Category: Feeding

Know what is the ideal diet for the hamster

If you have just adopted a hamster, you may have noticed that these animals are usually very independent and seem to be used to eating all the food you put into them. In spite of this, it is necessary to take into account that they require a balanced diet and that they should not eat certain foods that may cause stomach problems.
If you want to know what are the foods that make up the ideal diet for your hamster, we invite you to read all the content that we offer in this article.

The best diet for the hamster

Foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and water make up the best diet that can be provided to a hamster.
You can add the carbohydrate to the diet through the feed. This is a special food for the hamster, composed of sunflower seeds and cereals which have a large amount of vitamins.
In general, the feed is the food that most consumes this type of rodents. It is recommended that you mix it with some fresh fruit or vegetables to increase your appetite. However, it is important that you take care of the portion you give the animal, since excess food can cause stomach problems.
The carbohydrate can be incorporated by offering, from time to time, a dose of worms, crickets or any type of insect. Remember that when these animals are in their natural habitat, this type of food is what they usually consume, so it is necessary that the hamster consumes them.
Also, you can offer them a piece of cheese, hard-boiled egg, meat, vegetables, etc., since these foods are rich in vitamins and minerals. You must not forget the water because it is essential for the diet of the rodent, because it is what allows it to stay hydrated.

Prohibited foods in the hamster diet

Hamsters can eat a wide variety of foods; however, you should bear in mind that any type of food that contains sugars can cause deadly diseases for the animal.
For this reason, avoid any candy or food that contains sugar in excess. With regard to fruits that contain natural sugar, it is recommended that you give very small doses mixed with other foods.

How to make the hamster adapt to a new diet?

It is necessary to bear in mind that, with the passage of time, the hamster may feel repulsion towards the feed and, even, reject it. Therefore, the ideal is that you start to incorporate more natural foods such as fruits and vegetables in small portions, so that you become familiar with their flavors.
After a few days you will be able to introduce the food in a more proportionate way. However, this does not mean you should feed it always with fruits and vegetables, it is advisable that there is a variation in food every certain day, so that it can get used to a balanced diet.
Proper feeding of an animal as small as a hamster can be meticulous; These rodents are very delicate and it is our duty to train them and keep them healthy at all times.

Causes of canine obesity

Because they ingest more calories than they can burn, the main cause of obesity in dogs is usually the energy imbalance, since they accumulate a greater amount of fat. It is said that a dog is obese when its weight is at least 20% higher than adequate.
As in humans, the consequences of canine obesity range from respiratory difficulties to joint problems, through cardiovascular complications, diabetes, kidney problems and, in some cases, cancer.

Main causes of canine obesity

As the animals age, they lose their level of activity and muscle mass, thus reducing calorie burn. Therefore, age is one of the main causes of canine obesity. In addition, if the dog owns an elderly and sedentary person, it will influence the lifestyle of the pet.
Puppies, being growing and needing more calories than an adult, tend to be prone to obesity.
Sterilization or castration also often causes obesity in dogs. Due to the alteration of sex hormones after sterilization, the dog will gain weight with the same food intake as before sterilization. Therefore, a neutered dog should eat three quarters of what he ate previously.
There are foods that dogs should not consume, because they can cause poisoning or take time to process their components, among them are coffee, chocolate and avocado.
Like humans, animals are vulnerable to an unhealthy diet. Diets that include refined flours, trans fats, condiments, sugar and salt, greatly affect dogs, for this reason, we must try to offer a balanced diet, rich in fiber and protein to prevent obesity.
The frequency of meals is also a cause of overweight; leaving the dog a full bowl of food during the day means a mismatch in the animal’s body weight.
Many dogs suffer from anxiety, which leads them to eat compulsively during the day if they are left with food. What is recommended by veterinarians is to be served one or two servings a day, depending on age and race.

Diseases related to canine obesity

Diseases such as diabetes, hypothyroidism and joint problems such as osteoarthritis and hip dysplasia are related to obesity.
The breeds most prone to canine obesity are those that have a genetic predisposition to suffer it. They are related to the body proportion of lean mass that the animal possesses; Some are: the Cairn Terrier, Labrador Retriever, Beagle and Cocker.
When detecting that the dog is obese, it is best to take it to the veterinarian so that the specialist goes to the root of the problem and thus can offer a diagnosis that improves the quality of life of the pet.
Once the dog has regained its ideal weight, it is important to maintain the healthy routine that has advised the veterinary professional. Maintain the balance between exercise, so you do not develop stress or anxiety; and balanced food, so that it does not develop diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure, are key factors in keeping the pet healthy.

Recommendations for the proper feeding of your dog

Good nutrition is a determining factor to keep your dog healthy and disease-free. Through it, it is possible to provide the energy you need during the day, while you can ingest the necessary nutrients to maintain a shiny and smooth coat, teeth in perfect condition and their defenses duly strengthened to deal with any type of malaise or pathology.

Implementing good eating habits is the key to ensuring that your dog’s health is in good condition; Therefore, in the following lines, we explain some aspects that you must take into account to keep your dog properly fed.

Canine feeding from the first days

It is clear that feeding a puppy dog ​​is not the same as feeding an adult dog. During the first months of life, the dog burns many more calories because it is in the stage in which it is more active and is growing. This implies that the development of your bones and muscles demand a special type of food, which provides you with the adequate amount of proteins and fluids.

It is essential that the passage from the consumption of breast milk to other types of diets be given after the sixth week and not before. From there, little by little, the diet can be varied to a soft diet. This period is known as weaning and should occur only when we are sure that the puppy can already consume feed composed by their own means.

It is advisable that the veterinarian determine which is the most suitable puppy food for your dog. This type of product can be consumed until the dog reaches its first year of age, with a frequency that can be three times a day for the first six months, and then down to twice daily until it reaches twelve months. After the first year of life, feeding can be given only once a day, unless specifically indicated by the specialist.

Special foods according to the dog breed

There are special diets for puppies according to their breed; thus, the dogs of some small breeds like the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahuas tend to have less appetite than those greedy like the French bulldog, for example. On the other hand, puppies of large breeds must have a specially formulated diet, in order to control obesity and any other type of pathology associated with it.

Commercial feed has a reference table that indicates the recommended daily amount for dogs. It is necessary that the veterinarian determines the exact amount, which should be established according to the daily activity of the animal. At first glance, you can notice if your dog is eating the right amount of food or it is necessary to decrease or increase it.

The nutritional balance of each dog is different and will depend on factors such as their breed, their daily activity or the stage of life in which they find themselves. Each dog is unique and therefore we must pay due attention to your appetite, which can vary from one day to another without it representing a problem. Now, if the lack of appetite remains constant or your body weight has been altered, it is necessary to go to the veterinarian to review it and establish a more accurate diagnosis.

The importance of establishing habits in canine feeding

Whether puppies or adults, determining a specific time to feed the dog is essential to achieve good development. In the case of large breeds, it is necessary to prevent the dog from eating food before performing any type of intense exercise, since it can cause certain stomach pathologies of care. In all cases, it is essential that water consumption is part of your diet.

There are different commercial brands of food for dogs, each with a different nutritional component, which varies, often, according to the quality of the supplies. That is why it is recommended to review the labeling of the product, in order to offer what you really need in your diet. In addition, it is advisable to try foods of different consistencies, both dry and wet, and see which of them accepts it best.

About 25% of dogs that come to the clinic are overweight. This is mainly due to the habit of giving them food outside their hours or feeding them with the same products that we consume when we are at the table. This must be avoided at all costs. Giving in to the food requirements of the dog is a very common mistake among pet owners, which generates, in the long run, multiple health problems.

Special care with feeding in adulthood

When the dog has reached adulthood, its pace of life is much calmer, decreases its activity level and exercises less, having to eat a smaller amount of calories. By having a slower functioning of your metabolism, your food intake decreases, so it is necessary to consume foods low in fat and high in fiber, which facilitate their digestion. In addition, they should be rich in vitamins C and E to strengthen their defenses.

With these considerations, we will be able to give our dog an adequate diet. Establishing consumption habits, determining the type of food according to their age and accompanying the diet with sufficient water, we will be helping to achieve healthy and happy growth. Remember, also, that the advice of a veterinarian is essential to determine the nutritional needs of our dog.

Talking with the specialist about the food we must give is essential to make the right decision, we must not change the diet without having made the consultation with the professional before. Experimenting with new formulas without the supervision of the expert can generate, to our pet, allergies, stomach problems or long periods of inappetence, which we must avoid.