; Therefore, it is necessary to comply with the instructions of the specialist.

Cancer treatment in domestic animals

As with humans, animals are also affected by cancer, accounting for almost half of the deaths of adult pets.

According to the American Veterinary Association – AVMA, pets usually develop cancer of the chest, head, neck, blood, skin, testicles, bones and abdomen, with dogs being the most likely to suffer from this type of pathology compared to cats.

There are some cancers more common than others; In the following article, we will know what they are and what types of treatment exist for them.

Types of cancer in cats

Cancer is the most common cause of death in felines, although some races are much more susceptible than others to suffer from this pathology. The symptomatology is varied and depends on the type of cancer and the stage it is in. Therefore, it is often difficult to detect the problem and requires thorough studies by the veterinarian.

Among the most common cancers in cats, we find:

  • Lymphomas
  • Skin cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Mast cell tumors
  • Oral tumors
  • Soft tissue cancer or fibrosarcoma
  • Bone cancer or osteosarcoma
  • Respiratory carcinoma
  • Respiratory adenocarcinoma
  • Pancreatic adenocarcinoma
  • Liver adenocarcinoma

In general, the tumors are visible or easily detectable by touch, however, the veterinarian needs to perform some complementary tests to make an accurate diagnosis. Part of the studies include blood, urine, imaging and biopsy tests.

Cancer treatment in cats

Once the examinations have been carried out and the type of cancer the animal suffers, the available treatment alternatives range from surgery to chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, photodynamic therapy or a combination of them.

In most cases, if the cancer was detected in time the treatment is successful, therefore, early detection and proper diagnosis by the specialist is essential.

It is necessary to make regular visits to the veterinarian, in order to prevent and identify cancer in time in the pet. Specialists recommend at least two general exams a year, especially for adult cats.

Types of cancer in dogs

Several studies show that the incidence of cancer in dogs is even higher than in humans. Some of the most common cancers that occur in dogs are skin, bone, breast and leukemia cancer.

In addition to those mentioned, among other types of cancers, the most common in dogs are:

  • Mouth cancer
  • Testicular lymphoma or abdominal tumors
  • Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor
  • Canine Osteosarcoma
  • Canine Hemangiosarcoma
  • Canine Mast Cell Tumor

Of all of them, Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor is a very unusual form of cancer that affects dogs of different breeds. It is transmitted by mating, by licking or any other direct contact between dogs.

The Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor affects the genitals of the animal and generates certain types of bumps similar to that of a cauliflower. In certain cases, the urethra is blocked making it difficult to urinate for the affected animal.

On the other hand, 80% of cases of bone cancer in dogs are due to osteosarcoma, a type of metastatic and invasive cancer, although its incidence is low in pets.

Cancer treatment in dogs

It is necessary for the veterinarian to evaluate the pet in detail, in order to establish the type of cancer that the animal suffers, the stage in which it is and the appropriate treatment for each case.

Certain tumors respond differently to the established treatment, which is why it is necessary to do a thorough follow-up in each case, being often recommended to perform a combination of different therapies.

Among the treatments available for cancer in dogs, we can find:

Surgical intervention
Chemotherapy
Radiotherapy

A surgical intervention to remove the tumor is usually the most recommended alternative in most cases, although this will depend on the type of cancer.

Surgery may encompass the tumor itself or include part of the healthy tissue in order to decrease the likelihood of leaving tumor cells in the area. This intervention is usually complemented with chemotherapy sessions.

Chemotherapy, meanwhile, is a procedure by which it is administered, either orally or intravenously, certain types of drugs that act on damaged cells, decreasing their proliferation.

This procedure usually brings with it some considerable side effects, such as damage to the liver, stomach or any other vital organ.

Another type of effective therapy to treat cancer in dogs is radiation therapy, a much more localized procedure.

Regardless of the case, it is essential that the animal undergo regular and periodic checks in order to determine whether the response to treatment is effective or requires dose adjustments. The controls also serve to monitor the side effects that may be generated and the complications that may occur.

Cancer prevention in domestic animals

Although cancer is usually very difficult to prevent, in some cases it is possible to prevent its onset and development, especially in cases of hormone-dependent tumors. Therefore, it is necessary to offer the pet a balanced and quality diet, preventing it from becoming overweight.

With regard to breast cancer, early sterilization is able to reduce the risk of tumors up to 25%. This intervention is very safe and fast recovery and can be performed in any authorized veterinary clinic; however, it should not be performed before three months to reduce the likelihood of developing urinary incontinence in the animal.

Owners should be aware of any alteration in the appearance of their pet, such as weight loss for no apparent reason, the persistence of wounds that do not heal, symptoms of anemia or the appearance of nodules, among others. If necessary, it will be necessary to take the animal to the veterinary clinic to perform the corresponding examinations.

¿Do you know what canine eye thelaziosis is?

Canine ocular Thelaziosis is the name by which the disease caused by parasitic nematodes of the genus Thelazia is known. Dogs that suffer from this pathology have a kind of white worms moving inside their eyes, a condition that can be contagious even for humans.

Next, we are going to tell you what causes this disease, what symptoms it presents and what is the most appropriate treatment to cure it.

Thelazia or eastern eye worm

As we mentioned in the introduction, canine ocular thelaziosis is a parasitic pathology caused by nematode worms of the genus Thelazia, which are small parasites that are only about 10mm in length and that are housed under the membrane of the animal’s eyelid.

This parasite, also known as the eastern eye worm, is transmitted by the fruit fly that lays eggs in the dog’s eyes. The larvae develop over three weeks within the eye’s conjunctiva.

Its incidence is higher in the summer months and can affect not only dogs and cats but also some other species such as horses, foxes and wolves. In addition, three types of Thelazia also infect humans.

Symptoms and diagnosis of ocular thelaziosis

Increased production of tears, inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea, excess lizards, blepharospasm or involuntary contraction of the eyelids, keratitis and even ulcers, are some of the symptoms that the affected dog with ocular thelaziosis can present .

Excessive ocular secretion is the highlight of this pathology and the reason why we realize that something has affected the eye health of our pet. However, in certain cases the animal may not present these symptoms.

An unusual activity of flies around the dog can also indicate that there is a problem, since they would be feeding on the animal’s eye secretions.

To make the diagnosis, the veterinarian simply examines the eyes and nearby tissues for worms. Adult parasites are very active, move very quickly and can be observed with the naked eye.

Treatment of canine ocular thelaziosis

If the dog has some of these symptoms, it must be taken as soon as possible to the veterinarian, who will proceed to extract them with a special procedure. To do this, use sterilized tweezers and wash the area with a saline solution.

The treatment includes the application of nematicidal products to eliminate any eggs left in the area. In a few days, the dog’s eye health will have improved markedly.

If canine ocular thelaziosis is not treated in time, the animal may suffer major damage, and may have irreversible deterioration in vision.

Dogs that are found in areas of high vegetation and with the presence of fruit crops are the most likely to suffer from this pathology, so you should have more attention and care in these cases.

¿How to prevent heartworm disease?

Canine dirofilariosis or heartworm is a parasitic disease that affects the lungs and heart of dogs. This pathology is widespread, especially in humid areas where mosquitoes abound.

In this article we explain how to recognize your symptoms, what treatment should be followed and how to prevent infection.

¿What is canine dirofilariosis?

Heartworm disease is a parasitosis caused by a worm that is transmitted by a mosquito bite. After several weeks of the bite, the larvae are installed in the dog’s organs, especially in the lungs and in the heart.

If it is not detected in time, this disease can be very serious for the animal. In more advanced cases, death can result from severe respiratory failure or heart failure.

Due to their condition of chronic disease, dogs may not manifest any symptoms for quite some time, although this will depend on the physical conditions of the animal, as well as the parasitic load.

Symptoms of heartworm disease

Some of the most common symptoms of heartworm disease also occur in other types of cardiopulmonary pathologies. Usually, the dog usually has chronic cough, shortness of breath and excessive agitation.

In addition, in an advanced state, heartworm disease causes symptoms of congestive heart failure, dehydration, weight loss, arrhythmias and pulmonary hypertension.

Even when the animal has no symptoms of the disease, it is possible that microfilariae may be observed in the blood, which can help at the beginning of treatment on time.

Diagnosis of heartworm disease

In addition to the direct observation of microfilariae through a blood sample, the diagnosis of this disease can be made by detecting Dirofilaria immitis antigens, with the application of certain tests.

In cases of more advanced disease, with the diagnosis by images, changes in the lungs and heart can be visualized.

The treatment to be followed will be aimed at improving the animal’s clinical condition and eliminating worms from the organism; The start of treatment at the initial stage of the disease is very important.

Heartworm disease prevention

In order to prevent canine dirofilariosis, it is necessary to avoid vector bites and eliminate infective larvae before becoming adult worms.

There are some commercial products that help prevent mosquito bites, such as necklaces or pipettes. These should be used during the warm months, until the last weeks of autumn, inclusive.

Also, there are some drugs that help to eliminate the larvae from the dog’s organism, which can be administered orally, topically or by injection, according to the veterinarian’s instructions.

Preventive treatment should be performed after verifying, by applying a test, that the dog does not suffer from the disease.

¿What to do when the dog has kidney problems?

As in humans, dogs also need to keep their blood purified from waste produced by their body; The kidneys are the main organs responsible for this work.

Kidney failure in dogs occurs when the animal’s kidneys stop functioning properly. This pathology can occur in a chronic way especially in adult dogs, although it can also manifest as acute in younger ones, due to an infection or the intake of a product of high toxicity, among other causes.

If you suspect that your pet has a kidney problem, it is necessary to take it as soon as possible to the veterinarian who can determine the type of pathology and the treatment to follow. In the next post, we help you determine what to do when your dog has such kidney problems.

Canine renal failure: causes of this disease

Canine renal failure is produced when the dog’s kidneys lose the ability to eliminate waste from the body. If the kidneys work well, the urine produced is very concentrated, indicating that with little water it is possible to eliminate many toxins.

In the case of renal failure, the dog needs to drink much more water to eliminate the normal amount of toxins, until it reaches the point of not being able to drink more, considerably raising the level of toxins in the blood.

Acute renal failure may appear suddenly, caused by the ingestion of a poison, a bacterial infection, a dehydration condition or a decrease in blood flow in the kidneys.

For its part, chronic renal failure occurs gradually and is usually more common in adult dogs.

The animal suffering from acute renal failure can improve its situation or become chronic renal failure. Those of the chronic type, for the most part, have no cure.

Therefore, it is advisable to schedule a general review of our pet’s health every year, especially if it is already an adult. Kidney disease is usually more common among adult dogs, so annual review from 8 years of age is convenient.

How to determine kidney problems in the dog?

In cases of acute renal failure, the symptoms are usually severe and occur almost immediately. The dog manifests loss of appetite, lethargy, weakness, vomiting, decreased urine and loss of coordination.

Acute renal failure can be fatal if not acted on time, therefore, it is essential to proceed immediately and take the pet to an emergency veterinary review.

On the other hand, when the dog suffers from chronic renal failure, the symptoms manifest late. The animal feels an excessive need to drink and urinate much more than before. In this case, it is the same organism that strives to remain free of toxins.

The symptoms of the disease are weight loss, lack of appetite and excessive thirst. As we have indicated above, when the pathology manifests itself, the damage is usually very advanced.

In certain cases, chronic renal failure usually presents bad breath in the animal due to the accumulation of toxins in the blood, as well as a rise in blood pressure and alterations in the physiognomy of the kidneys.

Treatment of kidney failure in dogs

Once the necessary analyzes have been carried out, the veterinarian will be able to determine if he is faced with an acute renal failure (ARI) or chronic (IRC). If the diagnosis is ARF, the dog will be hospitalized for special treatment.

Treatment in the case of ARF will depend on the level of disease progression and the damage that has occurred in the kidneys. The goal is to help a gradual recovery of the organs, monitoring them closely.

Many times the initial treatment may not be giving the desired results, which may determine that the veterinarian initiates a more aggressive treatment such as dialysis or organ transplantation.

However, if the diagnosis is CRF, the veterinarian must determine if the disease is caused by a cause other than real damage, such as pathologies that obstruct the urinary tract or decrease blood flow. If this is the case, the problem can be reversed.

In the event that the disease is very advanced, supportive treatment can help reduce the animal’s symptoms.

Care to prevent canine kidney failure

Although it is not possible to prevent all cases of canine renal failure, we can try some care at home to safeguard the health of our pet’s kidneys.

It is essential to keep dogs away from toxic products, pesticides, poisons or harmful substances.
If you suspect a urinary obstruction or a bacterial infection, it is best to go with the pet, as soon as possible, to the veterinary clinic.
We must protect the animals from any possible blow or trauma that can be done in the renal area.
Food care is essential to prevent any kidney damage. A balanced diet will provide the animal with the necessary nutrients for the optimal functioning of all the organs of the body. Consult with the veterinarian about the convenience of using certain types of commercial feed.
We must be alert to any change in the behavior of the pet, as well as the amount of food consumed. A lot of thirst and excess urine may be the first symptoms of kidney failure in the animal.
We must provide the animal with fresh and clean water; That will help keep your kidneys at an optimal level of functioning.

It is essential to go to the veterinarian before the appearance of any of the indicated symptoms; going to the specialist as soon as possible is key to counteract the effects of canine renal failure.

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