Category: Feeding

The most suitable treats for cats

If you have a cat at home, you probably think about rewarding it from time to time for its good behavior, for knowing a few tricks or simply for being adorable in your eyes. However, there are so many ways to do it that it seems difficult to limit yourself to just one.

Some of the cat’s favorite treats include treats, catnip, interactive games, petting or grooming. However, the reward must be attractive to the specific cat and can vary between cats.

How do you choose the best prize for a cat?

In this review of the best cat treats, we first consider all those treats that are intended for occasional consumption or, even daily, in small quantities. In other words, they serve as a complement to food. To make a good choice, you should take into account the following recommendations:

  • Make sure you read the label. Pay attention to the list of ingredients, as well as the fine print, that is, look at what the manufacturer recommends for its correct use and ingestion. This will ensure that it is an appropriate reward for your cat.
  • The composition must be natural, which means that it must contain some recognizable ingredients. For example, chicken, tuna, turkey, etc. Avoid long lists and additives.
  • Ingredients such as sugar should never be included in a cat’s food. Instead, cats should avoid them.
  • You must be careful with treats that contain milk, because not all cats tolerate it.
  • Ideally, treats should not exceed 10% of a cat’s daily caloric intake, otherwise we would encourage weight gain.

What are the best cat treats?

Below, we analyze some types of treats based on our general recommendations for choosing snacks or treats for your cat:

Cat biscuits

There is no doubt that the best known edible treat is the cookie, which is small and crunchy, and sometimes even filled with cream. In addition, there are a variety of options for cats of all kinds. This versatility makes them an important option to consider when choosing the best cat treats. These treats are easy to store and tend to last a long time.

Since they are small, cats can easily pick them up and use them for both training and rewards. Yes, cats can learn tricks too, and treats serve as positive incentives and reinforcements that encourage them to repeat the desired behavior.

Cat bars or sticks

The so-called bars or sticks are another excellent food prize. They are usually marketed in small or easy to divide portions. They are easy to eat and easy to store. The consistency is variable, so there are harder and softer bars. Like cookies, there are different flavors and varieties for each type of cat.

Cat paste or malt

One of the best treats for cats in this group is malt paste. Cat malt paste is a paste similar in color and texture to honey, except it has a denser texture. It is primarily made up of vegetable oils, vegetable fats, malt extract, added fiber, dairy products, and yeast. Perhaps not all keepers made it on the list of best cat treats because it is used more as a medicine to promote healthy digestion than as a reward. However, as long as the cat enjoys it, there is no reason not to use it as a reward.

These creams also come in a variety of flavors and types. It is usually given directly to the cat by putting a small amount on our finger or placing it in the cat’s feeder so that it licks it.

Special treats for cats

There are prizes for cats with health problems, such as those with diseases of the digestive or urinary tract, obesity, poor coat, stress and dental problems. It is important to remember that these types of treats are not medicines and will not cure your cat no matter how much you give them. Follow your veterinarian’s recommendations in these cases.

Other ways to reward a cat

Cats can also be rewarded with other types of treats that are not necessarily edible. For example, you can reward your cat with the following:

  • Catnip.
  • Toys.
  • Massages.

Do you want to get the best prize for your cats? We encourage you to come and visit the Hospital Veterinari Glòries store. There our professionals will advise you so that you can choose the most appropriate type of prize for the characteristics and tastes of your feline.

Fruits and vegetables that cats should avoid

Cats are carnivores and need the vast majority of their diet to come from animal protein. Commonly in the form of meat and fish. A little fruit and vegetables can help supplement your nutrition, true, but it can also cause gastrointestinal upset. Some fruits and vegetables can be toxic to cats. Do you want to know which ones? We tell you more below.

Are fruits and vegetables bad for cats?

As stated in the introduction, cats are obligate carnivores. Their organism is such that they require nutrients that are only found naturally in foods derived from animals, specifically in meat and fish. Their diet requires them to eat a majority of animal protein, a moderate amount of fat, and a low amount of carbohydrates. They also require certain nutrients and organic compounds that they cannot synthesize naturally, such as taurine which is derived from animals.

Fruits and vegetables are low in protein and generally low in fat, but can be high in carbohydrates in the form of sugars. Avocado is a rare exception of a fruit that is also high in fat. Due to high concentrations of the nutrients they don’t require and low concentrations of the nutrients they do need, eating too many fruits and vegetables will be bad for them. At best they will provide empty calories, at worst they will make them nutritionally deficient.

However, a few small servings of fruits and vegetables in cats may provide some benefit. There are vitamins and minerals found in certain fruits and vegetables that cats cannot naturally synthesize. The fiber in some fruits and vegetables can also help cats, especially if they have digestive problems. However, we will always have to be careful. Although the high fiber content can be a positive, it can be canceled out by a similarly high sugar content.

You may notice that your cat shows interest in eating fruits and vegetables found in the home. Although cats may not relish sweetness to the same extent as other animals, they can still enjoy the freshness of these foods. For this reason, small portions of fruit and/or vegetables can be a good way to provide our cat with a sporadic treat.

The toxicity of fruits and vegetables in cats

There are some fruits and vegetables that cats should avoid completely. This is due to toxic compounds that can be found in their skin, meat, or even their seeds or bones.

Symptoms of poisoning in cats include:

  • Hypersalivation
  • Vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Increased water consumption.
  • loss of appetite
  • Lack of coordination.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Pupil dilation.
  • Incrise of cardiac frecuency.
  • Breathing difficulties.
  • Yellowish mucous membranes.
  • Seizures

The severity of the symptoms will depend on the toxicity and the amount of food consumed. If we see any of the above symptoms and we fear that he may have been intoxicated, we should take him to the vet immediately.

Fruits that cats cannot eat

In small quantities, many fruits can be consumed by cats without problem. There are some that could cause harm, especially if eaten in large quantities. Fruits considered toxic to cats include:

  • Avocado

Its high fat content makes it a forbidden fruit for cats. The result of its ingestion can be a disease called pancreatitis, that is, an inflammation of the pancreas. Another problem is due to a fungal toxin known as persin. This is found in low amounts in the pulp, but is highly concentrated in the skin and pit. Its consumption is associated with severe gastrointestinal disorders, but fortunately it rarely occurs in cats.

  • Grapes, raisins and currants

Grapes and currants are harmful to cats, as are their dried forms, such as raisins or sultanas. They are highly toxic to cats and their consumption can lead to acute kidney failure and even death. This can happen with just consuming a relatively small amount. For this reason, not only should we never give this fruit to cats, but we must also make sure that they do not have access to it at home.

  • Oranges, lemons, tangerines and grapefruit

Citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, tangerines or grapefruit are considered harmful fruits for cats. This is due to its acidity, which is what can cause gastric irritation. Fortunately, they are not fruits that especially attract these animals.

  • Apples, peaches, plums, pears and cherries

The flesh of an apple is not toxic to cats, but we include it on the list because its seeds contain substances capable of generating cyanide. Specifically, cyanide inhibits an enzyme that is necessary for the transport of oxygen between cells. Therefore, if we offer it to cats, we must make sure that there are no seeds or even apple leaves present.

Vegetables that cats cannot eat

Many of the vegetables we eat as part of a balanced diet are also perfectly suitable for cats. There are some that are toxic for various reasons and are best avoided. In particular, you should be careful about the following:

  • Onions and garlic

Both onion and garlic contain a substance called triosulfate. This is related to the appearance of hemolytic anemia, a problem due to the breakdown of red blood cells that can lead to the death of a cat. For this to happen to our cat, he would have to consume large amounts or small doses but over a long period of time. Also, onion and garlic can cause diarrhea and vomiting. Leeks and chives also contain triosulfate and are therefore included in the list of prohibited vegetables for cats.

  • Potatoes

The potato is a tuber that contains solanine, which is toxic to cats, as well as dogs and humans. The good news is that it can be removed by cooking. For this reason, cats can eat cooked potatoes, but in small quantities.

  • Tomatoes

They are from the family of plants known as nightshades. Tomatoes also contain solanine when they are not fully ripe and can be harmful to cats. You also have to be careful with the plant itself, because if the cat has access, it could chew it and ingest its leaves or stems, which also contain solanine.

If you think your cat has consumed any of these prohibited fruits and vegetables, do not hesitate to call us and go to our hospital. We remind you that we have a 24-hour emergency service so that your pet never lacks the veterinary attention it deserves.

The richest foods in omega 3 for dogs

Omega 3 is one of the most powerful supplements you can add to your dog’s diet. Countless studies have shown that omega 3 fatty acids have far-reaching positive effects on the health of dogs. Among others, they can contribute to the brain development of puppies, strengthen the immune system of dogs, reduce inflammation, increase the ability to fight cancer and benefit heart health. Do you want to know a little more about omega 3 in dogs and what foods can help you benefit from it? Do not miss this article!

Benefits of omega 3 in dogs

  • They improve the health of the skin and hair.
  • They prevent diseases of the immune system.
  • They contain DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), which contributes to brain development. In puppy dogs, DHA supplementation is very important to promote optimal neuronal development. It is also in pregnant and lactating bitches.
  • Reduction of itching (pruritus) when there is an allergy. By reducing itching, the dog scratches less and serious scratching injuries can be avoided.
  • Decrease in skin and ear infections (such as otitis).
  • Prevention of cardiovascular problems.
  • It acts as a natural antioxidant.

Symptoms of omega 3 deficiency in dogs

Omega 3 is an essential fatty acid for your dog. That is why the shortage of this fatty acid in its diet can cause symptoms that directly affect the health of the animal.

The main symptoms of omega 3 deficiency in dogs are the following:

  • The dog’s coat and fur do not look healthy: the coat becomes coarse, brittle and the skin is dry, flaky or with seborrhea.
  • Very itchy: one of the symptoms associated with omega 3 deficiency in dogs is itchy skin.
  • Brittle nails
  • The dog is more tired than usual.
  • Joint pain.

If you observe any of these symptoms in your dog, the first thing you should do is consult your veterinarian. The appearance of these symptoms may be due to a shortage of omega 3, but it is also possible that they are associated with some other disease. Never supplement your dog’s diet with omega 3 without first consulting with your trusted veterinarian.

Foods rich in omega 3 for dogs

Fatty acids like omega 3 are found abundantly in certain foods such as oily fish and some seeds. These are some of these foods that your vet may advise you to add to your pet’s diet:

  • Salmon: it is one of the foods best known by all for containing omega 3 and that is usually found in many dog ​​foods, especially high quality ones, since it is not a cheap ingredient.
  • Sardine: Blue fish, like sardines, are also thriving on these fatty acids.
  • Flax seeds: there are seeds that contain omega 3 in large quantities, as is the case with flax. In addition, flax oil can also be a good source of omega 3.
  • Chia seeds: this plant is high in omega 3 fatty acids, and they are usually found in the formulation of some feed enriched with this type of fat, like flax seeds.
  • Soy: soy is also a food rich in omega 3 that can be incorporated into the diet of dogs that need it.

Beware of your pet’s food at Christmas

For most people, Christmas parties represent one of the favorite times of the year, full of feeling and excitement among family and friends. However, they can also mean high levels of stress and excesses, especially when it comes to food.

Copious dinners can cause digestive problems, not only for humans but also for domestic animals. In fact, subjecting our pet to the same diet that we consume during the holidays may be more of a risk than a prize.

Fats, sweets, spicy food and party drinks are not part of the pets’ usual diet and sudden change can trigger intestinal tract irritations, allergies or infections, among other ailments.

Therefore, in this article we are going to talk about what your pet cannot eat at Christmas.

¿What happens if you give Christmas food to your pet?

The abrupt change in the animal’s diet, including a considerable increase in protein, carbohydrates, sugars and condiments, can affect the mucous membranes that line the gastrointestinal tract, which results in vomiting and diarrhea.

Also, we face the possibility that the animal’s weight gets out of control. In some species of dogs and cats, the balance in weight is essential so that the animal can stay healthy, so 2kg or 3kg more are serious.

However, if it is the case that, by mistake, the animal consumes alcoholic beverages such as wine, beer or champagne, the best thing you can do is take it urgently to the veterinarian. Alcohol in animals generates loss of motor skills, heart conditions and severe respiratory problems.

Food not allowed for pets

Although certain foods may be traditional at Christmas parties, they should not be shared with pets in the house.

Let’s see some:


If there is a food that is classic at Christmas it is chocolate. However, this product is totally toxic to dogs and cats. Not only is it harmful because of the sugar content, but it also contains theobromine, which can even be lethal to canines.

Ice cream

All ice creams contain cream, a dairy derivative that gives ice cream consistency. This product can be harmful to your pet’s gastric mucosa.

Nuts, almonds or seeds

Nuts have high phosphorus content, which can be deadly as it unbalances the chemistry of the animal’s body. In addition, nuts are toxic to dogs.


Allowing your pet to eat grapes is a very bad idea since it can affect your intestinal flora and generate vomiting and diarrhea. Moreover, the seeds of the grapes can be poisonous and, in some cases, interfere with the proper functioning of the renal system.

Onion and Garlic

Nothing more toxic to an animal than onion. Do not let him eat onion or anything that was seasoned with garlic.

It is usually common among families to deliver Christmas dinner leftovers to our pets; however, it is necessary to take into account that domestic animals have certain nutritional needs.

If you have any questions about what foods your pet can eat at Christmas, let us know and we will help you make the best decision.

Know what is the ideal diet for the hamster

If you have just adopted a hamster, you may have noticed that these animals are usually very independent and seem to be used to eating all the food you put into them. In spite of this, it is necessary to take into account that they require a balanced diet and that they should not eat certain foods that may cause stomach problems.
If you want to know what are the foods that make up the ideal diet for your hamster, we invite you to read all the content that we offer in this article.

The best diet for the hamster

Foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and water make up the best diet that can be provided to a hamster.
You can add the carbohydrate to the diet through the feed. This is a special food for the hamster, composed of sunflower seeds and cereals which have a large amount of vitamins.
In general, the feed is the food that most consumes this type of rodents. It is recommended that you mix it with some fresh fruit or vegetables to increase your appetite. However, it is important that you take care of the portion you give the animal, since excess food can cause stomach problems.
The carbohydrate can be incorporated by offering, from time to time, a dose of worms, crickets or any type of insect. Remember that when these animals are in their natural habitat, this type of food is what they usually consume, so it is necessary that the hamster consumes them.
Also, you can offer them a piece of cheese, hard-boiled egg, meat, vegetables, etc., since these foods are rich in vitamins and minerals. You must not forget the water because it is essential for the diet of the rodent, because it is what allows it to stay hydrated.

Prohibited foods in the hamster diet

Hamsters can eat a wide variety of foods; however, you should bear in mind that any type of food that contains sugars can cause deadly diseases for the animal.
For this reason, avoid any candy or food that contains sugar in excess. With regard to fruits that contain natural sugar, it is recommended that you give very small doses mixed with other foods.

How to make the hamster adapt to a new diet?

It is necessary to bear in mind that, with the passage of time, the hamster may feel repulsion towards the feed and, even, reject it. Therefore, the ideal is that you start to incorporate more natural foods such as fruits and vegetables in small portions, so that you become familiar with their flavors.
After a few days you will be able to introduce the food in a more proportionate way. However, this does not mean you should feed it always with fruits and vegetables, it is advisable that there is a variation in food every certain day, so that it can get used to a balanced diet.
Proper feeding of an animal as small as a hamster can be meticulous; These rodents are very delicate and it is our duty to train them and keep them healthy at all times.

Causes of canine obesity

Because they ingest more calories than they can burn, the main cause of obesity in dogs is usually the energy imbalance, since they accumulate a greater amount of fat. It is said that a dog is obese when its weight is at least 20% higher than adequate.
As in humans, the consequences of canine obesity range from respiratory difficulties to joint problems, through cardiovascular complications, diabetes, kidney problems and, in some cases, cancer.

Main causes of canine obesity

As the animals age, they lose their level of activity and muscle mass, thus reducing calorie burn. Therefore, age is one of the main causes of canine obesity. In addition, if the dog owns an elderly and sedentary person, it will influence the lifestyle of the pet.
Puppies, being growing and needing more calories than an adult, tend to be prone to obesity.
Sterilization or castration also often causes obesity in dogs. Due to the alteration of sex hormones after sterilization, the dog will gain weight with the same food intake as before sterilization. Therefore, a neutered dog should eat three quarters of what he ate previously.
There are foods that dogs should not consume, because they can cause poisoning or take time to process their components, among them are coffee, chocolate and avocado.
Like humans, animals are vulnerable to an unhealthy diet. Diets that include refined flours, trans fats, condiments, sugar and salt, greatly affect dogs, for this reason, we must try to offer a balanced diet, rich in fiber and protein to prevent obesity.
The frequency of meals is also a cause of overweight; leaving the dog a full bowl of food during the day means a mismatch in the animal’s body weight.
Many dogs suffer from anxiety, which leads them to eat compulsively during the day if they are left with food. What is recommended by veterinarians is to be served one or two servings a day, depending on age and race.

Diseases related to canine obesity

Diseases such as diabetes, hypothyroidism and joint problems such as osteoarthritis and hip dysplasia are related to obesity.
The breeds most prone to canine obesity are those that have a genetic predisposition to suffer it. They are related to the body proportion of lean mass that the animal possesses; Some are: the Cairn Terrier, Labrador Retriever, Beagle and Cocker.
When detecting that the dog is obese, it is best to take it to the veterinarian so that the specialist goes to the root of the problem and thus can offer a diagnosis that improves the quality of life of the pet.
Once the dog has regained its ideal weight, it is important to maintain the healthy routine that has advised the veterinary professional. Maintain the balance between exercise, so you do not develop stress or anxiety; and balanced food, so that it does not develop diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure, are key factors in keeping the pet healthy.

Recommendations for the proper feeding of your dog

Good nutrition is a determining factor to keep your dog healthy and disease-free. Through it, it is possible to provide the energy you need during the day, while you can ingest the necessary nutrients to maintain a shiny and smooth coat, teeth in perfect condition and their defenses duly strengthened to deal with any type of malaise or pathology.

Implementing good eating habits is the key to ensuring that your dog’s health is in good condition; Therefore, in the following lines, we explain some aspects that you must take into account to keep your dog properly fed.

Canine feeding from the first days

It is clear that feeding a puppy dog ​​is not the same as feeding an adult dog. During the first months of life, the dog burns many more calories because it is in the stage in which it is more active and is growing. This implies that the development of your bones and muscles demand a special type of food, which provides you with the adequate amount of proteins and fluids.

It is essential that the passage from the consumption of breast milk to other types of diets be given after the sixth week and not before. From there, little by little, the diet can be varied to a soft diet. This period is known as weaning and should occur only when we are sure that the puppy can already consume feed composed by their own means.

It is advisable that the veterinarian determine which is the most suitable puppy food for your dog. This type of product can be consumed until the dog reaches its first year of age, with a frequency that can be three times a day for the first six months, and then down to twice daily until it reaches twelve months. After the first year of life, feeding can be given only once a day, unless specifically indicated by the specialist.

Special foods according to the dog breed

There are special diets for puppies according to their breed; thus, the dogs of some small breeds like the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahuas tend to have less appetite than those greedy like the French bulldog, for example. On the other hand, puppies of large breeds must have a specially formulated diet, in order to control obesity and any other type of pathology associated with it.

Commercial feed has a reference table that indicates the recommended daily amount for dogs. It is necessary that the veterinarian determines the exact amount, which should be established according to the daily activity of the animal. At first glance, you can notice if your dog is eating the right amount of food or it is necessary to decrease or increase it.

The nutritional balance of each dog is different and will depend on factors such as their breed, their daily activity or the stage of life in which they find themselves. Each dog is unique and therefore we must pay due attention to your appetite, which can vary from one day to another without it representing a problem. Now, if the lack of appetite remains constant or your body weight has been altered, it is necessary to go to the veterinarian to review it and establish a more accurate diagnosis.

The importance of establishing habits in canine feeding

Whether puppies or adults, determining a specific time to feed the dog is essential to achieve good development. In the case of large breeds, it is necessary to prevent the dog from eating food before performing any type of intense exercise, since it can cause certain stomach pathologies of care. In all cases, it is essential that water consumption is part of your diet.

There are different commercial brands of food for dogs, each with a different nutritional component, which varies, often, according to the quality of the supplies. That is why it is recommended to review the labeling of the product, in order to offer what you really need in your diet. In addition, it is advisable to try foods of different consistencies, both dry and wet, and see which of them accepts it best.

About 25% of dogs that come to the clinic are overweight. This is mainly due to the habit of giving them food outside their hours or feeding them with the same products that we consume when we are at the table. This must be avoided at all costs. Giving in to the food requirements of the dog is a very common mistake among pet owners, which generates, in the long run, multiple health problems.

Special care with feeding in adulthood

When the dog has reached adulthood, its pace of life is much calmer, decreases its activity level and exercises less, having to eat a smaller amount of calories. By having a slower functioning of your metabolism, your food intake decreases, so it is necessary to consume foods low in fat and high in fiber, which facilitate their digestion. In addition, they should be rich in vitamins C and E to strengthen their defenses.

With these considerations, we will be able to give our dog an adequate diet. Establishing consumption habits, determining the type of food according to their age and accompanying the diet with sufficient water, we will be helping to achieve healthy and happy growth. Remember, also, that the advice of a veterinarian is essential to determine the nutritional needs of our dog.

Talking with the specialist about the food we must give is essential to make the right decision, we must not change the diet without having made the consultation with the professional before. Experimenting with new formulas without the supervision of the expert can generate, to our pet, allergies, stomach problems or long periods of inappetence, which we must avoid.