Category: Health

Dandruff in dogs: causes and tips

From the itchy scalp to the telltale white flakes, dandruff is not only embarrassing when we suffer from it, it is also uncomfortable. Fortunately, you can go to the pharmacy to get anti-dandruff shampoo and stop dandruff soon. But what about your dog? Dandruff can also affect your furry friend. While you can’t share your anti-dandruff shampoo with your animal, there are options to make dandruff flakes disappear in dogs.

In this article, we’ll explore the causes and symptoms of dog dander, and what you can do to make sure your beloved pet is free from this annoying condition.

Causes of dandruff in dogs

Dandruff, officially known as seborrhea, rarely strikes on its own. As such, dandruff is usually the side effect of another condition. Primary seborrhea (dandruff without an underlying health condition) is a hereditary condition, but it is very rare.

On the other hand, secondary seborrhea is much more common. This type of dandruff is usually caused by:

  • Allergies, including food allergies.
  • Cheyletiella mite infestations.
  • Internal parasites.
  • Bacterial infections.
  • Yeast infections
  • Yeast infections, including ringworm
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Cushing’s disease.
  • Obesity.
  • Environmental factors, especially humidity or aridity.

Because dog dander is often linked to other medical problems (such as allergies), it’s a good idea to make an appointment with your vet to rule out any underlying conditions.

Along with dandruff, be sure to watch for any other changes in your dog’s coat, including odors, hair loss, or skin conditions such as increased itching.

How to know if your pet suffers from dandruff

An occasional flake caused by dry skin can become common in dogs (or humans). While dry skin often leads to flaking, it is important to recognize if peeling occurs often.

Common symptoms of dog dandruff include:

  • Visible flakes of dry skin all over the dog’s coat.
  • Increased itching sensation (and more scratching).
  • Reddened skin
  • Scabs (from scratching too much).
  • Signs of discomfort.

Does breed matter when it comes to dog dander?

Just as some people are more prone to dry skin, some dog breeds are more prone to dandruff.

For example, ichthyosis is a condition that causes the development of rough skin and greasy scales. The following breeds are known to be at higher risk for this condition:

  • Western highland white terrier.
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
  • Doberman pinscher.
  • Jack Russell Terrier.
  • Norfolk Terrier.
  • Yorkshire terrier.

Breeds that are at risk for allergies (of any kind) are more likely to develop dandruff. Poodles, Maltese, terriers and greyhounds can be added to this group.

Tips for treating dog dandruff

The first step in treating dog dander is identifying the underlying cause of the animal’s skin and coat problems. Once you determine the root of the problem, you can implement the appropriate treatment that your vet has recommended. Keep in mind that an allergy test would be the most effective way to determine if specific allergens are affecting your dog and causing dandruff.

You can promote healthy skin and coat by doing the following:

  • Brush Your Dog Regularly – Regular brushing helps loosen (and remove) loose hair and dead skin flakes.
  • Use gentle, moisturizing shampoos: When bathing your dog, choose dog shampoos formulated for dry skin, such as oatmeal shampoos. You can also find medicated shampoos specifically intended for dog dandruff.
  • Rinse your dog well: poorly rinsed shampoo can cause dryness on your dog’s skin. Try to remove the remains of the product well when you are bathing him.
  • Turn on a humidifier: If low humidity is causing your skin dryness, a humidifier can add moisture to the air.
  • Include omega-3 fatty acids in your dog’s diet – Omega-3 fatty acids promote healthy skin and coat in humans, and they also offer those same benefits to dogs. You can find essential fatty acids in many dog ​​foods and treats.

Is it possible to help my dog ​​stay dander free?

Of course it is possible to prevent canine dandruff! Even if your dog isn’t actively dealing with dandruff, promoting healthy skin and coat is essential. From regularly brushing your dog’s coat to feeding him a diet that includes omega-3 fatty acids, you can take steps to prevent your pet’s dander.

However, if you notice that the animal’s dandruff or itching has already started and suddenly worsens, you should always consult your vet to determine if your dog has an allergy or you could benefit from other treatments or medications to eliminate the problem. We know that the health of your pet is the main thing for you.

How to know if my dog has anxiety

Anxiety in dogs can manifest itself in various ways and at different levels. To find out if your dog’s behavior is a symptom of anxiety, look no further: you are on the right blog. Dogs that experience anxiety can display their stress in a variety of ways. Some symptoms, such as panting or shaking, are subtle and can be easily missed because they are normal in other circumstances. But other more noticeable symptoms include excessive barking and aggression.

Pet owners may mistake symptoms for simply bad behavior due to boredom or other behavioral causes. But if these symptoms occur in common situations, such as during a storm or when pet owners leave the house, it may indicate that the dog is responding to anxiety.

Subtle symptoms of anxiety in dogs

Some of the less obvious symptoms of anxiety manifest as a slight change in behavior. These symptoms can go unnoticed by many pet owners. They include:

  • Hiding or Loneliness – Some dogs want to be alone when they experience anxiety. They may hide out of fear or stay away from people and other pets.
  • They seek affection and protection: Other anxious dogs will have the opposite reaction and will seek more attention or affection. They may jump onto their owners’ laps or require more attention.
  • Shivering and panting: Dogs that are shaking or panting, or acting generally nervous may be experiencing anxiety. While it is normal to pant after exercise, it probably will not be during a fireworks display.
  • Excessive licking or chewing: Anxious dogs may compulsively lick or bite their fur or paws.
    Obvious symptoms of anxiety in dogs

It’s hard to miss the most notable symptoms of anxiety in dogs. Depending on the cause, these behaviors can only appear normally caused by the phobia and insecurity of the animal:

  • Excessive barking and howling: One of the most obvious signs of anxiety is a reaction to noise. If a dog starts barking due to a loud noise and cannot be easily calmed down, even after the noise has stopped, he may be feeling anxiety.
  • Aggression: anxious dogs can suddenly become aggressive, even towards their owners. Anxious dogs may suddenly growl or show any other signs of aggression.
  • Try to escape: dogs that feel anxious at certain times can react by fleeing. But locking them up can make their situation worse.
  • Excessive energy: Anxious dogs sometimes show exaggerated energy and are hyperactive.
  • Excretion: they can defecate suddenly inside the home because they are under the pressure of anxiety.
  • Destruction: a common anxiety symptom is the destruction of furniture or other objects that would not normally bite.
  • Panic Attacks: dogs that experience any of these symptoms may start to have panic attacks as well. Panic attacks can last from minutes to hours and can involve any of the above symptoms.

Symptoms of anxiety, such as destruction of objects and excessive mismanaged energy, can lead to self-harm. The mental and physical stress that dogs endure when they suffer from anxiety is exhausting and must be dealt with as soon as possible.

How to deal with a dog with anxiety?

As the person responsible for your pet, you must act when your dog suffers from anxiety. Avoid punishing or scolding your dog when he is experiencing an anxiety episode. You should also avoid praise or patting because that can lead your dog to believe that you are encouraging his anxious behavior. It is important to identify the stimulus that is causing the reaction. Controlled exposure to the stimulus and rewarding positive behavior is one way to desensitize the dog.

But above all, it is advisable to seek the help of an expert in canine behavior. If the problem persists, you can also consult our veterinarians to help you and your dog deal with the problem from a medical approach. There are nutritional supplements that can help control the problem.

How many times do you have to take a dog for a walk?

Many people are not sure how often dogs should go for a walk; even if we could calculate the ideal number of walks or even the amount of time they should take, this would not work the same for all dogs.

This article will talk about why it is necessary to walk a dog and what should be the frequency. We will also give you a series of very useful tips that you can apply during this routine so that you and your dog can enjoy it better. Read on to learn more about how often you should take your dog for a walk.

How many times to take a puppy dog ​​for a walk

When a dog is still a puppy, you should walk him to learn to urinate outside and interact with people and other pets. Once the puppy receives his first vaccinations, he is ready to go out and begin to internalize the walking routine of his adult life. So before adopting a puppy, it is important to make sure you have time to dedicate to him, as well as perseverance to teach him everything he needs to know.

When you teach your puppy to urinate outside, she may still not be able to hold the urine and will at some point do so indoors. Don’t worry, this is normal and takes some getting used to. That is why it is important to estimate the amount of time your puppy can handle before urinating again and to anticipate her physical needs. Based on this, you will also know how many times you need to take it out for a walk.

This calculation will apply to that particular dog, and in any case, as the puppy grows, she will learn to control her needs. Maybe you start with 6-7 trips a day to the outside at first, and as he learns to hold his urine you can reduce the number of times, without it being a problem for him.

How many times to take an adult dog for a walk

Once your dog knows how to relieve himself outside, you will have to ensure his well-being in your daily routine to prevent him from urinating in your house. Remember that you should never punish your dog if he has urinated before coming home.

It is important to understand that not all dogs need the same amount of walks, neither in time nor in intensity; For example, an Afghan Hound does not need the same amount as a Westie, since they do not have the same walking pace and exercise needs. That is why we can safely say that a dog’s daily activity will depend on each particular dog.

In any case, you should know that for any dog ​​to be happy you must walk it between 45 and 90 minutes each day and this should be divided into two, three or four walks, depending on your availability. What’s more, and with your dog in mind, you may want to add some exercise during the walk, such as playing with a ball outside.

How many times to take an elderly dog ​​for a walk

Older dogs have the same need for a walk as any other dog, especially since once they grow up they tend to drink a lot of fluids. We recommend that once your dog is older, do not stop exercising. Although he can no longer take long walks and do a lot of intense exercise, he will feel grateful that he can enjoy more outings with you, even if they are shorter.

When walking an older dog, you will have to be especially careful with heat stroke as well as avoid other pets from playing roughly with it, because it is more sensitive and it is important to take care of it.

Some tips to improve walks with your dog

Going for a walk should be a time that you give exclusively to your dog, dedicated to improving her quality of life, satisfying her needs and having a good time. That is why we want to give you some tips on how to improve the quality of walks, a routine that has a direct impact on the positive attitude of your animal:

  • Let your dog be the protagonist, it is his time to shine.
  • Let yourself go, your dog will enjoy the walk more if he can decide where to go. Many people have a wrong idea and think that they must manage and control the walk. If you let your dog take control, he will have a more positive attitude.
  • Let your dog smell the flowers, people, etc., let him investigate.
  • Allow him to interact with other dogs if you see that they both have a positive attitude. Your dog should be the one who decides what to do, don’t force him if he doesn’t want to.
  • Find an area where you can let it run freely, in a field for example, for at least 5 or 10 minutes.
  • It is not so much the duration of the ride that matters, but the quality of it.
  • The longest walk should be in the morning, when there are fewer dogs and everything is quieter.
  • If you are in a wooded area, you can practice search games, a technique that consists of spreading the feed on the ground, especially in areas where there are stones and plants around, so that your dog can search and find it. This encourages and encourages your dog to use his nose.

These have been our answers to when and how often you should walk your dog. If you have more ideas for dog walks and fun activities, let us know in the comments section!

Does your dog have a droopy ear? Causes and what to do

There are dogs of many shapes and sizes, all with their own characteristics. These characteristics can be related to the shape of their body, the type of coat or even their ears. Some have short ears that are held upright. Some have large ears that fall past the face. However, it is not common for a dog to have one ear pricked up and the other not. In these cases, it is possible that the cause is a pathology or a related health condition.

In this article, we take a look at what may be happening when your dog has a floppy ear. We discuss if this is a normal condition or if something needs to be done about it. The same applies if both ears are floppy when they should be erect.

Is it normal for a dog’s ears to be flabby?

Many people may doubt whether their dog’s ears should be flabby. It is important to distinguish between normal sagging in the ears and something caused by a discomfort or illness. If you have a puppy of a breed of dog that normally should have its ears pricked, and you see that the months go by and they remain flabby, you are interested in this article.

Puppies are born with floppy ears. They have not yet developed and the physical characteristics they present as puppies can be much more different when they are adults. Just being a puppy is one of the most common reasons your dog has a floppy ear. As the dog develops, one ear may become prick more quickly than the other, although it should generally follow suit fairly quickly.

The time it takes for a puppy’s ears to stand up depends on the breed and the dog in question. For some, 8 weeks is enough, for others 8 months. However, in general, a dog’s ears should be pricked up after the teeth have finished erupting. If the puppy’s ears were raised and then fell back after a while, it is likely due to one of the problems that we will explain below.

Dogs with lop ears

You should be aware that some dogs will simply never have their ears pricked up. Due to the type of breeding, some dogs always have floppy ears. These breeds include:

  • Cocker.
  • Hound.
  • Cavalier Kind Charles Spaniel.
  • Basset hound.
  • Havanese.
  • Coonhound.
  • Beagle.
  • Poodle.
  • Dachshund.

All dog breeds that have lop ears will have both ears lowered down. When one ear is flaccid and the other is not, it is likely a sign of a health problem.

My dog’s ears do not perch

The pinna is the outer part of the ear. In dogs, they can be standing or flabby. When only one is up and the other is loose, it is a sign of concern for many dog ​​owners.

As we have said before, it is normal for puppies to have lop ears depending on their breed. However, this can be difficult to tell with a mixed breed dog, as we don’t know if they are supposed to have their ears erect or not. It is even possible that two pups from the same litter have different degrees of flaccidity in the ears, and this is due to genetic inheritance from their parents.

If you know that your puppy must have raised ears and has already reached the stage of development where it should have happened, it is important to know that there may be a problem. One of the most important is diet. Puppies will need a specific type of nutrition to grow properly. When they are not given enough protein and other vital nutrients, one or more of their ears may remain floppy.

There are also some medical conditions that prevent your ears from standing upright. We will detail them in the following sections.

Causes of floppy ears in dogs and treatment

There are different conditions that can cause a dog to have one ear up and the other down. However, they are usually accompanied by other symptoms. These other symptoms will generally be more obvious and should lead you to your vet’s office to rule out serious ailments.

When the dog is not treated in time, as can be the case with abandoned dogs, the ear may never lift. Unfortunately, this is often the case with stray dogs. They may have a flabby or misshapen ear due to malnutrition, fighting, illness, fungal ear infections, parasites, or other causes.

Some of the more common causes include:

  • Bite wounds: when dogs fight or play, it is not uncommon for their ears to be injured, as they are vulnerable and accessible areas. Animal bites are often complicated by ear infections. Except for minor injuries, they need veterinary attention and even surgical intervention as a means to avoid deformations.
  • Otitis media: Otitis is a general term for inflammation or infection of the ear. This can occur only in the outer part of the ear (external otitis), but it can also occur in the inner ear (internal otitis) or even middle (otitis media). For the latter, it is common for the dog to regularly keep its head to one side and even shake it in frustration. It is caused by an infection (usually bacterial) that enters the ear and can affect other parts of the dog’s face if it is acute. Some dogs are predisposed to otitis and, in these cases, they may need a surgical intervention to solve the problem permanently.

My dog ​​has a swollen and flabby ear

Sometimes our dog has a drooping ear that is also inflamed. It is common for this swelling to be due to an abscess. This occurs when pus grows around the site of infection. A hematoma (accumulation of blood in the tissue) can also be the cause of inflammation and drooping of the animal’s ear. The main cause is fighting, parasites, injuries, or simply a hygiene problem. The latter is the reason why it is important that you clean your dog’s ears regularly.

Hematomas in the ear (atrial hematoma) can appear when the dog shakes his head too violently or scratches persistently. In these cases, we need to find out the underlying cause. Ear mites are common in some dogs and cause the animal to scratch its ears to ease frustration. You will need to take the dog to the vet to diagnose the problem and provide the appropriate treatment.

Never try home remedies to clean your pet’s ears. If you think that your dog’s drooping ear is a problem, go to a trusted vet as soon as possible.

The most common diseases in horses

Without a doubt, one of the animals that generates the most passions is the horse. Like anyone who takes care of other animals at home, those who have horses suffer greatly when the animal suffers from a health problem, which in the case of equines are diseases unknown to most people, since unfortunately it is not easy nor cheap to access these animals. For that reason we will tell you in this article what are the most common diseases and ailments in horses.


As with people, equine flu is a virus that attacks the upper respiratory tract, although depending on its aggressiveness it could also attack the lower respiratory tract (the lungs and bronchi).

Its infection is airborne, as in humans, through the mucosa. The symptoms are, as in the flu we all know, a cough, a runny nose or loss of appetite. Fever can also appear and lead to other more severe ailments, such as bronchitis, if it becomes complicated.


It is a set of ailments that affect the horse’s abdomen, causing great pain. There is no single origin of this problem and it is for this reason that the treatments also vary in each case. The equine that suffers from colic, will also suffer sweating, abundant nervousness and lack of control due to pain, as well as problems with feces and even dehydration. The postures you acquire are also a sign of colic, as you may vary them to relieve pain.


Tetanus in horses is caused by a bacterium found in the soil with the scientific name Clostridium tetani. The richer the soil in organic matter, the more likely it is that the disease is present. They slip into the body of horses through the usual scratches or small wounds on the animal’s legs.

The most common symptoms are involuntary and constant muscle contractions, called tetanic. In addition, the horse will suffer from jaw and muscle problems throughout its body, including facial ones, because the bacteria affect the animal’s nervous system. If the horse is correctly vaccinated in a preventive way and the open wounds are healed correctly, the disease can be avoided.

Equine encephalitis

Equine encephalitis is usually caused by mosquito bites and causes brain inflammation. If it occurs in a very aggressive way, it can even cause seizures and paralysis, so we are talking about one of the most dangerous pathologies for horses, and with a worse prognosis for their life expectancy. That is why prevention through vaccination is key.

Babesiosis (piroplasmosis)

Babesiosis is caused by the protozoan “Babesia equi”, and transmitted by ticks. It is a very common disease in other domestic mammals such as cows or dogs, and it attacks the horse’s red blood cells causing fever, anemia or weight loss. It is a very harmful disease, so it is advisable to go quickly to a specialized veterinarian in case of detecting similar symptoms or ticks in the horse.


Also like humans, the horse is an animal that can also suffer from this disease. In the case of equines, it is very well detected, since it is easy to observe the inflammation of the animal’s lymph nodes in the same area of ​​the jaw. It is a very contagious disease, so you must act very quickly.

In the event of any symptoms described above, it is important to go to a horse veterinarian as soon as possible to try to stop the effects of the animal’s disease, and may even avoid its death.

Causes and solutions of constipation in dogs

Constipation is the inability to produce normal stools on a regular schedule, which, for a dog, is generally once or twice a day. In chronic cases, dogs can retain dry, hard stool in their digestive tracts. That is, we speak of constipation when there is so much fecal matter that it is compacted and the dog cannot defecate at all.

In this article we will tell you more about the causes and solutions of constipation in dogs so that you can prevent any problem of this type in your dog.

What are the causes of constipation?

There are several reasons why a dog may suffer from constipation:

  • Too much or too little fiber in your diet.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Anal sacs blocked or abscessed.
  • Enlarged prostate gland.
  • Excessive grooming can cause large amounts of hair to collect in the stool.
  • Hair matted around the anus due to lack of cleanliness or obesity.
  • Ingested gravel, stones, bones, dirt, plants or toy pieces, etc. trapped in the intestinal tract.
  • Masses or tumors in the anus or inside the rectum, which eventually cause an obstruction.
  • Side effect of medication you may be taking.
  • Trauma to the pelvis.
  • An orthopedic problem that causes pain when a dog is positioned to defecate.
  • Neurological disorder
  • Dehydration from another illness.

How can I tell if my dog ​​is constipated?

If your dog has not defecated in more than two days, or if he exerts himself too much, crouches, or screams when he tries to defecate, you should see a vet immediately.

Symptoms can be similar to those seen with a urinary tract problem, so it’s important to see your vet to determine the cause.

What dogs are susceptible to constipation?

Older pets may have infrequent or difficult bowel movements more often. However, the condition can occur in any dog ​​that has one or more of the causes of constipation mentioned above.

What to do if your dog is constipated

If the problem has just started, no more than a day or two, there are some remedies that can get things moving around in there again. Keep in mind that no one strategy works for all dogs. But some of the methods for treating constipation include:

  • Canned food for dogs: in a state of constipation, humidity is key, that is why canned food can help regulate the system and promote the expulsion of feces.
  • Hydration: make sure your dog has access to fresh water all day.
  • Exercise: physical activity can help bowel movement, and therefore, favor the intestinal tract responsible for expelling stool.

When to take a constipated dog to the vet

It’s a good idea to call your vet as soon as you realize the problem, since in case you don’t already know, constipation can be a sign of some very serious illnesses.

Long-term or chronic constipation can lead to a buildup of dry stool that gets stuck in the colon, known as constipation. But in the long term, this can contribute to another condition marked by the inability to defecate normally: megacolon. In this disease, the colon becomes distended and loses its ability to move stool. Chronic constipation contributes to and is a sign of this disorder.

When you visit the vet, be sure to come armed with as much information as possible, which may include:

  • The last time your dog had a normal bowel movement.
  • Stool color and consistency.
  • Possible changes in the dog’s diet or routine.
  • Non-food items the dog may have eaten (this can include anything from bones to a household item).
  • Straining or pain when trying to defecate.
  • Drug treatments you take for other conditions.
  • Other signs of distress or discomfort, especially vomiting, lethargy, or a bloated appearance.

Depending on the duration and severity of symptoms, the veterinary examination may consist of:

  • Abdominal palpation.
  • Rectal exam.
  • X-rays of the abdominal area.
  • Barium enema.
  • Ultrasound or colonoscopy.
  • Complete blood count.
  • Urine analysis.
  • Neurological examination.

Treatment and solutions against constipation in dogs

Most cases will resolve with gentle treatments, such as increasing fluids and dietary fiber, incorporating a bland diet, or exercising more. Laxative suppositories and enemas can be helpful, but should only be used under the direction of a veterinarian, especially if needed for long periods.

The most extreme cases will require medical interventions such as:

  • Manual removal of feces.
  • A drug to activate normal colon function or to block the production of certain enzymes.
  • Surgery may be necessary in very rare extreme cases, usually for megacolon. The surgical procedure is known as a colectomy, in which sections of the colon are removed.

For most dogs, constipation will be a rare problem, kept under control by a well-balanced diet, access to fresh water, and regular exercise.

How can I prevent my dog ​​from becoming constipated?

Depending on the exact cause of your dog’s constipation, your vet may recommend that you give him a therapeutic diet, add supplements or medications to the food, or return for additional tests or treatments. For most dogs, constipation is directly related to the ingestion of an unfamiliar food or object and no additional medical intervention is necessary. Other dogs may require lifelong treatment to help maintain normal bowel movements. In any case, sufficient hydration, combining their diet with moist food, exercise, and keeping our dogs guarded against the possible ingestion of objects, is the best way to prevent them from suffering from constipation problems.

Giardia, a very annoying parasite

Also known as parasitic diarrhea, Giardia or Giardiasis is an infection that can affect both humans and animals. It is caused by a parasite called Giardia Duodenalis and has diarrhea as one of its main symptoms. This parasite is quite common in many animals, but more cases are detected in dogs, so we would like to inform you about the contagion and symptoms of Giardia in dogs, so that you know what signs to look for and how to prevent it.

What is Giardia?

As we mentioned earlier, Giardia duodenalis, also scientifically known by other names such as G.intestinalis or G. lambila, is a parasitic infectious disease caused by a protozoan parasite with several genotypes, which can affect several species, commonly dogs and cats. The most common protozoan genotype found in dogs is C and D, and their symptoms can be compared to human “traveling diarrhea.”

Giardia can live in the intestine of an infected dog in a fragile form, or in the open air, in water or feces, where this parasite can actually survive for several months. Most cases occur in dogs under one year of age or in adults who generally live in kennels or shelters.

What animals can get giardiasis?

Although this article is focused on dogs, giardiasis infection occurs in a wide variety of species of domestic and wild mammals that also include cats, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, beavers, coyotes, primates, rodents, and raccoons

Giardia contagion in dogs

The only way a dog can get Giardia type C or D is by ingesting giardia cysts that are found, as mentioned above, in damp areas or on the ground where there is fecal matter. Reservoirs, places with a humid climate, or lakes are common places where giardia can thrive.

Once the dog has ingested from contaminated soil or water, it will take 5 to 12 days for the infectious parasite to turn into feces, which is when the parasite is ready to reproduce and affect others.

Although in healthy adult dogs giardia can be transient and have no complications other than its symptoms, puppies and elderly dogs can have more fatal consequences if not treated in time.

Giardia symptoms in dogs

You should know that the symptoms of giardia in dogs can vary from one dog to another. The older the dog, the more difficult it will be to identify them, since they are not as clear as puppies. Keep in mind that symptoms can be sudden, temporary, intermittent, or chronic, depending on the type of giardia, so be sure to stay alert:

  • Mild diarrhea containing: mucus, bad smell, greasy texture.
  • Vomiting
  • Apparent weight loss.
  • Lethargy.

Most animals will not show any of these symptoms in normal health. If you notice any of the symptoms described above, you should take your dog to the vet so that he can be diagnosed accordingly. The veterinarian may request stool samples for analysis in cases where giardia symptoms are not as obvious.

Anaphylactic shock in dogs: symptoms and treatment

Anaphylactic shock in dogs is a veterinary emergency that requires quick action to avoid fatal consequences for the animal. This is a potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that can be avoided and it is vital to ensure that as a dog owner you can recognize the symptoms.

In this article we will discuss what is anaphylactic shock in dogs. In addition, we will see its causes, symptoms and treatment. It is important that if you think your dog is suffering anaphylactic shock that you visit the nearest vet immediately.

What is anaphylactic shock in dogs?

Anaphylactic shock in dogs is a serious allergic reaction that occurs immediately when the dog comes into contact with the allergen (specific food, sting or chemical). The allergen, therefore, is the substance to which the dog is allergic. The form of contact by which the dog comes into contact with the allergen can vary, for example, by inhalation, ingestion or any general exposure to it.

If anaphylaxis in your dog is not treated immediately, it can lead to cardiac arrest, the closure of the animal’s organs and, in the worst case, death.

What can cause anaphylactic shock in dogs?

There are several substances that can cause a dog to go into anaphylactic shock. Among these we can highlight a well-known drug: penicillin.

Other common causes of anaphylactic shock in dogs can be venom transmitted through bee and wasp stings. Some dogs may also experience anaphylaxis after vaccination, especially in puppies, although the latter is fortunately a less common cause.

What are the symptoms of anaphylactic shock in dogs?

An anaphylactic shock may present, initially, as a local reaction. This local reaction can be found at the point where the allergen came into contact with the dog. This area may appear red and swollen, and the dog is likely to feel some pain and itching.

However, when anaphylactic shock occurs acutely, the reaction is generalized. In this acute case, the whole body will be affected almost immediately or within an hour. Symptoms of anaphylactic shock in dogs include:

  • Agitation.
  • Nervousness.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Weakness.

A dog experiencing anaphylactic shock may also have difficulty breathing, releasing stridor. Stridor is a sound that we can identify as very sharp, caused by an inflammation of the larynx.

If a dog in this case does not receive immediate treatment, it can fall into a coma and die.

Anaphylactic shock in dogs: treatment

As we have already mentioned, anaphylactic shock in dogs is a veterinary emergency that must be attended to by a professional at a veterinary clinic as soon as possible. A vet will have the necessary medication to treat this shock, which includes; adrenaline, antihistamines, or corticosteroids. The vet himself may even need to perform specific medical procedures, such as fluid therapy or oxygen administration.

Therefore, if you suspect that your dog may be suffering anaphylactic shock, take her immediately to your veterinarian. If the dog stops breathing during the journey: consider artificial respiration or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Precautions against anaphylactic shock in dogs

If your dog is in anaphylactic shock, the first thing to do is stay calm and interact with the animal as you normally would: trying to convey calmness. If your dog feels that he is nervous, he will take on that tension and increase his breathing, which you should avoid.

Any movement of the animal’s body must be done with great care. You must make sure that your dog adopts the position he wants and requires, where he can breathe easily. The only time you should intervene is if your dog, we repeat, stops breathing on the way to the vet.

How to prevent anaphylactic shock in dogs

There is no way to know exactly which substance is capable of causing anaphylactic shock in dogs. However, there are ways to avoid situations in which this shock can be triggered. For example, never give your dog medication or vaccinations without professional supervision.

In addition, if our dog has shown an allergic reaction to a drug before, it should be recorded in his medical history and should never be administered again. You can also ask your vet for an allergy test for your dog, in this way you will make sure you have his allergies controlled. Also, pay attention to it in natural environments and never allow your dog to play with bees or wasps.

Lastly, always make sure you have an emergency vet number on hand; specifically when traveling with your dog.

Neurological problems in older dogs

As with all living matter, the tissues that make up a dog’s body will degrade over time. It is an inescapable fact of aging. Since the brain is made up of living tissue, there is no exception. When your leg muscles deteriorate, your physical ability to walk suffers. When brain tissue degenerates, it will affect the entire nervous system and the consequences can be painful to witness. While neurological problems can occur at any stage in a dog’s life, older dogs are the most affected.

We talked about the neurological problems of older dogs to see what we, as caregivers, can do to help them. By looking at the symptoms, causes, and treatment of neurological disorders in dogs, we can also help improve or reduce the negative effects of the disease.

Canine cognitive dysfunction (CDS)

Unfortunately, as with many degenerative brain disorders in humans, canine cognitive dysfunction diseases such as dementia or Alzheimer’s are not well understood even within the scientific community. What we do know is that it mainly affects older dogs, that is, from the age of 8. especially those over 11 years old.

While there is no link between canine cognitive dysfunction (CDS) and specific breeds, we do know that larger breeds tend to live shorter lives. For this reason, symptoms of cognitive dysfunction are seen more often in smaller dogs, as they are more likely to live long enough to develop the condition. Since the causes of canine cognitive dysfunction are not well understood, it can be difficult to classify them. There is some evidence to suggest that there are some genetic links to neurodegenerative disorders in dogs.

The symptoms are similar to those of dementia in humans, although limitations in communication between humans and dogs mean that early signs can be difficult to detect. Apart from old age, there are other reasons for the origin of neurological disorders in dogs. They include:

  • Trauma: being hit by a vehicle, falling from a height, injury from fighting or any type of trauma, if the brain is struck, irreparable damage can occur.
  • Infection: Certain viral infections can cause neurological problems in dogs. Anger, for example, will cause the brain to deteriorate to the point where it can become aggressive, bite the air, and lose control of its motor skills.
  • Parasitic Infestation – Certain internal parasites can affect the dog’s brain and lead to problems.
  • Poisoning: if the dog ingests or inhales a certain toxic substance, it can cause brain damage as well as damage to other vital organs.

Although there are relatively high rates of neurological disorders in older dogs, it is not always easy to recognize the problem. Especially as our dogs age, we must be vigilant for behavioral, as well as physiological changes, which may involve a neurological disorder or dementia. These changes include:

  • Disorientation.
  • Disturbed sleep pattern.
  • Increased irritability
  • Trouble standing
  • Barking for no reason (at nothing).
  • Fly-biter syndrome.
  • Aggression.
  • Does not respond when called.
  • Forgetting behaviors learned through training.

However, these symptoms of SCD in dogs can also be related to other problems. Many of these, like ataxia, are also more likely to occur in older dogs.

Visible symptoms of neurological problems in older dogs

Canine cognitive dysfunction is difficult to diagnose. While both Alzheimer’s disease and CCD in humans cause memory loss, due to the inability to communicate verbally in dogs, it is not always easy to recognize this problem. To diagnose memory loss in older dogs, we must look at other symptoms, such as the inability to obey even basic commands or the loss of grooming habits.

We recommend taking your dog to a vet every 6 to 12 months for a general check-up, especially when the dog is reaching old age. However, even during check-ups, it can be difficult for a veterinarian to observe symptoms of neurological problems. It is largely up to pet owners to detect the initial signs of the problem, to transfer them to the trusted vet.

We can find disoriented dogs, lost in areas they would have otherwise known. Dogs with neurological problems will have reduced interaction with their environment, family members, and other animals. They can begin to urinate indoors, even though they have been trained for years to do so outside. Also sleep can be disturbed and become more active at night. It is imperative that we look for other signs as they can be symptoms, such as incontinence that can also be related to other medical conditions.

The changes are progressive. They appear subtly at first and then increase over time. For example, they may urinate indoors on an exceptional basis, but as degeneration progresses, this occurs more frequently. The disease is aggravated when the dog urinates on herself without even getting up.

It is important to take the dog to a professional for an accurate diagnosis. The vet will perform various diagnostic tests to make sure that there is no physical pathology causing the behavioral changes.

Treatment of neurological problems in dogs

It is important to state first that there is no cure for most neurological problems in older dogs. The reason is that we cannot regenerate brain matter. If neurons no longer work, we cannot get them back. The only circumstances in which there can be treatment is when the damage is temporary. For example, trauma can cause the dog to have an aneurysm that can be removed by surgery.

The best thing to do is to control the symptoms. In some cases, there may be an intervention through medication. These are specifically drugs used to treat Alzheimer’s disease in humans, but there have also been some positive trials in dogs. This would not reverse the appearance of SDC in no time, but it is to be expected that it will slow down your progress.

Another way to improve the quality of life for dogs with CCD is to help stimulate their cognitive function. This includes playing intelligence games and teaching (or re-teaching) certain commands and making sure they stay mentally active. Physical exercise is also important.

Prevention of neurological problems in dogs

Although we may want to control the symptoms of neurological problems or CDS, it is not something that we should only do when we see that they appear in the dog’s old age. By providing a healthy lifestyle for our dog in his youth, we can better prevent neurological degeneration when the dog is older.

All dogs are unique and will have different physical needs. However, no dog should be allowed to be obese. Make sure to provide a healthy and balanced diet with quality feed. Don’t overfeed them with treats and don’t feed them any foods they can’t handle. Omega-3 fatty acid foods are essential for brain development, so make sure your nutrition is complete.

Walk your dog when necessary and incorporate training early. This will help keep your mind sharper in old age. However, since we don’t know the exact causes of canine cognitive dysfunction, you should also know that this is not something you can completely avoid. Don’t blame yourself if it happens to your beloved dog, just stay by his side to help him in any way you can and give him the affection he deserves.

Exercises for dogs with dysplasia: how to help them

Hip dysplasia is a health problem that affects many dogs around the world. Due to hereditary genetic factors, certain breeds are more prone to this degenerative disorder than others, but almost any dog ​​can develop the disease. For this reason, all dog owners should be on the lookout for signs of mobility problems in their companion animals. If you have noticed difficulties in the mobility of your partner and the vet has diagnosed him with hip dysplasia, he will give you guidance on how to treat this disease.

In this article we bring you a series of exercise recommendations to help dogs with hip dysplasia, or to prevent them from it.

What is hip dysplasia?

Hip dysplasia is a physical condition that arises from the abnormal conformation of the hip joint, where the joint socket (acetabulum) and the ball of the femur do not fit together correctly. There are two general types of hip dysplasia in dogs:

  • Congenital: when the disease is inherited genetically. It is believed to be because the two main parts of the hip joint do not grow at the same rate, probably due to hormonal problems.
  • Acquired: When environmental factors cause a dog’s joints to become damaged or worn to the point that they do not connect. While general neutering is still advisable for a dog’s overall health, some experts believe that spaying a dog too early can lead to a higher prevalence of hip dysplasia. Excess protein in the diet or excessive pressure on the dog’s joints while they are still developing can also be factors.

Diagnosis of hip dysplasia will require X-rays and other clinical tests. However, we must be attentive to possible symptoms. These include difficulty standing up, being too tired after walking, or a change in the way you walk.

Due to their prevalence of genetic inheritance, there are some breeds that are more likely to develop hip dysplasia than others. They include:

  • Labrador retriever
  • Irish setter
  • German shepherd
  • Dobermann
  • Dalmatian
  • Boxer

Although we have exposed some breeds that are predisposed, that does not mean that other breeds cannot develop the disease. If they do, there is no cure. The most drastic approach is surgical intervention, but even this can produce limited results. The most important thing is to reduce the associated pain and other problems with proper symptom management.

How to help a dog with hip dysplasia

There are several physical therapy techniques that you can apply to help your dog with hip dysplasia. All of them should aim to strengthen and relax the muscles to ease discomfort or relieve pain. The gluteal muscles are essential for the stability and mobility of the hip, so it is important to perform therapy on them.

Other methods to help the dog with hip dysplasia include changing his diet to help maintain joint function. While this includes feeding them foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, it also means limiting their total amount so they don’t become obese, as being overweight puts more pressure on already damaged joints.

That’s why exercises to help dogs with hip dysplasia should make it easier for the joints to heal without further damaging them. We bring you some of the best for your dog:


A dog with hip dysplasia will have a difficult time standing on the affected limbs. This is because the pain makes it difficult. The result will be muscle atrophy, that is, loss of muscle mass due to inactivity or other effects on the dog’s musculoskeletal system. Massaging the dog favors the recovery of muscle mass as well as helping to correct its posture.

We can perform a relaxing massage along the dog’s spine. It is important that we move our hands in the direction of the dog’s hair, since otherwise it can be very uncomfortable. We can also perform circular movements along both sides of the spine to release tension. The muscles of the hindquarters, however, are perhaps the most important to focus on.

In each movement we must be attentive to the reaction of the dog and make sure not to make it feel more uncomfortable and sore. You can start gently and increase the intensity.


With dogs that are comfortable in the water, swimming can be a great way to strengthen their muscles without overloading their joints. This is because being suspended in water you don’t have to strain your joints.

The specialists will have hydrotherapy facilities larger than we probably have at home. These can include an underwater treadmill. In general, exercises for hip dysplasia in water should be performed by a professional physical therapist.

Of course, if you have a pool at home, you may be able to carry out some of these exercises (always with a life jacket for dogs) and let it swim in your company.

If the dog is uncomfortable in the water, then this type of exercise is not a good idea. Shaking out of fear or some other quick movement can cause more damage to your joints.

Other types of exercises

For more advanced techniques, a physical therapist can be consulted. In addition to the exercises for dogs with hip dysplasia described above, you may also be able to perform:

  • Passive movements.
  • Active or stabilizing exercises.
  • Cryotherapy (cold therapy).
  • Thermotherapy (heat therapy).
  • Electrotherapy.

It is important to note that many of these therapies are considered “alternative” and have little scientific evidence to support their efficacy. If you wish to pursue other methods of treating your dog’s hip dysplasia, you will need to discuss these with your veterinarian beforehand.

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