Category: Health

Has your cat been stung by a bee? Find out what to do

By combining a cat’s natural curiosity with its innate hunting instinct, there is a high percentage chance of getting into trouble. With the limited wildlife in our homes and gardens, even the smallest insect can be a large white whale for a cat. Bees and wasps are large prey compared to other species of insects that we can find near the home. Unfortunately, they can cause damage: they have a stinger in their tail that can cause problems in our kittens. In the vast majority of cases, this will be no worse than a sharp pain that will go away soon. But in other cases, it can endanger the life of the animal.

We explain what happens when a bee stings your cat, and we reveal what treatment we will need to administer, as well as ways to prevent the same thing from happening again in the future.

Are bees deadly to cats?

Insects are most present during the warmer months of the year. Bees and wasps are no exception. They are known to be prolific pollinators, which is why they are particularly attracted to flower beds or anywhere with flowering plants. While they won’t go out of their way to threaten our cat, they do pose a risk due to their ability to bite. This risk is increased by the fact that our cat may try to ingest any of these insects.
We may not be able to see if a bee stings a cat when it happens. Since we don’t monitor their every move, we may not know what happened until we see that the cat is showing signs of pain. We can confirm the injury if we see the stinger still on its skin, as it is detached from a bee when it stings an animal. The same does not happen with wasps, since their stinger remains attached to their bodies.

The bite itself will cause pain, but it will not be fatal to a cat, usually. However, there are two exceptions. First, if the cat is allergic to bee stings, the reactions can be severe and lead to anaphylactic shock. Second, if the cat ingests the bee, he can sting it internally. This can cause localized swelling that can cause outer skin problems, or close the airways if it affects the respiratory tract.

Bee venom is called apitoxin and is secreted in greater quantities by females from glands near the base of the stinger. They use it when threatened. Once the bee releases this poison on its victim, the bee dies. Wasps have a similar song that combines formic acid with a neurotoxin. However, they do not die when they bite and can bite a cat several times.

Symptoms of a bee sting in cats

If you have seen that your cat has been stung by a bee, you should first look for any allergy symptoms. In particular, we must look for severe allergic reactions. When they are bitten on the skin, they will usually only leave some localized swelling and redness. However, if the cat develops a severe reaction, we can see the following symptoms:

  • Pale mucous membranes.
  • Bluish tongue.
  • Fast or slow heart rate.
  • Fainting.
  • Fast breathing or shortness of breath
  • Swelling of the face or mouth
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea.
  • Irritation, pain, and swelling around the bite.
  • Airway blockage due to an allergic reaction.
  • Fever
  • Anaphylactic shock.

Since the cat sees the bee as prey, it is likely that he will try to eat it or at least play with it. If your cat was stung by a bee in the mouth, this can inflame the area. For this reason, you may see the cat with a swollen cheek, tongue, or general area of ​​the face. The more severe the reaction, the more swelling will appear around the cat’s mouth.

What to do if your cat has been stung by a bee?

If a cat ingests a bee, two things can happen: its mouth and throat can become inflamed by the sting, which prevents the correct passage of air to the lower respiratory system, or anaphylactic shock occurs.

The latter case would be more serious and would make breathing difficult by acting on the respiratory system and producing facial edema, an exaggerated inflammation of the throat area. These put the life of the animal in great danger. In both cases, it is advisable to go to the veterinary center to start treatment urgently.

Tips to prevent a bee from stinging your cat

To prevent your cat from being stung by a bee or wasp, you can try limiting her time outdoors during the warmer months. Especially if your cat is allergic to bee stings. In other cases, it may be better for the cat’s overall health to let it sit outside. However, since bees and wasps can enter the home, we can also use insect nests or insect repellants and diffusers.

Medullary aplasia in dogs

There are different diseases in dogs that can affect the organs and tissues of their body. Some of these are medullary, which means that they affect the internal regions of internal organs and tissues. Medullary aplasia is one of those diseases that affects the bone marrow of dogs. This disease is related to the ability of the marrow to produce blood cells.
In this post, we discuss the symptoms and treatment of bone marrow aplasia in dogs. We will also look at the causes and possible treatment options available.

What is medullary aplasia?

The hypoplasia of the erythroid, myeloid and megakaryocytic lines, precursors of blood cells that originate in the bone marrow, is called medullary aplasia or bone marrow aplasia. Because of this, there is a reduction in red blood cells or erythrocytes, white blood cells or leukocytes, or platelets in the peripheral blood. Medullary aplasia is complete if all the precursors are affected or partial if only some are affected. In addition, the absence of hematopoietic tissue is replaced by adipose tissue, occupying up to 95%.

The main causes of bone marrow aplasia in dogs

Bone marrow aplasia in dogs can occur from the following causes:

  • Drugs: exposure to chemotherapy, azathioprine, trimethoprim / sulfadiazine, exogenous or endogenous estrogens, phenylbutazone, cephalosporins, phenothiazine, captopril, or chloramphenicol.
  • Environmental toxins: insecticide, benzol, varnish or paint.
  • Microorganisms: Ehrlichia canis (Ehrlichiosis) that infects the progenitor and proliferative cells of the bone marrow.
  • Hematopoietic neoplasia: abnormal growths in the hematopoietic cells of the bone marrow.
    Chronic kidney failure: has various causes and symptoms.

Additionally, a congenital red blood cell aplasia called Diamond-Blackfan anemia has been described in dogs, specifically affecting young dogs. This causes absence of erythroid precursors, but the others are intact. An idiopathic or primary aplasia, apparently of immune-mediated origin, is also known, since it responds to corticosteroid therapy.

Symptoms of Medullary or Bone Marrow Aplasia in Dogs

The clinical picture of canine aplastic anemia will vary according to the degree of bone marrow cell involvement. Total pancytopenia is the most serious, since it will cause symptoms related to the lack of red, white and platelet cells: there are several consequences in the affected dog and it is lethal in some cases.

Symptoms associated with red cell aplastic anemia (the one caused by a lack of red blood cells) are similar to other forms of anemia. They include:

  • Pale mucous membranes.
  • Tachycardia (fast heart rate).
  • Tachypnea (rapid breathing).
  • Fatigue.
  • Weakening.
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Palpitations

When white blood cells are missing, the lack of immune cells responsible for the dog’s immune response causes the dog to have a lower immunity. This makes the dog susceptible to all kinds of infections. This is why this disease can cause osteomyelitis in dogs if the bone itself is infected.

If platelets are missing, dogs will have a tendency to bleed profusely, as platelets are involved in blood clotting. These bleeds can be minor, such as oral or nasal bleeding. In the worst case, they will occur in internal organs, such as the digestive system or the brain, putting the dog’s life at risk.

Diagnosis of bone marrow aplasia in dogs

The diagnosis of medullary aplasia is made with a blood test. This canine blood test will be used to evaluate the number of red, white and platelet blood cells, which are decreased in this disease. Acute canine leukemias should be included in the differential diagnosis.

Once the reduction in bone marrow capacity is confirmed, a bone marrow sample should be taken by aspiration or biopsy:

  • Aspiration samples allow individual cell shape to be assessed and the myeloid-erythroid ratio determined.
  • The biopsy indicates the structure of the marrow and its global cellularity. It is the technique of choice in cases of hypocellular marrow or that has been replaced by fatty tissue. In this sample the absence of hematopoietic cells will be observed.

Bone marrow samples

Dog bone marrow samples are taken at the following sites:

  • Proximal epiphyses of the humerus and femur.
  • Iliac crest.
  • Wing of the ilium.
  • Ribs.
  • Breastbone.

Both aspiration and biopsies can be very uncomfortable for the dog. They are often done under general anesthesia.

Treatment of medullary aplasia in dogs

Treatment of medullary aplasia in dogs will depend on the type of cells affected. In general, we can see the following treatment options:

  • Antibiotics and asepsis: in cases of leukocyte aplasia to prevent infectious diseases.
  • Stem cell therapy: for its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory activity. They are responsible for repopulating the bone marrow by their ability to differentiate into blood cells.
  • Hematopoietic growth factors: given as part of chemotherapy.
  • Immunoglobulin Therapy: May only provide temporary relief from bone marrow aplasia.
  • Antilymphocyte or antifungal globulin therapy: can eliminate certain aspects of the disease related to fungi.
  • Cyclosporin A: used as an immunosuppressant if the immune response is impaired.
  • Corticosteroids: steroid hormones.
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation: Only likely for young dogs with severe aplastic anemia and only if resources are available.

Prognosis of bone marrow aplasia in dogs

Canine medullary aplasia generally has a poor prognosis. It is a pathology in which, in many cases, the response to treatment is poor. Consequently, it can cause the death of our dog, especially if it does not respond to immunosuppression or the origin of the spinal aplasia is not detected. Fortunately, it is also relatively rare. It will need to be diagnosed by a qualified vet, one of the reasons why it is so important that we have regular vet checkups with our dog.

Does your dog have spinal aplasia? Do you want us to do a treatment together? Get in touch with us so we can help you.

Pancreatitis in Dogs

Did you know that vacation times are the ones with the most veterinary emergencies? Specifically, pets with pancreatitis due to ingestion of foods that they should not taste.

At Glòries Veterinary Hospital we would like to emphasize the importance of having a safe summer or Christmas vacation for pets. Those days, excesses are the protagonists among humans … but our dogs do not have to suffer the consequences of our carelessness and lack of restrictions. Read on to learn more about pancreatitis in dogs and what you can do to prevent it.

Introduction to pancreatitis in pets

The pancreas is an organ located near the stomach and small intestine. It is responsible for producing insulin and digestive enzymes. Acute pancreatitis occurs when this important glandular organ becomes inflamed.

Although there is no discernible cause for pancreatitis in pets, it does match some of these risk factors:

  • Obesity.
  • Fatty food diet or a sudden greasy meal given all at once.
  • Abdominal / thoracic trauma.
  • Certain medications (potassium bromide, anticancer drugs, antibiotics, etc.).
  • Mellitus diabetes.
  • Cushing’s disease.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Previous episode of pancreatitis (can turn into chronic pancreatitis)

Symptoms of pancreatitis in dogs can range from mild to life-threatening. They generally include:

  • Repeated vomiting with or without diarrhea.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Stooped posture.
  • Pain when touching the abdomen or sides.
  • Bloating or bloating.
  • Lethargy.
  • Dehydration
  • Fever.

Because inflammation can spread to other vital organs, it’s important to take these signs seriously and have your pet examined by your vet as soon as possible.

Once the diagnosis is made, pancreatitis is treated with supportive therapies, such as intravenous fluid therapy, anti-vomiting medications, and pain relief. Depending on the severity of the episode, some pets may require medical monitoring for 48 hours or more. They may also require nutritional support and treatment for secondary problems caused by pancreatitis.

At best, the animal will only experience mild to moderate symptoms, but some pets develop severe episodes or become vulnerable to chronic episodes.

Safer holiday lunches and dinners for your pet

The good news is that you can still include your pet in your festivities. To make the most of these special times, it is not necessary to feed him the same as you dine at that barbecue with friends. Here are some tips for including your dog in vacation plans:

  • Reserve the morning of the event in question to take a walk or walk with more friends and their pets. Your dog will get tired and less active at the time of the celebration.
  • During food preparation and cleaning, consider moving your pet away or keeping it in another room, entertained with her toys, and away from garbage and food debris that may fall to the floor.
  • During celebrations, ask guests to refrain from giving your pet scraps (even the dog puts on his best beggar’s face). Quickly clean up spills and don’t leave plates / glasses on coffee tables or other low surfaces.
  • Share some healthier foods with your pet in small amounts. Some good options are unseasoned steamed green beans, baby carrots, sweet potatoes, or squash. You can also consider a small amount of cooked, boneless, and skinless turkey meat.
  • Be aware of toxic foods that can make your pet seriously ill, such as chocolate, xylitol, grapes, raisins, macadamia nuts, garlic, and onions.

Do you think you can prevent your dog from eating food that he should not? We hope you find these tips helpful the next time you go to a celebration with lots of food and your pet.

The importance of the rabies vaccine

September 28 is World Rabies Day, a disease that, although increasingly less common today, we must still remind animal owners of their necessary vaccination to eradicate it.

Most of you will have heard of rabies more than once. Many of you have even heard some anecdotal stories about this disease. Fortunately, most of you will not have had a personal experience with rabies or seen first-hand how it affects pets and even their owners. In this blog post we will talk about rabies and the importance of rabies vaccines. It is not a pleasant subject, but it is very necessary information that you should consider if you have a pet. Take note!

What is rabies?

Rabies is basically a disease caused by a virus that is transmitted through the saliva of a rabid animal. A bite or scratch is enough to create an open wound where the virus enters. Also, you should be aware that rabies is transmitted from animals to humans. Nobody wants their dog to get sick from any disease, right? Especially if it can be prevented with vaccines.

How can rabies affect your dog?

Rabies can affect all kinds of mammalian animals, but it is the domestic ones that should be avoided. Therefore, it is important to know the signs of rabies in pets and even more so if you have not given your pet the rabies vaccine. If a rabid animal bites your dog, the disease will progress in stages. At first, you may notice changes in your dog’s own temperament. As the disease continues to progress, your pet may become aggressive and display other strange behaviors. Rabies is almost always fatal in dogs and cats.

Can Cats Get Rabies?

Like dogs, cats can also contract rabies and transmit the disease to humans. Symptoms of rabies in cats vary depending on the stage of the disease. Initially, you may notice some changes in behavior. Symptoms of the next stage include aggression, muscle spasms, drooling, and even seizures. In the final stage, the cat may go into a coma. When cats die from the disease, it is usually due to respiratory failure.

No tests are available for rabies

Unfortunately, there are no direct tests available to clearly determine if an animal has rabies, at least not for live animals. If your pet is diagnosed with rabies, it is done after he has already succumbed to the disease. On the other hand, if there is a measure that if your pet may have rabies, it will be quarantined for 10 days. During that time, any symptoms of the disease are observed. Diagnosis is made by observation and direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) staining tests, which look for rabies viral antigens in brain tissue. Also, although there is no treatment for rabies, your vet may choose to give you an anti-rabies serum. Talk to your trusted veterinarian when you bring your pet for his next vaccinations and find out how to deal with suspected rabies.

The best treatment for rabies is prevention

Until you’ve seen an animal suffer from this unnecessary disease, it’s hard to imagine how terrible it is. At Glòries Veterinary Hospital, we do not want any of our patients or their pets to go through that pain. The good news about rabies is that the disease is preventable. We recommend that you start your puppy or kitten on their rabies vaccination program between 3 and 6 months of age. And from that moment, offer a souvenir dose a year and then every 3 years.

Rabies is very dangerous for both animals and humans. Therefore, not only is vaccination against rabies necessary, but it is essential to control the spread of this disease and essential to keep your family protected. Whether you have a 10-pound Yorkshire always on your lap or a 15-year-old house cat that has retired to birdwatch from the window, a rabies shot is necessary for all pets.

Problems with your cat’s nails? These are the possible causes

Although a cat’s claws can cause severe damage to its prey, they can also be a sensitive part of its anatomy. Strong claws imply that the cat is in good health and signs of damage to them imply the opposite.

When we see unhealthy cat claws, we need to know why this has happened. We are going to know a little more about it to detect problems.

Symptoms of unhealthy cat claws

A cat’s claws can be affected by various disorders. In fact, many domestic cats suffer from some type of nail disorder and their owners are not sure about it. Nail disorders can occur in infections, dystrophies, or other problems. A diseased cat’s claw could be a symptom of a systemic disease or just tell us that there is a problem with the nail itself. In any case, it is important to detect and treat it to maintain the quality of life of our furry ones,

We know that a cat has diseased nails if they show any combination of the following symptoms:

  • Excessive licking of the paws.
  • Limp.
  • Pain.
  • Dificulty to walk.
  • No scratching behavior.
  • Swelling.
  • Redness
  • Deformation.
  • Cracks
  • Color change.

Here we take a look at some of the reasons why nails can be diseased.

Chipped nails

Chipped nails are the result of a painless break in the nail, the cracks of which can be parallel to the fingers or peel off layers. Multiple cracks are usually seen on the tip, but they do not usually interfere with the quality of life of the cat or its daily activities. However, this problem can be exacerbated by their normal feline behaviors, such as climbing and scratching. The problem will get worse if more than one nail is affected.

In these cases, it is best to trim the affected nail to prevent the injury from getting worse.

Onychocryptosis

Cats can also suffer from onychocryptosis, which is commonly known as ingrown toenails. It occurs due to nail growth on the skin of the toe. The main problem is the development of wounds on the leg through which bacteria penetrate and cause an infection.

Cats affected by ingrown toenails will show pain, swelling, and redness. This causes lameness or lack of support in the affected limb. In this situation, you should go to the vet to trim or remove the problem nail.

Onychoclasis or brittle nails

Cats can also have brittle nails. These nails sometimes form longitudinal ridges, the same as when a nail is broken by trauma or injury. There is the possibility that cats with brittle nails suffer from a digestive disorder that prevents the correct absorption of nutrients. In these cats it has been observed that biotin treatment can help strengthen their nails. The cause of the problem must be treated with appropriate therapy. Generally, an affected cat has all or most of its nails brittle.

Onychomycosis or fungi

When talking about cat nail fungus, it refers to an infection that causes inflammation of the tissue around the nail. It is also called onychomycosis. The responsible fungus is often Trichophyton mentagrophytes.

Cats will show abnormally shaped, swollen and yellowish nails. Also, they tend to break easily. Usually no more than two nails are affected. We will see the cat licking its nails frequently, biting them and / or without holding the affected paw. The solution will be the use of antifungals to kill the fungus, in addition to keeping the legs clean.

Tumors or cysts

The areas between the cat’s toes are known as the interdigital areas. Tumors and cysts can develop in these areas around the nails, something that can be difficult for us to see if they are hidden and behind the fur. The types of tumors that can affect the legs include:

  • Melanoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Mastocytoma
  • Lymphosarcoma
  • Keratoacanthoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Neurofibrosarcoma

Signs associated with tumors are infections, erosions, redness, swelling, and ulceration. Treatment will consist of removing the affected tissue, always doing a chest X-ray first to see if the tumor has metastasized. It is also recommended to remove the prescapular ganglion and analyze the extracted tissue by means of a histopathological study.

Immune-mediated disease

The claws of our little felines can also be unhealthy if they are affected by autoimmune or immune-mediated diseases. These disorders include:

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • Pemphigus vulgaris.
  • Pemphigus foliaceus.
  • Bullous pemphigoid.
  • Cold agglutinin disease.

Treatment will be specific to the underlying immune disorder. In any case, drugs that suppress the immune system, such as corticosteroids, are in widespread use. In many cats, the disease cannot be treated. Still, symptom management is always required to allow the cat a happy life. Observing any changes to its feet and nails is an essential part of this process.

Do you think your cat suffers from a nail problem? Contact us to request an appointment so we can take a look.

Beware of pet poisoning by cica

Cycads, or commonly known as Cica, Palma de Iglesia, or Palma de Sagú, are a small group of plants with many unique characteristics. Cycads have been around for more than 200 million years, even before dinosaurs roamed the earth. But unfortunately, they can be toxic to our pets in many cases. Stay to read about the toxicity of cica in animals, the symptoms of poisoning and its treatment.

What are the signs of cica poisoning?

The most common symptoms in dogs that ingest cica plants are gastrointestinal, liver, and neurological signs, causing vomiting (with or without blood), malaise, diarrhea (with or without blood), and anorexia.

All parts of the plant are toxic, but the seeds contain higher amounts of cycasin (a carcinogenic and neurotoxic glycoside) than other parts of the plant. Despite being highly toxic, the seeds and leaves are highly palatable to many animals, so dogs especially often choose to eat them if they are within reach.

Gastrointestinal signs can develop within 24 hours, however damage to other organs, such as the liver, may not be seen for the first 24 to 48 hours. The signs of poisoning can last from 24 hours to 10 days, so it is important to treat it.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Sagú Palm Poisoning

Cycad toxicosis is diagnosed by veterinary professionals based on a history of known and compatible clinical signs. Although toxins can be found in advanced blood diagnostics, currently no routine blood test can detect these compounds.

Treatment of cica toxicosis is symptomatic and supportive. That is, there is no antivenom available for any cycad toxin and it is based solely on supportive therapy.

To carry out the treatment, a gastric lavage or vomiting is usually performed as soon as possible after a suspected ingestion.

For an animal that has begun to show signs of gastrointestinal problems, sucralfate is often used. This oral medication works by lining the stomach and protecting it from bile acids, enzymes, and salts. If bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract is severe, blood transfusions may be necessary.

Supportive therapy should be maintained with sufficient fluids to ensure that the animal maintains hydration and help dilute the toxin, and blood glucose concentrations should also be closely monitored to ensure that the animal does not become hypoglycemic.

Continuous monitoring is required, since the animal can develop side effects compared to the medication, such as liver failure, coagulopathy, hepatic encephalopathy, hypoproteinemia or kidney failure.

A patient’s prognosis will always be good if veterinary intervention is sought immediately after ingestion of cica. However, if the patient has clinical signs, her prognosis is somewhat more reserved.

The best way to prevent scabies toxicity from your pet is to eliminate Sago Palm plants around your home or pets’ environment. And please, at the slightest suspicion that your pet has been in contact with this plant, seek urgent veterinary treatment to avoid further complications. For emergencies like this you can call us at 932 460 805.

What you should know about veterinary emergencies

None of us want to think about the possibility of our beloved companion animals experiencing a veterinary emergency, but the reality is that most pets can go through it at some point. Understanding what a veterinary emergency is in our pets and how we can respond appropriately will give you a great advantage in this situation.

What should you know to face a veterinary emergency in your pet?

Instilling good education and emergency awareness in animal owners is a great start to keeping pets safer and healthier. These are some of the most important things to know about preparing for a veterinary emergency in your pet.

Learn first aid and cardiopulmonary massage for pets: it is clear that taking your pet to the emergency room is the main focus in any situation of risk to their health, but sometimes first aid is necessary instantly, without time to direct you to a vet. There are first aid manuals for pets that you can buy online or in pet stores. In addition, there are centers that offer first aid classes for pets such as dogs and cats. Ask your vet for more information or even instruct you to do so if necessary.

Know where to go quickly in an emergency: You should have a list of emergency pet hospitals in your area, as well as any destination you travel to with your pet. This important contact information can help get your pet to the hospital more quickly. Be sure to call the hospital while you are on your way, so they can be prepared for your arrival.
Know the signs of an emergency in your pet: Some signs are obvious, like a broken leg, but you would be surprised how many early signs of medical problems go unnoticed. This is because most pets try to mask or hide their pain. Look for the following symptoms of a possible veterinary emergency in your pet:

  • Animal bite or attack.
  • Injury or accident
  • Fall from a certain height.
  • Frequent vomiting and / or diarrhea.
  • Open wounds.
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Abscess.
  • Uncontrolled bleeding
  • Trouble breathing.
  • Difficulties during childbirth.
  • Ingestion of toxic substance.
  • Fever.
  • Wound in the eye.
  • Snake bite.
  • Extreme lethargy
  • Collapse.

This list is not unique, there may be more signs that alert you, but it is a good reference not to hesitate and go to the emergency room.

Transport Your Pet Safely – When animals are in danger, they can be fearful and anxious. Pain can cause behavior changes and a normally well behaved pet can become aggressive when in pain. You should know how to gently manipulate your partner to put him in the carrier if possible or in the vehicle. Be careful when handling him and cover him with some soft towels or blankets to get him up easier.
What to do in an emergency with pets

During any veterinary emergency with our pets, stress increases, making it difficult to know what steps to take and when. Possible pet emergencies need to be planned in advance so that your pet receives the assistance it needs as quickly as possible.

For more information on veterinary emergency preparedness, first aid, or to schedule an appointment, contact us.

What is reverse sneezing in dogs?

Dog owners, in general, are used to quite varied noises coming from our pets. Snorting, sneezing, grunting, and chirping can be the norm. However, when your pet makes a new sound outside of his usual repertoire, it can be worrisome.

Hospital Veterinari Glòries is no stranger to calls from customers concerned about the noise their pets make. One of the most common suspicious sounds is a reverse or inverted sneeze in dogs. This noise, which can scare you, but is generally harmless, must be recognized by every pet owner to know how to differentiate it from any serious health problem.

How to recognize reverse sneezing in dogs?

Once you know what’s going on, the reverse or inverted sneeze phenomenon is quite unmistakable.

A reverse sneeze, medically called paroxysmal inspiration, is just as the name implies: the opposite of a normal sneeze.

During a reverse sneezing episode, the dog will draw air in through its nose repeatedly for several seconds. This air movement results in a very dramatic nausea-like sound (even with possible mucous sound, or snoring) that occurs when the dog repeatedly extends its neck. At this time, many pet owners panic, thinking that their dog is drowning.

A reverse sneeze tends to be triggered by irritation in the back of the nasal passages or throat, while a regular sneeze usually removes irritation from the front of the nose.

There are many potential causes of a reverse sneeze in dogs. These include:

  • Nasal drainage.
  • Allergens like pollen.
  • Nasal mites.
  • Foreign objects such as plant material.
  • Irritants such as smoke or perfumes.
  • Growths.
  • Lengthening of the soft palate.

Reverse sneezing Is it dangerous?

A reverse sneeze in dogs is usually not a cause for concern. Usually the dog’s own reflex erases what triggered it, and after a dramatic scene, your pet is back to normal.

Sometimes, however, if the irritation is persistent, the reverse sneezing episodes can be prolonged or repeated. So when should you worry?

Make an appointment with us if:

  • Your pet is distressed by the episodes.
  • Other respiratory signs like cough or runny nose are present.
  • Your pet seems to be having serious trouble breathing.
  • The gums or tongue are gray / blue.
  • Your pet loses consciousness.
  • Your pet is behaving strangely.

When in doubt, it is best to let one of our vets examine your pet. Diagnostic tests can help us determine if there is another reason for your pet’s breathing problems, such as an underlying heart condition or a polyp in the nasal passage.

We agree that reverse sneezing can cause alarm – your dog becomes tense and you think he can’t breathe, but don’t panic the next time you find your pet experiencing it. Remember: normally it is not about anything serious, but when it is, we will be here to help you.

What is xylitol, and what risks do it have on our pets?

The fact that pets love treats and treats tends to benefit us most of the time. We all find them very useful when we want them to do something or simply offer them if they have earned a reward. Unfortunately, the same food-craving urge can also lead a pet to consume a non-animal treat or a product that is simply not good for their health, something that often happens on the street with dogs and at home with any pet by our own carelessness …

Like, for example, xylitol. Found in a variety of sugar-free candies, medications, oral hygiene products, and foods, this artificial sweetener can cause severe poisoning in most pets. Take note in the following lines because we tell you the possible risks that it may have for your life partner.

What is xylitol?

To clarify concepts, xylitol or xylitol is a widely used sweetener for making beverages, candies or chewing gums that do not contain sugar. It is obtained from birch or from a vegetable fiber called xylan and is a substitute for sugar.

Many are the dogs, cats and other pets that, either because we give it to them or accidentally, eat food with this sweetener, and can become ill from poisoning.

Xylitol: good for us …

This sweetener that is found naturally in various plants and trees, xylitol, is widely used by us humans. You can buy it in granular form, such as table sugar, to sweeten beverages, cereals, or baked goods. Surprisingly, xylitol doesn’t contribute to tooth decay like sugar does. In fact, it can reduce tooth decay by 30-85% in people.

Xylitol is ideal for people with diabetes and those on low-carbohydrate or weight-loss diets because it ranks very low on the glycemic index and does not raise blood sugar levels. In other words, none of the harmful side effects of sugar are present in xylitol.

… Bad for them

Thus, while xylitol has its recognized place in people’s everyday lives, it can be disastrous for animals. Specifically, dogs can be quickly poisoned by products containing xylitol. But why?

Xylitol is estimated to be approximately 100 times more toxic to dogs than chocolate. Even a very small amount found in a single sugarless gum can cause hypoglycemia or low blood sugar in dogs.

Their bodies mistake xylitol for glucose and the pancreas begins to produce insulin. This type of poisoning from pets such as cats and dogs can also lead to liver failure. If the incident occurs while the animal is alone, the unattended toxicity of xylitol could even cause its death.

Cats experience similar drops in blood sugar, but due to their pickier tastes, they rarely choose candy or baked goods.

Xylitol Poisoning in Animals: Symptoms to Watch Out For

If you know or suspect that your pet ate something with xylitol, seek urgent veterinary attention immediately. You may notice sudden or unusual weakness, loss of coordination, seizures, and collapse within 30 minutes or less.

With prompt intervention, pets can recover from the hypoglycemic stage with the help of intravenous fluids, close monitoring, and hospitalization. They may require close observation to detect liver disease as they age.

Products that may contain xylitol

Here are the types of products that, if ingested, can cause serious poisoning in pets. These are the most common culprits:

  • Toothpaste and mouthwash.
  • Peanut butter (many brands use more than peanuts in their spreads – watch out!).
  • Chewing gum, breath drops, and candy labeled “sugar-free.”
  • Jam or jelly.
  • Fruit drinks.
  • Jelly or pudding.
  • Cereal.
  • Muffins, cookies, or cakes (this by itself is never a good option for pets to try, as the high fat and sugar content even in normal baked goods can lead to pancreatitis)
  • Vitamins and chewable supplements.

Prevent Xylitol Poisoning of a Pet

Fortunately, with a little more foresight at home and away, you can definitely prevent xylitol poisoning of a pet. Here are some more tips:

  • Always keep products containing xylitol in closed cabinets, never within the reach of pets.
  • Read the labels of the foods you eat every day to find out which ones you should be more careful about.
  • Do not allow your pet to taste anything on the ground, in the park or anywhere you walk.
  • Act quickly when you suspect your pet has eaten xylitol.
  • Try to take any leftovers, or the box of the product that he has consumed, to the vet when you go to the consultation.

Our veterinarians are always at your disposal to help your pet. If you have any more questions about xylitol and preventing pet poisoning, please let us know.

 

Is your cat very scary? Tips for anxiety in cats

Does your cat always run and hide when strangers come home? Many cats do this if they are not well socialized. But does that mean that your cat suffers from anxiety? Let’s talk a little more about it in the following lines.

What are the causes of anxiety in cats?

If your cat is a rescued animal, you probably don’t know what he experienced before he came to live with you. If it had been well treated, your new pet and life partner would probably not show symptoms of anxiety. However, abuse is only one possible cause of anxiety in cats. It is important to emphasize that anxiety in cats can also be due to other causes:

  • Traumatic experience
  • Abandonment.
  • Neurological disease
  • Pain.
  • Aging.

If your cat is nervous, fearful, does the needs of him outside his litter box, does not eat or drink as he should, call us for a wellness check. Your pet should be thoroughly examined by your trusted veterinarian before diagnosing and treating anxiety.

Cats don’t like change

No kind of change! And they like the living room chair exactly where it was before moving it to sweep. Cats don’t see the world like humans. Because they are predators, they calculate movement. Changes in their environment, even small things, can upset them and cause anxiety. Reassure your cat with cat love and treats to distract him from reacting to changes in his world.

Cats like routine

They may ignore you when you’re home or seem interested in you only when it’s time to eat, but the fact is, they probably don’t like you when you leave the house. They can get by if you come in and out at around the same time every day. If you leave them for a weekend, even with lots of food and water and a neighbor watching over them, your cat might feel anxious. Comfort and calm your cat; never scold him for his anxious behavior.

Symptoms of anxiety in your cat

Your cat may show new and unwanted behaviors after you’ve gone on a trip or the whole family has moved to a new home. A new baby in the family can also annoy your cat because the household routine changes and humans become more nervous.

Once your cat has gotten used to the changes, his behavior can return to normal. If anxiety behaviors persist, you will want to seek treatment.

Here is a short list of symptoms to watch out for:

  • Don’t use your litter box to relieve yourself.
  • Hiding more than usual.
  • Changes in eating and drinking habits.
  • Excessive meowing
  • Excessive grooming.
  • Escape attempts.
  • Aggression.

Anxiety Behaviors in Cats May Indicate Serious Health Problems

Maybe nothing has changed in your home, but your cat is acting strange. Your pet could have an illness or injury that you may not be seeing. Persistent abnormal behaviors are always reason enough to visit the vet for a full health and wellness check.

Can Anxiety in Cats Be Treated?

Yes! After a thorough examination of the animal to rule out any underlying causes of the behavior, the vet may prescribe feline anti-anxiety medication. In addition, you can also seek a meeting with an animal behavior specialist to help redirect your cat’s energies towards more positive behaviors. With professional help and love and support from family, your cat should be on the right track to feeling and behaving better.

Contact us if you have questions about cat anxiety and other pet health issues. The staff and vets at Hospital Veterinari Glòries are here to support the health and happiness of your entire animal family!

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