Category: Health

Symptoms and treatment of diabetes in cats

As common as dangerous, feline diabetes is a pathology present in thousands of cats in our country, especially among landlords, so it is necessary to maintain special care and control of the disease to safeguard the health of the animal.

That is why in this article we want to explain what are the symptoms that occur in the pet and what is the most appropriate treatment to treat diabetes in cats.

What are the causes of feline diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that involves the inability of the body to properly process glucose in the blood. Those who suffer from it have high concentrations of glucose, mainly due to a defect in insulin production.

Like humans, diabetes mellitus also affects several animal species, including felines. This disease occurs in cats as a result of low physical activity and overweight problems.

Due to this inability to process glucose, the animal’s organism does not have the energy necessary to survive, being forced to take the energy of other cells. The result: various health problems that can be lethal to the cat.

Type 1 diabetes develops when the cat’s organism destroys the deposits of insulin production, considerably decreasing the amount of this hormone.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas has no difficulty releasing insulin, but the cat’s body refuses to use it to control the level of glucose.

The latter is the one that occurs most frequently in cats.

Other factors, such as age, race, genetic disposition and the use of certain medications for the treatment of other diseases, can also cause feline diabetes.

Symptoms that manifest with feline diabetes

Some of the following symptoms may occur gradually in cats suffering from diabetes:

Weightloss.
Excess thirst.
Vomiting
Increased appetite
Increased frequency and quantity of urine.
Stun in the animal.

In addition, cats often have difficulty moving from one place to another, keeping the hind legs bent due to the weakness caused by muscle degeneration.

Other pathologies related to diabetes in cats are urinary infections, liver problems and kidney complications.

Although these symptoms may appear progressively, it is essential to go to the veterinary clinic in case at least three of them are detected, so that the specialist can perform the necessary examinations.

The diagnosis of diabetes mellitus is made through blood and urine tests, in order to determine the blood sugar level of the animal. For the diagnosis to be accurate, it is necessary that the cat is calm and relaxed at the time of taking the sample, since, otherwise, the result can be misleading.

The veterinarian can also perform a complementary test to measure the presence of fructosamine in the blood.

Treatment of diabetes in cats

Once the diagnosis is confirmed, the veterinarian may indicate the appropriate treatment for the cat, in order to control the symptoms of diabetes, avoid complications that may occur and improve the quality of life of the animal.

The treatment for feline diabetes type 1 consists of the daily administration of insulin, through regular injections. The exact dose should be determined by the veterinarian and will be applied under the skin of the cat’s neck with a maximum of twice a day.

In the case of type 2 diabetes, the objective will be to change the cat’s diet to observe its evolution.

In both cases, the diet of the cat suffering from diabetes should be prepared in order to lower the level of glucose in the animal’s blood. A diet high in protein and low in carbohydrates is ideal to keep the pet in better health.

It is important that both the amount of insulin and the specifications of the diet are met as indicated by the veterinarian, in order to achieve the best results. The specialist will establish a schedule of visits to keep the level of glucose in the animal’s blood under control and make appropriate adjustments in the treatment.

Keys to face feline diabetes

Although it is a disease that has no cure, feline diabetes can be controlled if detected in time, improving the quality of life of the cat.
Only the veterinarian, through the relevant analysis to measure blood glucose levels, can diagnose diabetes in cats, so it is necessary to follow in detail its recommendations.
Increased appetite in the cat along with the weight loss of the animal, are the most significant symptoms of feline diabetes. You may also have diarrhea and changes in your coat.
Many times, treatment may consist of the application of oral hypoglycemic medications that replace insulin; The veterinarian will evaluate the suitability of using this type of products.

It is the responsibility of the owner of the animal to keep an eye on the appearance of some of these symptoms, especially with regard to cat feeding and water consumption, which is usually increased in cats with diabetes.

If feline diabetes is not treated in time, the cat can suffer serious health complications such as vision loss, neuropathy or hyperglycemia. Therefore, we recommend you to be aware of any changes in the behavior of your pet and take it to a veterinary consultation in case you suspect the presence of this disease.

Mites in birds: What they are and how to eliminate them

Although the relationship between mites and birds was always considered parasitic, recent studies by specialists of the Higher Council for Scientific Research have shown that feather mites feed on bacteria, fungi and detritus present in birds.
However, these small and flattened arthropods can be very annoying in birds because they have piercing mouth parts that irritate their host birds. Therefore, if you have a bird as a pet, we tell you what are the characteristics of these mites and how to eliminate them.

¿What characteristics do bird mites have?

These small animals, in adulthood, reach a maximum length of 1mm and can hardly be detected with the naked eye; The only way they can be seen is when they are on the move. They are usually white, although they change to a brown hue when they take blood. Eggs and larvae can only be visible with the help of a microscope.
Bird mites usually complete their development in a period of between five and twelve days, always in the feathers of the birds and in conditions of optimum temperature. Due to their short life cycle, they can breed in large numbers in bird nests, migrating en masse in search of new hosts. In this period it is in which they usually enter the houses.

¿How to eliminate bird mites?

Although mites can survive for several weeks without feeding on blood, it is difficult for them to stay alive in low humidity environments, so it is essential that the house has controlled humidity, either with dehumidifiers or with air conditioners.
In case of detecting the presence of mites, it is recommended to isolate the infected bird in an individual cage since it can quickly infest healthy birds. Then, it will be necessary to perform a deep cleaning of the cage, washing the dishes and utensils with hot water, as well as discarding those materials that can mean difficult to clean.
For cleaning, it is recommended to use a solution of bleach and ammonia, products that should also be used to disinfect the different environments of the home.
While there are some specially developed products on the market to eliminate bird mites, many of these medications have lost their effectiveness because the mites have developed resistance to them. Therefore, it is important to consult with the veterinarian about what medications to use for our birds.
At home, it is advisable to use anti-mite insecticides that can be applied in corners, doors and windows. That way, we will prevent the appearance of eggs and larvae.
In addition, it is recommended to avoid that the birds that are in the wild make their nests in the vicinity of our homes. If this is the case, we recommend going to the center specialized in local fauna recovery, who will take the appropriate measures.

Symptoms and treatment of arthritis in pets

As time passes, the dogs get older and begin to suffer ailments and conditions of their own age. One of these ailments is arthritis, a degenerative disease that is diagnosed in at least 20 percent of the canine population in our country and that causes them, in addition to intense pain, significant walking problems.
Arthritis, as in the case of humans, affects the animal’s joints, making it difficult to walk. Although it is a disease that has no cure, it is possible to treat it if it is detected in time to control its progress and decrease its effects, improving the quality of life of the dog. Therefore, it is essential to know their symptoms and know how to act in case our pet suffers.

¿What is canine arthritis?

This pathology is the inflammation of the joints that generates pain and reduces the mobility of the dog. It usually occurs in older dogs and is usually caused by infection, trauma, developmental problems, genetic predisposition or as a response to the immune system of the animal’s own body.
The most frequent condition is called osteoarthritis and occurs in older dogs with thinning of the articular cartilage that protects the bones, the accumulation of fluid inside the joint and the formation of bone growths in the joint. In some cases, this disease can occur in younger dogs.
In simple words, arthritis causes wear of the cartilage that joins the joints, generating intense pain by rubbing the bones between them and hindering normal movement. Also, spurs can grow on the joints, which are bumps that cause pain when pressing on the nerves.

¿What are the symptoms of arthritis in dogs?

There are some specific signs that can give us lights of joint problems in our dog. Although it can be difficult to detect the symptoms of arthritis in dogs because the slow progression of the disease causes the animals not to complain of discomfort, in some cases it is enough to observe their walk to identify the disease, since the animal can present:

  • Trouble getting around
  • Joint stiffness.
  • Limitation of your movements when walking.
  • Atrophy of your muscles.
  • Complications at bedtime and getting up.
  • Joint swelling
  • Crunches when moving any joint.

In the case where the disease is advanced, the animal may have severe pain and deformation in the joints.
Timely diagnosis is essential to slow the progression of arthritis and improve the situation of the animal, so it should be taken as soon as possible to the veterinary clinic to perform the corresponding analyzes and start the most convenient treatment.

¿What is the treatment of canine arthritis?

As we have already indicated, this degenerative disease has no cure, but with the right treatment we can significantly relieve the dog’s symptoms, getting him to lead a normal and pain-free life.
The level of disease progression, the symptoms presented and the specific characteristics in each case, are some of the determining factors to establish the most appropriate treatment for the animal. In general, the therapy is composed of a combination of pharmacological medications and a special diet.
Among the medications, analgesics, antibiotics and anti-inflammatories are usually included, as well as some vitamin supplements which, as a whole, are aimed at curbing cartilage wear as soon as possible. In more advanced cases, the veterinarian may consider it necessary to perform a surgical intervention to relieve pain and inflammation.

¿What care should be given to the pet suffering from arthritis?

After having made the diagnosis by the veterinarian, the specialist will determine the special treatment for the dog. In parallel, it is necessary to carry out certain actions at home to improve the quality of life of the animal.
It is usually common for the animal to begin a sedentary life as a result of suffering from arthritis, something very counterproductive since it can worsen its situation or complicate with other conditions. Therefore, it is advisable to establish a moderate routine of physical exercises, according to the age of the dog and his physical condition.
However, due to the condition of their joints, it is advisable that the physical effort be less, avoiding sudden jumps and movement along the stairs. It is better that the animal does not need to move between the different levels of the house, so it is suggested that it has its space on the first floor.
Many specialists recommend physical activity in the water, since in it the animal can perform movements that do not generate pain and improve its condition. Gradual swimming sessions can be a great help for the pet.
Also, the owner must regulate the weight of the dog, taking care of his diet and preventing him from becoming overweight. Arthritis is usually complicated when the animal exceeds its ideal weight since the joints are much more demanded in that condition. A light and balanced diet, rich in antioxidants and omega 3 is ideal to improve your physical condition.
In the months of autumn and winter, the sensation of pain due to arthritis may intensify due to cold and humidity, so it is recommended to keep the animal warm and dry. Hot compresses in the joints can be a great relief.
Finally, the condition of the pet will be much more bearable if it is provided a relaxed life, avoiding stress irritation or situations that generate anxiety pictures. Tranquility and affection are essential to improve your quality of life.
Periodic review and annual check-ups at the veterinary clinic are very useful for detecting the clinical signs of arthritis from the beginning; Do not hesitate to remain alert to any abnormal situation in your pet’s movements.

What to do when fleas invade our pets

Over the years, fleas have always been stalking domestic animals, generating a lot of discomfort. These animals are characterized as very small organisms, intelligent and quite resistant, since they can inhabit any space for a long time. In addition, the fleas are silent and their reproduction capacity is alarming.

However, this does not mean that they are invincible since there are effective methods to combat them; Next, we’ll tell you how to act when fleas invade our pets.

Some quirks of fleas

When they reach adulthood, fleas usually represent only five percent of the total population. In fact, the highest percentage, speaking in a timely manner of 95%, hide in their homes that are shaped like eggs or are in the form of larvae.

Flea larvae do not like light, so they seek to hide in cracks or holes in the home; also in carpets, floors and upholstery, places that can spend months.

A female flea can lay around 60 eggs a day, so that before we act faster we can avoid its massive reproduction.

If you see that your pet has fleas, consider fumigating your home, thus preventing them from staying in places you would never believe they could be.

Identify the symptoms and apply the treatment

Fleas usually leave a sting quite peculiar and recognizable to the naked eye. Usually, once the flea bites, the pet can feel an uncontrollable itch almost immediately.

After the bite, in about half an hour, it starts to generate a red bump on the skin that could later cause an infection, since your pet will try to scratch to satisfy the discomfort.

Once you recognize the area affected by its peculiar red color, you should wash it using water and an antiseptic soap. It is advisable to consult the veterinarian about the ideal soap to reduce the possibility of generating an infection.

Go to the vet

It is recommended to take the animal to a veterinary consultation in order that the specialist can evaluate the situation and indicate the products that should be used to cut the flea growth cycle. The veterinarian will be able to determine which is the most effective and least unpleasant method for your pet.

In addition, the specialist will explain how the bath should be done and schedule a regular check to determine if the fleas disappeared or not.

Remember that it is also very important to carry out spraying at home, since, as mentioned above, fleas can survive in any corner of the house and the problem could continue.

If the article was useful to you, share your experience with us and tell us what has been your most effective method to keep fleas away from your pet.

Canine leishmaniosis: causes, prevention and treatment

Canine leishmaniosis, considered endemic throughout the Mediterranean area, represents a set of infectious diseases caused by protozoa. It is one of the most common and dangerous pathologies in canines, which is caused by an infectious disease caused by the bite of sandfly mosquitoes.

Although this form of contagion is not the only one demonstrated, there may be other bites among infected dogs, in a venereal way, through the blood or from the mother to the puppies, the greatest incidence is the infection by sting.

The presence of the mosquito and, consequently, the risk of contagion of the disease varies greatly depending on the geographical area and the type of climate that affects it. Thus, high temperatures, higher levels of humidity, overcrowding and lack of regular water, significantly increase the risks for dogs.

¿How to recognize leishmaniosis in the dog?

A key question is how to know if the dog is infected with this infection. Beyond whether or not you are in a risk zone and if you know that there have been other cases in the area, to be sure if your puppy is infected, you should be aware of the following indicators:

  • The dog loses weight, although it continues to eat the same and in the same proportions.
  • Sometimes the opposite occurs, and significantly decreases the appetite.
  • Change your game behavior and interest in walking or running.
  • It presents vomiting and diarrhea, as well as high fevers.
  • Start drinking more water than usual, but do not over-urinate.
  • Paleness in the mucous membranes.
  • Appearance of strange bald areas.
  • Small lumps on the skin
  • Nails with strange colors and long irregular, even brittle.
  • Frequent flaking
  • Constant tearing.
  • Eyelid inflammation
  • Sometimes, there are lameness and nosebleeds.

¿How to check that it is leishmaniosis?

The first indicator for the veterinarian will be the combination of many of the signs and symptoms that have been described above. However, after that, a process of discarding them in relation to various diseases will begin.

The first will be to take blood and urine samples, which will reflect the anemia caused by the infection, high and low white blood cell peaks, and a probable abrupt fall of the platelets.

In addition, one of the delicate points of the disease is that it directly affects the functioning of the kidneys and liver, so that the blood values ​​linked to the functioning of the kidney will be altered.

With all these examinations with alterations, advanced tests will be carried out to detect the antibodies related to the parasite in question. Through studies of molecular biology, specialists will find the presence of it and may even count the parasites, to recognize the progress of the disease in the system.

Keep in mind that there are dogs that test positive in these tests even without presenting symptoms and without being sick. It will probably be the same dogs that will never be sick, unless there is an abrupt drop in their levels of defenses and the virus.

This has to do with the fact that some dogs develop by themselves in their immune system the antibodies necessary to be exposed to the parasite without getting sick. In this way, although some of them can be found in blood or tissues, the clinical manifestations have resistance.

Treatment of canine leishmaniosis

The first point to note is that the disease as such is not cured. The parasites diminish their range of action and, thus, the dog has the opportunity to raise their defenses and recover from the symptoms, but they will not leave their system.

From there, the treatment itself will depend on the degree of complication of the disease and the systems involved. If it has affected the renal or hepatic system, one of the keys to treatment will be the pharmacology for the restoration of these systems.

It may even be necessary to consider some type of hemodialysis or transplant in extreme cases.

If, on the other hand, the disease has not progressed too far, simple pharmacological treatments involving pentavalent drugs such as amphotericin B, pentamidine and ketoconazole are carried out, which are administered either injections or orally, alternately.

However, a key point of the process is feeding the dog. A total change in eating habits, with a diet rich in nutrients and proteins, will be the best ally so that the body of the dog can fight the infection.

¿How can canine leishmaniosis be prevented?

Do not discard the repellent: If you and your dog live in areas of risk and where there have been cases of infection, both in dogs and humans, it is important that you get insect repellent for canine application.

Whether administered in the form of a collar or with pipettes, this product will prevent the mosquito from biting the dog. However, if the contagion has already occurred, the repellent will have no effect on the presentation of the signs of the disease.

Up to date with vaccines: Especially with dogs that live in risk areas, because that’s where you see the need and application of the vaccine. Although the same is not totally effective to prevent the onset of the disease, it does help in the presentation of symptoms, softening the impact.

Caring for and strengthening the immune system of the dog: It is important that the animal has a balanced diet and that we advise the veterinarian about food and supplements that we can give to help your immune system to progress, stabilize and, above all, strengthen your face to any disease.

When it comes to leishmaniosis, prevention is the key; keep an eye on any symptoms that the dog may present and go to the veterinarian if any of them appears is the most advisable for the care of the animal.

¿What is feline idiopathic cystitis?

Embedded in the diseases called FLUTD – Feline lower urinary tract disease or diseases of the feline lower urinary tract, feline idiopathic cystitis is a pathology that occurs with some frequency among cats of both sexes and is usually difficult to diagnose.

Especially painful and causing more than 60% of the non-obstructive lower urinary tract of cats under 10 years of age, feline idiopathic cystitis or interstitial cystitis is a noninfectious inflammatory disorder that must be known in order to know how to act in time.

Idiopathic feline cystitis or interstitial cystitis

Feline idiopathic cystitis is a pathology that generates inflammation in the bladder and anomalies in the central nervous system. His idiopathic condition indicates that it is not entirely clear what are the causes that trigger it, although specialists relate its appearance with psychological and neuroendocrine factors.

Thus, when the cat goes through stressful moments, it triggers a series of alterations in his organism that generate an inflammation in the walls of the urethra. It is important to understand that antibiotics are not used to treat idiopathic cystitis since this inflammation does not present infection.

According to specialists, stress causes cats to increase their levels of tyrosine hydroxylase and activates the sympathetic nervous system. Due to this, the permeability of the urothelium is altered, allowing the passage of potassium and calcium present in the urine, triggering inflammation. In addition, this condition can obstruct the pet.

In general, there are certain conditions that can lead to idiopathic cystitis in cats, such as in the case of moving or changing their habitat, fights with other pets in the house or sudden changes in habits. In addition, cats that are scary are more predisposed to suffer from this condition.

Diagnosis of feline idiopathic cystitis

The proper diagnosis of feline idiopathic cystitis is made by exclusion, that is, as a discard of other diseases that can cause similar symptoms. Thus, the first thing we must rule out is the presence of bladder stones through clinical tests.

A first test is the one of the probing, realized with the purpose of extracting samples of the calculations to analyze its composition, as well as to eliminate any obstruction that can appear in the animal.

The radiographic images are taken in order to visualize any presence of stones in the bladder or urethra. This test is complementary since it is possible that the calculations can not be visualized with accuracy.

Ultrasound, on the other hand, will allow the veterinarian to analyze the presence of stones and the conditions that the bladder wall presents. In parallel, it is advisable to perform a cytopuncture to the animal, which consists of taking a sample of sterile urine in order to observe the presence of sediments.

These tests also serve to rule out other types of pathologies such as a tumor in the bladder or urethra, trauma, bacterial infections or congenital alterations, although these last two are very uncommon in cats.

When these pathologies have been ruled out, the veterinarian can conclude that he is in a situation of feline idiopathic cystitis and will determine the most appropriate treatment for the pet, based on the condition of the bladder and the obstruction situation that may occur.

Treatment of idiopathic cystitis in cats

The veterinarian will determine the treatment to be followed according to whether the feline idiopathic cystitis is presented with obstruction or not. In cases of feline idiopathic cystitis with obstruction, the cat should receive treatment immediately as it could present with acute renal failure.

The most appropriate treatment is to completely sedate the animal and test it to eliminate the obstruction. In parallel and only if the probing does not meet the expected results, urethral washes are performed.

When feline idiopathic cystitis is present without obstruction, the treatment consists in the application of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – NSAIDs, the increase in water intake, a diet rich in moist foods and in the improvement of the home environment to reduce stress in the cat.

Recommendations for owners

Cats are solitary and territorial animals, so it is advisable to take a series of measures in their environment aimed at keeping them free of stress and any related disease.

  • In principle, we must provide the cat with toys that can imitate the game; It is advisable to rotate your toys every so often.
  • Cats should have a special plate of food and others more for water. The food area should be located in a secluded area away from its sandbox.
  • The water, in addition, should be renewed frequently, in order to keep it fresh always. This element is essential to keep them from feline idiopathic cystitis.
  • It is recommended that the cat have a rest area in a high and quiet area of ​​the house, away from drafts and other animals.
  • The litter box must remain clean, so it is necessary to collect the excrement every day. In addition, it is recommended that the litter box not be shared by more than one cat.
  • It is advisable to give the cat a wide range of freedom so that he can climb, play and explore through the different environments of the home.

In cases of feline idiopathic cystitis, as important as veterinary treatment and care in feeding is the improvement in the environment of the animal, in order to reduce stress and avoid any type of relapse.

Although it is a difficult pathology to treat, through an adequate diagnosis, a disciplined treatment and the improvement of environmental conditions, the cat will achieve a significant improvement in the short term.

What is Cushing’s syndrome and how to recognize it?

The animals produce certain hormones necessary for the functioning of their organism, when some of these are produced in excess, as in the case of cortisol, the animal begins to present serious problems such as Cushing’s syndrome.

To know what Cushing’s syndrome is about, how to recognize it and what is the treatment to follow, we invite you to read the following lines with all the information related to this topic.

What is Cushing’s syndrome?

Cushing’s syndrome is an endocrine disease that usually occurs in older dogs, and is caused by the excess production of the hormone cortisol. This condition generates that the metabolism of the animal is altered and that its defenses go down in a considerable way.

This syndrome is more common in dogs of small breeds and, in general, is due to the appearance of tumors in the pituitary gland or adrenal glands.

How to recognize Cushing’s syndrome?

One of the most common symptoms produced by the syndrome is excessive thirst, which causes dogs to drink plenty of water and urinate uncontrollably. This is usually the most determinant indicator of the disease.

Also, pets can present other symptoms such as weight loss, increased appetite, hair loss, excessive panting, thinning, dark skin and a weakened physical condition to the point that the animal is not able to perform their daily routines.

The appearance of these symptoms occurs gradually, as the disease progresses.

For this reason, it is recommended that as soon as you notice that your pet is excessively thirsty, take it to the specialized veterinarian to perform the necessary checkup to rule out the disease.

What are the causes of Cushing’s syndrome?

There are three causes that produce the syndrome. The first and most common is the appearance of a tumor in the pituitary gland.

The second cause is due to the appearance of a tumor in the adrenal gland, that is, in the upper part of the kidneys. Despite not being the most frequent cause, it has been reported that the syndrome occurs in at least 20% of cases.

The third cause is produced by taking excess glucocorticoid that produces high doses of cortisol.

Treatment of the syndrome

Depending on the cause, it is best to perform a surgical procedure to remove the tumor that causes the syndrome. However, this depends on its location and that it has not spread.

Some veterinarians prefer to medicate the animal with treatments that help to diminish the size of the tumor to the point that it disappears, but, in the same way, this will depend on the state of the same.

If you notice that your pet has any of these symptoms, do not wait and take it immediately to the veterinarian to have the necessary exams and determine the appropriate treatment to improve your health.

High blood pressure in pets

Like humans, animals tend to suffer from cardiovascular diseases caused by high blood pressure. In general, these surges are generated from diseases which, if not treated in time, can affect the health of your pet.

It is important to know when an animal suffers high blood pressure, what is the cause and what treatment to follow; Therefore, we have prepared the following article of interest.

Why does blood pressure increase in pets?

Hypertension in domestic animals is a secondary symptom generated by a much stronger disease that the animal suffers, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or any associated with thyroid problems.

It is unlikely that a dog suffers high blood pressure without being caused by another pathology.

Although at present there are no registered studies in which it is found that older animals and in conditions of obesity tend to suffer from hypertension, according to some specialists, pets that meet these conditions are more exposed to high blood pressure .

The importance of controlling the blood pressure of the pet

We must make sure that the pet’s blood pressure stays within the established ranges according to their race, so that the vital organs can fulfill their function properly.

If something in your body does not work well, you can cause great problems in the health of your pet, this is where the importance of measuring the blood pressure of the animal from time to time.

High blood pressure can affect the eyes, heart, kidneys and even the nervous system of the pet; It is advisable to do a review at least once a year.

Fortunately, discovering in time that the animal suffers from hypertension helps us to minimize the risk since, with good treatment, it will be possible to stabilize it.

Remember that hypertension is not a primary pathology so it is most likely that this condition is due to other more serious diseases, which is why it is necessary to control its pressure to detect early what is causing the alteration.

How to measure the blood pressure of pets?

There are two ways to measure blood pressure in animals. The most common is the non-invasive, which uses a specialized device to take the voltage called Doppler.

This procedure is performed by the veterinarian who will take the pressure reading at least three times.

The second form is what we know as invasive, although it is not a usual procedure in veterinary clinics because it is not practical. In this procedure, a blood sample is taken directly through a blood vessel.

How to detect high blood pressure in the pet?

It is not very difficult to realize when the animal has high blood pressure. You may notice that your pet is suffering from hypertension when it presents symptoms of blindness or retinal detachment.

Another symptom that animals usually present is excessive restlessness or seizures. The mood of the animal is key to realize that something is wrong.

It is very important to observe frequently the behavior of the pet to detect any sign of hypertension in time, remember that this can cause the death of the animal.

What are the risk factors for hypertension in pets?

It is usual for animals to suffer hypertension after 8 years of age. The advisable thing is that from the first year until the 8 are over you check your pressure at least once a year.

After 8 years, it is best to take the strain at least twice a year to avoid any problem, although this will determine the veterinarian since it depends a lot on each case in particular.

Another important factor that influences is the race of the animal, since some tend to be more susceptible and delicate than others. Regardless of this, each one has a reference value that serves as a guide.

Treatment and prevention of high blood pressure in animals

There is no way to prevent high blood pressure in domestic animals, because, as we mentioned before, this is a problem that is generated by a much more serious disease, so its prevention depends on the early detection of the primary pathology Therefore, it is convenient to attack the cause that causes hypertension.

Sometimes, the animal can be given doses of medicines that are responsible for relaxing it. However, this is not as simple as it seems as it has been shown that some animals have a bad reaction to vasodilator drugs, causing a greater increase in pressure.

It is essential to understand that high blood pressure in humans is not at all the same as in animals, so if your pet suffers from an increase in pressure, you should not medicate without first consulting with the veterinarian since you can cause the death of the animal .

Therefore, in such a situation, you should go as quickly as possible to the veterinary clinic so that specialists can take the necessary measures.

The increase in blood pressure in pets is a much deeper issue than we imagine. Such is its importance that it is necessary to have all the necessary information, especially when you have pets at home.

Remember to keep them under observation and make pressure at least once a year. In case of noticing something abnormal, do not hesitate a second to take it to the veterinarian so that it is the specialist who detects the cause that causes the hypertension and can medicate it correctly.

How to recognize the torsion of the stomach in the dog

Far from what is thought, the torsion of the stomach is a disease that is often common in our pets. In general, it occurs in large dog breeds such as the German Shepherd, Great Dane and San Bernardo, among others. However, it can occur in any breed and it is important to detect it in time in order to save the life of the animal.
For that reason, in the following lines we give you some tips that will allow you to recognize the gastric torsion in the dog, as well as the measures that should be taken at the moment to prevent the death of your pet.

What is the torsion of the stomach?

Before mentioning some symptoms that allow to recognize when a dog is suffering from stomach torsion, it is necessary to know what this disease consists of.
Basically, stomach twisting is a disease caused by the expansion of the stomach. This causes excessive production of gases, causing the animal to suffer from unbearable pain and even cause serious problems such as death.
It should be noted that this disease occurs when the dog ingests more food than it can withstand, to the point of not being able to digest it. This causes the accumulation of gases that exaggeratedly increases the size of the dog’s stomach, which causes pressure on vital organs of the body, breathing difficulties and poor circulation of blood and organs such as the heart.
Symptoms of gastric torsion in dogs
Although we can know the origin of stomach torsion, it is difficult to know when it is formed. Therefore, it is more relevant to have knowledge about the symptoms that dogs can present at the time of suffering from the disease and thus be able to act quickly and safely.
One of the main indications of gastric torsion is nervousness in dogs or excessive panting. This exaggeration of anxiety may be accompanied by certain tremors that we have to identify that are not the product of the cold. It is advisable to feel the abdomen to perceive with certainty the origin of the tremor.
On the other hand, the dog may have excessive salivation and attempts to vomit. In turn, these symptoms can cause dizziness and respiratory failure. In this last point, it is essential that you bring it to the veterinary clinic urgently to alleviate this and any other worrying signs.

Another revelation to consider about the torsion of the stomach, is that the dog can present paleness in the gums, product of vomiting and difficulty in breathing. It should be noted that all this leads to a great exhaustion that will cause the animal to go into shock if the symptoms are not recognized in time.

How to act before these symptoms?

The first thing you should do is take your pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
It is normal to go into a state of despair if you get to observe any of the symptoms of gastric torsion in your pet. In those moments, it is necessary to remain calm since the nerves are usually difficult to control, which means that the actions to be taken are not properly coordinated. You must keep in mind that everything you feel you will transmit to the animal, managing to stress it, which can contribute to the increase of symptoms.
In addition, it is essential to be clear that there is no home remedy to cure the torsion in the stomach of the dog, hence the importance of taking it immediately to the veterinarian in order to be the specialist in internal medicine. to hydrate and take the necessary actions to relieve symptoms.
If the disease is very advanced, it is likely that the dog goes into a state of shock; in this case it will be necessary to reanimate it while it is attended by the specialist.

Tips to prevent gastric torsion in dogs

There are dog breeds that are predisposed to suffer from gastric torsion disease, however, it is advisable to take into account some tips to prevent the same regardless of the breed of your pet.
To begin, it is advisable to wait an average of one hour to feed your dog if it is very agitated after a moment of exercise or strong play. Relaxation is an opportune state to eat.
In the same way, it is important to wait approximately one hour after each meal so that the dog can go out to play or to carry out any activity, to make sure that he has digested the food.
It is good to avoid dogs consuming water in exaggerated quantities. They may be thirsty after a game time, but if we notice that they drink uncontrollably, we advise you to remove the container and give it water in slower doses.
Also, you can control the doses of food in several portions a day, that is, it is preferable that the animal consume 3 or 4 small plates of food that a single huge portion, as it can cause the dog to feel choked and very full during most of the day

Consuming excess feed can generate more gas in the stomach of the canine, stimulating the appearance of the symptoms of gastric torsion, so it is recommended to give the food in the amounts specified by the veterinarian, according to the weight and breed of the animal.
Some veterinarians recommend that the food dishes be placed at an average height between the floor and the head of the dog, so that their position is more appropriate at mealtime. In this way, you can prevent the pet from choking and also feel more comfortable.
It is important to recognize when your pet has symptoms of stomach twisting, in order to act in the right way and go as quickly as possible to the veterinarian so that they perform all the necessary checks and treatments.

What vaccines should be applied to puppies?

It is not enough to spoil them or pamper them, when it comes to having a puppy as a pet there is an important variety of issues that must be taken into account, in order to ensure their health and care for their growth. Vaccines are a key element, so it is essential to know which ones should be applied and the right time to do so.
In general, from the 12th week after birth, a vaccination schedule will have to be met. In many cases, the vaccination process may start earlier, so it is necessary to consult with the veterinarian about the convenience of doing so. If you bought the pet in a store, at least the first dose of the first vaccine should have already been placed.
However, if you have decided to adopt the animal directly from the mother or in confusing conditions, it is very possible that it is not immunized against the various viruses in the environment.
In the latter case, you should be aware that the puppy is not in frequent contact with other dogs or any environmental element that poses a risk to him.
Also, it will be necessary to consider that both the type of vaccines and the doses, the time between them and other elements of the placement are closely related to the animal’s race, its weight, life time, particular characteristics and other issues that the veterinarian can consider prudent.
Thus, a vaccination process should always begin with a consultation with the veterinary expert.

What is the puppy’s immunization schedule?

In the obligatory book of the dog, stand out the vaccines against the canine distemper, the parvovirus and the rabies, this last one, even, with a character of legal obligatory nature.
Other vaccines that you can choose or not to place are those of leptospirosis, parainfluenza, cough of kennels and that of Lyme disease (tick disease), among others.
However, some that may seem optional are mandatory according to the legislation of a certain country, hence the importance of veterinary consultation.
The vaccination calendar accepted in Spain and much of the world is:

  • First vaccine at 6 weeks.
  • Polyvalent at 8 weeks.
  • Reinforcement of the polyvalent at 12 weeks.
  • Vaccine of rabies at 16 weeks.
  • Reinforcements of the polyvalent and the rabies every year, according to the race.

Why is it essential to vaccinate the puppies?

At birth, the puppies are protected by the antibodies provided by the mother’s milk. However, as the body grows and weaning approaches, the effect disappears.
The immune system of the puppy is completely devoid of mechanisms to respond against any virus, therefore, exposure to this danger could have lethal effects for them.
Vaccinating them is the only way to prepare them to face the world, to link them with other pets and ensure their lives; consult with the veterinarian about the schedule of vaccines that must be fulfilled to guarantee its development without problems.

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